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1. Wang Y, Wang H, He JS, Feng X: Iron-mediated soil carbon response to water-table decline in an alpine wetland. Nat Commun; 2017 Jun 26;8:15972

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Iron-mediated soil carbon response to water-table decline in an alpine wetland.
  • However, the SOC response to WTD remains highly uncertain.
  • In contrast to the classic 'enzyme latch' theory, phenol oxidative activity is mainly controlled by ferrous iron [Fe(II)] and declines with WTD, leading to an accumulation of dissolvable aromatics and a reduced activity of hydrolytic enzyme.
  • Furthermore, using dithionite to remove Fe oxides, we observe a significant increase of Fe-protected lignin phenols in the air-exposed soils.

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  • (PMID = 28649988.001).
  • [ISSN] 2041-1723
  • [Journal-full-title] Nature communications
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nat Commun
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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2. Zota AR, Singla V, Adamkiewicz G, Mitro SD, Dodson RE: Reducing chemical exposures at home: opportunities for action. J Epidemiol Community Health; 2017 Jul 29;

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Reducing chemical exposures at home: opportunities for action.
  • Indoor environments can influence human environmental chemical exposures and, ultimately, public health.
  • Furniture, electronics, personal care and cleaning products, floor coverings and other consumer products contain chemicals that can end up in the indoor air and settled dust.
  • Consumer product chemicals such as phthalates, phenols, flame retardants and per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances are widely detected in the US general population, including vulnerable populations, and are associated with adverse health effects such as reproductive and endocrine toxicity.
  • We discuss the implications of our recent meta-analysis describing the patterns of chemical exposures and the ubiquity of multiple chemicals in indoor environments.
  • There is a need to further develop evidence-based strategies for chemical exposure reduction in each of these areas, given the multi-factorial nature of the problem.
  • Further identifying those at greatest risk; understanding the individual, household and community factors that influence indoor chemical exposures; and developing options for mitigation may substantially improve individuals' exposures and health.

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  • [Copyright] © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.
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  • (PMID = 28756396.001).
  • [ISSN] 1470-2738
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of epidemiology and community health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Epidemiol Community Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / R00 ES019881; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / T32 ES007069
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; consumer product chemicals / environmental policy / flame retardants / indoor dust / phthalates
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3. Canale A, Benelli G, Castagna A, Sgherri C, Poli P, Serra A, Mele M, Ranieri A, Signorini F, Bientinesi M, Nicolella C: Microwave-Assisted Drying for the Conservation of Honeybee Pollen. Materials (Basel); 2016 May 12;9(5)

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Bee pollen is becoming an important product thanks to its nutritional properties, including a high content of bioactive compounds such as essential amino acids, antioxidants, and vitamins.
  • Traditional conservation methods include drying in a hot air chamber and/or freezing.
  • These techniques may significantly affect the pollen organoleptic properties and its content of bioactive compounds.
  • The method implies irradiating the fresh pollen with microwaves under vacuum, in order to reduce the water content without reaching temperatures capable of thermally deteriorating important bioactive compounds.
  • The analyzed parameters were phenols, flavonoids, with special reference to rutin content, and amino acids.
  • Irrespective of microwave power and treatment time, phenol and flavonoid content did not vary over untreated fresh pollen.
  • Similarly, rutin content was unaffected by the microwave drying, suggesting that the microwave-assisted drying could be a powerful technology to preserve bioprotective compounds in fresh pollen.

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  • (PMID = 28773484.001).
  • [ISSN] 1996-1944
  • [Journal-full-title] Materials (Basel, Switzerland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Materials (Basel)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Apis mellifera / flavonoids / freeze-drying / honeybee pollen / microwaves / polyphenols / proline / rutin
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4. Pillar EA, Guzman MI: Oxidation of Substituted Catechols at the Air-Water Interface: Production of Carboxylic Acids, Quinones, and Polyphenols. Environ Sci Technol; 2017 May 02;51(9):4951-4959
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. Water .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Oxidation of Substituted Catechols at the Air-Water Interface: Production of Carboxylic Acids, Quinones, and Polyphenols.
  • Anthropogenic activities contribute benzene, toluene, and anisole to the environment, which in the atmosphere are converted into the respective phenols, cresols, and methoxyphenols by fast gas-phase reaction with hydroxyl radicals (HO<sup>•</sup>).
  • This work shows how catechol, pyrogallol, 3-methylcatechol, 4-methylcatechol, and 3-methoxycatechol (all proxies for oxygenated aromatics derived from benzene, toluene, and anisole) react at the air-water interface with increasing O<sub>3</sub>(g) during τ<sub>c</sub> ≈ 1 μs contact time and contrasts their potential for electron transfer and in situ production of HO<sup>•</sup> using structure-activity relationships.

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  • (PMID = 28394572.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-5851
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental science & technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carboxylic Acids; 0 / Catechols; 0 / Polyphenols; 0 / Quinones; 059QF0KO0R / Water
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5. Benhamed I, Barthe L, Kessas R, Delmas H, Julcour C: Improvement of (transition metal-modified) activated carbon regeneration by H&lt;sub&gt;2&lt;/sub&gt;O&lt;sub&gt;2&lt;/sub&gt;-promoted catalytic wet air oxidation. Environ Technol; 2017 Aug 28;:1-10

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Improvement of (transition metal-modified) activated carbon regeneration by H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>-promoted catalytic wet air oxidation.
  • Oxidative regeneration of activated carbon (AC) exhausted with phenolic compounds is still a challenging issue due to the frequent porosity loss.
  • Addition of low H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> amount is investigated as a way to promote catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of adsorbed pollutants and thereby to recover absorbent properties.
  • Commercial AC and transition metal (iron or copper)-modified counterparts are tested in repeated adsorption/batch peroxide-promoted CWAO of phenol.

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  • (PMID = 28818025.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-3330
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Wastewater treatment / adsorption / advanced oxidation / phenol / sequential process
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6. Deutch CE: Browning in apples: Exploring the biochemical basis of an easily-observable phenotype. Biochem Mol Biol Educ; 2017 Aug 26;

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Many fruits and vegetables undergo browning when they are cut and the tissue is exposed to the air.
  • Finally, the students measure the total concentration of the potential substrates for PPO with the Folin-Ciocalteau phenol reagent using a gallic acid standard curve.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 The International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
  • (PMID = 28843018.001).
  • [ISSN] 1539-3429
  • [Journal-full-title] Biochemistry and molecular biology education : a bimonthly publication of the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biochem Mol Biol Educ
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Apples / melanin formation / phenolic metabolites / polyphenol oxidase
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7. Ma W, Du Y, Wang N, Miao P: ZIF-8 derived nitrogen-doped porous carbon as metal-free catalyst of peroxymonosulfate activation. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int; 2017 Jul;24(19):16276-16288

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • When NPC-800 is applied as the heterogeneous catalyst in peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation for the degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB) and phenol, NPC-800 will exhibit its better performance than some conventional transition metal-based oxides and common carbon materials.
  • Although NPC-800 displays mild deactivation in repeated experiments, its catalytic performance can be easily recovered through heat treatment at 350 °C in air.

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  • (PMID = 28540551.001).
  • [ISSN] 1614-7499
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental science and pollution research international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Advanced oxidation technology / Metal-free catalysis / Nitrogen-doped porous carbon / Organic degradation / Peroxymonosulfate / ZIF-8
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8. Kwak J, Fan M, Martin JA, Ott DK, Grigsby CC: Dimerization Products of Chloroprene are Background Contaminants Emitted from ALTEF (Polyvinylidene Difluoride) Gas Sampling Bags. Anal Sci; 2017;33(2):147-152

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : Gas sampling bags have been used for collecting air samples.
  • Tedlar bags are most commonly used, but bleed background chemicals such as N,N-dimethylacetamide and phenol.
  • It is often necessary to remove the contaminant by flushing the bags with pure nitrogen or air.
  • To our knowledge, these compounds have never been demonstrated in ALTEF or other PVDF bags.

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  • (PMID = 28190832.001).
  • [ISSN] 1348-2246
  • [Journal-full-title] Analytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anal Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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9. Soler A, Conesa JA, Ortuño N: Emissions of brominated compounds and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons during pyrolysis of E-waste debrominated in subcritical water. Chemosphere; 2017 Nov;186:167-176

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Emissions of brominated compounds and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons during pyrolysis of E-waste debrominated in subcritical water.
  • Thermogravimetric analyses were performed at three different heating rates (5, 10 and 20 K min<sup>-1</sup>), studying both the pyrolysis (inert atmosphere) and combustion (in air).
  • Emissions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and bromophenols (BrPhs) decreased with the increase in the treatment temperature; naphthalene (10,800-18,300 mg kg<sup>-1</sup> original sample) and monobrominated phenols (12.8-16.9 mg kg<sup>-1</sup> original sample) were the most abundant compounds.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28778014.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1298
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Bromophenols / Debromination / Hydrothermal treatment / Printed circuit board (PCB) / Pyrolysis / Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)
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10. Wolff MS, Buckley JP, Engel SM, McConnell RS, Barr DB: Emerging exposures of developmental toxicants. Curr Opin Pediatr; 2017 Apr;29(2):218-224
NCI CPTAC Assay Portal. NCI CPTAC Assay Portal .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Sources of exposure include the workplace, personal, home, and office products; food, water, and air.
  • Examples included phthalates, phenols, sunscreens, pesticides, halogenated flame retardants, perfluoroalkyl coatings, nanoparticles, e-cigarettes, and dietary polyphenols.

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  • (PMID = 28059904.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-698X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Opin. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / R21 ES024707; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / U2C ES026555; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / U2C ES026561; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / P30 ES010126; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / P01 ES022845; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R21 HD084812; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / P30 ES023515; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / U2C ES026560; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / U01 ES019454; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / R01 ES021777; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / P30 ES019776
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. Zhan K, Kim C, Sung K, Ejima H, Yoshie N: Tunicate-Inspired Gallol Polymers for Underwater Adhesive: A Comparative Study of Catechol and Gallol. Biomacromolecules; 2017 Sep 11;18(9):2959-2966

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Copolymers bearing three types of phenolic groups, namely, phenol, catechol, and gallol, were synthesized via the methoxymethyl protection/deprotection route.
  • Surprisingly, the newly synthesized copolymers bearing gallol groups exhibited stronger adhesive performances (typically 7× stronger in water) than the widely used catechol-functionalized copolymers under all tested conditions (in air, water, seawater, or phosphate-buffered saline solution).
  • The higher binding strength was ascribed to the tridentate-related interfacial interaction and chemical cross-linking.
  • The results from such a kind of comparable study among phenol, catechol, and gallol suggests that tridentate structure should be better than bidentate structure for bonding to the surface.

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  • (PMID = 28853566.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-4602
  • [Journal-full-title] Biomacromolecules
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biomacromolecules
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Ongwandee M, Chatsuvan T, Suksawas Na Ayudhya W, Morris J: Understanding interactions in the adsorption of gaseous organic compounds to indoor materials. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int; 2017 Feb;24(6):5654-5668
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Understanding interactions in the adsorption of gaseous organic compounds to indoor materials.
  • We studied adsorption of organic compounds to a wide range of indoor materials, including plastics, gypsum board, carpet, and many others, under various relative humidity conditions by applying a conceptual model of the free energy of interfacial interactions of both van der Waals and Lewis acid-base (e-donor/acceptor) types.
  • Target organic compounds included apolars, monopolars, and bipolars.
  • We established correlations of partitioning coefficients of adsorbates for a considered surface with the corresponding hexadecane/air partitioning coefficients of the adsorbates which are used as representative of a van der Waals descriptor instead of vapor pressure.
  • The logarithmic adsorption coefficients of the apolars and weak bases, e.g., aliphatics and aromatics, to indoor materials linearly correlates well with the logarithmic hexadecane/air partitioning coefficients regardless of the surface polarity.
  • The surface polarity in terms of e-donor/acceptor interactions becomes important for adsorption of the strong bases and bipolars, e.g., amines, phenols, and alcohols, to unpainted gypsum board.
  • Adsorption of highly bipolar compounds, e.g., phenol and isopropanol, is strongly affected by humidity, attributed to Lewis acid-base interactions with modified surfaces.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution, Indoor. Gases. Organic Chemicals

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Indoor Air Pollution.
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. HEXADECANE .
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  • (PMID = 28039629.001).
  • [ISSN] 1614-7499
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental science and pollution research international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Alkanes; 0 / Gases; 0 / Organic Chemicals; F8Z00SHP6Q / n-hexadecane; WAT0DDB505 / Calcium Sulfate
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Hexadecane/air partitioning coefficient / Lewis acid-base interactions / Relative humidity / Total free energy of adsorption / Vapor pressure / van der Waals interactions
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13. Doran S, Romano A, Hanna GB: Optimization of sampling parameters for standardized exhaled breath sampling. J Breath Res; 2017 Sep 05;

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Several devices have been developed to control sampling parameters and to concentrate volatile organic compounds (VOCs) onto thermal desorption (TD) tubes and subsequently transport those tubes for laboratory analysis.
  • The target VOCs were acetone and potential volatile biomarkers for oesophago-gastric cancer belonging to the aldehyde, fatty acids and phenol chemical classes.
  • While the recovery of phenols and acetone from TD tubes was lower when breath sampling was performed at a higher flow rate, other VOCs were not affected.
  • A dedicated 'clean air supply' overcomes the contamination from ambient air, but the breath collection device itself can be a source of contaminants.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd.
  • (PMID = 28872051.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-7163
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of breath research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Breath Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; breath analysis / breath sampling / standardization / thermal desorption
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14. Wang Y, Liang M, Fang J, Fu J, Chen X: Visible-light photo-Fenton oxidation of phenol with rGO-α-FeOOH supported on Al-doped mesoporous silica (MCM-41) at neutral pH: Performance and optimization of the catalyst. Chemosphere; 2017 Sep;182:468-476

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Visible-light photo-Fenton oxidation of phenol with rGO-α-FeOOH supported on Al-doped mesoporous silica (MCM-41) at neutral pH: Performance and optimization of the catalyst.
  • In this study, α-FeOOH on reduced graphene oxide (rGO-α-FeOOH) supported on an Al-doped MCM-41 catalyst (RFAM) was optimized for the visible-light photo-Fenton oxidation of phenol at neutral pH.
  • Phenol degradation was well described by a pseudo-first-order reaction kinetics model.
  • Bubbling N<sub>2</sub> inhibited catalytic performance, while bubbling O<sub>2</sub> or air only slightly accelerated the phenol degradation.
  • Visible light played an important role in accelerating the formation of reactive oxygen species (·OH) for the highly efficient phenol degradation.
  • Analysis of degradation intermediates indicated a high phenol mineralization level and the formation of low-molecular-weight organic acids.
  • This work would be helpful in providing an insight into a new type of catalyst assembly and a possible route to a promising heterogeneous catalyst applicable in the visible light photo-Fenton process for effective wastewater remediation at neutral pH.
  • [MeSH-major] Graphite / chemistry. Hydrogen Peroxide / chemistry. Iron / chemistry. Iron Compounds / chemistry. Light. Minerals / chemistry. Phenol / analysis. Silicon Dioxide / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis. Water Purification / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Catalysis. Ferric Compounds / chemistry. Hydrogen-Ion Concentration. Kinetics. Models, Theoretical. Organic Chemicals / chemistry. Oxidation-Reduction. Oxides / chemistry

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
  • (PMID = 28521161.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1298
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fenton's reagent; 0 / Ferric Compounds; 0 / Iron Compounds; 0 / MCM-41; 0 / Minerals; 0 / Organic Chemicals; 0 / Oxides; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 1310-14-1 / goethite; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 7631-86-9 / Silicon Dioxide; 7782-42-5 / Graphite; BBX060AN9V / Hydrogen Peroxide; E1UOL152H7 / Iron
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Optimization / Photo-Fenton oxidation / Reduced graphene oxide / Visible light
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15. do Santos RC, de Souza AV, Andrade-Silva M, Vera Cruz KC, Leite Kassuya CA, Lima Cardoso CA, Vieira MDC, Nazari Formagio AS: Antioxidant, anti-rheumatic and anti-inflammatory investigation of extract and dicentrinone from Duguetia furfuracea (A. St.-Hil.) Benth. & Hook. f. J Ethnopharmacol; 2017 Sep 21;211:9-16

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this work were to evaluate the chemical investigation of methanolic extract obtained from leaves of D. furfuracea (MEDF) and test the MEDF, such as chloroform (CF), ethyl acetate (EAF) and hydromethanol (HMF) fractions and the alkaloid dicentrinone (DF-1) in vitro antioxidant effects and in vivo models of inflammation.
  • The concentrations of total phenols, flavonoids and flavonols were determined.
  • The anti-rheumatic potential was studied in air pouch model and zymosan-induced arthritis.
  • The highest phenols (624.37mg GAE/g extract), flavonoids (580.51mg QE/g extract) and flavonols (254.44mg QE/g extract), concentration was found in extract.
  • In air pouch model of inflammation, MEDF (30-300mg/kg) and DF-1 (100mg/kg) inhibited leukocyte migration and plasmatic leakage induced by carrageenan in mice.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.
  • (PMID = 28942134.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-7573
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ethnopharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ethnopharmacol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Alkaloid / Antioxidant / Araticum-seco / Dicentrinone / Inflammation / Mice
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16. Carrascón V, Bueno M, Fernandez-Zurbano P, Ferreira V: Oxygen and SO2 consumption rates in white and rosé wines. Relationship with and effects on wine chemical composition. J Agric Food Chem; 2017 Oct 02;

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Oxygen and SO2 consumption rates in white and rosé wines. Relationship with and effects on wine chemical composition.
  • This paper addresses the study of O2 and SO2 consumption rates of white and rosé wines, their relationship to the initial chemical composition and their effects on the chemical changes experienced by wine during oxidation.
  • Eight wines were subjected to five consecutive air-saturation cycles.
  • SO2 consumption rates were highly diverse between wines and were positively related to free SO2, Mn and pH, among others.
  • In the last saturations, SO2 consumption took place regardless O2 consumption, implying that SO2 should reduce chemical species oxidized in previous saturations.
  • Some volatile phenols seem to be the endpoint of radical-mediated oxidation of polyphenols taking place preferably in the first saturation.

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  • (PMID = 28965399.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-5118
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Agric. Food Chem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Ajayi AM, Umukoro S, Ben-Azu B, Adzu B, Ademowo OG: Toxicity and Protective Effect of Phenolic-Enriched Ethylacetate Fraction of Ocimum gratissimum (Linn.) Leaf against Acute Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Rats. Drug Dev Res; 2017 Jun;78(3-4):135-145

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Toxicity and Protective Effect of Phenolic-Enriched Ethylacetate Fraction of Ocimum gratissimum (Linn.) Leaf against Acute Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Rats.
  • In the present study, the toxicity and the protective effect of phenolic extract of O. gratissimum leaf (EAFOg) against acute inflammation and oxidative stress in rats was assessed.
  • EAFOg, enriched in phenols had no cytotoxic effect against CHO-k1 cells, and no lethality against brine shrimp eggs or mice at a dose of 2000 mg/kg.
  • In the rat carrageenan-induced air pouch model, EAFOg reduced exudate volume, leucocyte count, nitrite, TNF-α, and myeloperoxidase activity.
  • These results provide evidence of the protective effects of EAFOg against acute inflammation and oxidative stress in rats.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 28608491.001).
  • [ISSN] 0272-4391
  • [Journal-full-title] Drug development research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Drug Dev. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Ocimum gratissimum / inflammation / oxidative stress / phenolic / toxicity
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18. Liang YF, Jiao N: Oxygenation via C-H/C-C Bond Activation with Molecular Oxygen. Acc Chem Res; 2017 Jul 18;50(7):1640-1653
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • More importantly, the oxygenation reaction of simple molecules using molecular oxygen as the oxygen source offers one of the most ideal processes for the construction of O-containing compounds.
  • In this Account, we describe some advances from our group in oxygenation via C-H/C-C bond activation with molecular oxygen as the oxidant and oxygen source for the synthesis of O-containing compounds.
  • Under an atmosphere of O<sub>2</sub> (1 atm) or air (1 atm), we have successfully incorporated one or two O atoms from O<sub>2</sub> into simple and readily available substrates through C-H, C-C, C═C, and C≡C bond cleavage by transition-metal catalysis, organocatalysis, and photocatalysis.
  • These protocols provide new approaches for the green synthesis of various α-keto amides, α-keto esters, esters, ketones, aldehydes, formamides, 2-oxoacetamidines, 2-(1H)-pyridones, phenols, tertiary α-hydroxy carbonyls, p-quinols, β-azido alcohols, benzyl alcohols, tryptophols, and oxazoles, which have potential applications in the preparation of natural products, bioactive compounds, and functional materials.
  • Moreover, the design of new types of molecular-oxygen- or air-based oxidation and oxygenation reactions can be anticipated.

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  • (PMID = 28636366.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-4898
  • [Journal-full-title] Accounts of chemical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acc. Chem. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. López-de la Rosa A, Martín-Montañez V, López-Miguel A, Fernández I, Calonge M, González-Méijome JM, González-García MJ: Ocular response to environmental variations in contact lens wearers. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt; 2017 Jan;37(1):60-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ocular response to environmental variations in contact lens wearers.
  • Subjects were fitted with two different CL types, conventional hydrogel (Omafilcon A) and silicone hydrogel (comfilcon A), and exposed to two controlled indoor environmental conditions, standard [50% relative humidity (RH), 23°C, 930 mb of atmospheric pressure] and adverse (in-flight air cabin environment: 5% RH, localised air flow, 23°C, 750 mb atmospheric pressure), for 90 min in an environmental chamber, making a total of four visits.
  • Symptoms, tear osmolarity, pre-lens tear breakup time (PLBUT), phenol red thread test, visual acuity, bulbar and limbal hyperaemia, corneal and limbal staining, and CL dehydration were assessed using repeated measures analysis of variance.

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  • [Copyright] © 2016 The Authors Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics © 2016 The College of Optometrists.
  • (PMID = 28030882.001).
  • [ISSN] 1475-1313
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic & physiological optics : the journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthalmic Physiol Opt
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; adverse environment / blink rate / contact lens / dehydration / discomfort / environmental chamber
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20. Weber C, Kammerer D, Streit B, Licht AH: Phenolic excipients of insulin formulations induce cell death, pro-inflammatory signaling and MCP-1 release. Toxicol Rep; 2015;2:194-202

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phenolic excipients of insulin formulations induce cell death, pro-inflammatory signaling and MCP-1 release.
  • Skin reactions at the infusion site are a common side effect of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy.
  • We hypothesized that local skin complications are caused by components of commercial insulin formulations that contain phenol or <i>m</i>-cresol as excipients.
  • The toxic potential of insulin solutions and the mechanisms leading to skin reactions were explored in cultured cells.
  • The toxicity of insulin formulations (Apidra, Humalog, NovoRapid, Insuman), excipient-free insulin, phenol and <i>m</i>-cresol was investigated in L929 cells, human adipocytes and monocytic THP-1 cells.
  • The cells were incubated with the test compounds dose- and time-dependently.
  • Insulin formulations were cytotoxic in all cell-types and the pure excipients phenol and <i>m</i>-cresol were toxic to the same extent.
  • P38 and JNK signaling pathways were activated by phenolic compounds, whereas AKT phosphorylation was attenuated.
  • THP-1 cells incubated with sub-toxic levels of the test compounds showed increased expression of the activation markers CD54, CD11b and CD14 and secreted the chemokine MCP-1 indicating a pro-inflammatory response.
  • Insulin solutions displayed cytotoxic and pro-inflammatory potential caused by phenol or <i>m</i>-cresol.
  • We speculate that during insulin pump therapy phenol and <i>m</i>-cresol might induce cell death and inflammatory reactions at the infusion site <i>in vivo</i>.
  • To minimize acute skin complications caused by phenol/<i>m</i>-cresol accumulation, a frequent change of infusion sets and rotation of the infusion site is recommended.

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  • (PMID = 28962351.001).
  • [ISSN] 2214-7500
  • [Journal-full-title] Toxicology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Toxicol Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; APC, allophycocyanin / Adverse effects / Apidra (PubChem CID: 72941761) / CCL2, chemokine ligand 2 / CD, cluster of differentiation / CSII, continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion / DMSO, dimethyl sulfoxide / ERK, extracellular signal-regulated kinase / Humalog (PubChem CID: 16132438) / IL, interleukin / IgG, immunoglobulin G / Inflammation / Insulin / Insulin (PubChem CID: 70678557) / JNK, Jun N-terminal kinase / MAP kinase, mitogen-activated protein kinase / MCP-1 / MCP-1, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 / Mip-1α, macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha / NovoRapid (PubChem CID: 16132418) / PE, phycoerythrin / Phenol (PubChem CID: 996) / Phenolic excipients / TNFα, tumor necrosis factor alpha / XTT, 2,3-bis-(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide / m-Cresol (PubChem CID: 342)
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21. Setsungnern A, Treesubsuntorn C, Thiravetyan P: The influence of different light quality and benzene on gene expression and benzene degradation of Chlorophytum comosum. Plant Physiol Biochem; 2017 Sep 28;120:95-102

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Benzene, a carcinogenic compound, has been reported as a major indoor air pollutant.
  • After benzene was uptaken by C. comosum, benzene was oxidized to be phenol in the plant cells by cytochrome P450 monooxygenase system.
  • Then, phenol was catalyzed to be catechol that was confirmed by the up-regulation of phenol 2-monooxygenase (PMO) gene expression.
  • Interestingly, cis,cis-muconic acid production was found in the plant tissues higher than phenol and catechol.
  • The result confirmed that NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR), cytochrome b5 (cyt b5), phenol 2-monooxygenase (PMO) and cytochrome P450 90B1 (CYP90B1) in plant cells were involved in benzene degradation or detoxification.
  • In addition, phenol, catechol, and cis,cis-muconic acid production were found under the Blue-Red LED light conditions higher than under white fluorescent light conditions due to under LED light conditions gave higher NADPH contents.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28992544.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2690
  • [Journal-full-title] Plant physiology and biochemistry : PPB
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plant Physiol. Biochem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Benzene / Chlorophytum comosum / Cytochrome P450 / Light emitting diode (LED)
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22. Shiravizadeh AG, Yousefi R, Elahi SM, Sebt SA: Effects of annealing atmosphere and rGO concentration on the optical properties and enhanced photocatalytic performance of SnSe/rGO nanocomposites. Phys Chem Chem Phys; 2017 Jul 21;19(27):18089-18098
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The samples were annealed in a hydrogen and air atmosphere at 300 °C and it was found that defect concentrations were increased by annealing for the SnSe/rGO nanocomposites.
  • The photocatalyst studies of the post-annealed samples revealed that the photocatalytic performance of the products was enhanced by annealing in hydrogen, while it was reduced by annealing in air.
  • In addition to MB, the photocatalytic performance of the products for the degradation of phenol as a colorless pollutant was examined.

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  • (PMID = 28675226.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-9084
  • [Journal-full-title] Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Phys Chem Chem Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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23. Paciulli M, Dall'Asta C, Rinaldi M, Pellegrini N, Pugliese A, Chiavaro E: Application and optimization of air/steam cooking on selected vegetables: impact on physical and antioxidant properties. J Sci Food Agric; 2017 Oct 06;

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Application and optimization of air/steam cooking on selected vegetables: impact on physical and antioxidant properties.
  • However, the use of the combined air-steam cooking is still scarcely debated, despite the advantages informally referred by professional catering workers.
  • In this study, its optimization was studied on Brussels sprouts and pumpkin cubes to obtain the best physical (texture, color) and antioxidant (FRAP, total phenols) response, in comparison to a conventional steaming treatment.
  • RESULTS: Increasing the strength of the air-steam treatment, Brussels sprouts resulted softer, less green (higher a* value), richer of phenol and exhibited lower FRAP values than the steamed ones.
  • The air-steamed pumpkin cubes exhibited an equivalent softening degree than that of steamed one and, under the strongest cooking conditions, a higher antioxidant quality and a yellow darkening (lower b* value).
  • Varying the cooking time and/or temperature, a linear change of force/compression hardness and a* (negative a*: greenness) for Brussels sprouts, b* (yellowness) and total phenol content for pumpkin cubes was observed.
  • A predictive model for these variables was obtained by the response surface methodology.
  • CONCLUSION: The application of air-steam cooking under suitable time/temperature conditions could be proposed as an alternative method to a traditional steam cooking on Brussels sprouts and pumpkin, being able to preserve or improve their quality.
  • The best air-steam cooking conditions were 25' at 90 °C for Brussels sprouts and 10' at 110 °C for pumpkin.

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  • [Copyright] This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28984926.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0010
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the science of food and agriculture
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Sci. Food Agric.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Air-steam cooking / Desirability / Process optimization / Response Surface Methodology / Vegetables
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24. McNally K, Sams C, Loizou GD, Jones K: Evidence for non-linear metabolism at low benzene exposures? A reanalysis of data. Chem Biol Interact; 2017 Sep 09;

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The variation of metabolite molar fractions with increasing air benzene concentrations was suggested as evidence of significantly more efficient benzene metabolism at concentrations <0.1 ppm The evidence for this pathway is predicated on a rich data set from a study of Chinese shoe workers exposed to a wide range of benzene concentrations (not just "low level").
  • The analysis dataset consisted of measurements of benzene and toluene from personal air samplers, and measurements of unmetabolised benzene and toluene and five metabolites (phenol hydroquinone, catechol, trans, trans-muconic acid and s-phenylmercapturic acid) from post-shift urine samples for 213 workers with an occupational exposure to benzene (and toluene) and 139 controls.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.
  • (PMID = 28899792.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-7786
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemico-biological interactions
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chem. Biol. Interact.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Benzene / Linearity / Low dose / Metabolites / Specificity / Urine
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25. Lee CG, Ahmed M, Jiang GH, Eun JB: Color, bioactive compounds and morphological characteristics of encapsulated Asian pear juice powder during spray drying. J Food Sci Technol; 2017 Aug;54(9):2717-2727

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Color, bioactive compounds and morphological characteristics of encapsulated Asian pear juice powder during spray drying.
  • Encapsulated Asian pear juice powder was produced through spray drying using three maltodextrin levels (15, 20, and 25% w/v) and three inlet air temperatures (130, 150, and 170 °C).
  • The impact of maltodextrin concentrations and inlet air temperatures on color, bioactive compounds, and morphological characteristics of encapsulated Asian pear juice powder were investigated.
  • Maltodextrin concentrations and inlet air temperatures significantly influenced L<sup>*</sup> and b<sup>*</sup> values of encapsulated Asian pear juice powder.
  • Increasing inlet air temperatures increased total phenolic content, whereas the vitamin C content decreased.
  • Vitamin C content was strongly correlated with particle size, inlet air temperature, and maltodextrin concentration.
  • ABTS<sup>+</sup> radical-scavenging activity was highly correlated with total phenol content while DPPH radical-scavenging activity was highly correlated with vitamin C content.
  • Encapsulated powders made with higher inlet air temperature and higher maltodextrin concentration had lowest median particle diameter with a smoother, more regular and rounded outer surface than those of encapsulated powders produced with lower inlet air temperature and lower maltodextrin concentration.

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  • (PMID = 28928511.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1155
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of food science and technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Food Sci Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Antioxidant activity / Asian pear / Bioactive compounds / Drying temperature / Maltodextrin
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26. Borisover M, Bukhanovsky N, Lado M: Long-Term Uptake of Phenol-Water Vapor Follows Similar Sigmoid Kinetics on Prehydrated Organic Matter- and Clay-Rich Soil Sorbents. Environ Sci Technol; 2017 Sep 19;51(18):10403-10412

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Long-Term Uptake of Phenol-Water Vapor Follows Similar Sigmoid Kinetics on Prehydrated Organic Matter- and Clay-Rich Soil Sorbents.
  • Typical experimental time frames allowed for equilibrating water-organic vapors with soil sorbents might lead to overlooking slow chemical reactions finally controlling a thermodynamically stable state.
  • In this work, long-term gravimetric examination of kinetics covering about 4000 h was performed for phenol-water vapor interacting with four materials pre-equilibrated at three levels of air relative humidity (RHs 52, 73, and 92%).
  • Monitoring phenol-water vapor interactions with the prehydrated sorbents, as compared with the sorbent samples in phenol-free atmosphere at the same RH, showed, for the first time, a sigmoid kinetics of phenol-induced mass uptake typical for second-order autocatalytic reactions.
  • The apparent rate constants were similar for all the sorbents, RHs and phenol activities studied.
  • A significant part of sorbed phenol resisted extraction, which was attributed to its abiotic oxidative coupling.
  • Phenol uptake by peat and clay soils was also associated with a significant enhancement of water retention.
  • The delayed development of the sigmoidal kinetics in phenol-water uptake demonstrates that long-run abiotic interactions of water-organic vapor with soil may be overlooked, based on short-term examination.

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  • (PMID = 28793190.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-5851
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental science & technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Ji L, Cao X, Lu S, Du C, Li X, Chen T, Buekens A, Yan J: Catalytic oxidation of PCDD/F on a V&lt;sub&gt;2&lt;/sub&gt;O&lt;sub&gt;5&lt;/sub&gt;-WO&lt;sub&gt;3&lt;/sub&gt;/TiO&lt;sub&gt;2&lt;/sub&gt; catalyst: Effect of chlorinated benzenes and chlorinated phenols. J Hazard Mater; 2017 Jul 10;342:220-230
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Catalytic oxidation of PCDD/F on a V<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub>-WO<sub>3</sub>/TiO<sub>2</sub> catalyst: Effect of chlorinated benzenes and chlorinated phenols.
  • Catalytic oxidation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/F) is a well-proven technique, applied in a rising number of Municipal Solid Waste Incineration plants, yet the simultaneous and possibly competitive co-oxidation of other compounds, such as chlorinated benzenes (CBz) or phenols (CP), is still poorly documented.
  • Regeneration with oxygen or air allowed to remove the deposited carbon and the original catalytic activity was largely restored after calcination.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28841469.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-3336
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Catalytic oxidation / Chlorobenzene / Chlorophenol / PCDD/F / Vanadium-tungsten oxide/titania (V(2)O(5)–WO(3)/TiO(2))
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28. Zhang J, Yuan J, Zhang WX, Zhu WY, Tu F, Jiang Y, Sun CZ: An aerobic detoxification photofermentation by Rhodospirillum rubrum for converting soy sauce residue into feed with moderate pretreatment. World J Microbiol Biotechnol; 2017 Sep 25;33(10):184

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • After pretreatment with dilute sulfuric or phosphoric acid (1%, w/w) at 100 °C, materials were subjected to fermentation under several gases (N<sub>2</sub>, CO<sub>2</sub>, and air) and different light intensities in a 2-L fermentor.
  • Following sulfuric acid treatment, the true protein increased from 188 to 362 g kg<sup>-1</sup> and the crude fiber decreased from 226 to 66 g kg<sup>-1</sup> after fermentation at 0.5 L min<sup>-1</sup> L<sup>-1</sup> of air flow and a light intensity of 750 lx and following phosphoric acid treatment, the true protein increased by 90% and the crude fiber decreased by 67% after fermentation at 0.6 L min<sup>-1</sup> L<sup>-1</sup> of air flow and a light intensity of 600 lx Other contents, including crude fat, crude ash, phosphorus, sulfur, sulfur-containing amino acids, sodium chloride, and calcium, were also improved for use as feed.
  • Meantime, some toxic substances, including furfural, hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF), acetic acid, phenol, and cresol, which were produced by the pretreatments, could be removed by 12-32, 5-8, 49-53, 7-8, and 7-8%, respectively; and total sugars, glucose, and xylose could be utilized by 68-69, 71-72, and 63-67% respectively.

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  • (PMID = 28948457.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-0972
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of microbiology & biotechnology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Detoxification photofermentation / Moderate pretreatment / Rhodospirillum rubrum / Single-cell protein feed / Soy sauce residue
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29. Saravani N, Arulmozhi M, Anbuthangam A, Manimozhi M: Abstraction of phenol onto Pseudomonas putida and Cetyl Trimethyl Ammonium Bromide. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand); 2017 Jul 31;63(6):29-37

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Abstraction of phenol onto Pseudomonas putida and Cetyl Trimethyl Ammonium Bromide.
  • Foam separation, an efficient downstream processing unit operation, was tested as a post-treatment technique for phenol removal after biosorption.
  • A minimum run resolution V central composite design with four variables (initial concentration, pH, biosorbent dosage, and time) for biosorption and three variables (liquid pool height, surfactant concentration, and air flow rate) for biosorptive foam separation was applied to optimize the process.
  • The results showed a good fit with the proposed statistical model for removal of phenol (R2 = 0.9500) for biosorption and (R2 =0.9599) for biosorptive foam separation.
  • The adsorbed chemical species was identified by FTIR spectroscopy.
  • The zeta potential profile of the bacteria appears to be negative throughout the range of pH examined, showing isoelectric point at a pH of 3.
  • The recovery of phenol loaded biomass and final traces of phenol by flotation were found to be 99.95%.

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  • (PMID = 28968206.001).
  • [ISSN] 1165-158X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cellular and molecular biology (Noisy-le-Grand, France)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell. Mol. Biol. (Noisy-le-grand)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Bangham kinetic model / Biosorptive foam separation / Cetyl Trimethyl Ammonium Bromide / Pseudomonas putida / Zeta potential.
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30. Singh P, Singh AK: Palladium(ii) complexes of N,N-diphenylacetamide based thio/selenoethers and flower shaped Pd&lt;sub&gt;16&lt;/sub&gt;S&lt;sub&gt;7&lt;/sub&gt; and prismatic Pd&lt;sub&gt;17&lt;/sub&gt;Se&lt;sub&gt;15&lt;/sub&gt; nano-particles tailored as catalysts for C-C and C-O coupling. Dalton Trans; 2017 Aug 14;46(30):10037-10049
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • 2-Bromo-N,N-diphenylacetamide (P1) prepared by reacting diphenylamine with α-bromoacetyl bromide, on treatment with Na<sub>2</sub>S and Na<sub>2</sub>Se generated in situ, has resulted in thio and selenoether ligands, L1 ((Ph<sub>2</sub>NCOCH<sub>2</sub>)<sub>2</sub>S) and L2 ((Ph<sub>2</sub>NCOCH<sub>2</sub>)<sub>2</sub>Se), respectively.
  • Single crystal structures of all the five compounds were determined by X-ray diffraction.
  • Flower shaped Pd<sub>16</sub>S<sub>7</sub> (size 26-50 nm) and prismatic Pd<sub>17</sub>Se<sub>15</sub> NPs (size 20-55 nm) were synthesized by a single source precursor route (thermolysis at ∼280 °C in trioctylphosphine) from air and moisture insensitive C1 and C2, respectively.
  • They were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), SEM-EDX and HR-TEM and found to show good catalytic activity for Suzuki-Miyaura (Pd loading 0.5 mol%; yield up to 96%) and C-O (Pd loading 0.5 mol%; yield up to 96%) coupling reactions (at 100 °C) of aryl bromides with phenylboronic acid and phenol, respectively.

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  • (PMID = 28730214.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-9234
  • [Journal-full-title] Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dalton Trans
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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31. Zhang J, Zhu L, Shi Z, Gao Y: Rapid removal of organic pollutants by activation sulfite with ferrate. Chemosphere; 2017 Nov;186:576-579
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • With the addition of sulfite, almost complete removal of seven out of eight tested contaminants, i.e. benzotriazole, phenol, ciprofloxacin, methyl blue, rhodamine B, methyl orange and sulfamethoxazole, was observed in 30 s except for sulfamethoxazole at pH 9.0, while Fe(VI) alone only resulted in less than 6% removal.
  • SO<sub>5</sub><sup>-</sup>, SO<sub>4</sub><sup>-</sup> and ·OH, the sulfite/Fe(VI) process open to air displayed better performance than that purged with nitrogen.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
  • (PMID = 28810226.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1298
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Dye / Fe(VI) / Hydroxyl radical / PPCPs / Sulfate radical / Sulfite radical
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32. Chattopadhyay K, Craig GA, Heras Ojea MJ, Pait M, Kundu A, Lee J, Murrie M, Frontera A, Ray D: Dangling and Hydrolyzed Ligand Arms in [Mn&lt;sub&gt;3&lt;/sub&gt;] and [Mn&lt;sub&gt;6&lt;/sub&gt;] Coordination Assemblies: Synthesis, Characterization, and Functional Activity. Inorg Chem; 2017 Feb 15;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : Two flexible, branched, and sterically constrained di- and tripodal side arms around a phenol backbone were utilized in ligands H<sub>3</sub>L1 and H<sub>5</sub>L2 to isolate {Mn<sub>6</sub>} and {Mn<sub>3</sub>} coordination aggregates.
  • Both the complexes show effective solvent-dependent catechol oxidation toward 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol in air.

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  • (PMID = 28198623.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-510X
  • [Journal-full-title] Inorganic chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Inorg Chem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. Tichonovas M, Krugly E, Jankunaite D, Racys V, Martuzevicius D: Ozone-UV-catalysis based advanced oxidation process for wastewater treatment. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int; 2017 Jul;24(21):17584-17597

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A bench-scale advanced oxidation (AO) reactor was investigated for the degradation of six pollutants (2-naphthol, phenol, oxalic acid, phthalate, methylene blue, and D-glucose) in a model wastewater at with the aim to test opportunities for the further upscale to industrial applications.
  • The ozone was generated in a dielectrical barrier discharge reactor using air as a source of oxygen.
  • The photocatalytic ozonation was most effective against ozonation and photolytic ozonation at tested pH values.

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  • (PMID = 28597387.001).
  • [ISSN] 1614-7499
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental science and pollution research international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Advanced oxidation / Ozonation / Photocatalysis / Photocatalytic ozonation / Wastewater treatment / Water pollution
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34. Mengistu G, Hoste H, Karonen M, Salminen JP, Hendriks WH, Pellikaan WF: The in vitro anthelmintic properties of browse plant species against Haemonchus contortus is determined by the polyphenol content and composition. Vet Parasitol; 2017 Apr 15;237:110-116

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Acetone/water (70/30%) extracts of air dried leaves of Acacia etbaica, Cadaba farinosa, Capparis tomentosa, Dichrostachys cinerea, Dodonaea angustifolia, Euclea racemosa, Maerua angolensis, Maytenus senegalensis, Rhus natalensis and Senna singueana were used.
  • Significant differences (P<0.001) between the control and PVPP treated A. etbaica, C. tomentosa, M. angolensis, R. natalensis and D. cinerea indicates that larval inhibition was largely due to non-phenol compounds.
  • Overall, the browse plant extracts have anthelmintic property against H. contortus and larval inhibition resulting from the presence of phenolic and non-phenolic compounds.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28262394.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2550
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary parasitology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Parasitol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthelmintics; 0 / Plant Extracts; 0 / Polyphenols; 0 / Tannins; 1364PS73AF / Acetone
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Exsheathment / Haemonchus contortus / Larvae / Proanthocyanidins
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35. Yang J, Pignatello JJ, Pan B, Xing B: Degradation of p-Nitrophenol by Lignin and Cellulose Chars: H&lt;sub&gt;2&lt;/sub&gt;O&lt;sub&gt;2&lt;/sub&gt;-Mediated Reaction and Direct Reaction with the Char. Environ Sci Technol; 2017 Aug 15;51(16):8972-8980
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Chars and other black carbons are reactive toward certain compounds.
  • We studied the decomposition of p-nitrophenol (PNP) by pure lignin and cellulose chars aged in moist air or a vacuum at room temperature for up to a month.
  • In air, the chars chemisorbed oxygen, a portion of which was liberated as H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> when the char was submerged in water.
  • PNP reacted predominantly in the sorbed state and only reduction products (phenol, catechol) were identified.
  • Aging the char in air sharply (within hours) reduced H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>-producing capacity and free radical concentration, but more gradually reduced PNP decay rate over the month-long period.

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  • (PMID = 28686427.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-5851
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental science & technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. Maity S, Kundu S, Mondal S, Bera S, Ghosh P: Molecular and Electronic Structures of Ruthenium Complexes Containing an ONS-Coordinated Open-Shell π Radical and an Oxidative Aromatic Ring Cleavage Reaction. Inorg Chem; 2017 Mar 20;56(6):3363-3376
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  • The coordination chemistry of 2,4-di-tert-butyl-6-[(2-mercaptophenyl)amino]phenol (L<sub>ONS</sub>H<sub>3</sub>), which was isolated as a diaryl disulfide form, (L<sub>ONS</sub>H<sub>2</sub>)<sub>2</sub>, with a Ru ion is disclosed.
  • The redox reaction of (L<sub>ONS</sub>H<sub>2</sub>)<sub>2</sub> with [Ru(PPh<sub>3</sub>)<sub>3</sub>Cl<sub>2</sub>] in ethanol in air is different, leading to the oxidation of L<sub>ONS</sub> to a quinone sulfoxide derivative (L<sub>ONSO</sub><sup>0</sup>) as in cis-[Ru<sup>II</sup>(L<sub>ONSO</sub><sup>0</sup>)(PPh<sub>3</sub>)Cl<sub>2</sub>] (3), via 1 as an intermediate.

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  • (PMID = 28263578.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-510X
  • [Journal-full-title] Inorganic chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Inorg Chem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Pietrogrande MC, Manarini F, Quintana JB, Rodil R, Villaverde-de-Sáa E, Visentin M: Optimization of an ultrasound-assisted derivatization for GC/MS analysis of oxygenated organic species in atmospheric aerosol. Anal Bioanal Chem; 2017 Jul;409(17):4279-4291

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Derivatization parameters mostly influencing the analytical response were investigated, i.e., solvent type, reagent concentration, and reaction duration.
  • Response surface methodology was used to design experiments and a quadratic model was utilized to predict the variables and establish the optimal conditions.
  • The study was performed on standard solutions of 30 compounds representing the major classes of oxygenated compounds typically found in ambient aerosol, i.e., low molecular weight carboxylic acids, sugars, and phenols.
  • For all oxygenated organic species, the proposed method showed a good reproducibility-as the relative standard deviations (RSDs%, n = 5) of intra-day analysis were ≤7% - a good linearity with the correlation coefficients of calibration curves R <sup>2</sup> ≥ 99.8, and low detection limits, ranging from 0.34 to 6.50 ng μL<sup>-1</sup>; thus it is suitable for its applicability in air quality monitoring.

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  • (PMID = 28516280.001).
  • [ISSN] 1618-2650
  • [Journal-full-title] Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anal Bioanal Chem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Atmospheric aerosol / Experimental design and response surface methodology / GC/MS method / Oxygenated organic species / Ultrasound-assisted derivatization
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38. Minière M, Boutin O, Soric A: Experimental coupling and modelling of wet air oxidation and packed-bed biofilm reactor as an enhanced phenol removal technology. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int; 2017 Mar;24(8):7693-7704
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. ACETIC ACID .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Experimental coupling and modelling of wet air oxidation and packed-bed biofilm reactor as an enhanced phenol removal technology.
  • Experimental coupling of wet air oxidation process and aerobic packed-bed biofilm reactor is presented.
  • It has been tested on phenol as a model refractory compound.
  • At 30 MPa and 250 °C, wet air oxidation batch experiments led to a phenol degradation of 97% and a total organic carbon removal of 84%.
  • To study the interest of coupling processes, wet air oxidation effluent was treated in a biological treatment process.
  • This step was made up of two packed-bed biofilm reactors in series: the first one acclimated to phenol and the second one to acetic acid.
  • After biological treatment, phenol and total organic carbon removal was 99 and 97% respectively.
  • Experimental results were finally well reproduced by the continuous coupled process model: relative error on phenol removal efficiency was 1 and 5.5% for wet air oxidation process and packed-bed biofilm reactor respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Bioreactors. Phenol / metabolism. Water Pollutants, Chemical / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Acetic Acid / metabolism. Air. Biofilms. Catalysis. Kinetics. Oxidation-Reduction. Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
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  • (PMID = 28124269.001).
  • [ISSN] 1614-7499
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental science and pollution research international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; Q40Q9N063P / Acetic Acid
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Advanced oxidation process / Biofilm packed bed / Biological treatment / Coupled process / Phenol / Process modelling / Wet air oxidation
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39. Lehmann-Konera S, Franczak Ł, Kociuba W, Szumińska D, Chmiel S, Polkowska Ż: Comparison of hydrochemistry and organic compound transport in two non-glaciated high Arctic catchments with a permafrost regime (Bellsund Fjord, Spitsbergen). Sci Total Environ; 2017 Sep 22;613-614:1037-1047

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  • [Title] Comparison of hydrochemistry and organic compound transport in two non-glaciated high Arctic catchments with a permafrost regime (Bellsund Fjord, Spitsbergen).
  • An increase in air temperature related to climate change results in the retreat of glaciers, the degradation of permafrost, and the expansion of glacier-free areas in the polar regions.
  • We cover hydrometeorological measurements, fluctuations of physicochemical parameters (pH, specific electrolytic conductivity (SEC)), and the presence of selected organic compounds (dissolved organic carbon (DOC), formaldehyde (HCHO), ∑phenols).
  • It was found that fluctuations of physicochemical indices (pH, SEC, DOC) were related to changes in mean daily discharge of Reindeer Creek (0.012-0.034m<sup>3</sup>s<sup>-1</sup>) and Tyvjobekken Creek (0.011-0.015m<sup>3</sup>s<sup>-1</sup>) (r>0.40).

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28950666.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1026
  • [Journal-full-title] The Science of the total environment
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sci. Total Environ.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Arctic / Dissolved organic carbon / Formaldehyde / Permafrost / Surface water
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40. Falkowska L, Grajewska A, Staniszewska M, Nehring I, Szumiło-Pilarska E, Saniewska D: Inhalation - Route of EDC exposure in seabirds (Larus argentatus) from the Southern Baltic. Mar Pollut Bull; 2017 Apr 15;117(1-2):111-117
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  • Despite the presence of endocrine disrupting mercury, PAHs, alkylphenols and bisphenol A in inhaled air, scientific literature lacks information on their penetration into the lungs.
  • It was determined that the capacity of bird's lungs, affects the efficiency with which mercury is absorbed from the air.
  • The alimentary route of phenol derivatives into the organism was of greater significance than inhalation.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Baltic States. Lung. Mercury. Phenols. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28159334.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-3363
  • [Journal-full-title] Marine pollution bulletin
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mar. Pollut. Bull.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Endocrine Disruptors; 0 / Environmental Pollutants; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons; FXS1BY2PGL / Mercury
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Gulf of Gdansk / Herring gull / Lungs / Mercury / PAHs / Phenol derivatives
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41. Szogi AA, Loughrin JH, Vanotti MB: Improved water quality and reduction of odorous compounds in anaerobic lagoon columns receiving pre-treated pig wastewater. Environ Technol; 2017 Aug 14;:1-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Improved water quality and reduction of odorous compounds in anaerobic lagoon columns receiving pre-treated pig wastewater.
  • Control methods are needed to reduce air pollution by foul odors released from these lagoons.
  • In a pilot-scale experiment, we evaluated the effect of pig wastewater pre-treatment on reducing the concentration of selected malodor compounds in lagoons receiving liquid from:.
  • Concentrations of five selected malodorous compounds (phenol, p-cresol, 4-ethylphenol, indole, and skatole) and water quality parameters (ammonia-nitrogen and chemical oxygen demand) were determined in lagoon effluents.
  • The SS+NDN pretreatment was more efficient than the SS in reducing odorous compounds in the lagoon liquid.
  • The SS+NDN reduced by about 99% the liquid concentrations of all selected compounds.
  • These results are supported by the strong correlations found between the sum of odorous compound concentration with odor panel results and concentrations of both ammonium-nitrogen and chemical oxygen demand in lagoon liquid samples.

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  • (PMID = 28764601.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-3330
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Swine / ammonium / chemical oxygen demand / malodor / wastewater treatment
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42. Zhang P, Yang S, Chisholm MF, Jiang X, Huang C, Dai S: Coordination-Supported Imidazolate Networks: Water- and Heat-Stable Mesoporous Polymers for Catalysis. Chemistry; 2017 Jul 26;23(42):10038-10042
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Here, a facile and scalable route to prepare metal-containing polymers with a good stability in boiling water (100 °C, 24 h) and air (up to 390 °C) is presented.
  • In particular, the stable CINs illustrate a high turnover frequency (TOF) of 779 h<sup>-1</sup> in the catalytic oxidation of phenol with H<sub>2</sub> O as the green solvent.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
  • (PMID = 28557146.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-3765
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemistry
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; coordination polymers / mesoporous materials / phenol oxidation / polymers / porous ionic liquids
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43. Braymen DT, Songer JR: Phenol concentrations in the air from disinfection solutions. Appl Microbiol; 1971 Dec;22(6):1166-7
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Air Pollution.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phenol concentrations in the air from disinfection solutions.
  • Phenol concentrations in the air near phenol disinfectant solutions were measured.
  • The concentration of phenol was not excessive, except for hot solutions with which exposure would normally be for a very short time.
  • Adverse physiological reactions may occur at air levels below the threshold limit values which may be especially hazardous to those persons exposed to organisms causing respiratory diseases.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution / analysis. Disinfectants / analysis. Phenols / analysis. Sterilization

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  • (PMID = 5137587.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-6919
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Disinfectants; 0 / Indicators and Reagents; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Pyrazoles; T3CHA1B51H / Antipyrine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC376506
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44. Rubio MA, Lissi E, Herrera N, Pérez V, Fuentes N: Phenol and nitrophenols in the air and dew waters of Santiago de Chile. Chemosphere; 2012 Mar;86(10):1035-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phenol and nitrophenols in the air and dew waters of Santiago de Chile.
  • Phenol, nitrophenols and dinitrophenols were measured in air and dews in downtown Santiago de Chile.
  • In both systems, phenol, 2-nitrophenol (2-NP), and 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) were the compounds found in higher concentrations and with major frequency.
  • Temporal profiles in air were compatible with a significant direct incorporation from mobile sources.
  • The data can be explained in terms of a faster removal of 2-NP than 4-NP, with the former predominating in fresh air masses and 4-NP in more aged samples.
  • All these compounds, as well as dinitrophenols, were found in dew waters.
  • Simultaneous measurements in air and dew indicate that phenol present in dew exceeds that expected in equilibrated samples, while the opposite occurs with 4-NP.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Phenol / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Air Pollution / statistics & numerical data. Atmosphere / chemistry. Chile. Cities. Environmental Monitoring. Nitrophenols / analysis. Rain / chemistry

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22178376.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1298
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Nitrophenols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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45. Taraszkiewicz F, Moniuszko-Jakoniuk J, Jabłoński J, Suchecki T, Lipska H, Jureko W: [Evaluation of phenol and formaldehyde concentrations in air of certain newly built houses on the terrain of Białystok]. Pol Tyg Lek; 1991 Dec 26-30;46(50-52):1000-2
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  • [Title] [Evaluation of phenol and formaldehyde concentrations in air of certain newly built houses on the terrain of Białystok].
  • Phenol and formaldehyde concentrations have been assayed in the air of 125 apartments in newly constructed houses in Białystok.
  • Phenol concentration in the air of the control apartments has not exceeded acceptable values whereas it has been over acceptable values in 80% of the apartments, in which above mentioned preservatives have been used.
  • Formaldehyde concentration in the air of control apartments and 101 apartments of tested group has been within the range of acceptable values.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution, Indoor / analysis. Construction Materials. Formaldehyde / analysis. Housing. Phenols / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Phenol. Poland

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Indoor Air Pollution.
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
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  • (PMID = 1669179.001).
  • [ISSN] 0032-3756
  • [Journal-full-title] Polski tygodnik lekarski (Warsaw, Poland : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol Tyg Lek
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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46. Fortuny A, Bengoa C, Font J, Fabregat A: Bimetallic catalysts for continuous catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol. J Hazard Mater; 1999 Jan 29;64(2):181-93
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Bimetallic catalysts for continuous catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • Catalytic wet oxidation has proved to be effective at eliminating hazardous organic compounds, such as phenol, from waste waters.
  • This study explores the ability of bimetallic supported catalysts to oxidize aqueous phenol solutions using air as oxidant.
  • The pH of the feed solution was also varied.
  • The highest residual phenol conversion was obtained for the ZnO-CuO, which was significantly higher than that obtained with the 10% CuO catalyst used as reference.
  • Generally, the performance of the catalysts was better when the pH of the feed solution was increased.
  • [MeSH-major] Hazardous Substances / analysis. Metals / chemistry. Oxides / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aluminum Oxide. Catalysis. Cobalt / chemistry. Copper / chemistry. Ferric Compounds / chemistry. Hot Temperature. Humans. Hydrogen-Ion Concentration. Manganese Compounds / chemistry. Oxidants / chemistry. Oxidation-Reduction. Oxygen / chemistry. Partial Pressure. Solubility. Time Factors. Zinc Oxide / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 10337397.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3894
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] NETHERLANDS
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ferric Compounds; 0 / Hazardous Substances; 0 / Manganese Compounds; 0 / Metals; 0 / Oxidants; 0 / Oxides; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 1317-35-7 / manganese oxide; 1K09F3G675 / ferric oxide; 3G0H8C9362 / Cobalt; 789U1901C5 / Copper; LMI26O6933 / Aluminum Oxide; S88TT14065 / Oxygen; SOI2LOH54Z / Zinc Oxide; USK772NS56 / cobalt oxide; V1XJQ704R4 / cupric oxide
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47. Koen E, Ivanov G: [Polarographic method of determining phenol in the air]. Probl Khig; 1976;2:71-80

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Polarographic method of determining phenol in the air].
  • A specific, highly sensitive and exact polarographic method of phenol determination in the air is developed.
  • The conditions of sample taking are outlined, and the effect of polarographic solution pH on the height of step and semi-wave potential is verified.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants. Air Pollutants, Occupational. Phenols / analysis. Polarography / methods

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  • (PMID = 26050.001).
  • [ISSN] 0323-9179
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemi na khigienata
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Khig
  • [Language] bul
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] BULGARIA
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Nitrophenols; 0 / Phenols
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48. Fu D, Chen J, Liang X: Wet air oxidation of nitrobenzene enhanced by phenol. Chemosphere; 2005 May;59(6):905-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Wet air oxidation of nitrobenzene enhanced by phenol.
  • Simultaneous nitrobenzene and phenol wet air oxidation was investigated in a stainless autoclave at temperature range of 180-220 degrees C and 1.0 MPa oxygen partial pressure.
  • Compared with the single oxidation of nitrobenzene under the same conditions, the presence of phenol in the reaction media greatly improved the removal efficiency of nitrobenzene.
  • Phenol was considered as a type of initiator in the nitrobenzene oxidation.
  • [MeSH-major] Nitrobenzenes / isolation & purification. Phenol / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / isolation & purification. Water Purification / methods

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  • (PMID = 15811421.001).
  • [ISSN] 0045-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Industrial Waste; 0 / Nitrobenzenes; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; E57JCN6SSY / nitrobenzene
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49. Askari MS, Rodríguez-Solano LA, Proppe A, McAllister B, Lumb JP, Ottenwaelder X: Catalytic aerobic oxidation of phenols to ortho-quinones with air-stable copper precatalysts. Dalton Trans; 2015 Jul 21;44(27):12094-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Catalytic aerobic oxidation of phenols to ortho-quinones with air-stable copper precatalysts.
  • A range of air-stable copper species was examined for catalytic activity in the catalytic aerobic transformation of phenols into ortho-quinones.

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  • (PMID = 25802218.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-9234
  • [Journal-full-title] Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dalton Trans
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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50. [Indoor air guide values for phenol]. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz; 2011 Nov;54(11):1262-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Indoor air guide values for phenol].
  • [Transliterated title] Richtwerte für Phenol in der Innenraumluft. Mitteilung der Ad-hoc-Arbeits-gruppe Innenraumrichtwerte der Innenraumlufthygiene-Kommission des Umweltbundesamtes und der Obersten Landesgesundheitsbehörden.
  • The German Working Group on Indoor Guidelines of the Federal Environment Agency and the States´ Health Authorities is issuing indoor air guide values to protect public health.
  • For health evaluation of phenol in indoor air a qualified working-place study emphasizing the POD hemo- and hepatotoxicity as well as results of a limited inhalation-study which underline neurological effects on rats were used.
  • The Working Group assessed a lowest observed adverse effect level of 21 mg Phenol/m3 in the working-place study and 100 mg Phenol/m3 in the animal-based study.
  • Both toxicological derivatives come to the same result but the working-place study was preferred.
  • By applying a factor of 10 for interindividual variability, a factor of 4.2 for the different exposing-time of workers and usual population and a modifying factor of 2 regarding children a health hazard guide value (RW II) of 0.2 mg phenol/m3 is obtained.
  • A health precaution guide value of 0.02 mg phenol/m3 is recommended.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution, Indoor / analysis. Disinfectants. Phenol

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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
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  • (PMID = 22015800.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-1588
  • [Journal-full-title] Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Disinfectants; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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51. Kim KH, Ihm SK: Characteristics of titania supported copper oxide catalysts for wet air oxidation of phenol. J Hazard Mater; 2007 Jul 31;146(3):610-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Characteristics of titania supported copper oxide catalysts for wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • Temperature programmed reduction (TPR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), electron spin resonance (ESR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) experiments were performed to investigate the chemical state of the copper species.
  • The chemical state of copper in the CuO(x)/TiO(2) catalysts varied with copper loading (1-25wt.
  • % for the wet air oxidation of phenol over the CuO(x)/TiO(2) catalysts in this work.
  • [MeSH-major] Copper / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry. Titanium / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Oxidation-Reduction. Porosity. Surface Properties. Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods. Water Purification / methods

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. COPPER (I) OXIDE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. TITANIUM DIOXIDE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. TITANIUM .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. COPPER, ELEMENTAL .
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  • (PMID = 17513049.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3894
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 15FIX9V2JP / titanium dioxide; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 789U1901C5 / Copper; D1JT611TNE / Titanium; T8BEA5064F / cuprous oxide
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52. Zhang ZQ, Zhang H, Deng Q: Preconcentration with membrane cell and adsorptive polarographic determination of phenols in air. Talanta; 2000 Dec 4;53(3):517-23

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Preconcentration with membrane cell and adsorptive polarographic determination of phenols in air.
  • The present paper describes a procedure that phenols in air were preconcentrated in a membrane cell and their content was determined by adsorptive polarography.
  • First, the phenols in air samples were preconcentrated in a membrane cell using 2.0 M NaOH solution, then in a pH 1.3 buffer solution p-bromophenylamine forms a diazoate with NaNO(2), and into the mixture the collected phenols were added to form azo-compound in a pH 13 buffer solution.
  • The azo-compound can be adsorbed at the mercury electrode and yields a sensitive oscillopolarographic wave.
  • Over the range 2.0x10(-8)-2.0x10(-5) M, the peak currents are linearly proportional to the concentration of phenols.

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  • (PMID = 18968138.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-3573
  • [Journal-full-title] Talanta
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Talanta
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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53. Li GM, Zhao JF, Wang H, Zhao XH, Zhou YY: [Kinetics of catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol in trickle bed reactor]. Huan Jing Ke Xue; 2004 May;25(3):53-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Kinetics of catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol in trickle bed reactor].
  • By using a trickle bed reactor which was designed by the authors, the catalytic wet air oxidation reaction of phenol on CuO/gamma-Al2O3 catalyst was studied.
  • The results showed that in mild operation conditions (at temperature of 180 degrees C, pressure of 3 MPa, liquid feed rate of 1.668 L x h(-1) and oxygen feed rate of 160 L x h(-1)), the removal of phenol can be over 90%.
  • The curve of phenol conversion is similar to "S" like autocatalytic reaction, and is accordance with chain reaction of free radical.
  • The kinetic model of pseudo homogenous reactor fits the catalytic wet air oxidation reaction of phenol.
  • The effects of initial concentration of phenol, liquid feed rate and temperature for reaction also were investigated.

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  • (PMID = 15327253.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-3301
  • [Journal-full-title] Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Huan Jing Ke Xue
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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54. Lin SS, Chang DJ, Wang CH, Chen CC: Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by CeO2 catalyst--effect of reaction conditions. Water Res; 2003 Feb;37(4):793-800
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by CeO2 catalyst--effect of reaction conditions.
  • The effect of catalyst loading, oxygen pressure, reaction temperature and phenol concentration on phenol conversion and total organic carbon (TOC) conversion, using CeO(2) as the catalyst, was investigated.
  • There appeared a maximum rate of phenol conversion and TOC conversion as the catalyst loading increased.
  • With phenol concentrations in the range of 400-2500 mg/L and oxygen pressure of 0.5 or 1.0 MPa, the optimal catalyst loading was 1.0 g/L, while it was 2.0 g/L at an oxygen pressure of 1.5 MPa.
  • With a phenol concentration of 5000 mg/L, the optimal loading was 2.0 g/L for all oxygen pressures tested.
  • Catalyst loading influences the reaction via the free-radical chain reaction involved in the catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • Regarding oxygen pressures, at a phenol concentration of 400mg/L, the influence of the tested pressures (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 MPa) on the 3h conversion of phenol was negligible, while the effect was significant for higher concentrations of phenol.
  • The effect of oxygen pressure on TOC conversion was more profound, especially at a higher phenol concentration.
  • At a pressure of 0.5 MPa, except for concentration of 400mg/L, the CO(2) selectivity barely exceed 80% at best, and was less than 25% with a phenol concentration of 5000 mg/L.
  • As was expected, increase of reaction temperature shortened the time taken to reach 50% phenol conversion.
  • [MeSH-major] Air. Cesium / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 12531261.001).
  • [ISSN] 0043-1354
  • [Journal-full-title] Water research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Water Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 1KSV9V4Y4I / Cesium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 7440-44-0 / Carbon; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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55. Cammidge AN, Goddard VH, Schubert CP, Gopee H, Hughes DL, Gonzalez-Lucas D: Unexpected phenol production from arylboronic acids under palladium-free conditions; organocatalyzed air oxidation. Org Lett; 2011 Nov 18;13(22):6034-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Unexpected phenol production from arylboronic acids under palladium-free conditions; organocatalyzed air oxidation.
  • An intriguing class of quinones that efficiently catalyze the air oxidation (overall hydroxylation) of arylboronic acids to the corresponding phenol is reported.
  • Autocatalysis in the parent system is particularly efficient and leads to rapid, quantitative synthesis of quinones such as 4 from boronic acid 1 at room temperature using air as stoichiometric oxidant.

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  • (PMID = 22029277.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-7052
  • [Journal-full-title] Organic letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Org. Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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56. Robles C, Greff S, Pasqualini V, Garzino S, Bousquet-Mélou A, Fernandez C, Korboulewsky N, Bonin G: Phenols and flavonoids in Aleppo pine needles as bioindicators of air pollution. J Environ Qual; 2003 Nov-Dec;32(6):2265-71

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phenols and flavonoids in Aleppo pine needles as bioindicators of air pollution.
  • The aim of the present study is to assess whether certain ecophysiological responses (contents of total phenols, total proanthocyanidins, and total and simple flavonols), in the needles of Aleppo pines (Pinus halepensis Mill.) may be valid bioindicators for the assessment of the air quality.
  • The results show a decrease in total phenol concentrations with levels of nitrogen oxide pollutions (significant negative correlations between the total phenol concentrations and concentrations of NO, NO2, and other NOx).
  • This work confirms the strong interest of using the phenolic compounds of Pinus halepensis as biological indicators of air quality.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / metabolism. Flavonoids / metabolism. Phenols / metabolism. Pinus / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 14674550.001).
  • [ISSN] 0047-2425
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental quality
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Environ. Qual.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Flavonoids; 0 / Phenols
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57. Wang JB, Zhu WP, Wang W, Yang SX: [Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol with Ru/ZrO2-CeO2 catalyst]. Huan Jing Ke Xue; 2007 Jul;28(7):1460-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol with Ru/ZrO2-CeO2 catalyst].
  • Wet air oxidation of phenol with Ru/ZrO2-CeO2 was systematically investigated and results showed that Ru/ZrO2-CeO2 could significantly increase the removal of COD and phenol.
  • At the reaction temperature of 170 degrees C and pressure of 3MPa, about 99% COD and 100% phenol was removed respectively after 120 min.
  • By analyzing intermediates, a simplified scheme of phenol oxidation was brought out.

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  • (PMID = 17891952.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-3301
  • [Journal-full-title] Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Huan Jing Ke Xue
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 30K4522N6T / Cerium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 619G5K328Y / ceric oxide; 7UI0TKC3U5 / Ruthenium; C6V6S92N3C / Zirconium; S38N85C5G0 / zirconium oxide
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58. Mao L, Chen H, Liu G, Peng Z, Chen W, Kang L, Liao S: [Flow injection analysis method for hygienic examination of volatile phenol compounds in the air of residential area]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu; 2011 Nov;40(6):773-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Flow injection analysis method for hygienic examination of volatile phenol compounds in the air of residential area].
  • OBJECTIVE: To establish a flow injection analysis for hygienic examination of volatile phenol compounds in the air of residential area.
  • METHOD: Volatile phenol compounds in the air was sampled by a fritted glass bubbler with 10 ml 0.1 mol/L sodium hydroxide inside and analyzed by a flow injection analyzer.
  • CONCLUSION: This method meets the requirements for the analysis of volatile phenol compounds in the air of residential area.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Flow Injection Analysis / methods. Phenol / analysis. Volatile Organic Compounds / analysis

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  • (PMID = 22279677.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-8020
  • [Journal-full-title] Wei sheng yan jiu = Journal of hygiene research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Wei Sheng Yan Jiu
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Volatile Organic Compounds; 0M0B7474RA / Ampyrone; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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59. Yang S, Cui Y, Sun Y, Yang H: Graphene oxide as an effective catalyst for wet air oxidation of phenol. J Hazard Mater; 2014 Sep 15;280:55-62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Graphene oxide as an effective catalyst for wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • The graphene oxide (GO) and chemically reduced graphene oxides, used as catalysts in absence of any metals, were investigated in the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol in a batch reactor.
  • The carbon materials exhibited good phenol and total organic compounds (TOC) removals in the CWAO of phenol.
  • The GO had the highest catalytic activity, total phenol removal was achieved after 40 min, and ca.
  • [MeSH-major] Graphite / chemistry. Oxides / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry. Water Purification / methods

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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 25127389.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-3336
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oxides; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 7782-42-5 / Graphite
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Carbon materials / Catalytic wet air oxidation / Graphene oxide / Phenol
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60. Sturaro A, Rella R, Parvoli G, Ferrara D: Long-term phenol, cresols and BTEX monitoring in urban air. Environ Monit Assess; 2010 May;164(1-4):93-100
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Long-term phenol, cresols and BTEX monitoring in urban air.
  • This paper reports the results of a long-term monitoring of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes (BTEX), phenol and cresols in the air of Padua during a wide period of the year 2007 using two radial passive samplers (Radiello system) equipped with BTEX- and phenol-specific cartridges.
  • Benzene, together with toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes showed their maximum concentrations during the winter season, but the secondary pollutant phenol was higher than benzene for a large period of the year when the meteorological conditions blocked the pollutants in the lower layers of the atmosphere and solar radiation increased the benzene photo-oxidation process.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Cresols / analysis. Environmental Monitoring / methods. Phenol / analysis. Xylenes / analysis

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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CRESOL .
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  • (PMID = 19343513.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-2959
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental monitoring and assessment
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Monit Assess
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Cresols; 0 / Xylenes; 1319-77-3 / cresol; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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61. Lin SS, Chen CL, Chang DJ, Chen CC: Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by various CeO2 catalysts. Water Res; 2002 Jul;36(12):3009-14
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by various CeO2 catalysts.
  • Investigations of various CeO2 catalysts using XRD, 02-TPD, H2-TPR and catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol showed that CeO2 calcined under higher thermal impact (designated as type A) displayed excellent catalytic ability for the redox reaction of organics.
  • Results of the investigations mentioned above showed that type A CeO2 has a less stable structure, more structure oxygen exchangeable and more oxidizing ability for the consumption of H2 and conversion of phenol.
  • At phenol concentrations between 400 and 2,500 mg/L, oxygen pressure in the range of 0.5-1.0 MPa, and temperatures above 160 degrees C phenol conversion stood at > or = 90% after 4 h.
  • [MeSH-major] Cesium / chemistry. Oxygen Compounds / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Oxidation-Reduction. Oxygen / chemistry. Sensitivity and Specificity. Temperature. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 12171398.001).
  • [ISSN] 0043-1354
  • [Journal-full-title] Water research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Water Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oxygen Compounds; 1KSV9V4Y4I / Cesium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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62. Xu A, Sun C: Catalytic behaviour and copper leaching of Cu0.10Zn0.90Al1.90Fe0.10O4 spinel for catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol. Environ Technol; 2012 Jun;33(10-12):1339-44
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. COPPER, ELEMENTAL .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Catalytic behaviour and copper leaching of Cu0.10Zn0.90Al1.90Fe0.10O4 spinel for catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • A Cu0.10Zn0.90Al1.90Fe0.10O4 spinel catalyst prepared by the sol-gel method was tested for catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol.
  • The catalyst showed high activity for phenol degradation.
  • During successive test at 170 degrees C, 100% phenol conversion and 95% chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal were observed.
  • From the analysis of temperature programmed reduction (TPR), diffuse reflectance UV-Vis spectra (DR UV-Vis) and activity assay at basic solution pH, it can be suggested that the highly dispersed copper ions on the catalyst surface were almost completely dissolved into the reaction solution, whereas the tetra-coordinated copper ions were not only stable against leaching but also active towards phenol degradation.
  • [MeSH-major] Aluminum Oxide / chemistry. Copper / chemistry. Environmental Pollutants / isolation & purification. Magnesium Oxide / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Catalysis. Oxidation-Reduction. Water Pollution, Chemical / prevention & control

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  • (PMID = 22856307.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-3330
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Environmental Pollutants; 0 / spinell; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 3A3U0GI71G / Magnesium Oxide; 789U1901C5 / Copper; LMI26O6933 / Aluminum Oxide
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63. Hanada Y, Imaizumi I, Kido K, Tanizaki T, Koga M, Shiraishi H, Soma M: Application of a pentafluorobenzyl bromide derivatization method in gas chromatography/mass spectrometry of trace levels of halogenated phenols in air, water and sediment samples. Anal Sci; 2002 Jun;18(6):655-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Application of a pentafluorobenzyl bromide derivatization method in gas chromatography/mass spectrometry of trace levels of halogenated phenols in air, water and sediment samples.
  • An analytical method using pentafluorobenzyl bromide (PFBB) derivatization and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been applied to identify and quantify chloro-, bromo- and dichlorophenols in air, water and sediment samples.
  • Phenols in air sample were collected with a PS-2 Sep-PAK cartridge, and eluted with 2-propanol.
  • The phenols in the solution reacted with PFBB to form the corresponding pentafluorobenzyl esters.
  • After extracting the derivatives into hexane, the determination was carried out by GC/MS with selected-ion monitoring.
  • The detection limits of phenols in air, water and sediment were 0.0033 - 0.0073 microg/m3, 0.0066 - 0.0147 microg/L and 0.33 - 0.73 microg/kg, respectively.
  • More than 90% recoveries of the halogenated phenols were obtained from real environmental samples spiked by the halogenated phenols.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Fluorobenzenes / analysis. Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry / methods. Geologic Sediments / analysis. Hydrocarbons, Halogenated / analysis. Phenols / analysis. Water Pollutants / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Air / analysis. Chlorophenols / analysis. Fresh Water / analysis. Hydrogen-Ion Concentration. Seawater / analysis

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  • (PMID = 12083550.001).
  • [ISSN] 0910-6340
  • [Journal-full-title] Analytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anal Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Chlorophenols; 0 / Fluorobenzenes; 0 / Hydrocarbons, Halogenated; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Water Pollutants; 1765-40-8 / pentafluorobenzyl bromide; FG32L88KO9 / 3,5-dichlorophenol
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64. Peikert M, Chen X, Chi L, Brezesinski G, Janich S, Würthwein EU, Schäfer HJ: Phase behavior and molecular packing of octadecyl phenols and their methyl ethers at the air/water interface. Langmuir; 2014 May 27;30(20):5780-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phase behavior and molecular packing of octadecyl phenols and their methyl ethers at the air/water interface.
  • To study these forces, we chose monolayers at the air/water interface to limit the possible arrangements of the interacting molecules.
  • The phase behavior and molecular packing of the phenols 1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-octadecane (5a), 1-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-octadecane (6), and 1-(2,3,4-trihydroxyphenyl)-octadecane (3) and their methyl ethers in monolayers at the air/water interface have been examined by π/A isotherms, Brewster angle microscopy (BAM), grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD) measurements, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations.
  • The phenols are synthesized by Friedel-Crafts acylation of methoxybenzenes, hydrogenation of the resulting aryl ketones, and cleavage of the aryl methyl ethers.
  • In the π/A isotherms and in BAM, the phenols show patches of the solid condensed phase at large molecular areas and the monolayers collapse at high pressures.
  • The enhanced monolayer stability of phenol 5a can be explained by hydrogen bonds of the hydroxyl group with water and van der Waals forces between the alkyl chains and aryl-aryl interactions.

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  • (PMID = 24401011.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-5827
  • [Journal-full-title] Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Langmuir
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Wan JF, Feng YJ, Cai WM, Yang SX, Sun XJ: Kinetics study on catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by several metal oxide catalysts. J Environ Sci (China); 2004;16(4):556-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Kinetics study on catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by several metal oxide catalysts.
  • A first-order kinetics model was established to study the catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol at different temperature when these catalysts were used.
  • This is consistent with the result of catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol and the COD removal can be arrived at 98.2% at temperature 210 degrees C, oxygen partial pressure 3 MPa and reaction time 30 min.
  • [MeSH-major] Disinfectants / chemistry. Models, Theoretical. Phenol / chemistry. Water Purification / methods

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  • (PMID = 15495955.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-0742
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental sciences (China)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Environ Sci (China)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Disinfectants; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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66. Moskovkin AS, Sotnikov EE, Gaziev GA: [Chromatographic mass-spectrometric determination of the air content of styrene, phenol, and naphthalene]. Gig Sanit; 2008 May-Jun;(3):81-4
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. NAPHTHALENE .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Chromatographic mass-spectrometric determination of the air content of styrene, phenol, and naphthalene].
  • A selective chromatographic mass-spectrometric procedure was developed to determine of air styrene, phenol, and naphthalene in the concentration range of 0.001-0.05 mg/m3, Analysis used preconcentration of the compounds on a solid sorbent, followed by thermal desorption into the capillary column of a chromatograph.
  • Qualitative and quantitative measurements of concentrations were carried out by the characteristics chosen for each compound.
  • The maximum relative measurement error in 1-2-liter air sampling was +/- 23% at a 0.95 significant confidence.
  • [MeSH-major] Air / analysis. Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry / methods. Naphthalenes / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry. Styrene / chemistry. Workplace

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  • (PMID = 18590156.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9900
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena i sanitariia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Sanit
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Naphthalenes; 0 / Phenols; 2166IN72UN / naphthalene; 44LJ2U959V / Styrene
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67. Yang L, Hu E, Mu Y, Ji Y: [Determination of trace phenol compounds using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry coupled with Tenax adsorption tube for enrichment of air samples]. Se Pu; 2007 Jan;25(1):48-52
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  • [Title] [Determination of trace phenol compounds using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry coupled with Tenax adsorption tube for enrichment of air samples].
  • A novel determination method for trace of seven phenol compounds in air samples has been established.
  • The quantitative ions, m/z 94 for phenol, m/z 108 for cresol, m/z 122 for xylenol and m/z 136 for internal standard, were selected.
  • The average recoveries of phenol compounds (spiked at the levels of 0.25, 1.00, 5.00 microg) ranged from 92.4% to 102% and the relative standard deviations were less than 4.8%.
  • When the air sample volume was 10 L, the detection limits were less than 0.001 mg/m3.
  • The method is simple, fast, sensitive and accurate for the determination of phenol compounds in air samples.

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  • (PMID = 17432575.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-8713
  • [Journal-full-title] Se pu = Chinese journal of chromatography
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Se Pu
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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68. Yang S, Wang X, Yang H, Sun Y, Liu Y: Influence of the different oxidation treatment on the performance of multi-walled carbon nanotubes in the catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol. J Hazard Mater; 2012 Sep 30;233-234:18-24
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Influence of the different oxidation treatment on the performance of multi-walled carbon nanotubes in the catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) functionalized by different oxidants (HNO(3)/H(2)SO(4), H(2)O(2), O(3) and air) have been used as catalysts for the wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • All the functionalized MWCNTs exhibit good activity in the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol.
  • [MeSH-major] Nanotubes, Carbon / chemistry. Oxidants / chemistry. Ozone / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Hydrogen Peroxide / chemistry. Microscopy, Electron, Scanning. Microscopy, Electron, Transmission. Nitric Acid / chemistry. Oxidation-Reduction. Sulfuric Acids / chemistry. Surface Properties. Water Purification / methods

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Ozone.
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. OZONE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22819477.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-3336
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Nanotubes, Carbon; 0 / Oxidants; 0 / Sulfuric Acids; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 411VRN1TV4 / Nitric Acid; 66H7ZZK23N / Ozone; BBX060AN9V / Hydrogen Peroxide; O40UQP6WCF / sulfuric acid
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69. Ascenzi D, Franceschi P, Guella G, Tosi P: Phenol production in benzene/air plasmas at atmospheric pressure. Role of radical and ionic routes. J Phys Chem A; 2006 Jun 29;110(25):7841-7
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. OXYGEN .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phenol production in benzene/air plasmas at atmospheric pressure. Role of radical and ionic routes.
  • Benzene can be efficiently converted into phenol when it is treated by either corona or dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasmas operating at atmospheric pressure in air or mixtures of N(2) and O(2).
  • Phenol produced by corona discharge in an atmospheric pressure chemical ionization source (APCI) has been detected as the corresponding radical cation C(6)H(5)OH(+*) at m/z 94 by an ion trap mass spectrometer.
  • On the other hand, phenol has been observed also as neutral product by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis (GC-MS) after treatment in a DBD plasma.
  • The results of our approach show that ionic mechanisms do not play a significant role in phenol production, which can be better explained by radical reactions resulting in oxygen addition to the benzene ring followed by 1,2 H transfer.
  • [MeSH-major] Benzene / chemistry. Phenols / chemical synthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Atmospheric Pressure. Free Radicals / chemistry. Ions / chemistry. Nitrogen / chemistry. Oxygen / chemistry. Quantum Theory

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  • (PMID = 16789771.001).
  • [ISSN] 1089-5639
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of physical chemistry. A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Phys Chem A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Free Radicals; 0 / Ions; 0 / Phenols; J64922108F / Benzene; N762921K75 / Nitrogen; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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70. Yang S, Zhu W, Wang J, Chen Z: Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol over CeO2-TiO2 catalyst in the batch reactor and the packed-bed reactor. J Hazard Mater; 2008 May 30;153(3):1248-53
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol over CeO2-TiO2 catalyst in the batch reactor and the packed-bed reactor.
  • CeO2-TiO2 catalysts are prepared by coprecipitation method, and the activity and stability in the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol are investigated in a batch reactor and packed-bed reactor.
  • CeO2-TiO2 mixed oxides show the higher activity than pure CeO2 and TiO2, and CeO2-TiO2 1/1 catalyst displays the highest activity in the CWAO of phenol.
  • In a batch reactor, COD and TOC removals are about 100% and 77% after 120 min in the CWAO of phenol over CeO2-TiO2 1/1 catalyst at reaction temperature of 150 degrees C, the total pressure of 3 MPa, phenol concentration of 1000 mg/L, and catalyst dosage of 4 g/L.
  • In a packed-bed reactor using CeO2-TiO2 1/1 particle catalyst, over 91% COD and 80% TOC removals are obtained at the reaction temperature of 140 degrees C, the air total pressure of 3.5 MPa, the phenol concentration of 1000 mg/L for 100 h continue reaction.
  • CeO2-TiO2 1/1 catalyst exhibits the excellent activity and stability in the CWAO of phenol.
  • [MeSH-major] Cerium / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry. Titanium / chemistry. Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry. Water Purification / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Oxidation-Reduction

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
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  • (PMID = 17980483.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3894
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 15FIX9V2JP / titanium dioxide; 30K4522N6T / Cerium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 619G5K328Y / ceric oxide; D1JT611TNE / Titanium
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71. Chang DJ, Lin SS, Chen CL, Wang SP, Ho WL: Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol using CeO2 as the catalyst. Kinetic study and mechanism development. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng; 2002 Aug;37(7):1241-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol using CeO2 as the catalyst. Kinetic study and mechanism development.
  • Using a CeO2 catalyst prepared from CeCl3.7H2O under high thermal impact, the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol was effectively implemented.
  • With initial phenol concentrations of between (400 and 2500) mg/L, and at a temperature of 160 degrees C, the rate of phenol conversion increased with increased catalyst loading (0.2g/L-1.0g/L) and oxygen pressure (0.5 MPa-1.5 MPa).
  • Even at an initial concentration of 2500 mg/L, conversion of phenol was as high as 95% after 3 h reaction.
  • The effect of phenol concentration, catalyst loading, and oxygen pressure on the initial rate of phenol conversion was evaluated in a kinetic study.
  • The initial rate equation derived from kinetic study is: Ro=k1 x [Ph]1.3-1.4 x W0.5-0.6 x PO2(0.9-1.1), where k1 is a rate constant, and [Ph], W and PO2 refer to phenol concentration, catalyst loading and oxygen pressure, respectively.
  • A free-radical involved reaction mechanism was proposed and an initial rate expression based on this mechanism was derived: Ro = k2 x [Ph]1.5 x W0.5, where k2 is also a rate constant.
  • [MeSH-major] Cerium / chemistry. Disinfectants / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 15328689.001).
  • [ISSN] 1093-4529
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Disinfectants; 30K4522N6T / Cerium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 619G5K328Y / ceric oxide
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72. Lefèvre S, Boutin O, Ferrasse JH, Malleret L, Faucherand R, Viand A: Thermodynamic and kinetic study of phenol degradation by a non-catalytic wet air oxidation process. Chemosphere; 2011 Aug;84(9):1208-15
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Thermodynamic and kinetic study of phenol degradation by a non-catalytic wet air oxidation process.
  • This work is dedicated to an accurate evaluation of thermodynamic and kinetics aspects of phenol degradation using wet air oxidation process.
  • Phenol is a well known polluting molecule and therefore it is important having data of its behaviour during this process.
  • Concerning the thermodynamic phase equilibria, experimental and modelling results are obtained for different binary systems (water/nitrogen, water/air) and ternary system (water/nitrogen/phenol).
  • The second part is dedicated to kinetics evaluation of the degradation of phenol.
  • Different compounds have been detected using GC coupled with a MS.
  • A kinetic scheme is deduced, taking into account the evolution of phenol, hydroquinones, catechol, resorcinol and acetic acid.
  • A simplified kinetic scheme, which can be easily implemented in a process simulation, is also determined for the direct degradation of phenol into H(2)O and CO(2).
  • The Arrhenius law data obtained for the phenol disappearance are the following: k=1.8×10(6)±3.9×10(5)M(-1)s(-1) (pre-exponential factor) and E(a)=77±8 kJ mol(-1) (activation energy).
  • [MeSH-major] Air. Environmental Pollutants / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Catalysis. Kinetics. Models, Chemical. Oxidation-Reduction. Thermodynamics

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21700312.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1298
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Environmental Pollutants; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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73. Zhao S, Sun C, Wang L, Xu X, Wang X: Degradation of phenol accumulated in a micellar molybdovanadophosphate nanoreactor by air at ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure. Dalton Trans; 2010 Jun 7;39(21):5087-90
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Degradation of phenol accumulated in a micellar molybdovanadophosphate nanoreactor by air at ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure.
  • A novel route to facilitate the degradation of phenol is reported.
  • The micellar POM catalyst could promote phenol molecules' degradation into a simple inorganic compound such as CO2 using only air as an oxidant under room conditions.
  • The results of the recycling experiment suggests that the micellar POMs may be used as a potential catalyst for the degradation of phenol in wastewater.
  • [MeSH-major] Nanostructures / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry. Temperature. Tungsten Compounds / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Atmospheric Pressure. Micelles. Particle Size. Surface Properties

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  • (PMID = 20428586.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-9234
  • [Journal-full-title] Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dalton Trans
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Micelles; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Tungsten Compounds; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 0 / polyoxometalate I
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74. Werner D, Krotzky A, Berggold R, Thierfelder H, Preiss M: Enhancement of specific nitrogenase activity in Azospirillum brasilense and Klebsiella pneumoniae, inhibition in Rhizobium japonicum under air by phenol. Arch Microbiol; 1982 Jul;132(1):51-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Enhancement of specific nitrogenase activity in Azospirillum brasilense and Klebsiella pneumoniae, inhibition in Rhizobium japonicum under air by phenol.
  • Specific nitrogenase activity in Azospirillum brasilense ATCC 29145 in surface cultures under air is enhanced from about 50 nmol C2H4 X mg protein -1 X h-1 to 400 nmol C2H4 by the addition of 1 mM phenol.
  • 0.5 and 2 mM phenol added increase the rate 5-fold and 4-fold.
  • This enhancement effect is observed only between 2 and 3 days after inoculation, with only a small reduction of the growth of the cells by the phenol added.
  • In surface cultures under 1% O2, nitrogenase activity is slightly reduced by the addition of 1-0.01 mM phenol.
  • Utilization of succinate is enhanced during the period of maximum enhancement of nitrogenase activity by 60% by addition of 1 mM phenol.
  • The cells did not produce 14CO2 from [U-14C] phenol, neither in surface cultures nor in liquid cultures and less than 0.1% of the phenol was incorporated into the cells.
  • A smaller but significant enhancement of nitrogenase activity by about 100% in surface cultures under air was found with Klebsiella pneumoniae K 11 after addition of 1 mM phenol.
  • However, in Rhizobium japonicum 61-A-101 all phenol concentrations above 0.01 mM reduced nitrogenase activity.
  • With 1 mM phenol added activity was reduced to less than 10% with no effect on the growth in the same cultivation system.
  • With this Rhizobium japonicum strain significant quantities of phenol (25 mumol in 24 h by 2 X 10(12) cells) were metabolized to 14CO2, with phenol as sole carbon source.
  • With Azospirillum brasilense in liquid culture under 1% and 2% O2 in the gas phase, no enhancement of nitrogenase activity by phenol was noticed.
  • [MeSH-major] Bacteria / enzymology. Klebsiella pneumoniae / enzymology. Nitrogenase / analysis. Phenols / pharmacology. Rhizobium / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Phenol

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  • [Cites] Arch Microbiol. 1975 Sep 30;105(1):27-32 [242293.001]
  • [Cites] Planta. 1980 Jan;147(4):320-9 [24311082.001]
  • [Cites] Annu Rev Microbiol. 1980;34:497-536 [6108091.001]
  • [Cites] J Gen Microbiol. 1970 Mar;60(3):427-9 [5487623.001]
  • [Cites] Annu Rev Microbiol. 1980;34:183-207 [6776883.001]
  • [Cites] J Bacteriol. 1976 Sep;127(3):1248-54 [8430.001]
  • [Cites] Can J Microbiol. 1978 Nov;24(11):1395-403 [743647.001]
  • (PMID = 6812526.001).
  • [ISSN] 0302-8933
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; EC 1.18.6.1 / Nitrogenase
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75. Oomens AC, Schuurhuis FG: A method for the collection and determination of phenol and bisphenol A in air. Int Arch Occup Environ Health; 1983;52(1):43-8
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. BISPHENOL A .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A method for the collection and determination of phenol and bisphenol A in air.
  • An analytical method has been developed for the determination of phenol and bisphenol A in air.
  • Air samples are concentrated on commercial silica by the well established tube-pump method.
  • The method has been validated for a concentration range of 0.5-50 mg m-3 (based on a 10-l air sample) for both compounds.
  • Linearity of response, adsorption/desorption efficiency, influence of humidity on sample collection and influence of temperature and time on storage of collected samples were studied.
  • [MeSH-major] Air / analysis. Air Pollutants / analysis. Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis. Phenols / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Benzhydryl Compounds. Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. BISPHENOL A DISODIUM SALT .
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  • [Cites] Am Ind Hyg Assoc J. 1978 May;39(5):349-61 [677014.001]
  • (PMID = 6874091.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-0131
  • [Journal-full-title] International archives of occupational and environmental health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Arch Occup Environ Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Benzhydryl Compounds; 0 / Phenols; MLT3645I99 / bisphenol A
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76. Manita MD: [Determining the vapors of single atom phenols (phenol and ortho-, meta- and para-cresols) in the air by the ultraviolet spectrophotometric method]. Gig Sanit; 1966 Aug;31(8):60-3
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Air Pollution.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Determining the vapors of single atom phenols (phenol and ortho-, meta- and para-cresols) in the air by the ultraviolet spectrophotometric method].
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution. Cresols / analysis. Phenols / analysis

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  • (PMID = 5993815.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9900
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena i sanitariia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Sanit
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cresols; 0 / Phenols
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77. Jabłoński J, Dmieljaniuk N, Moniuszko-Jakoniuk J: [Selected problems with phenol toxicity]. Pol Tyg Lek; 1989 Nov 13-27;44(46-48):947-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Selected problems with phenol toxicity].
  • Some data on the toxicity of phenol are surveyed.
  • These are 0.3-19 mg/m3 in the air and working places in different countries.
  • Acceptable phenol concentration in the air is 10 mg/m3 in Poland.
  • Toxic effects of phenol were reported in case of occupational exposition to 5 mg/m3 of air.
  • Data concerning urine levels of phenol in children living in the buildings of increased phenol levels in the air and health impact of this are discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / adverse effects. Phenols / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 2487765.001).
  • [ISSN] 0032-3756
  • [Journal-full-title] Polski tygodnik lekarski (Warsaw, Poland : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol Tyg Lek
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Phenols
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78. Chang L, Chen IP, Lin SS: An assessment of the suitable operating conditions for the CeO2/gamma-Al2O3 catalyzed wet air oxidation of phenol. Chemosphere; 2005 Jan;58(4):485-92
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. OXYGEN .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An assessment of the suitable operating conditions for the CeO2/gamma-Al2O3 catalyzed wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • It has been shown that the CeO2/gamma-Al2O3 catalyst is a feasible alternative to CeO2 for the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol because it remains an effective catalyst and yet is cheaper to prepare.
  • Furthermore, at 180 degrees C, with a phenol concentration of 1000 mg l(-1), and an O2 partial pressure of 1.0M Pa or 1.5M Pa, the optimal catalyst loading was 3.0 gl (-1).
  • The efficacy of CWAO of phenol improved with O2 partial pressure, although the effects of O2 pressure were more significant between 0.5 MPa and 1.5 MPa than between 1.5 MPa and 2.0 MPa.
  • After 2 h of reaction, approximately 100% phenol conversion and 80% total organic carbon (TOC) removal was recorded at 180 degrees C, 1000 mg l(-1) of phenol and 3.0 g l(-1) of catalyst.
  • The efficacy of CWAO of phenol decreased as initial phenol concentration was raised (from 400 to 2500 mg l(-1)), with the exception of phenol conversion after about 2 h, for which 400 mg l(-1) produced the lowest phenol conversion figure.
  • Higher phenol concentrations require both catalyst loading and O2 partial pressure to be increased to maintain high performance.
  • For example, for 2000 mg l(-1) and 2500 mg l(-1) phenol, nearly 100% phenol conversion and 90% TOC removal after 4 h of reaction at 180 degrees C required 4.0 g l(-1) of catalyst and 2.0 MPa.
  • [MeSH-major] Aluminum Oxide / chemistry. Cerium / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Oxidation-Reduction. Oxygen / metabolism. Time Factors. Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods. Water Purification / methods

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. Aluminum oxide .
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  • (PMID = 15620740.001).
  • [ISSN] 0045-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 30K4522N6T / Cerium; 619G5K328Y / ceric oxide; LMI26O6933 / Aluminum Oxide; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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79. Faungnawakij K, Sano N, Charinpanitkul T, Tanthapanichakoon W: Modeling of experimental treatment of acetaldehyde-laden air and phenol-containing water using corona discharge technique. Environ Sci Technol; 2006 Mar 1;40(5):1622-8
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. Water .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Modeling of experimental treatment of acetaldehyde-laden air and phenol-containing water using corona discharge technique.
  • Acetaldehyde-laden air and phenol-contaminated water were experimentally treated using corona discharge reactions and gas absorption in a single water-film column.
  • Direct contact of the radicals and ions with water was known to produce aqueous OH radical, which contributes to the decomposition of organic contaminants: phenol, absorbed acetaldehyde, and intermediate byproducts in the water.
  • The influence of initial phenol concentration ranging from 15 to 50 mg L(-1) and that of influent acetaldehyde ranging from 0 to 200 ppm were experimentally investigated and used to build the math model.
  • The maximum energetic efficiency of TOC, phenol, and acetaldehyde were obtained at 25.6 x 10(-9) mol carbon J(-1), 25.0 x 10(-9) mol phenol J(-1), and 2.0 x 10(-9) mol acetaldehyde J(-1), respectively.
  • The predictions for the decomposition of acetaldehyde, phenol, and their intermediates were found to be in good agreement with the experimental results.
  • [MeSH-major] Acetaldehyde / chemistry. Air. Phenol / chemistry. Water / chemistry

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. ACETALDEHYDE .
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  • (PMID = 16568779.001).
  • [ISSN] 0013-936X
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental science & technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 059QF0KO0R / Water; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; GO1N1ZPR3B / Acetaldehyde
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80. Es-haghi A, Baghernejad M, Bagheri H: In situ solid-phase microextraction and post on-fiber derivatization combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for determination of phenol in occupational air. Anal Chim Acta; 2012 Sep 12;742:17-21
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. POLYDIMETHYLSILOXANES .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] In situ solid-phase microextraction and post on-fiber derivatization combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for determination of phenol in occupational air.
  • A method based on solid-phase microextraction (SPME) followed by on-fiber derivatization and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection (GC-MS) for determination of phenol in air was developed.
  • Three different types of SPME fibers, polar and non-polar poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) were synthesized using sol-gel technology and their feasibility to the sampling of phenol were investigated.
  • Different derivatization reagents for post on-fiber derivatization of phenol were studied.
  • The optimized method was applied to the sampling of phenol from some biologics production areas.
  • [MeSH-major] Air / analysis. Air Pollutants / analysis. Dimethylpolysiloxanes / chemistry. Phenol / analysis. Polyethylene Glycols / chemistry

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22884202.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4324
  • [Journal-full-title] Analytica chimica acta
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anal. Chim. Acta
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Dimethylpolysiloxanes; 30IQX730WE / Polyethylene Glycols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 63148-62-9 / baysilon
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81. Kidwai M, Jain A, Sharma A, Chander Kuhad R: Ecofriendly approach for detection of phenols in water using laccase from different fungi. Water Sci Technol; 2012;66(2):385-93
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. Water .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ecofriendly approach for detection of phenols in water using laccase from different fungi.
  • Laccase-initiated oxidative coupling reactions of phenol and its derivatives with 4-aminoantipyrene using air as an oxidant has been investigated.
  • The oxidation reaction of phenols and 4-aminoantipyrene is getting a lot of attention due to environmental concerns.
  • Oxidation of simple phenol and 4-aminoantipyrene as a benchmark reaction enabled us to rank the relative oxidation ability of various laccases.
  • The present method can also be used to determine p-substituted phenols and chlorophenols.
  • [MeSH-major] Fungi / enzymology. Laccase / metabolism. Phenols / analysis. Water / chemistry

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Molds.
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  • (PMID = 22699344.001).
  • [ISSN] 0273-1223
  • [Journal-full-title] Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Water Sci. Technol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 059QF0KO0R / Water; EC 1.10.3.2 / Laccase
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82. Paradowski M, Jakubowski M, Podoski A: [Toxicokinetics of benzene in humans. Excretion of phenol with urine and benzene with expired air after single and 4-day inhalation exposure]. Med Pr; 1984;35(2):85-96
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. BENZENE .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Toxicokinetics of benzene in humans. Excretion of phenol with urine and benzene with expired air after single and 4-day inhalation exposure].
  • Two phases of the excretion of unchanged benzene in the expired air (t 1/2 approximately 2 h and approximately 20 h) and phenol in the urine (t 1/2 approximately 3 h and approximately 12 h) were observed.
  • Concentrations of benzene in the expired air and the rate of excretion of phenol in urine were higher after 4-days exposure than after single exposure, which results from benzene toxicokinetics.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / toxicity. Benzene / metabolism. Lung / metabolism. Phenols / urine

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  • (PMID = 6472100.001).
  • [ISSN] 0465-5893
  • [Journal-full-title] Medycyna pracy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Pr
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Phenols; J64922108F / Benzene
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83. Parvas M, Haghighi M, Allahyari S: Degradation of phenol via wet-air oxidation over CuO/CeO2-ZrO2 nanocatalyst synthesized employing ultrasound energy: physicochemical characterization and catalytic performance. Environ Technol; 2014 May-Jun;35(9-12):1140-9
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. ZIRCONIUM, ELEMENTAL .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Degradation of phenol via wet-air oxidation over CuO/CeO2-ZrO2 nanocatalyst synthesized employing ultrasound energy: physicochemical characterization and catalytic performance.
  • Catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol was carried out under atmospheric pressure of oxygen at 160 degrees C in a stirred batch reactor over copper catalysts supported by CeO2-ZrO2.
  • Blank CWAO experiments illustrated low conversion of phenol using bare CeO2-ZrO2 support.
  • Although some agglomeration of particles was found at high loadings of copper but owning to the fact that almost all ZrO2 particles incorporated into the CeO2 lattice at high contents of Cu, catalyst activity not only did not decrease but also the phenol conversion reached to the higher values.
  • The optimal catalyst loading for phenol degradation was found to be 9 g/l.
  • Complete conversion of phenol was achieved using CuO/CeO2-ZrO2 in 9 g/l catalyst loading with initial phenol concentration of 1000 ppm after 3 h of reaction.
  • [MeSH-major] Microscopy, Electron, Scanning. Oxides / chemical synthesis. Phenol / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry

  • figshare. supplemental materials - Supporting Data and Materials for the article .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. COPPER, ELEMENTAL .
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  • (PMID = 24701909.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-3330
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CuO-CeO2-ZrO2; 0 / Oxides; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 30K4522N6T / Cerium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 789U1901C5 / Copper; C6V6S92N3C / Zirconium
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84. Li W, Song F, You J: Oxidant-Controlled Catalytic Transformations of Phenols with Unexpected Cleavage of Aromatic Rings. Chemistry; 2015 Sep 28;21(40):13913-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Oxidant-Controlled Catalytic Transformations of Phenols with Unexpected Cleavage of Aromatic Rings.
  • Oxidative transformations of phenols have attracted significant attention of chemists due to their importance in biological process and organic synthesis.
  • In contrast to the relatively well-developed oxygenation and coupling reactions of phenols, the highly efficient and selective oxidative ring cleavage of phenols is under-represented.
  • This work describes a novel CuCl-catalyzed tandem homocoupling/skeletal rearrangement of phenols that realizes the cleavage of the phenol ring by using air or Ag2CO3 as the oxidant.
  • Interestingly, simply changing the oxidant to K2S2O8 results in the oxidative coupling/cyclization of phenols to give dibenzofurans.
  • These results set an important precedent of oxidant-controlled catalytic transformations of phenols.

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  • [Copyright] © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
  • (PMID = 26286529.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-3765
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemistry
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; CC cleavage / benzofuran / copper / homogeneous catalysis / phenol
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85. Pistonesi MF, Di Nezio MS, Centurión ME, Lista AG, Fragoso WD, Pontes MJ, Araújo MC, Band BS: Simultaneous determination of hydroquinone, resorcinol, phenol, m-cresol and p-cresol in untreated air samples using spectrofluorimetry and a custom multiple linear regression-successive projection algorithm. Talanta; 2010 Dec 15;83(2):320-3
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Simultaneous determination of hydroquinone, resorcinol, phenol, m-cresol and p-cresol in untreated air samples using spectrofluorimetry and a custom multiple linear regression-successive projection algorithm.
  • In this study, a novel, simple, and efficient spectrofluorimetric method to determine directly and simultaneously five phenolic compounds (hydroquinone, resorcinol, phenol, m-cresol and p-cresol) in air samples is presented.
  • The concentrations of the calibration matrix ranged from 0.02 to 0.2 mg L(-1) for hydroquinone, from 0.05 to 0.6 mg L(-1) for resorcinol, and from 0.05 to 0.4 mg L(-1) for phenol, m-cresol and p-cresol; incidentally, such ranges are in accordance with the Argentinean environmental legislation.
  • To verify the accuracy of the proposed method a recovery study on real air samples of smoking environment was carried out with satisfactory results (94-104%).
  • The advantage of the proposed method is that it requires only spectrofluorimetric measurements of samples and chemometric modeling for simultaneous determination of five phenols.
  • With it, air is simply sampled and no pre-treatment sample is needed (i.e., separation steps and derivatization reagents are avoided) that means a great saving of time.
  • [MeSH-major] Cresols / analysis. Hydroquinones / analysis. Phenol / analysis. Resorcinols / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Air Pollutants. Calibration. Humans. Least-Squares Analysis. Regression Analysis. Smoke / analysis. Smoking. Spectrometry, Fluorescence / methods

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. p-CRESOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. RESORCINOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM P-METHYLPHENOLATE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. HYDROQUINONE .
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21111140.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-3573
  • [Journal-full-title] Talanta
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Talanta
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Cresols; 0 / Hydroquinones; 0 / Resorcinols; 0 / Smoke; 123-31-9 / hydroquinone; 1MXY2UM8NV / 4-cresol; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; YUL4LO94HK / resorcinol
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86. Prieto MB, Hidalgo A, Rodríguez-Fernández C, Serra JL, Llama MJ: Biodegradation of phenol in synthetic and industrial wastewater by Rhodococcus erythropolis UPV-1 immobilized in an air-stirred reactor with clarifier. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol; 2002 May;58(6):853-9
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. OXYGEN .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Biodegradation of phenol in synthetic and industrial wastewater by Rhodococcus erythropolis UPV-1 immobilized in an air-stirred reactor with clarifier.
  • Phenol biodegradation by suspended and immobilized cells of Rhodococcus erythropolis UPV-1 was studied in discontinuous and continuous mode under optimum culture conditions.
  • Phenol-acclimated cells were adsorbed on diatomaceous earth, where they grew actively forming a biofilm of short filaments.
  • Immobilization protected cells against phenol and resulted in a remarkable enhancement of their respiratory activity and a shorter lag phase preceding active phenol degradation.
  • Under optimum operation conditions in a laboratory-scale air-stirred reactor, the immobilized cells were able to completely degrade phenol in synthetic wastewater at a volumetric productivity of 11.5 kg phenol m(-3) day(-1).
  • Phenol biodegradation was also tested in two different industrial wastewaters (WW1 and WW2) obtained from local resin manufacturing companies, which contained both phenols and formaldehyde.
  • In this case, after wastewater conditioning (i.e., dilution, pH, nitrogen and phosphorous sources and micronutrient amendments) the immobilized cells were able to completely remove the formaldehyde present in both waters.
  • Moreover, they biodegraded phenols completely at a rate of 0.5 kg phenol m(-3) day(-1) in the case of WW1 and partially (but at concentrations lower than 50 mg l(-1)) at 0.1 and 1.0 kg phenol m(-3) day(-1) in the cases of WW2 and WW1, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Phenol / metabolism. Rhodococcus / metabolism. Water Pollutants, Chemical / metabolism

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
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  • (PMID = 12021809.001).
  • [ISSN] 0175-7598
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied microbiology and biotechnology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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87. Tonami H, Uyama H, Kobayashi S, Fujita T, Taguchi Y, Osada K: Chemoselective oxidative polymerization of m-ethynylphenol by peroxidase catalyst to a new reactive polyphenol. Biomacromolecules; 2000;1(2):150-1

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Enzymatic oxidative polymerization of m-ethynylphenol possessing two reactive groups, phenol and acetylene moieties, was carried out in aqueous methanol under air.
  • [MeSH-major] Horseradish Peroxidase / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 11710092.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-7797
  • [Journal-full-title] Biomacromolecules
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biomacromolecules
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 0 / Polymers; 0 / m-ethynylphenol; EC 1.11.1.- / Horseradish Peroxidase
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88. Bieniek G: Urinary excretion of phenols as an indicator of occupational exposure in the coke-plant industry. Int Arch Occup Environ Health; 1997;70(5):334-40
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. DIMETHYL PHENOL .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Urinary excretion of phenols as an indicator of occupational exposure in the coke-plant industry.
  • The mixed exposure to phenolic derivatives of exposed workers during their work shift was monitored by personal air sampling of the breathing-zone air and by measurements of phenol, o-cresol, and xylenol isomer concentrations in shift-end urine.
  • Concentrations of phenolic compounds were determined in the breathing-zone air during the work shift, whereas concentrations of phenol, cresol, and xylenol isomers were measured in urine collected after the work shift.
  • Concentrations of phenols in air and urine were determined by gas chromatography with flame-ionization detection.
  • RESULTS: The time-weighted average concentrations of phenol, cresol, and xylenol isomers detected in breathing-zone air showed that the exposure level of the workers was relatively low.
  • The geometric mean values were as follows: 0.26 mg/m3 for phenol, 0.09 mg/m3 for o-cresol, 0.13 mg/m3 for p- and m-cresol, and 0.02-0.04 mg/m3 for xylenols at the tar-distillation process.
  • Corresponding urinary concentrations were 10.39, 0.53, and 0.25-0.88 mg/g creatinine for phenol, o-cresol, and xylenol isomers, respectively.
  • The correlation coefficients between the o-cresol and 2,4-, 2,5-, 3,4-, and 3,5-xylenol concentrations measured in urine and in the breathing-zone air were statistically significant, varying in the range of 0.54-0.74 for xylenol isomers and being 0.69 for o-cresol.
  • CONCLUSION: We have found that the presence of o-cresol and xylenol isomers in urine can be used as a biomarker for phenol exposure.
  • Analysis performed on workers at the tar-distillation process showed that they were exposed to relatively low concentrations of phenolic compounds.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution / analysis. Coke / adverse effects. Occupational Exposure. Phenols / urine

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Air Pollution.
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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. 3,5-DIMETHYLPHENOL .
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  • (PMID = 9352337.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-0131
  • [Journal-full-title] International archives of occupational and environmental health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Arch Occup Environ Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] GERMANY
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Coke; 0 / Cresols; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Xylenes; ONA760G0WA / 3,5-xylenol; W9GW1KZG6N / creosol
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89. Mahata N, Silva AR, Pereira MF, Freire C, de Castro B, Figueiredo JL: Anchoring of a [Mn(salen)Cl] complex onto mesoporous carbon xerogels. J Colloid Interface Sci; 2007 Jul 1;311(1):152-8
NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The materials were subsequently oxidized with air, in order to introduce functional groups on the surface, in particular phenols, anhydrides and carbonyls.

  • NCI CPTAC Assay Portal. NCI CPTAC Assay Portal .
  • NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .
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  • (PMID = 17376469.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9797
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of colloid and interface science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Colloid Interface Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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90. Avramescu A, Andreescu S, Noguer T, Bala C, Andreescu D, Marty JL: Biosensors designed for environmental and food quality control based on screen-printed graphite electrodes with different configurations. Anal Bioanal Chem; 2002 Sep;374(1):25-32
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. GRAPHITE .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The mono-enzyme sensors have been optimized as disposable or reusable devices for detection of a variety of substrates important in the food industry ( D-lactic acid, L-lactic acid, acetaldehyde) or in environmental pollution control (phenols and dithiocarbamate, carbamate and organophosphorus pesticides).
  • Tests on real samples have been performed with the biosensors; D-lactic acid and acetaldehyde have been detected in wine and phenols in air.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acetaldehyde / analysis. Acetylcholinesterase / metabolism. Air / analysis. Aldehyde Dehydrogenase / metabolism. Animals. Electrochemistry. Electrodes. Environmental Pollution. Enzymes, Immobilized / metabolism. L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / metabolism. Lactic Acid / analysis. Monophenol Monooxygenase / metabolism. Phenols / analysis. Rabbits. Wine / analysis

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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. LACTIC ACID .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. ACETALDEHYDE .
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  • (PMID = 12207236.001).
  • [ISSN] 1618-2642
  • [Journal-full-title] Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anal Bioanal Chem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Enzymes, Immobilized; 0 / Phenols; 33X04XA5AT / Lactic Acid; 7782-42-5 / Graphite; EC 1.1.1.27 / L-Lactate Dehydrogenase; EC 1.14.18.1 / Monophenol Monooxygenase; EC 1.2.1.3 / Aldehyde Dehydrogenase; EC 3.1.1.7 / Acetylcholinesterase; GO1N1ZPR3B / Acetaldehyde
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91. Czerczak S, Dobecki M, Krajewski J: [Gas chromatographic method for the determination of P-chlorphenol in the air]. Med Pr; 1977;28(5):393-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Gas chromatographic method for the determination of P-chlorphenol in the air].
  • The gas chromatographic method for determination of p-chlorophenol in the air in presence of phenol has been elaborated.
  • A good separation of investigated compounds was achieved using 10% FFAP on Chromosorb W as a stationary phase.
  • Air was sampled to water solution of sodium carbonate.
  • The method enables determination of 0.25 mg/m3 of p-chlorophenol, and 2.5 mg/m3 of phenol at the air sample volume 10 dm3.
  • [MeSH-major] Air / analysis. Chlorophenols / analysis

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  • (PMID = 607086.001).
  • [ISSN] 0465-5893
  • [Journal-full-title] Medycyna pracy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Pr
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chlorophenols
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92. Wolf GL, Sidebotham GW, Lazard JL, Charchaflieh JG: Laser ignition of surgical drape materials in air, 50% oxygen, and 95% oxygen. Anesthesiology; 2004 May;100(5):1167-71
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. OXYGEN .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laser ignition of surgical drape materials in air, 50% oxygen, and 95% oxygen.
  • BACKGROUND: Operating room fires fueled by surgical drapes and ignited by high-energy surgical tools in air and oxygen-enriched atmospheres continue to occur.
  • METHODS: The authors examined the time to ignition of huck towels and three commonly used surgical drape materials in air, 50% oxygen, and 95% oxygen using a carbon dioxide surgical laser as an ignition source.
  • In addition, a phenol-polymer fabric was tested.
  • RESULTS: In air, polypropylene and phenol polymer do not ignite.
  • For phenol polymer, the laser did not penetrate the material.
  • Huck towels, cotton-polyester, and non-woven cellulose-polyester ignited in air with decreasing times to ignition.

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  • (PMID = 15114214.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-3022
  • [Journal-full-title] Anesthesiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anesthesiology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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93. Knoell HE, Kraft R, Knappe J: Dioxygen and temperature dependence of ubiquinone formation in Escherichia coli: studies of cells charged with 2-octaprenyl phenol. Eur J Biochem; 1978 Sep 15;90(1):107-12
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. OXYGEN .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Dioxygen and temperature dependence of ubiquinone formation in Escherichia coli: studies of cells charged with 2-octaprenyl phenol.
  • Under argon this processing stops at the stage of 2-octaprenyl phenol.
  • Only upon admission of air is the pool of 2-octaprenyl phenol converted to ubiquinone-8.
  • The rate for 2-octaprenyl phenol conversion is strongly dependent on temperature.

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  • (PMID = 361395.001).
  • [ISSN] 0014-2956
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of biochemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Biochem.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hydroxybenzoates; 1339-63-5 / Ubiquinone; 9035-51-2 / Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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94. Venu Vinod A, Venkat Reddy G: Mass transfer correlation for phenol biodegradation in a fluidized bed bioreactor. J Hazard Mater; 2006 Aug 25;136(3):727-34

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mass transfer correlation for phenol biodegradation in a fluidized bed bioreactor.
  • Experiments have been carried out in a draft tube fluidized bed bioreactor to study biodegradation of synthetic wastewater containing phenol.
  • Studies have been carried out at different feed concentrations of phenol, air flow rates and feed flow rates.
  • The mass transfer coefficient for phenol transfer from bulk phase to the surface of the biofilm on the solid particle has been estimated from observed experimental data using the conservation equations.
  • It was found to increase with increase in feed concentration, air flow rate and feed flow rate.
  • [MeSH-major] Biodegradation, Environmental. Phenols / chemistry. Waste Disposal, Fluid

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  • (PMID = 16510240.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3894
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Culture Media; 0 / Phenols
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95. Talsky G: Higher-order derivative spectrophotometry in environmental analytical chemistry. Int J Environ Anal Chem; 1983;14(2):81-91
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. Water .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In the following, examples are given for the estimation of pollutants in water, air and soils which demonstrate the advantages of the HODS.
  • In detail, we discuss the simultaneous estimation of aniline and phenol in waste water, the quantitative determination of PCP in polluted drinking water, phenol in turbid samples, the identification of aromatic amides and phenols in air after absorption in solvents and, last but not least, the study of Ni2+ adsorbed on bentonite powder.
  • [MeSH-minor] Air Pollutants / analysis. Soil Pollutants / analysis. Spectrophotometry. Water / analysis. Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis

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  • (PMID = 6874202.001).
  • [ISSN] 0306-7319
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of environmental analytical chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Environ Anal Chem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] ENGLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Environmental Pollutants; 0 / Soil Pollutants; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 059QF0KO0R / Water
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96. Zaĭtseva NV, Dolgikh OV, Dianova DG: [Peculiarities of immune disorders in workers of activated carbon production]. Med Tr Prom Ekol; 2011;(2):21-3
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. ACTIVATED CHARCOAL .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • One of priority approaches in occupational medicine and health risk evaluation is study of immune system features in individuals exposed to occupational chemical hazards.
  • Marked disorders of cellular regulation in machinery operators of activated carbon and coagulants production are seen with observed normal content of phenol in the air of workplace.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / toxicity. Charcoal. Chemical Industry. Multiple Chemical Sensitivity / immunology. Occupational Diseases / immunology. Phenols / toxicity

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Occupational Health.
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  • (PMID = 21506374.001).
  • [ISSN] 1026-9428
  • [Journal-full-title] Meditsina truda i promyshlennaia ekologiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Tr Prom Ekol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Phenols; 16291-96-6 / Charcoal
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97. Wang J, Fu W, He X, Yang S, Zhu W: Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol with functionalized carbon materials as catalysts: reaction mechanism and pathway. J Environ Sci (China); 2014 Aug 1;26(8):1741-9
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. Water .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol with functionalized carbon materials as catalysts: reaction mechanism and pathway.
  • The development of highly active carbon material catalysts in catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) has attracted a great deal of attention.
  • In this study different carbon material catalysts (multi-walled carbon nanotubes, carbon fibers and graphite) were developed to enhance the CWAO of phenol in aqueous solution.
  • The functionalized carbon materials exhibited excellent catalytic activity in the CWAO of phenol.
  • After 60 min reaction, the removal of phenol was nearly 100% over the functionalized multi-walled carbon, while it was only 14% over the purified multi-walled carbon under the same reaction conditions.
  • Based on the analysis of the intermediates produced in the CWAO reactions, a new reaction pathway for the CWAO of phenol was proposed in this study.
  • [MeSH-major] Air / analysis. Carbon / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CARBON .
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
  • (PMID = 25108731.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-0742
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental sciences (China)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Environ Sci (China)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 059QF0KO0R / Water; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 7440-44-0 / Carbon
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Carbon materials / Catalytic wet air oxidation / Phenol / Radical / Reaction pathway
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98. Li X, Yang SX, Zhu WP, Wang JB, Wang L: [Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol and aniline over multi-walled carbon nanotubes]. Huan Jing Ke Xue; 2008 Sep;29(9):2522-8
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CARBON .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol and aniline over multi-walled carbon nanotubes].
  • Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) without any metal ions were used as the catalyst, and investigated in the CWAO of phenol and aniline in a batch reactor.
  • Under the reaction temperature of 160 degrees C, the total pressure of 2.5 MPa, the initial concentration of 1000 mg/L and loading the catalyst of 1.6 g/L, 100% phenol and 86% COD were removed after 120 min reaction in CWAO of phenol.
  • The surface functional groups played the important role for the high activity of the MWNTs in CWAO of organic compounds.

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. Aniline .
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  • (PMID = 19068637.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-3301
  • [Journal-full-title] Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Huan Jing Ke Xue
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aniline Compounds; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 7440-44-0 / Carbon; SIR7XX2F1K / aniline
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99. Artuna E, Hupka J: H2O2/UV/air oxidation of organic contaminants in the gas-sparged cyclone reactor. Cent Eur J Public Health; 2000 Jul;8 Suppl:88-9
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. HYDROGEN PEROXIDE .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] H2O2/UV/air oxidation of organic contaminants in the gas-sparged cyclone reactor.
  • In this investigation 80 ppm aqueous solution of phenol was treated for 40 minutes.
  • 13% of phenol was eliminated in the UV/air system and 73% in the UV/H2 O2/air system at 80 l/min air flowrate.
  • Air sparging did not result in phenol removal with the gas phase.
  • [MeSH-major] Air. Hydrogen Peroxide / chemistry. Organic Chemicals / chemistry. Ultraviolet Rays

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  • (PMID = 10943487.001).
  • [ISSN] 1210-7778
  • [Journal-full-title] Central European journal of public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cent. Eur. J. Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] CZECH REPUBLIC
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Organic Chemicals; BBX060AN9V / Hydrogen Peroxide
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100. Kim SK, Kim KH, Ihm SK: The characteristics of wet air oxidation of phenol over CuOx/Al2O3 catalysts: effect of copper loading. Chemosphere; 2007 Jun;68(2):287-92
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. COPPER, ELEMENTAL .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The characteristics of wet air oxidation of phenol over CuOx/Al2O3 catalysts: effect of copper loading.
  • In this work, however, the effect of copper loading on the activity and the selectivity was investigated for the wet oxidation of phenol over CuO(x)/Al(2)O(3) catalysts.
  • The optimum copper loading was about 7wt% for the wet oxidation of phenol over CuO(x)/Al(2)O(3) catalysts in this work.
  • The chemical states of copper in the CuO(x)/Al(2)O(3) catalysts were confirmed as varying with copper loading: isolated Cu(2+) ions for 1wt%; highly dispersed Cu(2+) cluster for 5wt% and 7wt%, and bulk CuO for 10-25wt%.
  • [MeSH-major] Air. Aluminum Oxide / chemistry. Copper / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. COPPER(II) OXIDE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. Aluminum oxide .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
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  • (PMID = 17292442.001).
  • [ISSN] 0045-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 789U1901C5 / Copper; LMI26O6933 / Aluminum Oxide; V1XJQ704R4 / cupric oxide
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