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1. |||....... 25%  Inoue O, Seiji K, Kasahara M, Nakatsuka H, Watanabe T, Yin SG, Li GL, Jin C, Cai SX, Wang XZ, et al: Quantitative relation of urinary phenol levels to breathzone benzene concentrations: a factory survey. Br J Ind Med; 1986 Oct;43(10):692-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Quantitative relation of urinary phenol levels to breathzone benzene concentrations: a factory survey.
  • Urine samples were also taken from 43 men and 88 women in the same factories but who were not exposed to solvents.
  • Both phenol in urine and benzene in activated carbon were analysed with FID gas chromatographs.
  • The urinary concentrations of phenol were linearly related to the time weighted average concentrations of benzene in the breathzone air; the variation was so small that those exposed to 10 ppm benzene could be separated from the non-exposed at least on a group basis when the phenol concentration was corrected either for creatinine concentration or for specific gravity.
  • The urinary phenol concentrations corresponding to 10 ppm benzene were 47.5 mg/l (as observed), 57.9 mg/g creatinine, or 46.6 mg/l (specific gravity 1.016).
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis. Benzene / analysis. Phenols / urine
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. China. Environmental Monitoring. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Phenol. Printing. Shoes

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - BENZENE.
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  • [Cites] Health Phys. 1966 Jun;12(6):843-50 [5963490.001]
  • [Cites] Br J Ind Med. 1969 Apr;26(2):162-4 [5780109.001]
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  • (PMID = 3778839.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1072
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of industrial medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Ind Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] ENGLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Phenols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; J64922108F / Benzene
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1007738
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2. ||........ 24%  Braymen DT, Songer JR: Phenol concentrations in the air from disinfection solutions. Appl Microbiol; 1971 Dec;22(6):1166-7
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  • [Title] Phenol concentrations in the air from disinfection solutions.
  • Phenol concentrations in the air near phenol disinfectant solutions were measured.
  • The concentration of phenol was not excessive, except for hot solutions with which exposure would normally be for a very short time.
  • Adverse physiological reactions may occur at air levels below the threshold limit values which may be especially hazardous to those persons exposed to organisms causing respiratory diseases.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution / analysis. Disinfectants / analysis. Phenols / analysis. Sterilization

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Air Pollution.
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  • (PMID = 5137587.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-6919
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Disinfectants; 0 / Indicators and Reagents; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Pyrazoles; T3CHA1B51H / Antipyrine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC376506
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3. ||........ 20%  Rothman N, Bechtold WE, Yin SN, Dosemeci M, Li GL, Wang YZ, Griffith WC, Smith MT, Hayes RB: Urinary excretion of phenol, catechol, hydroquinone, and muconic acid by workers occupationally exposed to benzene. Occup Environ Med; 1998 Oct;55(10):705-11
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  • [Title] Urinary excretion of phenol, catechol, hydroquinone, and muconic acid by workers occupationally exposed to benzene.
  • The benzene urinary metabolites phenol, catechol, hydroquinone, and muconic acid were measured with an isotope dilution gas chromatography mass spectroscopy assay and strongly correlated with concentrations of benzene air.
  • For the subgroup of workers (n = 27) with urinary phenol > 50 ng/g creatinine (above which phenol is considered to be a specific indicator of exposure to benzene), concentrations of each of the four metabolites were calculated as a ratio of the sum of the concentrations of all four metabolites (total metabolites) and were compared in workers exposed to > 25 ppm v < or = 25 ppm.
  • Relative to the lower exposed workers, the ratio of phenol and catechol to total metabolites increased by 6.0% (p = 0.04) and 22.2% (p = 0.007), respectively, in the more highly exposed workers.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / metabolism. Benzene / metabolism. Occupational Exposure / adverse effects. Phenols / urine. Sorbic Acid / analogs & derivatives

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Occupational Health.
  • HSDB. structure - SORBIC ACID.
  • HSDB. structure - POTASSIUM SORBATE.
  • HSDB. structure - BENZENE.
  • HSDB. structure - SODIUM SORBATE.
  • ExactAntigen/Labome. author profiles.
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  • (PMID = 9930093.001).
  • [ISSN] 1351-0711
  • [Journal-full-title] Occupational and environmental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Occup Environ Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / P30ES01896; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / P42ES04705
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] ENGLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Catechols; 0 / Hydroquinones; 0 / Phenols; 3KD92ZL2KH / muconic acid; J64922108F / Benzene; X045WJ989B / Sorbic Acid
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1757513
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View summary of articles of this page
1. The urinary concentrations of phenol were linearly related to the time weighted average concentrations of benzene in the breathzone air; the variation was so small that those exposed to 10 ppm benzene could be separated from the non-exposed at least on a group basis when the phenol concentration was corrected either for creatinine concentration or for specific gravity.

2. Phenol concentrations in the air near phenol disinfectant solutions were measured.

3. The benzene urinary metabolites phenol, catechol, hydroquinone, and muconic acid were measured with an isotope dilution gas chromatography mass spectroscopy assay and strongly correlated with concentrations of benzene air.

5. Application of a pentafluorobenzyl bromide derivatization method in gas chromatography/mass spectrometry of trace levels of halogenated phenols in air, water and sediment samples. ...     The detection limits of phenols in air, water and sediment were 0.0033 - 0.0073 microg/m3, 0.0066 - 0.0147 microg/L and 0.33 - 0.73 microg/kg, respectively.

6. In this study, a homologous series and isomers of 30 volatile phenols, including monoalkylated phenols and di- and trimethylphenols, were evaluated by determining their aroma attributes and their odor detection thresholds in air. ...     In particular, phenols with monoalkyl groups in the meta-position were found with very low odor detection thresholds of <1 ng/L air.

7. Es-haghi A et al: In situ solid-phase microextraction and post on-fiber derivatization combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for determination of phenol in occupational air.

8. Enhancement of specific nitrogenase activity in Azospirillum brasilense and Klebsiella pneumoniae, inhibition in Rhizobium japonicum under air by phenol. ...     Specific nitrogenase activity in Azospirillum brasilense ATCC 29145 in surface cultures under air is enhanced from about 50 nmol C2H4 X mg protein -1 X h-1 to 400 nmol C2H4 by the addition of 1 mM phenol. ...     A smaller but significant enhancement of nitrogenase activity by about 100% in surface cultures under air was found with Klebsiella pneumoniae K 11 after addition of 1 mM phenol.

9. [Evaluation of phenol and formaldehyde concentrations in air of certain newly built houses on the terrain of Białystok].

10. Although investigators often report artificially high levels of 8-OHGua in DNA samples that have been exposed to phenol solutions and/or air during processing, few quantitative results are available. ...     We show that routine phenol-based DNA purification procedures can increase 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels 20-fold in samples that are exposed to air after the phenol is removed from the solutions. ...     Most importantly, phenol treatments of DNA are shown to sensitize DNA to 8-OHdG formation by subsequent exposures to air.

12. A second experiment, using enriched air to prevent oxygen limitation, resulted in the complete degradation of 10-g phenol within 72-h.

14. [Polarographic method of determining phenol in the air]. ...     A specific, highly sensitive and exact polarographic method of phenol determination in the air is developed.

15. Both the amplification of complement-fixing activity and the appearance of IgG-precipitating activity in phenol-containing grain-dust extract were dependent on the presence of air and were inhibited by heating the extract before phenol addition.

17. [Method for the gas chromatographic determination of phenol in air].

18. Benzene can be efficiently converted into phenol when it is treated by either corona or dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasmas operating at atmospheric pressure in air or mixtures of N(2) and O(2).

20. Simultaneous determination of hydroquinone, resorcinol, phenol, m-cresol and p-cresol in untreated air samples using spectrofluorimetry and a custom multiple linear regression-successive projection algorithm. ...     In this study, a novel, simple, and efficient spectrofluorimetric method to determine directly and simultaneously five phenolic compounds (hydroquinone, resorcinol, phenol, m-cresol and p-cresol) in air samples is presented.

22. [Toxicokinetics of benzene in humans. Excretion of phenol with urine and benzene with expired air after single and 4-day inhalation exposure]. ...     Two phases of the excretion of unchanged benzene in the expired air (t 1/2 approximately 2 h and approximately 20 h) and phenol in the urine (t 1/2 approximately 3 h and approximately 12 h) were observed. ...     Concentrations of benzene in the expired air and the rate of excretion of phenol in urine were higher after 4-days exposure than after single exposure, which results from benzene toxicokinetics.

23. An assessment of the suitable operating conditions for the CeO2/gamma-Al2O3 catalyzed wet air oxidation of phenol. ...     It has been shown that the CeO2/gamma-Al2O3 catalyst is a feasible alternative to CeO2 for the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol because it remains an effective catalyst and yet is cheaper to prepare.

24. [Gas-chromatographic analysis of phenol and formaldehyde in the water, water extracts and air].

25. [Basis for the character of the combined action of phenol and styrene in atmospheric air].

26. The aim of the present study is to assess whether certain ecophysiological responses (contents of total phenols, total proanthocyanidins, and total and simple flavonols), in the needles of Aleppo pines (Pinus halepensis Mill.) may be valid bioindicators for the assessment of the air quality.

27. Bimetallic catalysts for continuous catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol. ...     This study explores the ability of bimetallic supported catalysts to oxidize aqueous phenol solutions using air as oxidant.

28. The mixed exposure to phenolic derivatives of exposed workers during their work shift was monitored by personal air sampling of the breathing-zone air and by measurements of phenol, o-cresol, and xylenol isomer concentrations in shift-end urine. ...     Concentrations of phenolic compounds were determined in the breathing-zone air during the work shift, whereas concentrations of phenol, cresol, and xylenol isomers were measured in urine collected after the work shift. ...     Concentrations of phenols in air and urine were determined by gas chromatography with flame-ionization detection. ...     RESULTS: The time-weighted average concentrations of phenol, cresol, and xylenol isomers detected in breathing-zone air showed that the exposure level of the workers was relatively low.

29. [Chromatographic mass-spectrometric determination of the air content of styrene, phenol, and naphthalene]. ...     A selective chromatographic mass-spectrometric procedure was developed to determine of air styrene, phenol, and naphthalene in the concentration range of 0.001-0.05 mg/m3, Analysis used preconcentration of the compounds on a solid sorbent, followed by thermal desorption into the capillary column of a chromatograph.

30. [Quantitative analysis of phenol in water, model media simulating food products and in the air during sanitary and chemical examination of polymer materials].

33. Thermodynamic and kinetic study of phenol degradation by a non-catalytic wet air oxidation process. ...     This work is dedicated to an accurate evaluation of thermodynamic and kinetics aspects of phenol degradation using wet air oxidation process. ...     Concerning the thermodynamic phase equilibria, experimental and modelling results are obtained for different binary systems (water/nitrogen, water/air) and ternary system (water/nitrogen/phenol).

34. Simultaneous measurements in air and dew indicate that phenol present in dew exceeds that expected in equilibrated samples, while the opposite occurs with 4-NP.

35. Acceptable phenol concentration in the air is 10 mg/m3 in Poland. ...     Toxic effects of phenol were reported in case of occupational exposition to 5 mg/m3 of air. ...     Data concerning urine levels of phenol in children living in the buildings of increased phenol levels in the air and health impact of this are discussed.

36. Laccase-initiated oxidative coupling reactions of phenol and its derivatives with 4-aminoantipyrene using air as an oxidant has been investigated.

40. Enzymatic oxidative polymerization of m-ethynylphenol possessing two reactive groups, phenol and acetylene moieties, was carried out in aqueous methanol under air.

41. We show for the first time quantitative online measurements of five nitrated phenol (NP) compounds in ambient air (nitrophenol C6H5NO3, methylnitrophenol C7H7NO3, nitrocatechol C6H5NO4, methylnitrocatechol C7H7NO4, and dinitrophenol C6H4N2O5) measured with a micro-orifice volatilization impactor (MOVI) high-resolution chemical ionization mass spectrometer in Detling, United Kingdom during January-February, 2012.

42. Chlorinated phenols, which are used primarily as wood preservatives and fungicides, are present in most air, water, and soil samples in industrialized areas as well as in the urine of most people.

44. [Indoor air guide values for phenol]. ...     For health evaluation of phenol in indoor air a qualified working-place study emphasizing the POD hemo- and hepatotoxicity as well as results of a limited inhalation-study which underline neurological effects on rats were used.

46. Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by CeO2 catalyst--effect of reaction conditions. ...     Catalyst loading influences the reaction via the free-radical chain reaction involved in the catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol.

47. CONCLUSIONS AND PERSPECTIVES: These measurements demonstrate that phenols and nitrophenols are emitted to the atmosphere and further measurements, in order to confirm their sources, their behaviour and their potential impact to the air quality and to human health should be undertaken especially since the literature collected is relatively old.

48. [Effects of air pollution by phenol in apartments of newly built houses on selected urinary biochemical parameters in children].

49. Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by various CeO2 catalysts. ...     Investigations of various CeO2 catalysts using XRD, 02-TPD, H2-TPR and catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol showed that CeO2 calcined under higher thermal impact (designated as type A) displayed excellent catalytic ability for the redox reaction of organics.

51. Due to the solubility of phenol and formaldehyde, in the manufacture process, water was added to lower contents of phenol and formaldehyde in bakelite, and content of urotropine was reduced in bakelite sand presceription to lower air concentrations of phenol, formaldehyde and ammonia. ...     As contents of phenol and formaldehyde in bakelite reduced to 4.9% and 0.037% from 6.32% and 0.062%, respectively, air concentrations of phenol, formaldehyde and ammonia lowered to 0.61 mg/m3, 0.69 mg/m3, and 5.1 mg/m3 from 2.94 mg/m3, 1.72 mg/m3, and 12.9 mg/m3, respectively, and incidence rate of skin disease in the employees of the workplace decreased to zero from 80.2%.

53. Modeling of experimental treatment of acetaldehyde-laden air and phenol-containing water using corona discharge technique. ...     Acetaldehyde-laden air and phenol-contaminated water were experimentally treated using corona discharge reactions and gas absorption in a single water-film column.

54. After treatment, phenol was eluted from the resin by aqueous NaOH, and the resin could also be regenerated by heating in air.

55. Toxicological estimation of doses accepted by smokers smoking 20 cigarettes a day show that they are 9-16 times higher than the maximum acceptable 24 hour dose, determined during environmental exposure to phenols from atmospheric air.

56. [Flow injection analysis method for hygienic examination of volatile phenol compounds in the air of residential area]. ...     OBJECTIVE: To establish a flow injection analysis for hygienic examination of volatile phenol compounds in the air of residential area. ...     METHOD: Volatile phenol compounds in the air was sampled by a fritted glass bubbler with 10 ml 0.1 mol/L sodium hydroxide inside and analyzed by a flow injection analyzer. ...     CONCLUSION: This method meets the requirements for the analysis of volatile phenol compounds in the air of residential area.

57. Being skin contact a mode of entry of apreciable concern, the AA. stress out that priority in exposure monitoring should be given to biological tests such as urinary phenol level and benzene concentration in expired air measurements.

58. In situ solid-phase microextraction and post on-fiber derivatization combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for determination of phenol in occupational air. ...     A method based on solid-phase microextraction (SPME) followed by on-fiber derivatization and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection (GC-MS) for determination of phenol in air was developed.

59. Degradation of phenol via wet-air oxidation over CuO/CeO2-ZrO2 nanocatalyst synthesized employing ultrasound energy: physicochemical characterization and catalytic performance. ...     Catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol was carried out under atmospheric pressure of oxygen at 160 degrees C in a stirred batch reactor over copper catalysts supported by CeO2-ZrO2.

60. Characteristics of titania supported copper oxide catalysts for wet air oxidation of phenol. ...     % for the wet air oxidation of phenol over the CuO(x)/TiO(2) catalysts in this work.

61. Long-term phenol, cresols and BTEX monitoring in urban air. ...     This paper reports the results of a long-term monitoring of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes (BTEX), phenol and cresols in the air of Padua during a wide period of the year 2007 using two radial passive samplers (Radiello system) equipped with BTEX- and phenol-specific cartridges.

62. Studies have been carried out at different feed concentrations of phenol, air flow rates and feed flow rates.

63. [Determining the vapors of single atom phenols (phenol and ortho-, meta- and para-cresols) in the air by the ultraviolet spectrophotometric method].

64. Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol over CeO2-TiO2 catalyst in the batch reactor and the packed-bed reactor. ...     CeO2-TiO2 catalysts are prepared by coprecipitation method, and the activity and stability in the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol are investigated in a batch reactor and packed-bed reactor. ...     In a packed-bed reactor using CeO2-TiO2 1/1 particle catalyst, over 91% COD and 80% TOC removals are obtained at the reaction temperature of 140 degrees C, the air total pressure of 3.5 MPa, the phenol concentration of 1000 mg/L for 100 h continue reaction.

65. The reaction employs (CuOH)2CO3 catalyst, air as an oxidant, phenol or alcohol coupling partner, DMF, pyridine, or DMPU solvent, and K2CO3, tetramethylguanidine, or K3PO4 base at 70-130 °C.

67. Influence of the different oxidation treatment on the performance of multi-walled carbon nanotubes in the catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol. ...     Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) functionalized by different oxidants (HNO(3)/H(2)SO(4), H(2)O(2), O(3) and air) have been used as catalysts for the wet air oxidation of phenol. ...     All the functionalized MWCNTs exhibit good activity in the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol.

68. To establish a well validated biological monitoring procedure for benzene exposure, the concentration of benzene in alveolar air and phenol in urine was studied in conjunction with personal monitoring data both in workers and volunteers. ...     There existed good correlation between benzene concentration in alveolar air, phenol concentration in urine by the end of workshift and the benzene concentration in workplace when the exposure level was above 5 mg/m3.

69. Kinetics study on catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by several metal oxide catalysts. ...     A first-order kinetics model was established to study the catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol at different temperature when these catalysts were used. ...     This is consistent with the result of catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol and the COD removal can be arrived at 98.2% at temperature 210 degrees C, oxygen partial pressure 3 MPa and reaction time 30 min.

70. Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol using CeO2 as the catalyst. Kinetic study and mechanism development. ...     Using a CeO2 catalyst prepared from CeCl3.7H2O under high thermal impact, the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol was effectively implemented.

71. In this paper, expiratory benzene due to environmental and occupational benzene exposure during the work-shift and the morning after was studied by the analysing benzene concentrations in environmental air, in breathing air and in urinary phenol concentration.

72. Wet air oxidation of nitrobenzene enhanced by phenol. ...     Simultaneous nitrobenzene and phenol wet air oxidation was investigated in a stainless autoclave at temperature range of 180-220 degrees C and 1.0 MPa oxygen partial pressure.

73. METHODS: Formaldehyde and phenol were monitored in the workplace air.

77. [Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol with Ru/ZrO2-CeO2 catalyst]. ...     Wet air oxidation of phenol with Ru/ZrO2-CeO2 was systematically investigated and results showed that Ru/ZrO2-CeO2 could significantly increase the removal of COD and phenol.

78. [Kinetics of catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol in trickle bed reactor]. ...     By using a trickle bed reactor which was designed by the authors, the catalytic wet air oxidation reaction of phenol on CuO/gamma-Al2O3 catalyst was studied. ...     The kinetic model of pseudo homogenous reactor fits the catalytic wet air oxidation reaction of phenol.

79. [Use of quantitative chemical characteristics of phenol ethers in the prognostication of toxicity and MPEL in the air of work areas].

80. Biodegradation of phenol in synthetic and industrial wastewater by Rhodococcus erythropolis UPV-1 immobilized in an air-stirred reactor with clarifier. ...     Under optimum operation conditions in a laboratory-scale air-stirred reactor, the immobilized cells were able to completely degrade phenol in synthetic wastewater at a volumetric productivity of 11.5 kg phenol m(-3) day(-1).

81. Methylene chloride exposure was measured during two work days by personal air sampling, while area sampling was used for phenol.

82. Catalytic behaviour and copper leaching of Cu0.10Zn0.90Al1.90Fe0.10O4 spinel for catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol. ...     A Cu0.10Zn0.90Al1.90Fe0.10O4 spinel catalyst prepared by the sol-gel method was tested for catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol.

83. Marked disorders of cellular regulation in machinery operators of activated carbon and coagulants production are seen with observed normal content of phenol in the air of workplace.

85. An efficient and green intramolecular oxidative phenol coupling for the direct construction of spirocyclohexadienones has been developed, which uses environment-friendly sodium nitrite as the catalyst and oxygen in the air as the terminal oxidant.

86. Anion-exchange resins modified with metal-porphine (M-Pr) have been investigated to develop a solid catalyst in the oxidative reaction of phenols by O2 in air.

87. The multicomponent in the mixture, which contains ten air toxic organic components, such as benzene, phenixin, chlorobenzene, nitrobenzene, phenol, toluene, methanol, o-cresol, m-cresol and p-cresol, is simultaneously determined.

88. There was correlation between benzene and naphthalene in the breathing zone air and phenol and 1-naphthol in the urine of coke plant workers.

90. The atmospheric degradation of the substituted phenols detected in combustion emissions is therefore expected to produce related oxidants on the aerosol particles present in the air we breathe.

92. [Effect of phenol administered with air and water on white rats during long-term exposure].

94. [Experience in determining phenol in air].

95. Supported Cu(II) polymer catalysts were used for the catalytic oxidation of phenol at 30 degrees C and atmospheric pressure using air and H(2)O(2) as oxidants.

96. Colorimetric ultramicro determination of phenol in air.

97. Simultaneous determination of phenol, cresols and xylenols in workplace air, using a polystyrene-divinylbenzene column and electrochemical detection.

98. [Interfering effects during the determination of phenol in the air using ultraviolet spectroscopy].

99. [Gas-chromatographic analysis of phenol in the air in the form of its bromide derivative].

100. The colorimetric determination of phenol in air and urine with a stabilized diazonium salt.


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4. ||........ 19%  Spain JC, Zylstra GJ, Blake CK, Gibson DT: Monohydroxylation of phenol and 2,5-dichlorophenol by toluene dioxygenase in Pseudomonas putida F1. Appl Environ Microbiol; 1989 Oct;55(10):2648-52
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  • [Title] Monohydroxylation of phenol and 2,5-dichlorophenol by toluene dioxygenase in Pseudomonas putida F1.
  • Toluene-grown cells of P. putida F1 also catalyze the monohydroxylation of phenols to the corresponding catechols by an unknown mechanism.
  • Respirometric studies with washed cells revealed similar enzyme induction patterns in cells grown on toluene or phenol.
  • Induction of toluene dioxygenase and subsequent enzymes for catechol oxidation allowed growth on phenol.
  • Tests with specific mutants of P. putida F1 indicated that the ability to hydroxylate phenols was only expressed in cells that contained an active toluene dioxygenase enzyme system.
  • [MeSH-major] Chlorophenols / metabolism. Oxygenases / metabolism. Phenols / metabolism. Pseudomonas / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Catechols / metabolism. Chemical Phenomena. Chemistry. Chromatography, Gas. Enzyme Induction. Hydroxylation. Mass Spectrometry. Mutation. Oxygen Consumption. Phenol

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - 2,5-DICHLOROPHENOL.
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  • [Cites] J Am Chem Soc. 1973 Jun 27;95(13):4420-1 [4708391.001]
  • [Cites] Biochemistry. 1970 Mar 31;9(7):1626-30 [4314232.001]
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  • [Cites] Science. 1969 Apr 25;164(3878):389-96 [4304952.001]
  • [ErratumIn] Appl Environ Microbiol 1991 May;57(5):1579
  • (PMID = 2604403.001).
  • [ISSN] 0099-2240
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied and environmental microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Environ. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Catechols; 0 / Chlorophenols; 0 / Phenols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 583-78-8 / 2,5-dichlorophenol; EC 1.13.- / Oxygenases; EC 1.14.12.11 / toluene dioxygenase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC203138
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5. ||........ 18%  Hanada Y, Imaizumi I, Kido K, Tanizaki T, Koga M, Shiraishi H, Soma M: Application of a pentafluorobenzyl bromide derivatization method in gas chromatography/mass spectrometry of trace levels of halogenated phenols in air, water and sediment samples. Anal Sci; 2002 Jun;18(6):655-9
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  • [Title] Application of a pentafluorobenzyl bromide derivatization method in gas chromatography/mass spectrometry of trace levels of halogenated phenols in air, water and sediment samples.
  • An analytical method using pentafluorobenzyl bromide (PFBB) derivatization and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been applied to identify and quantify chloro-, bromo- and dichlorophenols in air, water and sediment samples.
  • Phenols in air sample were collected with a PS-2 Sep-PAK cartridge, and eluted with 2-propanol.
  • The phenols in the solution reacted with PFBB to form the corresponding pentafluorobenzyl esters.
  • After extracting the derivatives into hexane, the determination was carried out by GC/MS with selected-ion monitoring.
  • The detection limits of phenols in air, water and sediment were 0.0033 - 0.0073 microg/m3, 0.0066 - 0.0147 microg/L and 0.33 - 0.73 microg/kg, respectively.
  • More than 90% recoveries of the halogenated phenols were obtained from real environmental samples spiked by the halogenated phenols.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Fluorobenzenes / analysis. Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry / methods. Geologic Sediments / analysis. Hydrocarbons, Halogenated / analysis. Phenols / analysis. Water Pollutants / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Air / analysis. Chlorophenols / analysis. Fresh Water / analysis. Hydrogen-Ion Concentration. Seawater / analysis

  • HSDB. structure - 3,5-DICHLOROPHENOL.
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  • (PMID = 12083550.001).
  • [ISSN] 0910-6340
  • [Journal-full-title] Analytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anal Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Chlorophenols; 0 / Fluorobenzenes; 0 / Hydrocarbons, Halogenated; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Water Pollutants; 1765-40-8 / pentafluorobenzyl bromide; FG32L88KO9 / 3,5-dichlorophenol
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6. ||........ 16%  Czerny M, Brueckner R, Kirchhoff E, Schmitt R, Buettner A: The influence of molecular structure on odor qualities and odor detection thresholds of volatile alkylated phenols. Chem Senses; 2011 Jul;36(6):539-53
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  • [Title] The influence of molecular structure on odor qualities and odor detection thresholds of volatile alkylated phenols.
  • The relationship between chemical structure and odor characteristics of aroma compounds is interesting in terms of establishing a fundamental understanding and, in the long term, a perspective for the prediction of odor qualities and intensities of unknown compounds; on the other hand, such studies provide a useful tool to analytically elucidate compounds that are exceptionally potent odor contributors to a specific smell.
  • In this respect, a broad knowledge of compounds with regard to their odor threshold and smell specificities compiled in a comprehensive odor library would drastically simplify the chemoanalytical process in identifying aromas and smells.
  • Whereas numerous odor-active substance classes have been investigated intensively, such relationships and fundamental data have hitherto not been established for volatile phenols.
  • In this study, a homologous series and isomers of 30 volatile phenols, including monoalkylated phenols and di- and trimethylphenols, were evaluated by determining their aroma attributes and their odor detection thresholds in air.
  • The investigation demonstrates that the odor qualities, among them leather-like, horse stable-like, and medicinal, as well as the respective threshold values clearly depend on the arrangement of the alkyl substituents at the phenol ring.
  • In particular, phenols with monoalkyl groups in the meta-position were found with very low odor detection thresholds of <1 ng/L air.
  • A comparison of some selected phenols and their corresponding toluenes, which were found to be almost odorless, showed in addition that the phenolic hydroxyl group is obviously an important factor for the odor characteristic of this substance class.
  • [MeSH-major] Odors. Phenols / chemistry. Sensory Thresholds / physiology. Volatile Organic Compounds / chemistry

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  • [Copyright] © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21441367.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-3553
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemical senses
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chem. Senses
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 0 / Volatile Organic Compounds
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7. |......... 2%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Laboratory Procedures' associated with 'Phenol Entitycode': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; LaboratoryProcedure;PhenolEntitycode:705464119. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/28
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  • [Title] 'Laboratory Procedures' associated with 'Phenol Entitycode': Top Publications.
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'laboratory procedure' for 'phenol entitycode'.
  • Cao C et al: Transcriptome profiling of Chironomus kiinensis under phenol stress using Solexa sequencing technology.
  • Khurana S et al: Evaluation of Ziehl-Neelsen staining, auramine phenol staining, antigen detection enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and polymerase chain reaction, for the diagnosis of intestinal cryptosporidiosis.
  • Gonzalez DJ et al: Novel phenol-soluble modulin derivatives in community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus identified through imaging mass spectrometry.
  • Xu J et al: Stress responses to phenol in Arabidopsis and transcriptional changes revealed by microarray analysis.
  • Vajda P et al: Effect of polar interactions on the nonlinear behavior of phenol and aniline in reversed phase liquid chromatography.
  • Luong J et al: Characterization of phenol and alkyl phenols in organic matrixes with monoethylene glycol extraction and multidimensional gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
  • Kolouchová I et al: Structural analysis of mycolic acids from phenol-degrading strain of Rhodococcus erythropolis by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
  • Es-haghi A et al: In situ solid-phase microextraction and post on-fiber derivatization combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for determination of phenol in occupational air.
  • Bizerea Spiridon O et al: Phenol removal from wastewater by adsorption on zeolitic composite.
  • Tóth A et al: Competitive adsorption of phenol and 3-chlorophenol on purified MWCNTs.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705464119.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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8. ||||||||.. 82%  Werner D, Krotzky A, Berggold R, Thierfelder H, Preiss M: Enhancement of specific nitrogenase activity in Azospirillum brasilense and Klebsiella pneumoniae, inhibition in Rhizobium japonicum under air by phenol. Arch Microbiol; 1982 Jul;132(1):51-6
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  • [Title] Enhancement of specific nitrogenase activity in Azospirillum brasilense and Klebsiella pneumoniae, inhibition in Rhizobium japonicum under air by phenol.
  • Specific nitrogenase activity in Azospirillum brasilense ATCC 29145 in surface cultures under air is enhanced from about 50 nmol C2H4 X mg protein -1 X h-1 to 400 nmol C2H4 by the addition of 1 mM phenol.
  • 0.5 and 2 mM phenol added increase the rate 5-fold and 4-fold.
  • This enhancement effect is observed only between 2 and 3 days after inoculation, with only a small reduction of the growth of the cells by the phenol added.
  • In surface cultures under 1% O2, nitrogenase activity is slightly reduced by the addition of 1-0.01 mM phenol.
  • Utilization of succinate is enhanced during the period of maximum enhancement of nitrogenase activity by 60% by addition of 1 mM phenol.
  • The cells did not produce 14CO2 from [U-14C] phenol, neither in surface cultures nor in liquid cultures and less than 0.1% of the phenol was incorporated into the cells.
  • A smaller but significant enhancement of nitrogenase activity by about 100% in surface cultures under air was found with Klebsiella pneumoniae K 11 after addition of 1 mM phenol.
  • However, in Rhizobium japonicum 61-A-101 all phenol concentrations above 0.01 mM reduced nitrogenase activity.
  • With 1 mM phenol added activity was reduced to less than 10% with no effect on the growth in the same cultivation system.
  • With this Rhizobium japonicum strain significant quantities of phenol (25 mumol in 24 h by 2 X 10(12) cells) were metabolized to 14CO2, with phenol as sole carbon source.
  • With Azospirillum brasilense in liquid culture under 1% and 2% O2 in the gas phase, no enhancement of nitrogenase activity by phenol was noticed.
  • [MeSH-major] Bacteria / enzymology. Klebsiella pneumoniae / enzymology. Nitrogenase / analysis. Phenols / pharmacology. Rhizobium / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Phenol

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .
  • NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .
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  • (PMID = 6812526.001).
  • [ISSN] 0302-8933
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] GERMANY, WEST
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; EC 1.18.6.1 / Nitrogenase
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9. |||||||... 69%  Taraszkiewicz F, Moniuszko-Jakoniuk J, Jabłoński J, Suchecki T, Lipska H, Jureko W: [Evaluation of phenol and formaldehyde concentrations in air of certain newly built houses on the terrain of Białystok]. Pol Tyg Lek; 1991 Dec 26-30;46(50-52):1000-2
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  • [Title] [Evaluation of phenol and formaldehyde concentrations in air of certain newly built houses on the terrain of Białystok].
  • Phenol and formaldehyde concentrations have been assayed in the air of 125 apartments in newly constructed houses in Białystok.
  • Phenol concentration in the air of the control apartments has not exceeded acceptable values whereas it has been over acceptable values in 80% of the apartments, in which above mentioned preservatives have been used.
  • Formaldehyde concentration in the air of control apartments and 101 apartments of tested group has been within the range of acceptable values.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution, Indoor / analysis. Construction Materials. Formaldehyde / analysis. Housing. Phenols / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Phenol. Poland

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Indoor Air Pollution.
  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - FORMALDEHYDE.
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  • (PMID = 1669179.001).
  • [ISSN] 0032-3756
  • [Journal-full-title] Polski tygodnik lekarski (Warsaw, Poland : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol Tyg Lek
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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10. |||||..... 48%  Claycamp HG: Phenol sensitization of DNA to subsequent oxidative damage in 8-hydroxyguanine assays. Carcinogenesis; 1992 Jul;13(7):1289-92
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  • [Title] Phenol sensitization of DNA to subsequent oxidative damage in 8-hydroxyguanine assays.
  • Although investigators often report artificially high levels of 8-OHGua in DNA samples that have been exposed to phenol solutions and/or air during processing, few quantitative results are available.
  • We show that routine phenol-based DNA purification procedures can increase 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels 20-fold in samples that are exposed to air after the phenol is removed from the solutions.
  • Surprisingly, air exposure alone accounts for a significant portion of this increase (4-fold) when compared to dG or DNA samples that have been solubilized in buffers purged with nitrogen.
  • Most importantly, phenol treatments of DNA are shown to sensitize DNA to 8-OHdG formation by subsequent exposures to air.
  • The sensitization of DNA occurs even though extensive dialysis is used between phenol treatment and enzymatic DNA digestion.
  • Alternate procedures, including chloroform:isoamyl-alcohol extractions, also yield air-sensitive DNA samples.
  • Other artifacts of organic extraction prior to air exposure include alterations in DNA base ratios after nuclease digestions.
  • Overall, these results strongly suggest that studies of 8-OHdG in carcinogenesis should avoid dry conditions, such as lyophilization followed by exposure to air, and that all four of the bases should be monitored before 8-OHdG concentrations are normalized by undamaged deoxynucleoside concentrations.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA / drug effects. DNA Damage. Guanine / analogs & derivatives. Phenols / pharmacology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biological Markers. Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid. Methods. Phenol

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - GUANINE.
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  • (PMID = 1638701.001).
  • [ISSN] 0143-3334
  • [Journal-full-title] Carcinogenesis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Carcinogenesis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA43324
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biological Markers; 0 / Phenols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 5614-64-2 / 8-hydroxyguanine; 5Z93L87A1R / Guanine; 9007-49-2 / DNA
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11. ||||...... 42%  Giugliano D, Torella R, Sgambato S, D'Onofrio F: Acetylsalicyclic acid restores acute insulin response reduced by furosemide in man. Diabetes; 1979 Sep;28(9):841-5
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  • [Title] Acetylsalicyclic acid restores acute insulin response reduced by furosemide in man.
  • Prostaglandin E (PGE) infusion in normal man inhibits the acute insulin response to glucose.
  • In order to determine whether endogenously released PGE might also inhibit insulin secretion, glucose-stimulated insulin responses were investigated in normal volunteers after furosemide (40 mg i.v.
  • Acute insulin response to glucose (20 g i.v.) was significantly reduced by furosemide (response before furosemide: 36 +/- 5 muU/ml; after furosemide: 26 +/- 5 muU/ml, m +/- SE, mean change 3--10 min, N = 8, P less than 0.01), whereas glucose disappearance rates were not modified after furosemide.
  • Infusion of lysine acetylsalicylate (LAS), an inhibitor of endogenous PGE synthesis, completely reversed the inhibitory effect of furosemide on insulin secretion and also augmented acute insulin response to glucose (response before furosemide + LAS: 41 +/- 6 muU/ml; during furosemide + LAS: 50 +/- 7 muU/ml, N = 10, P less than 0.02).
  • These findings demonstrate that (1) furosemide inhibits glucose-induced acute insulin responses and (2) LAS completely reverses the inhibitory effect of furosemide and also accelerates glucose disposal.
  • It is suggested that furosemide acts via the release of endogenous PGEs, which are known to inhibit insulin responses in man.
  • [MeSH-major] Aspirin / diagnostic use. Furosemide / diagnostic use. Insulin / blood

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  • HSDB. structure - ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID.
  • HSDB. structure - GLUCOSE.
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  • (PMID = 467810.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-1797
  • [Journal-full-title] Diabetes
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diabetes
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Blood Glucose; 0 / Insulin; 0 / Prostaglandins E; 7LXU5N7ZO5 / Furosemide; IY9XDZ35W2 / Glucose; R16CO5Y76E / Aspirin
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12. ||||...... 41%  Collins LD, Daugulis AJ: Characterization and optimization of a two-phase partitioning bioreactor for the biodegradation of phenol. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol; 1997 Jul;48(1):18-22
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  • [Title] Characterization and optimization of a two-phase partitioning bioreactor for the biodegradation of phenol.
  • A two-phase partitioning bioreactor containing Pseudomonas putida ATCC 11172 was used to degrade high concentrations of phenol in batch and fed-batch mode.
  • Using this reactor configuration, operated in batch mode, 10-g phenol was degraded to completion within 84-h.
  • A second experiment, using enriched air to prevent oxygen limitation, resulted in the complete degradation of 10-g phenol within 72-h.
  • The use of a sequential feeding strategy, in which a 10-g phenol load was added in sequential 5-g aliquots, resulted in a significant reduction in the lag phase, from 36-h to 12-h, and the consumption of 10-g phenol in 60 h.
  • Finally, fed-batch fermentation was used to attempt to determine the ultimate capacity of the system to degrade phenol.
  • The organic phase was loaded with 10-g phenol, the microorganisms were allowed to consume this aliquot almost to completion, and a second 10-g aliquot was then added.
  • The organic phase was spiked in this manner a total of four times, resulting in the degradation of 46.55-g phenol within 12 days.
  • The system was also monitored for nutrient depletion, and a nutrient-feeding schedule was formulated, in response to the mass of phenol consumed.
  • [MeSH-major] Bioreactors. Phenols / metabolism. Pseudomonas putida / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Aerobiosis. Biodegradation, Environmental. Culture Media. Environmental Pollutants / metabolism. Fermentation. Industry. Phenol. Time Factors

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
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  • (PMID = 9274043.001).
  • [ISSN] 0175-7598
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied microbiology and biotechnology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] GERMANY
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Culture Media; 0 / Environmental Pollutants; 0 / Phenols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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13. ||||...... 36%  Metz SA, Robertson RP: Prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors reverse alpha-adrenergic inhibition of acute insulin response to glucose. Am J Physiol; 1980 Dec;239(6):E490-500
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  • [Title] Prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors reverse alpha-adrenergic inhibition of acute insulin response to glucose.
  • Prostaglandin E (PGE) has several effects on glucose homoeostasis and insulin secretion.
  • The lower dose of epinephrine diminished the acute insulin response (AIR) after a 20-g intravenous glucose pulse (control, 463 +/- 149; epinephrine, 97 +/- 38% of basal insulin, mean +/- SE, n = 6, P < 0.02); SS markedly augmented the AIR during epinephrine towards control values (339 +/- 137%; P < 0.02).
  • In 12 subjects, the higher dose of Epi abolished the AIR.
  • When similar studies were performed during a SS infusion, the AIR was partially restored (96 /+- 27% of basal insulin, n = 12, P < 0.01).
  • In contrast, SS did not affect the glycemic response, the suppression of basal insulin levels, or the hemodynamic responses induced by adrenergic stimulation.
  • We conclude that two prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors partially reverse the alpha-adrenergic inhibition of the AIR to glucose caused by Epi, without affecting other adrenergic events.
  • [MeSH-major] Blood Glucose / metabolism. Insulin / blood. Prostaglandins E / physiology. Receptors, Adrenergic / physiology. Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Clonidine / pharmacology. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Epinephrine / pharmacology. Humans. Indomethacin / pharmacology. Male. Middle Aged. Sodium Salicylate / pharmacology

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  • HSDB. structure - CLONIDINE.
  • HSDB. structure - EPINEPHRINE.
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  • (PMID = 6255805.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9513
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Physiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Blood Glucose; 0 / Insulin; 0 / Prostaglandins E; 0 / Receptors, Adrenergic; 0 / Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha; MN3L5RMN02 / Clonidine; WIQ1H85SYP / Sodium Salicylate; XXE1CET956 / Indomethacin; YKH834O4BH / Epinephrine
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14. ||||...... 36%  Koen E, Ivanov G: [Polarographic method of determining phenol in the air]. Probl Khig; 1976;2:71-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Polarographic method of determining phenol in the air].
  • A specific, highly sensitive and exact polarographic method of phenol determination in the air is developed.
  • The conditions of sample taking are outlined, and the effect of polarographic solution pH on the height of step and semi-wave potential is verified.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants. Air Pollutants, Occupational. Phenols / analysis. Polarography / methods

  • HSDB. structure - NITROPHENOLS.
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  • (PMID = 26050.001).
  • [ISSN] 0323-9179
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemi na khigienata
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Khig
  • [Language] bul
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] BULGARIA
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Nitrophenols; 0 / Phenols
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15. |||....... 34%  Skea D, McAvoy D, Broder I: Phenol amplifies complement-fixing activity and induces IgG-precipitating activity in grain-dust extract. J Allergy Clin Immunol; 1988 Mar;81(3):557-63
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  • [Title] Phenol amplifies complement-fixing activity and induces IgG-precipitating activity in grain-dust extract.
  • The use of phenol as a preservative in extracts of grain dust was found to be associated with an amplification of complement-fixing activity and the appearance of IgG-precipitating activity.
  • Phenol itself neither fixed complement nor formed a precipitate with IgG.
  • 14C-labeled phenol was incorporated into the IgG precipitating material.
  • Both the amplification of complement-fixing activity and the appearance of IgG-precipitating activity in phenol-containing grain-dust extract were dependent on the presence of air and were inhibited by heating the extract before phenol addition.
  • One interpretation of these results is that a component of grain-dust extract, possibly an enzyme, oxidatively modifies phenol to a form that fixes complement and precipitates IgG.
  • [MeSH-major] Immunoglobulin G / immunology. Pharmaceutic Aids. Phenols / pharmacology. Plant Extracts / immunology. Preservatives, Pharmaceutical
  • [MeSH-minor] Cereals. Chemical Precipitation. Complement Fixation Tests. Dust. Phenol

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
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  • (PMID = 3346486.001).
  • [ISSN] 0091-6749
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Allergy Clin. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Dust; 0 / Immunoglobulin G; 0 / Pharmaceutic Aids; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Plant Extracts; 0 / Preservatives, Pharmaceutical; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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16. |||....... 29%  Hornsby PJ, Aldern KA, Harris SE: Mode of action of butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and other phenols in preventing loss of 11 beta-hydroxylase activity in cultured bovine adrenocortical cells. Biochem Pharmacol; 1985 Mar 15;34(6):865-72
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  • [Title] Mode of action of butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and other phenols in preventing loss of 11 beta-hydroxylase activity in cultured bovine adrenocortical cells.
  • When a variety of analogs of BHA were tested for their abilities to prevent loss of 11 beta-hydroxylase activity in cultured adrenocortical cells incubated with 50 microM cortisol for 24 hr, phenol itself was found to be about equipotent with BHA.
  • Addition of methyl, methoxy and benzyl groups to phenol did not diminish protective activity of the compound, but addition of one and particularly two tert-butyl groups greatly diminished activity.
  • The hydroxy group of phenol was essential since benzene and fluorobenzene were inactive.
  • Compounds with multiple hydroxyl groups were not as active as phenol itself, with the exception of catechol.
  • No products of phenol formed during incubations of cells with cortisol were detected by high performance liquid chromatography.
  • Estimated EC50 values for protection of 11 beta-hydroxylase by phenols were about 100 microM, whereas the EC50 values for dimethyl sulfoxide and metyrapone were 10 mM and 300 nM respectively.
  • On a semilogarithmic plot, the dose-response curves for all these compounds were approximately parallel.
  • To aid in determining the mechanism of protection of 11 beta-hydroxylase, phenols and DMSO were tested for prevention of loss of 11 beta-hydroxylase activity at three different oxygen concentrations (2, 5, and 19% O2).
  • Phenols and dimethyl sulfoxide were more effective at low oxygen and less effective in air.
  • Because the cytochrome P-450 inhibitor metyrapone was found previously to be very effective in protecting 11 beta-hydroxylase against loss of activity, we examined whether phenols and dimethyl sulfoxide may act by directly inhibiting 11 beta-hydroxylase activity.
  • In a 1-hr incubation with cells, BHA, phenol, and dimethyl sulfoxide all inhibited 11 beta-hydroxylase, but at concentrations that ranged from 4- to greater than 100-fold higher than those required for protection.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Cortex / enzymology. Anisoles / pharmacology. Butylated Hydroxyanisole / pharmacology. Phenols / pharmacology. Steroid 11-beta-Hydroxylase / analysis. Steroid Hydroxylases / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Carbon Radioisotopes. Cattle. Cells, Cultured. Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / analysis. Dimethyl Sulfoxide / pharmacology. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Hydrocortisone / pharmacology. Oxygen / pharmacology. Phenol

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - BUTYLATED HYDROXYANISOLE.
  • HSDB. structure - HYDROCORTISONE.
  • HSDB. structure - DIMETHYL SULFOXIDE.
  • HSDB. structure - OXYGEN.
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  • (PMID = 3872128.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-2952
  • [Journal-full-title] Biochemical pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biochem. Pharmacol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIA NIH HHS / AG / AG 00936; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 32468
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] ENGLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anisoles; 0 / Carbon Radioisotopes; 0 / Phenols; 25013-16-5 / Butylated Hydroxyanisole; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 9035-51-2 / Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System; EC 1.14.- / Steroid Hydroxylases; EC 1.14.15.4 / Steroid 11-beta-Hydroxylase; S88TT14065 / Oxygen; WI4X0X7BPJ / Hydrocortisone; YOW8V9698H / Dimethyl Sulfoxide
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17. |||....... 28%  Pozhidaev VM, Buzuev VA: [Method for the gas chromatographic determination of phenol in air]. Gig Sanit; 1985 Dec;(12):69-70
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  • [Title] [Method for the gas chromatographic determination of phenol in air].
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational. Phenols / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Chromatography, Gas / instrumentation. Chromatography, Gas / methods. Phenol

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
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  • (PMID = 4092958.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9900
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena i sanitariia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Sanit
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Phenols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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18. |||....... 27%  Ascenzi D, Franceschi P, Guella G, Tosi P: Phenol production in benzene/air plasmas at atmospheric pressure. Role of radical and ionic routes. J Phys Chem A; 2006 Jun 29;110(25):7841-7
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  • [Title] Phenol production in benzene/air plasmas at atmospheric pressure. Role of radical and ionic routes.
  • Benzene can be efficiently converted into phenol when it is treated by either corona or dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasmas operating at atmospheric pressure in air or mixtures of N(2) and O(2).
  • Phenol produced by corona discharge in an atmospheric pressure chemical ionization source (APCI) has been detected as the corresponding radical cation C(6)H(5)OH(+*) at m/z 94 by an ion trap mass spectrometer.
  • On the other hand, phenol has been observed also as neutral product by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis (GC-MS) after treatment in a DBD plasma.
  • The results of our approach show that ionic mechanisms do not play a significant role in phenol production, which can be better explained by radical reactions resulting in oxygen addition to the benzene ring followed by 1,2 H transfer.
  • [MeSH-major] Benzene / chemistry. Phenols / chemical synthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Atmospheric Pressure. Free Radicals / chemistry. Ions / chemistry. Nitrogen / chemistry. Oxygen / chemistry. Quantum Theory

  • HSDB. structure - BENZENE.
  • HSDB. structure - NITROGEN.
  • HSDB. structure - OXYGEN.
  • ExactAntigen/Labome. author profiles.
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  • (PMID = 16789771.001).
  • [ISSN] 1089-5639
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of physical chemistry. A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Phys Chem A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Free Radicals; 0 / Ions; 0 / Phenols; J64922108F / Benzene; N762921K75 / Nitrogen; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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19. |||....... 26%  Chen M, Robertson RP: Restoration of the acute insulin response by sodium salicylate. A glucose dose-related phenomenon. Diabetes; 1978 Jul;27(7):750-6
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  • [Title] Restoration of the acute insulin response by sodium salicylate. A glucose dose-related phenomenon.
  • Adult-onset diabetics have markedly diminished or absent acute insulin responses to glucose that can be partially restored by sodium salicylate infusion.
  • To determine whether this restoration of the acute insulin response is glucose dose dependent and whether complete restoration can be achieved, adult-onset diabetics with a mean fasting plasma glucose value of 216 +/- 20 mg. per deciliter (x +/- S.E.) were stimulated with various doses of intravenous glucose.
  • Complete restoration could not be achieved with the maximal tolerable glucose dose (80 gm.).
  • Second phase insulin secretion also improved in a glucose dose-dependent manner.
  • These findings are compatible with the hypothesis that defective insulin secretion in adult-onset, hyperglycemic diabetics is not due to absolute deficiency of insulin but may be a result of defective recognition of glucose signals by pancreatic B-cells--a defect that can be partially reversed by sodium salicylate.
  • [MeSH-major] Diabetes Mellitus / blood. Glucose / diagnostic use. Insulin / blood. Salicylates / diagnostic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Humans. Kinetics. Middle Aged

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Diabetes.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Diabetes Medicines.
  • HSDB. structure - GLUCOSE.
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  • (PMID = 658622.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-1797
  • [Journal-full-title] Diabetes
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diabetes
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Insulin; 0 / Salicylates; IY9XDZ35W2 / Glucose
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20. |||....... 25%  Pistonesi MF, Di Nezio MS, Centurión ME, Lista AG, Fragoso WD, Pontes MJ, Araújo MC, Band BS: Simultaneous determination of hydroquinone, resorcinol, phenol, m-cresol and p-cresol in untreated air samples using spectrofluorimetry and a custom multiple linear regression-successive projection algorithm. Talanta; 2010 Dec 15;83(2):320-3
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  • [Title] Simultaneous determination of hydroquinone, resorcinol, phenol, m-cresol and p-cresol in untreated air samples using spectrofluorimetry and a custom multiple linear regression-successive projection algorithm.
  • In this study, a novel, simple, and efficient spectrofluorimetric method to determine directly and simultaneously five phenolic compounds (hydroquinone, resorcinol, phenol, m-cresol and p-cresol) in air samples is presented.
  • The concentrations of the calibration matrix ranged from 0.02 to 0.2 mg L(-1) for hydroquinone, from 0.05 to 0.6 mg L(-1) for resorcinol, and from 0.05 to 0.4 mg L(-1) for phenol, m-cresol and p-cresol; incidentally, such ranges are in accordance with the Argentinean environmental legislation.
  • To verify the accuracy of the proposed method a recovery study on real air samples of smoking environment was carried out with satisfactory results (94-104%).
  • The advantage of the proposed method is that it requires only spectrofluorimetric measurements of samples and chemometric modeling for simultaneous determination of five phenols.
  • With it, air is simply sampled and no pre-treatment sample is needed (i.e., separation steps and derivatization reagents are avoided) that means a great saving of time.
  • [MeSH-major] Cresols / analysis. Hydroquinones / analysis. Phenol / analysis. Resorcinols / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Air Pollutants. Calibration. Humans. Least-Squares Analysis. Regression Analysis. Smoke / analysis. Smoking. Spectrometry, Fluorescence / methods

  • HSDB. structure - p-CRESOL.
  • HSDB. structure - RESORCINOL.
  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - SODIUM P-METHYLPHENOLATE.
  • HSDB. structure - HYDROQUINONE.
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21111140.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-3573
  • [Journal-full-title] Talanta
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Talanta
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Cresols; 0 / Hydroquinones; 0 / Resorcinols; 0 / Smoke; 123-31-9 / hydroquinone; 1MXY2UM8NV / 4-cresol; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; YUL4LO94HK / resorcinol
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21. ||........ 25%  Hein R, Aung BU, Lwin O, Zaidi SH: Assessment of occupational benzene exposure in petrol filling stations at Rangoon. Ann Occup Hyg; 1989;33(1):133-6
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  • To evaluate the exposure to benzene, urinary phenol (which is a principal metabolite of absorbed benzene) was measured in workers at petrol filling stations and in a control group of healthy male adults.
  • The survey revealed that the urinary phenol content of workers exposed to petrol fumes was significantly higher than that of workers who were not exposed.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis. Benzene. Gasoline. Petroleum. Phenols / urine
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Male. Myanmar. Phenol

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - BENZENE.
  • HSDB. structure - GASOLINE.
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  • (PMID = 2523207.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-4878
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of occupational hygiene
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Occup Hyg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] ENGLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Gasoline; 0 / Petroleum; 0 / Phenols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; J64922108F / Benzene
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22. ||........ 25%  Paradowski M, Jakubowski M, Podoski A: [Toxicokinetics of benzene in humans. Excretion of phenol with urine and benzene with expired air after single and 4-day inhalation exposure]. Med Pr; 1984;35(2):85-96
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  • [Title] [Toxicokinetics of benzene in humans. Excretion of phenol with urine and benzene with expired air after single and 4-day inhalation exposure].
  • Two phases of the excretion of unchanged benzene in the expired air (t 1/2 approximately 2 h and approximately 20 h) and phenol in the urine (t 1/2 approximately 3 h and approximately 12 h) were observed.
  • Concentrations of benzene in the expired air and the rate of excretion of phenol in urine were higher after 4-days exposure than after single exposure, which results from benzene toxicokinetics.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / toxicity. Benzene / metabolism. Lung / metabolism. Phenols / urine

  • HSDB. structure - BENZENE.
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  • (PMID = 6472100.001).
  • [ISSN] 0465-5893
  • [Journal-full-title] Medycyna pracy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Pr
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Phenols; J64922108F / Benzene
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23. ||........ 24%  Chang L, Chen IP, Lin SS: An assessment of the suitable operating conditions for the CeO2/gamma-Al2O3 catalyzed wet air oxidation of phenol. Chemosphere; 2005 Jan;58(4):485-92
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  • [Title] An assessment of the suitable operating conditions for the CeO2/gamma-Al2O3 catalyzed wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • It has been shown that the CeO2/gamma-Al2O3 catalyst is a feasible alternative to CeO2 for the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol because it remains an effective catalyst and yet is cheaper to prepare.
  • Furthermore, at 180 degrees C, with a phenol concentration of 1000 mg l(-1), and an O2 partial pressure of 1.0M Pa or 1.5M Pa, the optimal catalyst loading was 3.0 gl (-1).
  • The efficacy of CWAO of phenol improved with O2 partial pressure, although the effects of O2 pressure were more significant between 0.5 MPa and 1.5 MPa than between 1.5 MPa and 2.0 MPa.
  • After 2 h of reaction, approximately 100% phenol conversion and 80% total organic carbon (TOC) removal was recorded at 180 degrees C, 1000 mg l(-1) of phenol and 3.0 g l(-1) of catalyst.
  • The efficacy of CWAO of phenol decreased as initial phenol concentration was raised (from 400 to 2500 mg l(-1)), with the exception of phenol conversion after about 2 h, for which 400 mg l(-1) produced the lowest phenol conversion figure.
  • Higher phenol concentrations require both catalyst loading and O2 partial pressure to be increased to maintain high performance.
  • For example, for 2000 mg l(-1) and 2500 mg l(-1) phenol, nearly 100% phenol conversion and 90% TOC removal after 4 h of reaction at 180 degrees C required 4.0 g l(-1) of catalyst and 2.0 MPa.
  • [MeSH-major] Aluminum Oxide / chemistry. Cerium / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Oxidation-Reduction. Oxygen / metabolism. Time Factors. Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods. Water Purification / methods

  • HSDB. structure - ALUMINUM OXIDE.
  • HSDB. structure - DICERIUM TRIOXIDE.
  • HSDB. structure - OXYGEN.
  • ExactAntigen/Labome. author profiles.
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  • (PMID = 15620740.001).
  • [ISSN] 0045-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 30K4522N6T / Cerium; 619G5K328Y / ceric oxide; LMI26O6933 / Aluminum Oxide; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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24. ||........ 24%  Babicheva AF, Dregval' GF: [Gas-chromatographic analysis of phenol and formaldehyde in the water, water extracts and air]. Gig Sanit; 1990 May;(5):90-1
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  • [Title] [Gas-chromatographic analysis of phenol and formaldehyde in the water, water extracts and air].
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Formaldehyde / analysis. Formaldehyde / isolation & purification. Phenols / analysis. Phenols / isolation & purification. Polymers / analysis. Tars / analysis. Water Pollutants / analysis. Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Chromatography, Gas / methods. Phenol. Ukraine

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - FORMALDEHYDE.
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  • (PMID = 2397915.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9900
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena i sanitariia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Sanit
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Polymers; 0 / Tars; 0 / Water Pollutants; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 9003-35-4 / phenol-formaldehyde resin
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25. ||........ 24%  Kiseleva TI: [Basis for the character of the combined action of phenol and styrene in atmospheric air]. Gig Sanit; 1984 Mar;(3):10-2
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  • [Title] [Basis for the character of the combined action of phenol and styrene in atmospheric air].
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / toxicity. Phenols / toxicity. Styrenes / toxicity
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Drug Interactions. Maximum Allowable Concentration. Phenol. Rats. Styrene

  • HSDB. structure - STYRENE.
  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
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  • (PMID = 6714712.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9900
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena i sanitariia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Sanit
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Styrenes; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 44LJ2U959V / Styrene
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26. ||........ 23%  Robles C, Greff S, Pasqualini V, Garzino S, Bousquet-Mélou A, Fernandez C, Korboulewsky N, Bonin G: Phenols and flavonoids in Aleppo pine needles as bioindicators of air pollution. J Environ Qual; 2003 Nov-Dec;32(6):2265-71
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  • [Title] Phenols and flavonoids in Aleppo pine needles as bioindicators of air pollution.
  • The aim of the present study is to assess whether certain ecophysiological responses (contents of total phenols, total proanthocyanidins, and total and simple flavonols), in the needles of Aleppo pines (Pinus halepensis Mill.) may be valid bioindicators for the assessment of the air quality.
  • The results show a decrease in total phenol concentrations with levels of nitrogen oxide pollutions (significant negative correlations between the total phenol concentrations and concentrations of NO, NO2, and other NOx).
  • This work confirms the strong interest of using the phenolic compounds of Pinus halepensis as biological indicators of air quality.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / metabolism. Flavonoids / metabolism. Phenols / metabolism. Pinus / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 14674550.001).
  • [ISSN] 0047-2425
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental quality
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Environ. Qual.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Biological Markers; 0 / Flavonoids; 0 / Phenols
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27. ||........ 23%  Fortuny A, Bengoa C, Font J, Fabregat A: Bimetallic catalysts for continuous catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol. J Hazard Mater; 1999 Jan 29;64(2):181-93
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  • [Title] Bimetallic catalysts for continuous catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • Catalytic wet oxidation has proved to be effective at eliminating hazardous organic compounds, such as phenol, from waste waters.
  • This study explores the ability of bimetallic supported catalysts to oxidize aqueous phenol solutions using air as oxidant.
  • The pH of the feed solution was also varied.
  • The highest residual phenol conversion was obtained for the ZnO-CuO, which was significantly higher than that obtained with the 10% CuO catalyst used as reference.
  • Generally, the performance of the catalysts was better when the pH of the feed solution was increased.
  • [MeSH-major] Hazardous Substances / analysis. Metals / chemistry. Oxides / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aluminum Oxide. Catalysis. Cobalt / chemistry. Copper / chemistry. Ferric Compounds / chemistry. Hot Temperature. Humans. Hydrogen-Ion Concentration. Manganese Compounds / chemistry. Oxidants / chemistry. Oxidation-Reduction. Oxygen / chemistry. Partial Pressure. Solubility. Time Factors. Zinc Oxide / chemistry


28. ||........ 23%  Bieniek G: Urinary excretion of phenols as an indicator of occupational exposure in the coke-plant industry. Int Arch Occup Environ Health; 1997;70(5):334-40
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  • [Title] Urinary excretion of phenols as an indicator of occupational exposure in the coke-plant industry.
  • The mixed exposure to phenolic derivatives of exposed workers during their work shift was monitored by personal air sampling of the breathing-zone air and by measurements of phenol, o-cresol, and xylenol isomer concentrations in shift-end urine.
  • Concentrations of phenolic compounds were determined in the breathing-zone air during the work shift, whereas concentrations of phenol, cresol, and xylenol isomers were measured in urine collected after the work shift.
  • Concentrations of phenols in air and urine were determined by gas chromatography with flame-ionization detection.
  • RESULTS: The time-weighted average concentrations of phenol, cresol, and xylenol isomers detected in breathing-zone air showed that the exposure level of the workers was relatively low.
  • The geometric mean values were as follows: 0.26 mg/m3 for phenol, 0.09 mg/m3 for o-cresol, 0.13 mg/m3 for p- and m-cresol, and 0.02-0.04 mg/m3 for xylenols at the tar-distillation process.
  • Corresponding urinary concentrations were 10.39, 0.53, and 0.25-0.88 mg/g creatinine for phenol, o-cresol, and xylenol isomers, respectively.
  • The correlation coefficients between the o-cresol and 2,4-, 2,5-, 3,4-, and 3,5-xylenol concentrations measured in urine and in the breathing-zone air were statistically significant, varying in the range of 0.54-0.74 for xylenol isomers and being 0.69 for o-cresol.
  • CONCLUSION: We have found that the presence of o-cresol and xylenol isomers in urine can be used as a biomarker for phenol exposure.
  • Analysis performed on workers at the tar-distillation process showed that they were exposed to relatively low concentrations of phenolic compounds.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution / analysis. Coke / adverse effects. Occupational Exposure. Phenols / urine

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  • HSDB. structure - 3,5-DIMETHYLPHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - DIMETHYL PHENOL.
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  • (PMID = 9352337.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-0131
  • [Journal-full-title] International archives of occupational and environmental health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Arch Occup Environ Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] GERMANY
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biological Markers; 0 / Coke; 0 / Cresols; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Xylenes; ONA760G0WA / 3,5-xylenol; W9GW1KZG6N / creosol
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29. ||........ 22%  Moskovkin AS, Sotnikov EE, Gaziev GA: [Chromatographic mass-spectrometric determination of the air content of styrene, phenol, and naphthalene]. Gig Sanit; 2008 May-Jun;(3):81-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Chromatographic mass-spectrometric determination of the air content of styrene, phenol, and naphthalene].
  • A selective chromatographic mass-spectrometric procedure was developed to determine of air styrene, phenol, and naphthalene in the concentration range of 0.001-0.05 mg/m3, Analysis used preconcentration of the compounds on a solid sorbent, followed by thermal desorption into the capillary column of a chromatograph.
  • Qualitative and quantitative measurements of concentrations were carried out by the characteristics chosen for each compound.
  • The maximum relative measurement error in 1-2-liter air sampling was +/- 23% at a 0.95 significant confidence.
  • [MeSH-major] Air / analysis. Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry / methods. Naphthalenes / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry. Styrene / chemistry. Workplace

  • HSDB. structure - STYRENE.
  • HSDB. structure - NAPHTHALENE.
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  • (PMID = 18590156.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9900
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena i sanitariia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Sanit
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Naphthalenes; 0 / Phenols; 2166IN72UN / naphthalene; 44LJ2U959V / Styrene
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30. ||........ 21%  Kataeva SE, Gulitashvili VSh: [Quantitative analysis of phenol in water, model media simulating food products and in the air during sanitary and chemical examination of polymer materials]. Gig Sanit; 1988 Sep;(9):37-8
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  • [Title] [Quantitative analysis of phenol in water, model media simulating food products and in the air during sanitary and chemical examination of polymer materials].
  • [MeSH-major] Acetates / analysis. Air Pollutants / analysis. Lactates / analysis. Phenols / analysis. Polymers / analysis. Water Pollutants / analysis. Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Acetic Acid. Chromatography, Thin Layer / methods. Lactic Acid. Phenol

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - LACTIC ACID.
  • HSDB. structure - ACETIC ACID.
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  • (PMID = 3234802.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9900
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena i sanitariia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Sanit
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Acetates; 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Lactates; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Polymers; 0 / Water Pollutants; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 33X04XA5AT / Lactic Acid; Q40Q9N063P / Acetic Acid
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31. ||........ 21%  Wu LQ, Chen T, Wallace KK, Vazquez-Duhalt R, Payne GF: Enzymatic coupling of phenol vapors onto chitosan. Biotechnol Bioeng; 2001 Dec;76(4):325-32
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  • [Title] Enzymatic coupling of phenol vapors onto chitosan.
  • Phenols are important industrial chemicals, and because they can be volatile, also appear as air pollutants.
  • We examined the potential of tyrosinase to react with the volatile phenol p-cresol.
  • Three lines of evidence support the conclusion that volatile phenols react with tyrosinase and are coupled (i.e., chemisorbed) onto chitosan films.
  • First, phenol-trapping studies indicated that p-cresol can be removed from vapors if the vapors are contacted with tyrosinase-coated chitosan films.
  • Additional studies demonstrate the potential of tyrosinase-coated chitosan films/membranes for the detection and removal of phenol vapors.
  • [MeSH-major] Chitin / chemistry. Disinfectants / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - CHITIN UNSPECIFIED.
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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  • (PMID = 11745160.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-3592
  • [Journal-full-title] Biotechnology and bioengineering
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biotechnol. Bioeng.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biocompatible Materials; 0 / Cresols; 0 / Disinfectants; 1398-61-4 / Chitin; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 9012-76-4 / Chitosan; EC 1.14.18.1 / Monophenol Monooxygenase
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32. ||........ 20%  Jayanegara A, Marquardt S, Wina E, Kreuzer M, Leiber F: In vitro indications for favourable non-additive effects on ruminal methane mitigation between high-phenolic and high-quality forages. Br J Nutr; 2013 Feb 28;109(4):615-22
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  • Similar non-additive effects of combining C. papaya with the other plants were found for NH₃ concentrations but not for SCFA concentrations.
  • [MeSH-major] Animal Feed. Methane / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Ammonia / chemistry. Animals. Carica. Cattle. Eugenia. Fatty Acids, Volatile / chemistry. Female. Fermentation. Food. Gases. Meliaceae. Phenols / chemistry. Plant Leaves / chemistry. Polyphenols / chemistry. Proanthocyanidins / chemistry. Rumen / metabolism. Tannins / chemistry

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - METHANE.
  • HSDB. structure - AMMONIA.
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  • (PMID = 22630827.001).
  • [ISSN] 1475-2662
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of nutrition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Nutr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fatty Acids, Volatile; 0 / Gases; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Polyphenols; 0 / Proanthocyanidins; 0 / Tannins; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 7664-41-7 / Ammonia; OP0UW79H66 / Methane
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33. ||........ 20%  Lefèvre S, Boutin O, Ferrasse JH, Malleret L, Faucherand R, Viand A: Thermodynamic and kinetic study of phenol degradation by a non-catalytic wet air oxidation process. Chemosphere; 2011 Aug;84(9):1208-15
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  • [Title] Thermodynamic and kinetic study of phenol degradation by a non-catalytic wet air oxidation process.
  • This work is dedicated to an accurate evaluation of thermodynamic and kinetics aspects of phenol degradation using wet air oxidation process.
  • Phenol is a well known polluting molecule and therefore it is important having data of its behaviour during this process.
  • Concerning the thermodynamic phase equilibria, experimental and modelling results are obtained for different binary systems (water/nitrogen, water/air) and ternary system (water/nitrogen/phenol).
  • The second part is dedicated to kinetics evaluation of the degradation of phenol.
  • Different compounds have been detected using GC coupled with a MS.
  • A kinetic scheme is deduced, taking into account the evolution of phenol, hydroquinones, catechol, resorcinol and acetic acid.
  • A simplified kinetic scheme, which can be easily implemented in a process simulation, is also determined for the direct degradation of phenol into H(2)O and CO(2).
  • The Arrhenius law data obtained for the phenol disappearance are the following: k=1.8×10(6)±3.9×10(5)M(-1)s(-1) (pre-exponential factor) and E(a)=77±8 kJ mol(-1) (activation energy).
  • [MeSH-major] Air. Environmental Pollutants / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Catalysis. Kinetics. Models, Chemical. Oxidation-Reduction. Thermodynamics

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21700312.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1298
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Environmental Pollutants; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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34. ||........ 20%  Rubio MA, Lissi E, Herrera N, Pérez V, Fuentes N: Phenol and nitrophenols in the air and dew waters of Santiago de Chile. Chemosphere; 2012 Mar;86(10):1035-9
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  • [Title] Phenol and nitrophenols in the air and dew waters of Santiago de Chile.
  • Phenol, nitrophenols and dinitrophenols were measured in air and dews in downtown Santiago de Chile.
  • In both systems, phenol, 2-nitrophenol (2-NP), and 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) were the compounds found in higher concentrations and with major frequency.
  • Temporal profiles in air were compatible with a significant direct incorporation from mobile sources.
  • The data can be explained in terms of a faster removal of 2-NP than 4-NP, with the former predominating in fresh air masses and 4-NP in more aged samples.
  • All these compounds, as well as dinitrophenols, were found in dew waters.
  • Simultaneous measurements in air and dew indicate that phenol present in dew exceeds that expected in equilibrated samples, while the opposite occurs with 4-NP.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Phenol / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Air Pollution / statistics & numerical data. Atmosphere / chemistry. Chile. Cities. Environmental Monitoring. Nitrophenols / analysis. Rain / chemistry

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - NITROPHENOLS.
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22178376.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1298
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Nitrophenols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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35. ||........ 20%  Jabłoński J, Dmieljaniuk N, Moniuszko-Jakoniuk J: [Selected problems with phenol toxicity]. Pol Tyg Lek; 1989 Nov 13-27;44(46-48):947-9
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  • [Title] [Selected problems with phenol toxicity].
  • Some data on the toxicity of phenol are surveyed.
  • These are 0.3-19 mg/m3 in the air and working places in different countries.
  • Acceptable phenol concentration in the air is 10 mg/m3 in Poland.
  • Toxic effects of phenol were reported in case of occupational exposition to 5 mg/m3 of air.
  • Data concerning urine levels of phenol in children living in the buildings of increased phenol levels in the air and health impact of this are discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / adverse effects. Phenols / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 2487765.001).
  • [ISSN] 0032-3756
  • [Journal-full-title] Polski tygodnik lekarski (Warsaw, Poland : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol Tyg Lek
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Phenols
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36. ||........ 20%  Kidwai M, Jain A, Sharma A, Chander Kuhad R: Ecofriendly approach for detection of phenols in water using laccase from different fungi. Water Sci Technol; 2012;66(2):385-93
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  • [Title] Ecofriendly approach for detection of phenols in water using laccase from different fungi.
  • Laccase-initiated oxidative coupling reactions of phenol and its derivatives with 4-aminoantipyrene using air as an oxidant has been investigated.
  • The oxidation reaction of phenols and 4-aminoantipyrene is getting a lot of attention due to environmental concerns.
  • Oxidation of simple phenol and 4-aminoantipyrene as a benchmark reaction enabled us to rank the relative oxidation ability of various laccases.
  • The present method can also be used to determine p-substituted phenols and chlorophenols.
  • [MeSH-major] Fungi / enzymology. Laccase / metabolism. Phenols / analysis. Water / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 22699344.001).
  • [ISSN] 0273-1223
  • [Journal-full-title] Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Water Sci. Technol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 059QF0KO0R / Water; EC 1.10.3.2 / Laccase
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37. ||........ 19%  Xu C, Wang L: Atmospheric oxidation mechanism of phenol initiated by OH radical. J Phys Chem A; 2013 Mar 21;117(11):2358-64
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  • [Title] Atmospheric oxidation mechanism of phenol initiated by OH radical.
  • The gas-phase oxidation mechanism of phenol initiated by OH radical was investigated using DFT and ab initio calculations.
  • [MeSH-major] Atmosphere / chemistry. Hydroxyl Radical / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Catechols / chemistry. Gases. Kinetics. Models, Chemical. Nitrogen Dioxide / chemistry. Nitrophenols / chemistry. Oxidation-Reduction. Phenols / chemistry. Quantum Theory. Thermodynamics

  • HSDB. structure - NITROGEN DIOXIDE.
  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - CATECHOL.
  • HSDB. structure - NITROPHENOLS.
  • HSDB. structure - 2-NITROPHENOL.
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  • (PMID = 23438088.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-5215
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of physical chemistry. A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Phys Chem A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Catechols; 0 / Gases; 0 / Nitrophenols; 0 / Phenols; 3229-70-7 / phenoxy radical; 3352-57-6 / Hydroxyl Radical; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; BD148E95KD / 2-nitrophenol; LF3AJ089DQ / catechol; S7G510RUBH / Nitrogen Dioxide
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38. ||........ 18%  Angus KW, Smith PH: Ultrastructural features of lung lesions in sheep dipped in a carbolic dip. J Comp Pathol; 1983 Jan;93(1):33-42
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  • Many of these cells were undergoing early metaplasia into type I pneumocytes, as shown by the development of elongated cytoplasmic extensions which increased the thickness of the blood-air barrier.
  • Interstitial fibrosis was not a prominent feature.
  • It is presumed that these effects resulted from skin absorption of an unknown toxic substance in the dip.
  • [MeSH-major] Disinfectants / adverse effects. Lung / ultrastructure. Lung Diseases / veterinary. Phenols / adverse effects. Sheep Diseases / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Female. Microscopy, Electron. Phenol. Sheep

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Lung Diseases.
  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
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  • (PMID = 6841692.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9975
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of comparative pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Comp. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] ENGLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Disinfectants; 0 / Phenols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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39. ||........ 18%  Coyle CG, Parkin GF, Gibson DT: Aerobic, phenol-induced TCE degradation in completely mixed, continuous-culture reactors. Biodegradation; 1993;4(1):59-69
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  • [Title] Aerobic, phenol-induced TCE degradation in completely mixed, continuous-culture reactors.
  • TCE mass balance studies were performed with continuous culture reactors to determine the total percent removed in the reactors, and to quantify the percent removed by air stripping and biodegradation.
  • After omitting glucose and acetate from the feed and increasing the phenol concentration to 50 mg/L, TCE biotransformation was observed at a significant level (46%).
  • When the phenol concentration in the feed was increased to 420 mg/L, 85% of the incoming TCE was estimated to have been biodegraded.
  • Under the same conditions, phenol utilization by the mixed culture was greater than that of P. putida F1, and TCE degradation by the mixed culture (85%) exceeded that of P. putida F1 (55%).
  • The estimated percent-of-TCE biodegraded by the mixed culture was consistently greater than 80% when phenol was fed at 420 mg/L.
  • [MeSH-major] Biodegradation, Environmental. Biotechnology / methods. Phenols / pharmacology. Trichloroethylene / metabolism. Water Pollutants, Chemical / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Acetates / metabolism. Acetates / pharmacology. Aerobiosis. Culture Media. Glucose / metabolism. Glucose / pharmacology. Phenol. Pseudomonas putida / metabolism

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - GLUCOSE.
  • HSDB. structure - TRICHLOROETHYLENE.
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  • (PMID = 7763855.001).
  • [ISSN] 0923-9820
  • [Journal-full-title] Biodegradation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biodegradation
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] NETHERLANDS
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Acetates; 0 / Culture Media; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 290YE8AR51 / Trichloroethylene; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; IY9XDZ35W2 / Glucose
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40. ||........ 18%  Tonami H, Uyama H, Kobayashi S, Fujita T, Taguchi Y, Osada K: Chemoselective oxidative polymerization of m-ethynylphenol by peroxidase catalyst to a new reactive polyphenol. Biomacromolecules; 2000;1(2):150-1
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  • Enzymatic oxidative polymerization of m-ethynylphenol possessing two reactive groups, phenol and acetylene moieties, was carried out in aqueous methanol under air.
  • [MeSH-major] Horseradish Peroxidase / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 11710092.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-7797
  • [Journal-full-title] Biomacromolecules
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biomacromolecules
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 0 / Polymers; 0 / m-ethynylphenol; EC 1.11.1.- / Horseradish Peroxidase
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41. ||........ 17%  Mohr C, Lopez-Hilfiker FD, Zotter P, Prévôt AS, Xu L, Ng NL, Herndon SC, Williams LR, Franklin JP, Zahniser MS, Worsnop DR, Knighton WB, Aiken AC, Gorkowski KJ, Dubey MK, Allan JD, Thornton JA: Contribution of nitrated phenols to wood burning brown carbon light absorption in Detling, United Kingdom during winter time. Environ Sci Technol; 2013 Jun 18;47(12):6316-24
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  • [Title] Contribution of nitrated phenols to wood burning brown carbon light absorption in Detling, United Kingdom during winter time.
  • We show for the first time quantitative online measurements of five nitrated phenol (NP) compounds in ambient air (nitrophenol C6H5NO3, methylnitrophenol C7H7NO3, nitrocatechol C6H5NO4, methylnitrocatechol C7H7NO4, and dinitrophenol C6H4N2O5) measured with a micro-orifice volatilization impactor (MOVI) high-resolution chemical ionization mass spectrometer in Detling, United Kingdom during January-February, 2012.
  • NPs absorb radiation in the near-ultraviolet (UV) range of the electromagnetic spectrum and thus are potential components of poorly characterized light-absorbing organic matter ("brown carbon") which can affect the climate and air quality.
  • They can thus affect atmospheric radiative transfer and photochemistry and with that climate and air quality.
  • [MeSH-major] Carbon / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry. Wood

  • HSDB. structure - CARBON BLACK.
  • HSDB. structure - CARBON.
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  • (PMID = 23710733.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-5851
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental science & technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 7440-44-0 / Carbon
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42. ||........ 17%  DeMarini DM, Brooks HG, Parkes DG Jr: Induction of prophage lambda by chlorophenols. Environ Mol Mutagen; 1990;15(1):1-9
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  • Chlorinated phenols, which are used primarily as wood preservatives and fungicides, are present in most air, water, and soil samples in industrialized areas as well as in the urine of most people.
  • We have examined the ability of phenol and the 19 isomers of chlorophenol to induce DNA damage using the Microscreen prophage-induction assay in Escherichia coli.
  • Although none of the 20 compounds is mutagenic in Salmonella, the prophage-induction results agree with findings by others that most of these seven isomers are clastogenic, are associated with cancer and chromosomal aberrations in humans (pentachlorophenol), and are carcinogenic in rodents (2,4,6-tri and pentachlorophenol).
  • [MeSH-minor] DNA Damage. Isomerism. Mutagenicity Tests. Phenol. Phenols / toxicity. Structure-Activity Relationship. Viral Plaque Assay

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
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  • (PMID = 2137084.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-6692
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental and molecular mutagenesis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ. Mol. Mutagen.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chlorophenols; 0 / Phenols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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43. ||........ 17%  Baj Z, Majewska E, Zeman K, Pokoca L, Dworniak D, Paradowski M, Tchórzewski H: The effect of chronic exposure to formaldehyde, phenol and organic chlorohydrocarbons on peripheral blood cells and the immune system in humans. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol; 1994 Jul-Aug;4(4):186-91
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  • [Title] The effect of chronic exposure to formaldehyde, phenol and organic chlorohydrocarbons on peripheral blood cells and the immune system in humans.
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate immunological, hematological and biochemical parameters in subjects chronically exposed to inhaled formaldehyde (F), phenol (Ph) and isomers of organic chlorohydrocarbons (Chc) released from Ksylamit.
  • The concentration of Ksylamit vapor was measured at the end of the 6-month period and the level of Ph and F in the air inside the building was 1.3 mg/m3 and 0.8 mg/m3, respectively.
  • Some biochemical parameters suggested liver damage, although these parameters did not correlate with the levels of Ph and methanol excreted in the urine.
  • Eight subjects with the highest levels of Ph in the urine had decreased erythrocyte and T-helper lymphocyte numbers, and increased numbers of eosinophils and monocytes.
  • [MeSH-major] Blood Cells / drug effects. Formaldehyde / adverse effects. Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated / adverse effects. Immune System / drug effects. Phenols / adverse effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Air Pollutants, Occupational / adverse effects. Blood Cell Count. Cytotoxicity, Immunologic / drug effects. Female. Humans. Killer Cells, Natural / drug effects. Lymphocyte Activation / drug effects. Lymphocyte Culture Test, Mixed. Male. Middle Aged. Phenol. T-Lymphocyte Subsets / drug effects

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Immune System and Disorders.
  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - FORMALDEHYDE.
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  • (PMID = 7850032.001).
  • [ISSN] 1018-9068
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of investigational allergology & clinical immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] SPAIN
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated; 0 / Phenols; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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44. ||........ 17%  [Indoor air guide values for phenol]. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz; 2011 Nov;54(11):1262-7
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  • [Title] [Indoor air guide values for phenol].
  • [Transliterated title] Richtwerte für Phenol in der Innenraumluft. Mitteilung der Ad-hoc-Arbeits-gruppe Innenraumrichtwerte der Innenraumlufthygiene-Kommission des Umweltbundesamtes und der Obersten Landesgesundheitsbehörden.
  • The German Working Group on Indoor Guidelines of the Federal Environment Agency and the States´ Health Authorities is issuing indoor air guide values to protect public health.
  • For health evaluation of phenol in indoor air a qualified working-place study emphasizing the POD hemo- and hepatotoxicity as well as results of a limited inhalation-study which underline neurological effects on rats were used.
  • The Working Group assessed a lowest observed adverse effect level of 21 mg Phenol/m3 in the working-place study and 100 mg Phenol/m3 in the animal-based study.
  • Both toxicological derivatives come to the same result but the working-place study was preferred.
  • By applying a factor of 10 for interindividual variability, a factor of 4.2 for the different exposing-time of workers and usual population and a modifying factor of 2 regarding children a health hazard guide value (RW II) of 0.2 mg phenol/m3 is obtained.
  • A health precaution guide value of 0.02 mg phenol/m3 is recommended.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution, Indoor / analysis. Disinfectants. Phenol

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Indoor Air Pollution.
  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
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  • (PMID = 22015800.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-1588
  • [Journal-full-title] Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Disinfectants; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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45. ||........ 17%  Bieniek G, Bocheńska T, Skorek R, Kustra G, Rózańska R, Czogała J, Pieroń G, Jabłońska E: [Levels of metabolites of selected chemical compounds in the urine of workers in pitch coke plant]. Med Pr; 1989;40(3):183-91
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  • [Title] [Levels of metabolites of selected chemical compounds in the urine of workers in pitch coke plant].
  • In urine samples collected from pitch coke plant workers just before and after occupational exposure, differentiated concentrations of phenol (20.8-692.8 mg/dm3), p-cresol (51.8-590 mg/dm3), I-naphtol (4.9-63.7 mg/dm3) and benzo(a)pyrene (0.3-18.9 ug/dm3) have been found.
  • The occurrence of enhanced concentrations of phenol in 10.1%, p-cresol in 31.9%, I-naphthol in 13.5% and benzo(a)pyrene in 72.8% of the test urine specimens collected prior to exposure points to a slow excretion of these metabolites of chemical compounds inherent in the work environment.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / toxicity. Benzo(a)pyrene / analysis. Coal. Coke. Cresols / urine. Naphthols / urine. Phenols / urine
  • [MeSH-minor] Circadian Rhythm. Humans. Maximum Allowable Concentration. Phenol. Poland

  • HSDB. structure - p-CRESOL.
  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - SODIUM P-METHYLPHENOLATE.
  • HSDB. structure - BENZO(A)PYRENE.
  • HSDB. structure - 1-NAPHTHOL.
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  • (PMID = 2593817.001).
  • [ISSN] 0465-5893
  • [Journal-full-title] Medycyna pracy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Pr
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Coal; 0 / Coke; 0 / Cresols; 0 / Naphthols; 0 / Phenols; 1MXY2UM8NV / 4-cresol; 2A71EAQ389 / 1-naphthol; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 3417WMA06D / Benzo(a)pyrene
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46. ||........ 17%  Lin SS, Chang DJ, Wang CH, Chen CC: Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by CeO2 catalyst--effect of reaction conditions. Water Res; 2003 Feb;37(4):793-800
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  • [Title] Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by CeO2 catalyst--effect of reaction conditions.
  • The effect of catalyst loading, oxygen pressure, reaction temperature and phenol concentration on phenol conversion and total organic carbon (TOC) conversion, using CeO(2) as the catalyst, was investigated.
  • There appeared a maximum rate of phenol conversion and TOC conversion as the catalyst loading increased.
  • With phenol concentrations in the range of 400-2500 mg/L and oxygen pressure of 0.5 or 1.0 MPa, the optimal catalyst loading was 1.0 g/L, while it was 2.0 g/L at an oxygen pressure of 1.5 MPa.
  • With a phenol concentration of 5000 mg/L, the optimal loading was 2.0 g/L for all oxygen pressures tested.
  • Catalyst loading influences the reaction via the free-radical chain reaction involved in the catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • Regarding oxygen pressures, at a phenol concentration of 400mg/L, the influence of the tested pressures (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 MPa) on the 3h conversion of phenol was negligible, while the effect was significant for higher concentrations of phenol.
  • The effect of oxygen pressure on TOC conversion was more profound, especially at a higher phenol concentration.
  • At a pressure of 0.5 MPa, except for concentration of 400mg/L, the CO(2) selectivity barely exceed 80% at best, and was less than 25% with a phenol concentration of 5000 mg/L.
  • As was expected, increase of reaction temperature shortened the time taken to reach 50% phenol conversion.
  • [MeSH-major] Air. Cesium / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry


47. ||........ 17%  Morville S, Scheyer A, Mirabel P, Millet M: Spatial and geographical variations of urban, suburban and rural atmospheric concentrations of phenols and nitrophenols. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int; 2006 Mar;13(2):83-9
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  • [Title] Spatial and geographical variations of urban, suburban and rural atmospheric concentrations of phenols and nitrophenols.
  • GOAL, SCOPE AND BACKGROUND: Atmospheric sampling (gas and particles) of 5 phenols (phenol, m-cresol, p-cresol, o-cresol, pentachlorophenol) and 15 nitrophenols (3-methyl-2-nitrophenol, 3-nitrophenol, 4-methyl-2-nitrophenol, 5-methyl-2-nitrophenol, 2-methyl-3-nitrophenol, 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol, 2,6-dinitrophenol, bromoxynil, 2,5-dinitrophenol, 2,6-dinitropcresol, 2,4-dinitrophenol, ioxynil, DNOC, 3,4-dinitrophenol, dinoseb) on XAD-2 resin (20 gr) and glass fibre filters, respectively, were performed in 2002 by using 'Digitel DA80' high volume sampiers.
  • These measurements were undertaken in order to show spatial and geographical variations of concentrations and the role of traffic in the emissions of these compounds to the atmosphere.
  • Field campaigns were undertaken simultaneously in urban and suburban sites during all the seasons during 4 hours at a flow rate of 60 m3 h(-1), which gives a total of 240 m3 of air per sample.
  • RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Partitioning of phenolic compounds between gas and particle phases seems to be mainly correlated with vapour pressure.
  • Among phenolic compounds analysed, phenol, p-cresol, pentachlorophenol and 2.4-dinitrophenol were detected in all samples and emissions from traffic seems to be the major source for the presence of these compounds to the atmosphere.
  • No increase of concentrations in autumn tend to confirm this hypothesis since, with the use of domestic heating in colder months, increases of PAHs concentrations were observed and these compounds are known to be emitted by all combustion processes, Pentachlorophenol is a special case since this molecule is only used as wood preservative.
  • CONCLUSIONS AND PERSPECTIVES: These measurements demonstrate that phenols and nitrophenols are emitted to the atmosphere and further measurements, in order to confirm their sources, their behaviour and their potential impact to the air quality and to human health should be undertaken especially since the literature collected is relatively old.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Nitrophenols / analysis. Phenols / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Air Movements. Atmosphere. Cities. Environmental Monitoring. Geography. Humans. Public Health

  • HSDB. structure - NITROPHENOLS.
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  • (PMID = 16612896.001).
  • [ISSN] 0944-1344
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental science and pollution research international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Nitrophenols; 0 / Phenols
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48. ||........ 16%  Moniuszko-Jakoniuk J, Omieljaniuk N, Jabłoński J, Kulikowska E, Matuszewski A, Pawłowska D, Sołtys M, Miniuk K: [Effects of air pollution by phenol in apartments of newly built houses on selected urinary biochemical parameters in children]. Rocz Akad Med Im Juliana Marchlewskiego Bialymst; 1986-1987;31-32:111-24
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  • [Title] [Effects of air pollution by phenol in apartments of newly built houses on selected urinary biochemical parameters in children].
  • [MeSH-major] Acid Phosphatase / urine. Air Pollutants / toxicity. Glucuronidase / urine. Housing / standards. Phenols / toxicity. Sulfhydryl Compounds / urine
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Humans. Infant. Phenol. Poland. Seasons

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
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  • (PMID = 3152141.001).
  • [ISSN] 1427-941X
  • [Journal-full-title] Roczniki Akademii Medycznej im. Juliana Marchlewskiego w Białymstoku
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rocz Akad Med Im Juliana Marchlewskiego Bialymst
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Sulfhydryl Compounds; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; EC 3.1.3.2 / Acid Phosphatase; EC 3.2.1.31 / Glucuronidase
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49. ||........ 15%  Lin SS, Chen CL, Chang DJ, Chen CC: Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by various CeO2 catalysts. Water Res; 2002 Jul;36(12):3009-14
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  • [Title] Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by various CeO2 catalysts.
  • Investigations of various CeO2 catalysts using XRD, 02-TPD, H2-TPR and catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol showed that CeO2 calcined under higher thermal impact (designated as type A) displayed excellent catalytic ability for the redox reaction of organics.
  • Results of the investigations mentioned above showed that type A CeO2 has a less stable structure, more structure oxygen exchangeable and more oxidizing ability for the consumption of H2 and conversion of phenol.
  • At phenol concentrations between 400 and 2,500 mg/L, oxygen pressure in the range of 0.5-1.0 MPa, and temperatures above 160 degrees C phenol conversion stood at > or = 90% after 4 h.
  • [MeSH-major] Cesium / chemistry. Oxygen Compounds / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Oxidation-Reduction. Oxygen / chemistry. Sensitivity and Specificity. Temperature. Time Factors

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - CESIUM, ELEMENTAL.
  • HSDB. structure - OXYGEN.
  • ExactAntigen/Labome. author profiles.
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  • (PMID = 12171398.001).
  • [ISSN] 0043-1354
  • [Journal-full-title] Water research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Water Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oxygen Compounds; 1KSV9V4Y4I / Cesium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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50. |......... 15%  Rea WJ, Ross GH, Johnson AR, Smilley RE, Sprague DE, Fenyves EJ, Samadi N: Confirmation of chemical sensitivity by means of double-blind inhalant challenge of toxic volatile chemicals. Bol Asoc Med P R; 1991 Sep;83(9):389-93
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  • [Title] Confirmation of chemical sensitivity by means of double-blind inhalant challenge of toxic volatile chemicals.
  • Inhaled challenges included phenol (less than .0025 ppm), petroleum-derived ethyl alcohol (less than .5 ppm), formaldehyde (less than .2 ppm), chlorine (less than .3 ppm), and pesticide (2, 3,-D at less than .0034 ppm).
  • The individual must have been de-adapted to food, air, and water pollutants by means of a water fat for three to four days.
  • An enclosed non-pulluted challenge booth must be used for these chemical exposures.
  • Appropriate doses of the chemical in question (determined by air concentration and length of exposure) are necessary to investigate a particular problem.
  • The conclusion of the study is that in these patients, chemical sensitivity clearly does exist (pulse rate differences between positive responses and placebo - p .001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • [MeSH-major] 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid / diagnostic use. Chlorine / diagnostic use. Drug Hypersensitivity / diagnosis. Ethanol / diagnostic use. Formaldehyde / diagnostic use. Phenols / diagnostic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Inhalation. Adult. Double-Blind Method. Environment, Controlled. Heart Rate / drug effects. Hospital Units. Humans. Methane / adverse effects. Methane / diagnostic use. Middle Aged. Phenol. Volatilization

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Drug Reactions.
  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - FORMALDEHYDE.
  • HSDB. structure - ETHANOL.
  • HSDB. structure - METHANE.
  • HSDB. structure - CHLORINE.
  • HSDB. structure - 2,4-D.
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  • (PMID = 1807272.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-4849
  • [Journal-full-title] Boletín de la Asociación Médica de Puerto Rico
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bol Asoc Med P R
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] PUERTO RICO
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde; 2577AQ9262 / 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 3K9958V90M / Ethanol; 4R7X1O2820 / Chlorine; OP0UW79H66 / Methane
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51. |......... 15%  Li W, Zhang M, Zhao T: [A study on the control of air toxic chemicals in workplace for bakelite manufacturing and casting]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi; 1996 Nov;30(6):357-9
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  • [Title] [A study on the control of air toxic chemicals in workplace for bakelite manufacturing and casting].
  • Air concentrations of phenol, formaldehyde and ammonia related to the contents of free phenol, formaldehyde in raw material, and solidifying agent-urotropine in bakelite.
  • Due to the solubility of phenol and formaldehyde, in the manufacture process, water was added to lower contents of phenol and formaldehyde in bakelite, and content of urotropine was reduced in bakelite sand presceription to lower air concentrations of phenol, formaldehyde and ammonia.
  • As contents of phenol and formaldehyde in bakelite reduced to 4.9% and 0.037% from 6.32% and 0.062%, respectively, air concentrations of phenol, formaldehyde and ammonia lowered to 0.61 mg/m3, 0.69 mg/m3, and 5.1 mg/m3 from 2.94 mg/m3, 1.72 mg/m3, and 12.9 mg/m3, respectively, and incidence rate of skin disease in the employees of the workplace decreased to zero from 80.2%.
  • It is recommended that a hygienic standard for allowable concentration of mixed toxic chemicals in the workplace air for bakelite manufacturing be formulated as soon as possible.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis. Chemical Industry. Formaldehyde / analysis. Phenols / analysis

  • HSDB. structure - FORMALDEHYDE.
  • HSDB. structure - AMMONIA.
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  • (PMID = 9388913.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-9624
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] CHINA
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Phenols; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde; 7664-41-7 / Ammonia
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52. |......... 14%  Wantke F, Focke M, Hemmer W, Tschabitscher M, Gann M, Tappler P, Götz M, Jarisch R: Formaldehyde and phenol exposure during an anatomy dissection course: a possible source of IgE-mediated sensitization? Allergy; 1996 Nov;51(11):837-41
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  • [Title] Formaldehyde and phenol exposure during an anatomy dissection course: a possible source of IgE-mediated sensitization?
  • The sensitizing potency of formaldehyde and phenol exposure during 4 weeks of an anatomy dissection course was assessed in 45 medical students.
  • Specific IgE against formaldehyde by RAST and by ELISA and specific IgE against phenol by ELISA were assessed before and after the course.
  • Specific IgE against formaldehyde or phenol was found in none of the subjects at the beginning of the course, and no student showed specific IgE against formaldehyde or phenol after the course.
  • According to our data, 1-month exposure to formaldehyde and phenol during an anatomy dissection course does not induce specific IgE against formaldehyde or phenol.
  • [MeSH-major] Formaldehyde / immunology. Immunization. Immunoglobulin E / analysis. Occupational Diseases / immunology. Phenols / immunology. Respiratory Hypersensitivity / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Air Pollution, Indoor / analysis. Dizziness. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Epistaxis. Eye Burns / chemically induced. Female. Headache. Humans. Lung Diseases / diagnosis. Lung Diseases / epidemiology. Male. Occupational Exposure. Phenol. Pruritus. Radioallergosorbent Test. Smoking / epidemiology. Sneezing. Students, Medical


53. |......... 14%  Faungnawakij K, Sano N, Charinpanitkul T, Tanthapanichakoon W: Modeling of experimental treatment of acetaldehyde-laden air and phenol-containing water using corona discharge technique. Environ Sci Technol; 2006 Mar 1;40(5):1622-8
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  • [Title] Modeling of experimental treatment of acetaldehyde-laden air and phenol-containing water using corona discharge technique.
  • Acetaldehyde-laden air and phenol-contaminated water were experimentally treated using corona discharge reactions and gas absorption in a single water-film column.
  • Direct contact of the radicals and ions with water was known to produce aqueous OH radical, which contributes to the decomposition of organic contaminants: phenol, absorbed acetaldehyde, and intermediate byproducts in the water.
  • The influence of initial phenol concentration ranging from 15 to 50 mg L(-1) and that of influent acetaldehyde ranging from 0 to 200 ppm were experimentally investigated and used to build the math model.
  • The maximum energetic efficiency of TOC, phenol, and acetaldehyde were obtained at 25.6 x 10(-9) mol carbon J(-1), 25.0 x 10(-9) mol phenol J(-1), and 2.0 x 10(-9) mol acetaldehyde J(-1), respectively.
  • The predictions for the decomposition of acetaldehyde, phenol, and their intermediates were found to be in good agreement with the experimental results.
  • [MeSH-major] Acetaldehyde / chemistry. Air. Phenol / chemistry. Water / chemistry

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - ACETALDEHYDE.
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  • (PMID = 16568779.001).
  • [ISSN] 0013-936X
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental science & technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 059QF0KO0R / Water; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; GO1N1ZPR3B / Acetaldehyde
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54. |......... 14%  Yamada A, Matsui A, Tsuji H: Removal of phenol from saline water by polyamine chelating resin. Water Sci Technol; 2013;68(8):1819-24
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Removal of phenol from saline water by polyamine chelating resin.
  • Removal of phenol from saline water was carried out with chelating resin.
  • A polyamine chelating resin, Diaion CR-20, removed phenol compounds selectively from industrial wastewater containing 2% salt.
  • From saline water containing 20 mg/L phenol, 70% of the phenol was removed.
  • After treatment, phenol was eluted from the resin by aqueous NaOH, and the resin could also be regenerated by heating in air.
  • Diaion CR-20 adsorbed phenol even in the presence of FeCl3, indicating that treatment with this resin of wastewater containing metal can remove phenol and metal cations in a single step.
  • [MeSH-major] Chelating Agents / chemistry. Phenols / isolation & purification. Resins, Synthetic / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / isolation & purification

  • HSDB. structure - SODIUM CHLORIDE.
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  • (PMID = 24185065.001).
  • [ISSN] 0273-1223
  • [Journal-full-title] Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Water Sci. Technol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cations; 0 / Chelating Agents; 0 / Ion Exchange Resins; 0 / Metals; 0 / Nylons; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Resins, Synthetic; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 7647-14-5 / Sodium Chloride
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55. |......... 14%  Czogała J, Wardas W: [Exposure of smokers to phenols in cigarette smoke depending on the conditions of smoking]. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig; 1993;44(2-3):253-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Exposure of smokers to phenols in cigarette smoke depending on the conditions of smoking].
  • [Transliterated title] Narazenie palaczy na fenole w dymie papierosowym w zalezności od warunków palenia.
  • It was examined the influence of differentiated conditions of cigarette smoking, i.e. time (1, 2 and 3 s) and speed (12, 17.5 and 23 cm3/s) of inhalation as well as length of breaks between inhalations (15, 20 and 30 s) on the content of volatile in steam phenols in the main stream of cigarette smoke.
  • The fraction of volatile in steam phenols was distilled and spectrophotometrically assayed after the reaction with diazo-p-nitroaniline salt.
  • The content of phenol in the smoke, depending on the smoking conditions altered from 101 to 185 micrograms/l cigarette.
  • Conditions of smoking responding to the intermediate values of time of inhalation (2 s) and breaks between inhalations (20 s) and the higher values of speed of inhalation (23 cm3/s) make for the increase of the examined phenols content.
  • Toxicological estimation of doses accepted by smokers smoking 20 cigarettes a day show that they are 9-16 times higher than the maximum acceptable 24 hour dose, determined during environmental exposure to phenols from atmospheric air.
  • Concluding smoking of cigarettes can be the main source of the exposure to phenols.
  • [MeSH-major] Environmental Exposure. Phenols / analysis. Smoking. Tobacco Smoke Pollution / analysis

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Secondhand Smoke.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Smoking.
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  • (PMID = 8016550.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-7715
  • [Journal-full-title] Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 0 / Tobacco Smoke Pollution
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56. |......... 14%  Mao L, Chen H, Liu G, Peng Z, Chen W, Kang L, Liao S: [Flow injection analysis method for hygienic examination of volatile phenol compounds in the air of residential area]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu; 2011 Nov;40(6):773-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Flow injection analysis method for hygienic examination of volatile phenol compounds in the air of residential area].
  • OBJECTIVE: To establish a flow injection analysis for hygienic examination of volatile phenol compounds in the air of residential area.
  • METHOD: Volatile phenol compounds in the air was sampled by a fritted glass bubbler with 10 ml 0.1 mol/L sodium hydroxide inside and analyzed by a flow injection analyzer.
  • CONCLUSION: This method meets the requirements for the analysis of volatile phenol compounds in the air of residential area.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Flow Injection Analysis / methods. Phenol / analysis. Volatile Organic Compounds / analysis

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
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  • (PMID = 22279677.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-8020
  • [Journal-full-title] Wei sheng yan jiu = Journal of hygiene research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Wei Sheng Yan Jiu
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Volatile Organic Compounds; 0M0B7474RA / Ampyrone; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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57. |......... 14%  Scansetti G, Pavan I, Botta GC: [Control of occupational exposure to benzene in a chemical plant]. Ann Ist Super Sanita; 1978;14(3):457-62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Control of occupational exposure to benzene in a chemical plant].
  • Later on detection of several cases of acute myelotoxic intoxications the use of benzene as a solvent has been banned in Italy since 1963 (Law n. 245).
  • The hazards arising from the operations performed in an open air chemical plant which produces alkylbenzene were monitored by the AA.
  • Long term air sampling showed values ranging from 12 to 75 ppm.
  • Urinary phenol elimination has been measured showing values above 50 mg/1 for approximately 20% of workmen.
  • The difficulties pertaining to an adequate control of benzene exposure in chemical plants are discussed.
  • Being skin contact a mode of entry of apreciable concern, the AA. stress out that priority in exposure monitoring should be given to biological tests such as urinary phenol level and benzene concentration in expired air measurements.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / adverse effects. Air Pollutants, Occupational / adverse effects. Benzene / adverse effects. Chemical Industry. Occupational Diseases / chemically induced
  • [MeSH-minor] Environmental Exposure. Humans. Phenols / urine

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Occupational Health.
  • HSDB. structure - BENZENE.
  • ExactAntigen/Labome. author profiles.
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  • (PMID = 755397.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-2571
  • [Journal-full-title] Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanità
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Ist. Super. Sanita
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] ITALY
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Phenols; J64922108F / Benzene
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58. |......... 14%  Es-haghi A, Baghernejad M, Bagheri H: In situ solid-phase microextraction and post on-fiber derivatization combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for determination of phenol in occupational air. Anal Chim Acta; 2012 Sep 12;742:17-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] In situ solid-phase microextraction and post on-fiber derivatization combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for determination of phenol in occupational air.
  • A method based on solid-phase microextraction (SPME) followed by on-fiber derivatization and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection (GC-MS) for determination of phenol in air was developed.
  • Three different types of SPME fibers, polar and non-polar poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) were synthesized using sol-gel technology and their feasibility to the sampling of phenol were investigated.
  • Different derivatization reagents for post on-fiber derivatization of phenol were studied.
  • The optimized method was applied to the sampling of phenol from some biologics production areas.
  • [MeSH-major] Air / analysis. Air Pollutants / analysis. Dimethylpolysiloxanes / chemistry. Phenol / analysis. Polyethylene Glycols / chemistry

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - POLYDIMETHYLSILOXANES.
  • HSDB. structure - POLYDIMETHYLSILOXANE.
  • ExactAntigen/Labome. author profiles.
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22884202.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4324
  • [Journal-full-title] Analytica chimica acta
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anal. Chim. Acta
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Dimethylpolysiloxanes; 0 / Polyethylene Glycols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 63148-62-9 / baysilon
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59. |......... 14%  Parvas M, Haghighi M, Allahyari S: Degradation of phenol via wet-air oxidation over CuO/CeO2-ZrO2 nanocatalyst synthesized employing ultrasound energy: physicochemical characterization and catalytic performance. Environ Technol; 2014 May-Jun;35(9-12):1140-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Degradation of phenol via wet-air oxidation over CuO/CeO2-ZrO2 nanocatalyst synthesized employing ultrasound energy: physicochemical characterization and catalytic performance.
  • Catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol was carried out under atmospheric pressure of oxygen at 160 degrees C in a stirred batch reactor over copper catalysts supported by CeO2-ZrO2.
  • Characteristic peaks attributed to copper were not found in XRD patterns even at high loadings, but based on EDX results, the existence of copper particles was confirmed.
  • Blank CWAO experiments illustrated low conversion of phenol using bare CeO2-ZrO2 support.
  • Although some agglomeration of particles was found at high loadings of copper but owning to the fact that almost all ZrO2 particles incorporated into the CeO2 lattice at high contents of Cu, catalyst activity not only did not decrease but also the phenol conversion reached to the higher values.
  • The optimal catalyst loading for phenol degradation was found to be 9 g/l.
  • Complete conversion of phenol was achieved using CuO/CeO2-ZrO2 in 9 g/l catalyst loading with initial phenol concentration of 1000 ppm after 3 h of reaction.
  • [MeSH-major] Microscopy, Electron, Scanning. Oxides / chemical synthesis. Phenol / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - COPPER, ELEMENTAL.
  • HSDB. structure - ZIRCONIUM.
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  • (PMID = 24701909.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-3330
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CuO-CeO2-ZrO2; 0 / Oxides; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 30K4522N6T / Cerium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 789U1901C5 / Copper; C6V6S92N3C / Zirconium
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60. |......... 14%  Kim KH, Ihm SK: Characteristics of titania supported copper oxide catalysts for wet air oxidation of phenol. J Hazard Mater; 2007 Jul 31;146(3):610-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Characteristics of titania supported copper oxide catalysts for wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • Temperature programmed reduction (TPR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), electron spin resonance (ESR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) experiments were performed to investigate the chemical state of the copper species.
  • The chemical state of copper in the CuO(x)/TiO(2) catalysts varied with copper loading (1-25wt.
  • % for the wet air oxidation of phenol over the CuO(x)/TiO(2) catalysts in this work.
  • [MeSH-major] Copper / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry. Titanium / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Oxidation-Reduction. Porosity. Surface Properties. Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods. Water Purification / methods

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - COPPER (I) OXIDE.
  • HSDB. structure - TITANIUM DIOXIDE.
  • HSDB. structure - TITANIUM.
  • HSDB. structure - COPPER, ELEMENTAL.
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  • (PMID = 17513049.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3894
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 15FIX9V2JP / titanium dioxide; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 789U1901C5 / Copper; D1JT611TNE / Titanium; T8BEA5064F / cuprous oxide
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61. |......... 14%  Sturaro A, Rella R, Parvoli G, Ferrara D: Long-term phenol, cresols and BTEX monitoring in urban air. Environ Monit Assess; 2010 May;164(1-4):93-100
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Long-term phenol, cresols and BTEX monitoring in urban air.
  • This paper reports the results of a long-term monitoring of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes (BTEX), phenol and cresols in the air of Padua during a wide period of the year 2007 using two radial passive samplers (Radiello system) equipped with BTEX- and phenol-specific cartridges.
  • Benzene, together with toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes showed their maximum concentrations during the winter season, but the secondary pollutant phenol was higher than benzene for a large period of the year when the meteorological conditions blocked the pollutants in the lower layers of the atmosphere and solar radiation increased the benzene photo-oxidation process.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Cresols / analysis. Environmental Monitoring / methods. Phenol / analysis. Xylenes / analysis

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - CRESOL.
  • HSDB. structure - SODIUM CRESYLATE.
  • ExactAntigen/Labome. author profiles.
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  • (PMID = 19343513.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-2959
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental monitoring and assessment
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Monit Assess
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Cresols; 0 / Xylenes; 1319-77-3 / cresol; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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62. |......... 13%  Venu Vinod A, Venkat Reddy G: Mass transfer correlation for phenol biodegradation in a fluidized bed bioreactor. J Hazard Mater; 2006 Aug 25;136(3):727-34
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mass transfer correlation for phenol biodegradation in a fluidized bed bioreactor.
  • Experiments have been carried out in a draft tube fluidized bed bioreactor to study biodegradation of synthetic wastewater containing phenol.
  • Studies have been carried out at different feed concentrations of phenol, air flow rates and feed flow rates.
  • The mass transfer coefficient for phenol transfer from bulk phase to the surface of the biofilm on the solid particle has been estimated from observed experimental data using the conservation equations.
  • It was found to increase with increase in feed concentration, air flow rate and feed flow rate.
  • [MeSH-major] Biodegradation, Environmental. Phenols / chemistry. Waste Disposal, Fluid

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  • (PMID = 16510240.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3894
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Culture Media; 0 / Phenols
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63. |......... 13%  Manita MD: [Determining the vapors of single atom phenols (phenol and ortho-, meta- and para-cresols) in the air by the ultraviolet spectrophotometric method]. Gig Sanit; 1966 Aug;31(8):60-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Determining the vapors of single atom phenols (phenol and ortho-, meta- and para-cresols) in the air by the ultraviolet spectrophotometric method].
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution. Cresols / analysis. Phenols / analysis

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Air Pollution.
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  • (PMID = 5993815.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9900
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena i sanitariia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Sanit
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cresols; 0 / Phenols
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64. |......... 13%  Yang S, Zhu W, Wang J, Chen Z: Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol over CeO2-TiO2 catalyst in the batch reactor and the packed-bed reactor. J Hazard Mater; 2008 May 30;153(3):1248-53
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol over CeO2-TiO2 catalyst in the batch reactor and the packed-bed reactor.
  • CeO2-TiO2 catalysts are prepared by coprecipitation method, and the activity and stability in the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol are investigated in a batch reactor and packed-bed reactor.
  • CeO2-TiO2 mixed oxides show the higher activity than pure CeO2 and TiO2, and CeO2-TiO2 1/1 catalyst displays the highest activity in the CWAO of phenol.
  • In a batch reactor, COD and TOC removals are about 100% and 77% after 120 min in the CWAO of phenol over CeO2-TiO2 1/1 catalyst at reaction temperature of 150 degrees C, the total pressure of 3 MPa, phenol concentration of 1000 mg/L, and catalyst dosage of 4 g/L.
  • In a packed-bed reactor using CeO2-TiO2 1/1 particle catalyst, over 91% COD and 80% TOC removals are obtained at the reaction temperature of 140 degrees C, the air total pressure of 3.5 MPa, the phenol concentration of 1000 mg/L for 100 h continue reaction.
  • CeO2-TiO2 1/1 catalyst exhibits the excellent activity and stability in the CWAO of phenol.
  • [MeSH-major] Cerium / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry. Titanium / chemistry. Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry. Water Purification / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Oxidation-Reduction

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - DICERIUM TRIOXIDE.
  • HSDB. structure - TITANIUM DIOXIDE.
  • HSDB. structure - TITANIUM.
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  • (PMID = 17980483.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3894
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 15FIX9V2JP / titanium dioxide; 30K4522N6T / Cerium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 619G5K328Y / ceric oxide; D1JT611TNE / Titanium
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65. |......... 13%  Roane J, Daugulis O: Copper-catalyzed etherification of arene C-H bonds. Org Lett; 2013 Nov 15;15(22):5842-5
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  • A method for direct, auxiliary-assisted alkoxylation and phenoxylation of β-sp(2) C-H bonds of benzoic acid derivatives and γ-sp(2) C-H bonds of amine derivatives is reported.
  • The reaction employs (CuOH)2CO3 catalyst, air as an oxidant, phenol or alcohol coupling partner, DMF, pyridine, or DMPU solvent, and K2CO3, tetramethylguanidine, or K3PO4 base at 70-130 °C.
  • [MeSH-major] Alcohols / chemistry. Benzoic Acid / chemistry. Copper / chemistry. Methylguanidine / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry

  • HSDB. structure - BENZOIC ACID.
  • HSDB. structure - COPPER, ELEMENTAL.
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  • (PMID = 24180517.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-7052
  • [Journal-full-title] Organic letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Org. Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / R01 GM077635; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / R01GM077635
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Alcohols; 0 / Phenols; 5L0H5Q9VAG / Methylguanidine; 65-85-0 / Benzoic Acid; 789U1901C5 / Copper
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS537547 [Available on 11/15/14]; NLM/ PMC3880618 [Available on 11/15/14]
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66. |......... 13%  Zawierta J, Machoy Z: [Protein fractions in workers exposed to organic solvents]. Med Pr; 1992;43(3):183-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / toxicity. Chemical Industry. Cresols / toxicity. Hippurates / toxicity. Phenols / toxicity. Serum Globulins / analysis. Solvents / toxicity
  • [MeSH-minor] Blood Protein Electrophoresis. Chromatography, Gas. Colorimetry. Humans. Maximum Allowable Concentration. Phenol. Poland

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - P-AMINOHIPPURIC ACID.
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  • (PMID = 1406238.001).
  • [ISSN] 0465-5893
  • [Journal-full-title] Medycyna pracy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Pr
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Cresols; 0 / Hippurates; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Serum Globulins; 0 / Solvents; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; TE0865N2ET / hippuric acid
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67. |......... 13%  Yang S, Wang X, Yang H, Sun Y, Liu Y: Influence of the different oxidation treatment on the performance of multi-walled carbon nanotubes in the catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol. J Hazard Mater; 2012 Sep 30;233-234:18-24
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  • [Title] Influence of the different oxidation treatment on the performance of multi-walled carbon nanotubes in the catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) functionalized by different oxidants (HNO(3)/H(2)SO(4), H(2)O(2), O(3) and air) have been used as catalysts for the wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • All the functionalized MWCNTs exhibit good activity in the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol.
  • [MeSH-major] Nanotubes, Carbon / chemistry. Oxidants / chemistry. Ozone / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Hydrogen Peroxide / chemistry. Microscopy, Electron, Scanning. Microscopy, Electron, Transmission. Nitric Acid / chemistry. Oxidation-Reduction. Sulfuric Acids / chemistry. Surface Properties. Water Purification / methods

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Ozone.
  • HSDB. structure - OZONE.
  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - SULFURIC ACID.
  • HSDB. structure - NITRIC ACID.
  • HSDB. structure - HYDROGEN PEROXIDE.
  • ExactAntigen/Labome. author profiles.
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22819477.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-3336
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Nanotubes, Carbon; 0 / Oxidants; 0 / Sulfuric Acids; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 411VRN1TV4 / Nitric Acid; 66H7ZZK23N / Ozone; BBX060AN9V / Hydrogen Peroxide; O40UQP6WCF / sulfuric acid
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68. |......... 13%  Wang YH, Jin XP: [Alveolar air analysis for benzene as a biomonitoring index]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi; 1991 Sep;25(5):265-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Alveolar air analysis for benzene as a biomonitoring index].
  • To establish a well validated biological monitoring procedure for benzene exposure, the concentration of benzene in alveolar air and phenol in urine was studied in conjunction with personal monitoring data both in workers and volunteers.
  • There existed good correlation between benzene concentration in alveolar air, phenol concentration in urine by the end of workshift and the benzene concentration in workplace when the exposure level was above 5 mg/m3.
  • When the exposure level was below 5 mg/m3, the urinary phenol was no longer a valid indicator of uptake/exposure in volunteers.
  • The determination of benzene concentration in expired air collected after the workshift was a potentially useful index.
  • The relationship between benzene concentration in alveolar air collected after shift and environmental air declined when the exposure level was very high (TWA greater than 200mg/m3).
  • In general, the alveolar air analysis was valid as a biomonitoring index of benzene exposure under the exposure concentration ranged 3-120 mg/m3.
  • The lest sampling time of alveolar air appears to be 30 minutes after the cessation of exposure and before the next shift.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis. Benzene / analysis. Occupational Exposure / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Environmental Monitoring / methods. Female. Humans. Male. Phenols / urine. Pulmonary Alveoli

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  • HSDB. structure - BENZENE.
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  • (PMID = 1773666.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-9624
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] CHINA
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Phenols; J64922108F / Benzene
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69. |......... 12%  Wan JF, Feng YJ, Cai WM, Yang SX, Sun XJ: Kinetics study on catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by several metal oxide catalysts. J Environ Sci (China); 2004;16(4):556-8
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  • [Title] Kinetics study on catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by several metal oxide catalysts.
  • A first-order kinetics model was established to study the catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol at different temperature when these catalysts were used.
  • This is consistent with the result of catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol and the COD removal can be arrived at 98.2% at temperature 210 degrees C, oxygen partial pressure 3 MPa and reaction time 30 min.
  • [MeSH-major] Disinfectants / chemistry. Models, Theoretical. Phenol / chemistry. Water Purification / methods

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
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  • (PMID = 15495955.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-0742
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental sciences (China)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Environ Sci (China)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Disinfectants; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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70. |......... 12%  Chang DJ, Lin SS, Chen CL, Wang SP, Ho WL: Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol using CeO2 as the catalyst. Kinetic study and mechanism development. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng; 2002 Aug;37(7):1241-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol using CeO2 as the catalyst. Kinetic study and mechanism development.
  • Using a CeO2 catalyst prepared from CeCl3.7H2O under high thermal impact, the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol was effectively implemented.
  • With initial phenol concentrations of between (400 and 2500) mg/L, and at a temperature of 160 degrees C, the rate of phenol conversion increased with increased catalyst loading (0.2g/L-1.0g/L) and oxygen pressure (0.5 MPa-1.5 MPa).
  • Even at an initial concentration of 2500 mg/L, conversion of phenol was as high as 95% after 3 h reaction.
  • The effect of phenol concentration, catalyst loading, and oxygen pressure on the initial rate of phenol conversion was evaluated in a kinetic study.
  • The initial rate equation derived from kinetic study is: Ro=k1 x [Ph]1.3-1.4 x W0.5-0.6 x PO2(0.9-1.1), where k1 is a rate constant, and [Ph], W and PO2 refer to phenol concentration, catalyst loading and oxygen pressure, respectively.
  • A free-radical involved reaction mechanism was proposed and an initial rate expression based on this mechanism was derived: Ro = k2 x [Ph]1.5 x W0.5, where k2 is also a rate constant.
  • [MeSH-major] Cerium / chemistry. Disinfectants / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - DICERIUM TRIOXIDE.
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  • (PMID = 15328689.001).
  • [ISSN] 1093-4529
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Disinfectants; 30K4522N6T / Cerium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 619G5K328Y / ceric oxide
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71. |......... 12%  Hu XY: [Environmental and occupational exposure to benzene by investigation of expiratory benzene]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi; 1991 May;25(3):146-8
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  • In this paper, expiratory benzene due to environmental and occupational benzene exposure during the work-shift and the morning after was studied by the analysing benzene concentrations in environmental air, in breathing air and in urinary phenol concentration.
  • The results showed that the concentrations of expiratory benzene and urinary phenol correlated significantly with exposure to benzene.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis. Benzene / analysis. Occupational Exposure
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Breath Tests / methods. Environmental Monitoring. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Phenols / urine

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  • HSDB. structure - BENZENE.
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  • (PMID = 1914677.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-9624
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] CHINA
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Phenols; J64922108F / Benzene
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72. |......... 12%  Fu D, Chen J, Liang X: Wet air oxidation of nitrobenzene enhanced by phenol. Chemosphere; 2005 May;59(6):905-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Wet air oxidation of nitrobenzene enhanced by phenol.
  • Simultaneous nitrobenzene and phenol wet air oxidation was investigated in a stainless autoclave at temperature range of 180-220 degrees C and 1.0 MPa oxygen partial pressure.
  • Compared with the single oxidation of nitrobenzene under the same conditions, the presence of phenol in the reaction media greatly improved the removal efficiency of nitrobenzene.
  • Phenol was considered as a type of initiator in the nitrobenzene oxidation.
  • [MeSH-major] Nitrobenzenes / isolation & purification. Phenol / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / isolation & purification. Water Purification / methods

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - NITROBENZENE.
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  • (PMID = 15811421.001).
  • [ISSN] 0045-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Industrial Waste; 0 / Nitrobenzenes; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; E57JCN6SSY / nitrobenzene
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73. |......... 12%  Mäkinen M, Kalliokoski P, Kangas J: Assessment of total exposure to phenol-formaldehyde resin glue in plywood manufacturing. Int Arch Occup Environ Health; 1999 Aug;72(5):309-14
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  • [Title] Assessment of total exposure to phenol-formaldehyde resin glue in plywood manufacturing.
  • OBJECTIVE: Respiratory and dermal exposure to phenol-formaldehyde resin-glue components used in plywood manufacturing were assessed.
  • METHODS: Formaldehyde and phenol were monitored in the workplace air.
  • Phenol was used as a marker agent for dermal exposure due to its near-nonvolatility at the temperatures occurring during the present study and to its ready absorption through the skin, causing systemic exposure in addition to local skin rashes.
  • Sampling and analytical methods were developed to measure the dermal exposure to phenol.
  • In addition, a liquid chromatography method was developed for the analysis of phenol from dermal exposure samples.
  • RESULTS: As expected, formaldehyde was noted to be the major compound causing respiratory exposure.
  • When exposure assessment was done on the basis of air samples collected both at stationary sampling sites and in the breathing zones of the workers the agreement between the results obtained was good.
  • The dermal sampling revealed that the workers were exposed to phenol, but the risk for toxic effects was slight due to the low concentrations of urinary phenol.
  • [MeSH-major] Disinfectants / analysis. Formaldehyde / analysis. Occupational Exposure / analysis. Phenols / analysis. Polymers / analysis

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  • HSDB. structure - FORMALDEHYDE.
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  • (PMID = 10447661.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-0131
  • [Journal-full-title] International archives of occupational and environmental health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Arch Occup Environ Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] GERMANY
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Disinfectants; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Polymers; 0 / Resins, Synthetic; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde; 9003-35-4 / phenol-formaldehyde resin
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74. |......... 12%  Obied HK, Bedgood DR Jr, Prenzler PD, Robards K: Effect of processing conditions, prestorage treatment, and storage conditions on the phenol content and antioxidant activity of olive mill waste. J Agric Food Chem; 2008 Jun 11;56(11):3925-32
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  • [Title] Effect of processing conditions, prestorage treatment, and storage conditions on the phenol content and antioxidant activity of olive mill waste.
  • The impact of two- and three-phase processing systems and malaxation conditions on phenol content (both total and individual phenols) and antioxidant capacity of laboratory-generated olive mill waste (OMW) was assessed.
  • Two-phase olive processing generated a waste with higher phenol content and antioxidant capacity.
  • Using the two-phase system, both malaxation time and temperature affected the phenol content and antioxidant capacity.
  • The effects of different prestorage drying treatments on phenol content and antioxidant capacity were also compared.
  • Air drying and drying at 60 degrees C resulted in a substantial decrease in the phenol content and antioxidant capacity.
  • The phenol content and antioxidant capacity of OMW stored at 4 degrees C and of OMW preserved by 40% w/w ethanol and 1% w/w acetic acid and stored at 4 degrees C were monitored for 30 days and compared with those of OMW stored at room temperature.
  • [MeSH-major] Antioxidants / analysis. Food Handling / methods. Food Preservation / methods. Industrial Waste / analysis. Olea / chemistry. Phenols / analysis

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  • HSDB. structure - OLIVE OIL.
  • HSDB. structure - VEGETABLE OIL.
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  • (PMID = 18457398.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-8561
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Agric. Food Chem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antioxidants; 0 / Industrial Waste; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Plant Oils; 8001-25-0 / olive oil
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75. |......... 12%  Markowski W, Dzido TH, Soczewiński E: Computer simulation for optimization of high-performance liquid chromatography of some phenolic pollutants. J Chromatogr; 1990 Dec 7;523:81-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Computer simulation was used to optimize high-performance liquid chromatography of phenol and its chloro and nitro derivatives.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods. Computer Simulation. Phenols / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Air Pollutants / analysis. Chlorophenols / analysis. Nitrophenols / analysis. Water Pollutants / analysis

  • HSDB. structure - NITROPHENOLS.
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  • (PMID = 2090667.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of chromatography
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Chromatogr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] NETHERLANDS
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Chlorophenols; 0 / Nitrophenols; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Water Pollutants
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76. |......... 12%  Metz SA, Fujimoto WY, Robertson RP: A role for prostaglandins as mediators of alpha-adrenergic inhibition of the acute insulin response to glucose. Adv Prostaglandin Thromboxane Res; 1980;8:1291-4
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  • [Title] A role for prostaglandins as mediators of alpha-adrenergic inhibition of the acute insulin response to glucose.
  • [MeSH-major] Blood Glucose / metabolism. Epinephrine / pharmacology. Indomethacin / pharmacology. Insulin / secretion. Prostaglandins E / biosynthesis. Salicylates / pharmacology

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  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Diabetes Medicines.
  • HSDB. structure - EPINEPHRINE.
  • HSDB. structure - INDOMETHACIN.
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  • (PMID = 6246779.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-5952
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in prostaglandin and thromboxane research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Prostaglandin Thromboxane Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Blood Glucose; 0 / Insulin; 0 / Prostaglandins E; 0 / Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha; 0 / Salicylates; XXE1CET956 / Indomethacin; YKH834O4BH / Epinephrine
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77. |......... 12%  Wang JB, Zhu WP, Wang W, Yang SX: [Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol with Ru/ZrO2-CeO2 catalyst]. Huan Jing Ke Xue; 2007 Jul;28(7):1460-5
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  • [Title] [Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol with Ru/ZrO2-CeO2 catalyst].
  • Wet air oxidation of phenol with Ru/ZrO2-CeO2 was systematically investigated and results showed that Ru/ZrO2-CeO2 could significantly increase the removal of COD and phenol.
  • At the reaction temperature of 170 degrees C and pressure of 3MPa, about 99% COD and 100% phenol was removed respectively after 120 min.
  • By analyzing intermediates, a simplified scheme of phenol oxidation was brought out.
  • [MeSH-major] Cerium / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry. Ruthenium / chemistry. Zirconium / chemistry

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - DICERIUM TRIOXIDE.
  • HSDB. structure - ZIRCONIUM.
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  • (PMID = 17891952.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-3301
  • [Journal-full-title] Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Huan Jing Ke Xue
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 30K4522N6T / Cerium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 619G5K328Y / ceric oxide; 7UI0TKC3U5 / Ruthenium; C6V6S92N3C / Zirconium; S38N85C5G0 / zirconium oxide
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78. |......... 12%  Li GM, Zhao JF, Wang H, Zhao XH, Zhou YY: [Kinetics of catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol in trickle bed reactor]. Huan Jing Ke Xue; 2004 May;25(3):53-6
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  • [Title] [Kinetics of catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol in trickle bed reactor].
  • By using a trickle bed reactor which was designed by the authors, the catalytic wet air oxidation reaction of phenol on CuO/gamma-Al2O3 catalyst was studied.
  • The results showed that in mild operation conditions (at temperature of 180 degrees C, pressure of 3 MPa, liquid feed rate of 1.668 L x h(-1) and oxygen feed rate of 160 L x h(-1)), the removal of phenol can be over 90%.
  • The curve of phenol conversion is similar to "S" like autocatalytic reaction, and is accordance with chain reaction of free radical.
  • The kinetic model of pseudo homogenous reactor fits the catalytic wet air oxidation reaction of phenol.
  • The effects of initial concentration of phenol, liquid feed rate and temperature for reaction also were investigated.
  • [MeSH-major] Phenol / chemistry. Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods. Water Purification / methods

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
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  • (PMID = 15327253.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-3301
  • [Journal-full-title] Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Huan Jing Ke Xue
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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79. |......... 12%  Khalepo AI, Ulanova IP, D'iachkov PN, Ibatullina RB: [Use of quantitative chemical characteristics of phenol ethers in the prognostication of toxicity and MPEL in the air of work areas]. Gig Tr Prof Zabol; 1990;(3):10-5
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  • [Title] [Use of quantitative chemical characteristics of phenol ethers in the prognostication of toxicity and MPEL in the air of work areas].
  • The contributors use the molecular orbital technique to present, with due account of the metabolism specificity, a quantitative description of the phenol ether inhalation toxicity and their reactivity calculated against the energy of the ether and OH- complex formation.
  • Linear dependencies were identified between the acute and chronic action threshold, MAC and the quantum chemical values of the energy of formation.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / toxicity. Phenols / toxicity

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  • (PMID = 2351280.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9919
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevaniia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Tr Prof Zabol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Ethers; 0 / Phenols
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80. |......... 12%  Prieto MB, Hidalgo A, Rodríguez-Fernández C, Serra JL, Llama MJ: Biodegradation of phenol in synthetic and industrial wastewater by Rhodococcus erythropolis UPV-1 immobilized in an air-stirred reactor with clarifier. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol; 2002 May;58(6):853-9
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  • [Title] Biodegradation of phenol in synthetic and industrial wastewater by Rhodococcus erythropolis UPV-1 immobilized in an air-stirred reactor with clarifier.
  • Phenol biodegradation by suspended and immobilized cells of Rhodococcus erythropolis UPV-1 was studied in discontinuous and continuous mode under optimum culture conditions.
  • Phenol-acclimated cells were adsorbed on diatomaceous earth, where they grew actively forming a biofilm of short filaments.
  • Immobilization protected cells against phenol and resulted in a remarkable enhancement of their respiratory activity and a shorter lag phase preceding active phenol degradation.
  • Under optimum operation conditions in a laboratory-scale air-stirred reactor, the immobilized cells were able to completely degrade phenol in synthetic wastewater at a volumetric productivity of 11.5 kg phenol m(-3) day(-1).
  • Phenol biodegradation was also tested in two different industrial wastewaters (WW1 and WW2) obtained from local resin manufacturing companies, which contained both phenols and formaldehyde.
  • In this case, after wastewater conditioning (i.e., dilution, pH, nitrogen and phosphorous sources and micronutrient amendments) the immobilized cells were able to completely remove the formaldehyde present in both waters.
  • Moreover, they biodegraded phenols completely at a rate of 0.5 kg phenol m(-3) day(-1) in the case of WW1 and partially (but at concentrations lower than 50 mg l(-1)) at 0.1 and 1.0 kg phenol m(-3) day(-1) in the cases of WW2 and WW1, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Phenol / metabolism. Rhodococcus / metabolism. Water Pollutants, Chemical / metabolism

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - OXYGEN.
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  • (PMID = 12021809.001).
  • [ISSN] 0175-7598
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied microbiology and biotechnology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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81. |......... 12%  Vincent R, Poirot P, Subra I, Rieger B, Cicolella A: Occupational exposure to organic solvents during paint stripping and painting operations in the aeronautical industry. Int Arch Occup Environ Health; 1994;65(6):377-80
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  • The exposure of workers to methylene chloride and phenol in an aeronautical workshop was measured during stripping of paint from a Boeing B 747.
  • Methylene chloride exposure was measured during two work days by personal air sampling, while area sampling was used for phenol.
  • During paint stripping operations, methylene chloride air concentrations ranged from 299.2 mg/m3 (83.1 ppm) to 1888.9 mg/m3 (524.7 ppm).
  • The external exposure to solvents and EGEEA was measured by means of individual air sampling.
  • For these solvents, air concentrations ranged from 0.1 ppm to 69.1 ppm.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / adverse effects. Aircraft. Occupational Diseases / chemically induced. Occupational Exposure / adverse effects. Paint / adverse effects. Solvents / adverse effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Ethylene Glycols / adverse effects. Ethylene Glycols / analysis. Humans. Maximum Allowable Concentration. Methylene Chloride / adverse effects. Methylene Chloride / analysis. Phenol. Phenols / adverse effects. Phenols / analysis. Respiratory Protective Devices. Risk Factors. Teratogens

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  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOETHYL ETHER ACETATE.
  • HSDB. structure - DICHLOROMETHANE.
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  • (PMID = 8034362.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-0131
  • [Journal-full-title] International archives of occupational and environmental health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Arch Occup Environ Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] GERMANY
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Ethylene Glycols; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Solvents; 0 / Teratogens; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 588X2YUY0A / Methylene Chloride; DG1O0Z7390 / ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate
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82. |......... 11%  Xu A, Sun C: Catalytic behaviour and copper leaching of Cu0.10Zn0.90Al1.90Fe0.10O4 spinel for catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol. Environ Technol; 2012 Jun;33(10-12):1339-44
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  • [Title] Catalytic behaviour and copper leaching of Cu0.10Zn0.90Al1.90Fe0.10O4 spinel for catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • A Cu0.10Zn0.90Al1.90Fe0.10O4 spinel catalyst prepared by the sol-gel method was tested for catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol.
  • The catalyst showed high activity for phenol degradation.
  • During successive test at 170 degrees C, 100% phenol conversion and 95% chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal were observed.
  • From the analysis of temperature programmed reduction (TPR), diffuse reflectance UV-Vis spectra (DR UV-Vis) and activity assay at basic solution pH, it can be suggested that the highly dispersed copper ions on the catalyst surface were almost completely dissolved into the reaction solution, whereas the tetra-coordinated copper ions were not only stable against leaching but also active towards phenol degradation.
  • [MeSH-major] Aluminum Oxide / chemistry. Copper / chemistry. Environmental Pollutants / isolation & purification. Magnesium Oxide / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Catalysis. Oxidation-Reduction. Water Pollution, Chemical / prevention & control

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - MAGNESIUM OXIDE.
  • HSDB. structure - ALUMINUM OXIDE.
  • HSDB. structure - COPPER, ELEMENTAL.
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  • (PMID = 22856307.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-3330
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Environmental Pollutants; 0 / spinell; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 3A3U0GI71G / Magnesium Oxide; 789U1901C5 / Copper; LMI26O6933 / Aluminum Oxide
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83. |......... 11%  Zaĭtseva NV, Dolgikh OV, Dianova DG: [Peculiarities of immune disorders in workers of activated carbon production]. Med Tr Prom Ekol; 2011;(2):21-3
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  • One of priority approaches in occupational medicine and health risk evaluation is study of immune system features in individuals exposed to occupational chemical hazards.
  • Marked disorders of cellular regulation in machinery operators of activated carbon and coagulants production are seen with observed normal content of phenol in the air of workplace.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / toxicity. Charcoal. Chemical Industry. Multiple Chemical Sensitivity / immunology. Occupational Diseases / immunology. Phenols / toxicity

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Occupational Health.
  • HSDB. structure - CHARCOAL.
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  • (PMID = 21506374.001).
  • [ISSN] 1026-9428
  • [Journal-full-title] Meditsina truda i promyshlennaia ekologiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Tr Prom Ekol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Biological Markers; 0 / Phenols; 16291-96-6 / Charcoal
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84. |......... 11%  Weber L: Gas chromatographic determination of urinary phenol conjugates after acid hydrolysis/extractive acetylation. J Chromatogr; 1992 Feb 14;574(2):349-51
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  • [Title] Gas chromatographic determination of urinary phenol conjugates after acid hydrolysis/extractive acetylation.
  • After extractive acetylation, the derivatives of all cresols and xylenols were completely separated on a Se-54 capillary column.
  • The overall recoveries of urinary phenols relative to the internal standard, 3-chlorophenol, were in the range 92-99%.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / urine. Phenols / urine

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  • (PMID = 1618971.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of chromatography
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Chromatogr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] NETHERLANDS
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Phenols
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85. |......... 11%  Su B, Deng M, Wang Q: Bioinspired construction of a spirocyclohexadienone moiety via sodium nitrite catalyzed aerobic intramolecular oxidative phenol coupling. Org Lett; 2013 Apr 5;15(7):1606-9
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  • [Title] Bioinspired construction of a spirocyclohexadienone moiety via sodium nitrite catalyzed aerobic intramolecular oxidative phenol coupling.
  • An efficient and green intramolecular oxidative phenol coupling for the direct construction of spirocyclohexadienones has been developed, which uses environment-friendly sodium nitrite as the catalyst and oxygen in the air as the terminal oxidant.
  • Hydroxy-containing substituted phenanthrenes and dibenzoazepines could be easily obtained from the dienone-phenol rearrangement.
  • [MeSH-major] Aporphines / chemical synthesis. Cyclohexenes / chemical synthesis. Phenols / chemistry. Sodium Nitrite / chemistry. Spiro Compounds / chemical synthesis

  • HSDB. structure - SODIUM NITRITE.
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  • (PMID = 23477655.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-7052
  • [Journal-full-title] Organic letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Org. Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aporphines; 0 / Cyclohexenes; 0 / Oxidants; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Spiro Compounds; 0 / cyclohexadienone; M0KG633D4F / Sodium Nitrite
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86. |......... 11%  Iwado A, Mifune M, Kato J, Oda J, Chikuma M, Motohashi N, Saito Y: Catalytic activity of anion-exchange resins modified with metal-porphine in oxidative reactions of phenols. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo); 2000 Nov;48(11):1831-2
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  • [Title] Catalytic activity of anion-exchange resins modified with metal-porphine in oxidative reactions of phenols.
  • Anion-exchange resins modified with metal-porphine (M-Pr) have been investigated to develop a solid catalyst in the oxidative reaction of phenols by O2 in air.
  • Co-Pr, which is easily prepared and separable from the reaction mixture, has been proved to accelerate the oxidative reaction of phenols such as 3,5-di-tertbutyl-4-hydroxyanisole.
  • [MeSH-major] Anion Exchange Resins. Metalloporphyrins / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Butylated Hydroxyanisole / analogs & derivatives. Butylated Hydroxyanisole / chemistry. Catalysis. Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. Oxidation-Reduction

  • HSDB. structure - BUTYLATED HYDROXYANISOLE.
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  • (PMID = 11086930.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-2363
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chem. Pharm. Bull.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] JAPAN
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anion Exchange Resins; 0 / Metalloporphyrins; 0 / Phenols; 25013-16-5 / Butylated Hydroxyanisole; 593E9T2MWH / 2,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole; 96-76-4 / 2,4-di-tert-butylphenol
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87. |......... 11%  Liu F, Wang JD: [Using genetic algorithm for quantitative analysis of overlapped spectra in FTIR]. Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi; 2001 Oct;21(5):607-10
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  • The multicomponent in the mixture, which contains ten air toxic organic components, such as benzene, phenixin, chlorobenzene, nitrobenzene, phenol, toluene, methanol, o-cresol, m-cresol and p-cresol, is simultaneously determined.
  • Mean relative error of each results is really small, generally not bigger than 1%, when the conditions are properly controlled.
  • [MeSH-major] Algorithms. Benzene / analysis. Phenol / analysis. Toluene / analysis

  • HSDB. structure - TOLUENE.
  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - BENZENE.
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  • (PMID = 12945308.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-0593
  • [Journal-full-title] Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cresols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 3FPU23BG52 / Toluene; J64922108F / Benzene
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88. |......... 11%  Bieniek G, Cisowska G, Lusiak T, Siwek A: [Evaluation of exposure to benzene and naphthalene in coke plant workers]. Med Pr; 1993;44(6):579-86
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  • Sixty two workers of a coke-chemical plant exposed to benzene, naphthalene, toluene, o-xylene, p-xylene, phenol and pyridine were examined.
  • In urine samples collected before and after occupational exposure significant differences in concentration values of phenol (21.1-97.6 mg/l), 1--naphthol (0.1-9.38 mg/l), hippuric acid (95.5-873.9 mg/l) and m-methylhippuric acid (29.0-93.5 mg/l) were found.
  • There was correlation between benzene and naphthalene in the breathing zone air and phenol and 1-naphthol in the urine of coke plant workers.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis. Benzene / analysis. Chemical Industry. Naphthalenes / analysis. Occupational Exposure
  • [MeSH-minor] Coke. Environmental Monitoring. Humans. Naphthols / urine. Phenol. Phenols / urine

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Occupational Health.
  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - BENZENE.
  • HSDB. structure - 1-NAPHTHOL.
  • HSDB. structure - NAPHTHALENE.
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  • (PMID = 8107574.001).
  • [ISSN] 0465-5893
  • [Journal-full-title] Medycyna pracy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Pr
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Coke; 0 / Naphthalenes; 0 / Naphthols; 0 / Phenols; 2166IN72UN / naphthalene; 2A71EAQ389 / 1-naphthol; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; J64922108F / Benzene
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89. |......... 11%  Paradowski M, Andrzejewski S, Zawisza B, Wybrzak-Wróbel T, Lis E: [Excretion of phenol and p-cresol in urine as an element of evaluation of professional exposure to benzene and phenol in employees of refining and petrochemical works in Płock (author's transl)]. Przegl Lek; 1981;38(9):663-6
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  • [Title] [Excretion of phenol and p-cresol in urine as an element of evaluation of professional exposure to benzene and phenol in employees of refining and petrochemical works in Płock (author's transl)].
  • [Transliterated title] Wydalanie fenolu i p-krezolu z moczem jako element oceny narazenia zawodowego na benzen i fenol u pracowników mazowieckich zakładów rafineryjnych i petrochemicznych w Płocku.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / toxicity. Air Pollutants, Occupational / toxicity. Benzene / toxicity. Cresols / urine. Phenols / urine
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Chemical Industry. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Phenol. Poland

  • HSDB. structure - p-CRESOL.
  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - SODIUM P-METHYLPHENOLATE.
  • HSDB. structure - BENZENE.
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  • (PMID = 7330273.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-2240
  • [Journal-full-title] Przegla̧d lekarski
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prz. Lek.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Cresols; 0 / Phenols; 1MXY2UM8NV / 4-cresol; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; J64922108F / Benzene
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90. |......... 10%  Enami S, Hoffmann MR, Colussi AJ: How phenol and alpha-tocopherol react with ambient ozone at gas/liquid interfaces. J Phys Chem A; 2009 Jun 25;113(25):7002-10
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  • [Title] How phenol and alpha-tocopherol react with ambient ozone at gas/liquid interfaces.
  • Phenols, however, can scavenge other reactive species.
  • (1) depend on pH, (2) are several orders of magnitude faster than within microdroplets saturated with O(3)(g).
  • The atmospheric degradation of the substituted phenols detected in combustion emissions is therefore expected to produce related oxidants on the aerosol particles present in the air we breathe.
  • [MeSH-major] Gases / chemistry. Ozone / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry. alpha-Tocopherol / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Carbon Dioxide / chemistry. Heterocyclic Compounds / chemistry. Hydrogen-Ion Concentration. Methanol / chemistry. Peroxides / chemistry. Surface Properties

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Ozone.
  • HSDB. structure - OZONE.
  • HSDB. structure - CARBON DIOXIDE.
  • HSDB. structure - SODIUM METHOXIDE.
  • HSDB. structure - VITAMIN E.
  • HSDB. structure - METHANOL.
  • COS Scholar Universe. author profiles.
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  • (PMID = 19469507.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-5215
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of physical chemistry. A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Phys Chem A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 1,2,4-trioxane; 0 / Gases; 0 / Heterocyclic Compounds; 0 / Peroxides; 0 / Phenols; 142M471B3J / Carbon Dioxide; 66H7ZZK23N / Ozone; H4N855PNZ1 / alpha-Tocopherol; Y4S76JWI15 / Methanol
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91. |......... 10%  Buchet JP: Determination of phenol and its glucurono- and sulfoconjugates in urine by gas chromatography. IARC Sci Publ; 1988;(85):281-6
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  • [Title] Determination of phenol and its glucurono- and sulfoconjugates in urine by gas chromatography.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromatography, Gas. Glucuronates / urine. Phenols / urine. Sulfuric Acid Esters / urine. Sulfuric Acids / urine
  • [MeSH-minor] Air Pollutants. Benzene. Environmental Exposure. Environmental Monitoring / methods. Phenol

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - BENZENE.
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  • (PMID = 3182050.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-5038
  • [Journal-full-title] IARC scientific publications
  • [ISO-abbreviation] IARC Sci. Publ.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] FRANCE
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Glucuronates; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Sulfuric Acid Esters; 0 / Sulfuric Acids; 16063-67-5 / phenylglucuronide; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 937-34-8 / phenylsulfate; J64922108F / Benzene
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92. |......... 10%  Chyba A, Szulińska G, Wójcik J, Czyz E: [Effect of phenol administered with air and water on white rats during long-term exposure]. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig; 1974;25(6):627-34
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  • [Title] [Effect of phenol administered with air and water on white rats during long-term exposure].
  • [MeSH-major] Phenols / poisoning
  • [MeSH-minor] Air Pollution. Animals. Cholinesterases. Environmental Exposure. Male. Methods. Rats. Time Factors. Transaminases / blood. Water Pollution, Chemical

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  • (PMID = 4438923.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-7715
  • [Journal-full-title] Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; EC 2.6.1.- / Transaminases; EC 3.1.1.8 / Cholinesterases
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93. |......... 10%  Sukhanov VV, Zemliakova LF, Putilina ON, Balioz NV: [Hygienic aspects of using the phenol-formaldehyde plastering material in mines]. Gig Tr Prof Zabol; 1990;(11):59-60
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  • [Title] [Hygienic aspects of using the phenol-formaldehyde plastering material in mines].
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / toxicity. Coal Mining / standards. Construction Materials / standards. Formaldehyde / toxicity. Phenols / toxicity. Polymers / toxicity
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Maximum Allowable Concentration. Phenol. Ukraine

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - FORMALDEHYDE.
  • ExactAntigen/Labome. author profiles.
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  • (PMID = 2086366.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9919
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevaniia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Tr Prof Zabol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Polymers; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 9003-35-4 / phenol-formaldehyde resin
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94. |......... 10%  Tsendrovskaia VA, Shevchenko AM: [Experience in determining phenol in air]. Gig Sanit; 1982 Feb;(2):75-6
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  • [Title] [Experience in determining phenol in air].
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Phenols / analysis

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  • (PMID = 7075989.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9900
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena i sanitariia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Sanit
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Phenols
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95. |......... 10%  Castro IU, Stüber F, Fabregat A, Font J, Fortuny A, Bengoa C: Supported Cu(II) polymer catalysts for aqueous phenol oxidation. J Hazard Mater; 2009 Apr 30;163(2-3):809-15
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  • [Title] Supported Cu(II) polymer catalysts for aqueous phenol oxidation.
  • Supported Cu(II) polymer catalysts were used for the catalytic oxidation of phenol at 30 degrees C and atmospheric pressure using air and H(2)O(2) as oxidants.
  • Results also indicated that Cu-PVP(25) had a catalytic activity (56% of phenol conversion when initial Cu(II) catalytic content was 200 mg L(Reaction)(-1)) comparable to that of commercial catalysts (59% of phenol conversion).
  • [MeSH-major] Oxidants / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Copper. Hydrogen Peroxide. Oxidation-Reduction. Polymers. Solutions

  • HSDB. structure - PHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - COPPER, ELEMENTAL.
  • HSDB. structure - HYDROGEN PEROXIDE.
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  • (PMID = 18722052.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-3336
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oxidants; 0 / Polymers; 0 / Solutions; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 789U1901C5 / Copper; BBX060AN9V / Hydrogen Peroxide
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96. |......... 10%  BRAVERMAN MM, HOCHHEISER S, JACOBS MB: Colorimetric ultramicro determination of phenol in air. Am Ind Hyg Assoc Q; 1957 Jun;18(2):132-4
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  • [Title] Colorimetric ultramicro determination of phenol in air.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution / analysis. Phenols / analysis

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Air Pollution.
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  • (PMID = 13435218.001).
  • [ISSN] 0096-820X
  • [Journal-full-title] American Industrial Hygiene Association quarterly
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Ind Hyg Assoc Q
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Not Available
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols
  • [Other-IDs] CLML/ 5732:33469
  • [Keywords] NLM ; AIR POLLUTION/determination (major topic) / PHENOLS/determination (major topic)
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97. |......... 9%  Nieminen E, Heikkilä P: Simultaneous determination of phenol, cresols and xylenols in workplace air, using a polystyrene-divinylbenzene column and electrochemical detection. J Chromatogr; 1986 Jun 6;360(1):271-8
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  • [Title] Simultaneous determination of phenol, cresols and xylenols in workplace air, using a polystyrene-divinylbenzene column and electrochemical detection.
  • [MeSH-major] Air / analysis. Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis. Cresols / analysis. Phenols / analysis. Xylenes / analysis

  • HSDB. structure - 3,5-DIMETHYLPHENOL.
  • HSDB. structure - DIMETHYL PHENOL.
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  • (PMID = 3733946.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of chromatography
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Chromatogr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] NETHERLANDS
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Cresols; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Xylenes; ONA760G0WA / 3,5-xylenol
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98. |......... 9%  Voropaev VN: [Interfering effects during the determination of phenol in the air using ultraviolet spectroscopy]. Gig Sanit; 1990 Feb;(2):76-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Interfering effects during the determination of phenol in the air using ultraviolet spectroscopy].
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Phenols / analysis

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  • (PMID = 2361625.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9900
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena i sanitariia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Sanit
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Phenols
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99. |......... 9%  Novitskiĭ VF: [Gas-chromatographic analysis of phenol in the air in the form of its bromide derivative]. Gig Tr Prof Zabol; 1986 May;(5):55-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Gas-chromatographic analysis of phenol in the air in the form of its bromide derivative].
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Phenols / analysis

  • HSDB. structure - 2,4,6-TRIBROMOPHENOL.
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  • (PMID = 3721261.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9919
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevaniia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Tr Prof Zabol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Phenols; YS6K3EU393 / 2,4,6-tribromophenol
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100. |......... 9%  Buchwald H: The colorimetric determination of phenol in air and urine with a stabilized diazonium salt. Ann Occup Hyg; 1966 Jan;9(1):7-14
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The colorimetric determination of phenol in air and urine with a stabilized diazonium salt.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution. Aniline Compounds. Phenols

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Air Pollution.
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  • (PMID = 5900993.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-4878
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of occupational hygiene
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Occup Hyg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] In Vitro; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] ENGLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aniline Compounds; 0 / Phenols
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