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1. Braymen DT, Songer JR: Phenol concentrations in the air from disinfection solutions. Appl Microbiol; 1971 Dec;22(6):1166-7
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  • [Title] Phenol concentrations in the air from disinfection solutions.
  • Phenol concentrations in the air near phenol disinfectant solutions were measured.
  • The concentration of phenol was not excessive, except for hot solutions with which exposure would normally be for a very short time.
  • Adverse physiological reactions may occur at air levels below the threshold limit values which may be especially hazardous to those persons exposed to organisms causing respiratory diseases.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution / analysis. Disinfectants / analysis. Phenols / analysis. Sterilization

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Air Pollution.
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  • (PMID = 5137587.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-6919
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Disinfectants; 0 / Indicators and Reagents; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Pyrazoles; T3CHA1B51H / Antipyrine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC376506
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2. Hanada Y, Imaizumi I, Kido K, Tanizaki T, Koga M, Shiraishi H, Soma M: Application of a pentafluorobenzyl bromide derivatization method in gas chromatography/mass spectrometry of trace levels of halogenated phenols in air, water and sediment samples. Anal Sci; 2002 Jun;18(6):655-9
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  • [Title] Application of a pentafluorobenzyl bromide derivatization method in gas chromatography/mass spectrometry of trace levels of halogenated phenols in air, water and sediment samples.
  • An analytical method using pentafluorobenzyl bromide (PFBB) derivatization and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been applied to identify and quantify chloro-, bromo- and dichlorophenols in air, water and sediment samples.
  • Phenols in air sample were collected with a PS-2 Sep-PAK cartridge, and eluted with 2-propanol.
  • The phenols in the solution reacted with PFBB to form the corresponding pentafluorobenzyl esters.
  • After extracting the derivatives into hexane, the determination was carried out by GC/MS with selected-ion monitoring.
  • The detection limits of phenols in air, water and sediment were 0.0033 - 0.0073 microg/m3, 0.0066 - 0.0147 microg/L and 0.33 - 0.73 microg/kg, respectively.
  • More than 90% recoveries of the halogenated phenols were obtained from real environmental samples spiked by the halogenated phenols.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Fluorobenzenes / analysis. Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry / methods. Geologic Sediments / analysis. Hydrocarbons, Halogenated / analysis. Phenols / analysis. Water Pollutants / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Air / analysis. Chlorophenols / analysis. Fresh Water / analysis. Hydrogen-Ion Concentration. Seawater / analysis

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  • (PMID = 12083550.001).
  • [ISSN] 0910-6340
  • [Journal-full-title] Analytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anal Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Chlorophenols; 0 / Fluorobenzenes; 0 / Hydrocarbons, Halogenated; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Water Pollutants; 1765-40-8 / pentafluorobenzyl bromide; FG32L88KO9 / 3,5-dichlorophenol
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3. Knoell HE, Kraft R, Knappe J: Dioxygen and temperature dependence of ubiquinone formation in Escherichia coli: studies of cells charged with 2-octaprenyl phenol. Eur J Biochem; 1978 Sep 15;90(1):107-12
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  • [Title] Dioxygen and temperature dependence of ubiquinone formation in Escherichia coli: studies of cells charged with 2-octaprenyl phenol.
  • Under argon this processing stops at the stage of 2-octaprenyl phenol.
  • Only upon admission of air is the pool of 2-octaprenyl phenol converted to ubiquinone-8.
  • The rate for 2-octaprenyl phenol conversion is strongly dependent on temperature.

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  • (PMID = 361395.001).
  • [ISSN] 0014-2956
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of biochemistry / FEBS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Biochem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] GERMANY, WEST
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hydroxybenzoates; 1339-63-5 / Ubiquinone; 9035-51-2 / Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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4. Czerny M, Brueckner R, Kirchhoff E, Schmitt R, Buettner A: The influence of molecular structure on odor qualities and odor detection thresholds of volatile alkylated phenols. Chem Senses; 2011 Jul;36(6):539-53
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  • [Title] The influence of molecular structure on odor qualities and odor detection thresholds of volatile alkylated phenols.
  • The relationship between chemical structure and odor characteristics of aroma compounds is interesting in terms of establishing a fundamental understanding and, in the long term, a perspective for the prediction of odor qualities and intensities of unknown compounds; on the other hand, such studies provide a useful tool to analytically elucidate compounds that are exceptionally potent odor contributors to a specific smell.
  • In this respect, a broad knowledge of compounds with regard to their odor threshold and smell specificities compiled in a comprehensive odor library would drastically simplify the chemoanalytical process in identifying aromas and smells.
  • Whereas numerous odor-active substance classes have been investigated intensively, such relationships and fundamental data have hitherto not been established for volatile phenols.
  • In this study, a homologous series and isomers of 30 volatile phenols, including monoalkylated phenols and di- and trimethylphenols, were evaluated by determining their aroma attributes and their odor detection thresholds in air.
  • The investigation demonstrates that the odor qualities, among them leather-like, horse stable-like, and medicinal, as well as the respective threshold values clearly depend on the arrangement of the alkyl substituents at the phenol ring.
  • In particular, phenols with monoalkyl groups in the meta-position were found with very low odor detection thresholds of <1 ng/L air.
  • A comparison of some selected phenols and their corresponding toluenes, which were found to be almost odorless, showed in addition that the phenolic hydroxyl group is obviously an important factor for the odor characteristic of this substance class.
  • [MeSH-major] Odors. Phenols / chemistry. Sensory Thresholds / physiology. Volatile Organic Compounds / chemistry

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  • [Copyright] © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21441367.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-3553
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemical senses
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chem. Senses
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 0 / Volatile Organic Compounds
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5. Frazer L: The trickle-down theory of cleaner air. Environ Health Perspect; 2000 Apr;108(4):A178-80
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  • [Title] The trickle-down theory of cleaner air.
  • The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments prompted an increased urgency to find new ways to treat airstreams containing volatile organic compounds, which affect the nitrogen photolytic cycle and help produce ground-level ozone, hazardous air pollutants, and odorous air emissions such as hydrogen sulfide.
  • Preliminary research on pollutants such as phenol, methylene chloride, benzene, and toluene indicates that Envirogen's biotrickling filter may remove an average of about 94% of total hazardous air pollutants.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution / prevention & control. Bacteria / metabolism. Safety Management / methods

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  • (PMID = 10753107.001).
  • [ISSN] 0091-6765
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental health perspectives
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ. Health Perspect.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Organic Chemicals
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1638013
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6. Rubio MA, Lissi E, Herrera N, Pérez V, Fuentes N: Phenol and nitrophenols in the air and dew waters of Santiago de Chile. Chemosphere; 2012 Mar;86(10):1035-9
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  • [Title] Phenol and nitrophenols in the air and dew waters of Santiago de Chile.
  • Phenol, nitrophenols and dinitrophenols were measured in air and dews in downtown Santiago de Chile.
  • In both systems, phenol, 2-nitrophenol (2-NP), and 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) were the compounds found in higher concentrations and with major frequency.
  • Temporal profiles in air were compatible with a significant direct incorporation from mobile sources.
  • The data can be explained in terms of a faster removal of 2-NP than 4-NP, with the former predominating in fresh air masses and 4-NP in more aged samples.
  • All these compounds, as well as dinitrophenols, were found in dew waters.
  • Simultaneous measurements in air and dew indicate that phenol present in dew exceeds that expected in equilibrated samples, while the opposite occurs with 4-NP.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Phenol / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Air Pollution / statistics & numerical data. Atmosphere / chemistry. Chile. Cities. Environmental Monitoring. Nitrophenols / analysis. Rain / chemistry

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22178376.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1298
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Nitrophenols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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7. Taraszkiewicz F, Moniuszko-Jakoniuk J, Jabłoński J, Suchecki T, Lipska H, Jureko W: [Evaluation of phenol and formaldehyde concentrations in air of certain newly built houses on the terrain of Białystok]. Pol Tyg Lek; 1991 Dec 26-30;46(50-52):1000-2
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  • [Title] [Evaluation of phenol and formaldehyde concentrations in air of certain newly built houses on the terrain of Białystok].
  • Phenol and formaldehyde concentrations have been assayed in the air of 125 apartments in newly constructed houses in Białystok.
  • Phenol concentration in the air of the control apartments has not exceeded acceptable values whereas it has been over acceptable values in 80% of the apartments, in which above mentioned preservatives have been used.
  • Formaldehyde concentration in the air of control apartments and 101 apartments of tested group has been within the range of acceptable values.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution, Indoor / analysis. Construction Materials. Formaldehyde / analysis. Housing. Phenols / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Phenol. Poland

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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
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  • (PMID = 1669179.001).
  • [ISSN] 0032-3756
  • [Journal-full-title] Polski tygodnik lekarski (Warsaw, Poland : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol Tyg Lek
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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8. Fortuny A, Bengoa C, Font J, Fabregat A: Bimetallic catalysts for continuous catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol. J Hazard Mater; 1999 Jan 29;64(2):181-93
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  • [Title] Bimetallic catalysts for continuous catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • Catalytic wet oxidation has proved to be effective at eliminating hazardous organic compounds, such as phenol, from waste waters.
  • This study explores the ability of bimetallic supported catalysts to oxidize aqueous phenol solutions using air as oxidant.
  • The pH of the feed solution was also varied.
  • The highest residual phenol conversion was obtained for the ZnO-CuO, which was significantly higher than that obtained with the 10% CuO catalyst used as reference.
  • Generally, the performance of the catalysts was better when the pH of the feed solution was increased.
  • [MeSH-major] Hazardous Substances / analysis. Metals / chemistry. Oxides / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aluminum Oxide. Catalysis. Cobalt / chemistry. Copper / chemistry. Ferric Compounds / chemistry. Hot Temperature. Humans. Hydrogen-Ion Concentration. Manganese Compounds / chemistry. Oxidants / chemistry. Oxidation-Reduction. Oxygen / chemistry. Partial Pressure. Solubility. Time Factors. Zinc Oxide / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 10337397.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3894
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] NETHERLANDS
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ferric Compounds; 0 / Hazardous Substances; 0 / Manganese Compounds; 0 / Metals; 0 / Oxidants; 0 / Oxides; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 1317-35-7 / manganese oxide; 1K09F3G675 / ferric oxide; 3G0H8C9362 / Cobalt; 789U1901C5 / Copper; LMI26O6933 / Aluminum Oxide; S88TT14065 / Oxygen; SOI2LOH54Z / Zinc Oxide; USK772NS56 / cobalt oxide; V1XJQ704R4 / cupric oxide
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9. [Indoor air guide values for phenol]. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz; 2011 Nov;54(11):1262-7
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  • [Title] [Indoor air guide values for phenol].
  • [Transliterated title] Richtwerte für Phenol in der Innenraumluft. Mitteilung der Ad-hoc-Arbeits-gruppe Innenraumrichtwerte der Innenraumlufthygiene-Kommission des Umweltbundesamtes und der Obersten Landesgesundheitsbehörden.
  • The German Working Group on Indoor Guidelines of the Federal Environment Agency and the States´ Health Authorities is issuing indoor air guide values to protect public health.
  • For health evaluation of phenol in indoor air a qualified working-place study emphasizing the POD hemo- and hepatotoxicity as well as results of a limited inhalation-study which underline neurological effects on rats were used.
  • The Working Group assessed a lowest observed adverse effect level of 21 mg Phenol/m3 in the working-place study and 100 mg Phenol/m3 in the animal-based study.
  • Both toxicological derivatives come to the same result but the working-place study was preferred.
  • By applying a factor of 10 for interindividual variability, a factor of 4.2 for the different exposing-time of workers and usual population and a modifying factor of 2 regarding children a health hazard guide value (RW II) of 0.2 mg phenol/m3 is obtained.
  • A health precaution guide value of 0.02 mg phenol/m3 is recommended.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution, Indoor / analysis. Disinfectants. Phenol

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  • (PMID = 22015800.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-1588
  • [Journal-full-title] Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Disinfectants; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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10. Fu D, Chen J, Liang X: Wet air oxidation of nitrobenzene enhanced by phenol. Chemosphere; 2005 May;59(6):905-8
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  • [Title] Wet air oxidation of nitrobenzene enhanced by phenol.
  • Simultaneous nitrobenzene and phenol wet air oxidation was investigated in a stainless autoclave at temperature range of 180-220 degrees C and 1.0 MPa oxygen partial pressure.
  • Compared with the single oxidation of nitrobenzene under the same conditions, the presence of phenol in the reaction media greatly improved the removal efficiency of nitrobenzene.
  • Phenol was considered as a type of initiator in the nitrobenzene oxidation.
  • [MeSH-major] Nitrobenzenes / isolation & purification. Phenol / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / isolation & purification. Water Purification / methods

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  • (PMID = 15811421.001).
  • [ISSN] 0045-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Industrial Waste; 0 / Nitrobenzenes; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; E57JCN6SSY / nitrobenzene
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11. Askari MS, Rodríguez-Solano LA, Proppe A, McAllister B, Lumb JP, Ottenwaelder X: Catalytic aerobic oxidation of phenols to ortho-quinones with air-stable copper precatalysts. Dalton Trans; 2015 Jul 21;44(27):12094-7
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  • [Title] Catalytic aerobic oxidation of phenols to ortho-quinones with air-stable copper precatalysts.
  • A range of air-stable copper species was examined for catalytic activity in the catalytic aerobic transformation of phenols into ortho-quinones.

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  • (PMID = 25802218.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-9234
  • [Journal-full-title] Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dalton Trans
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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12. Kim KH, Ihm SK: Characteristics of titania supported copper oxide catalysts for wet air oxidation of phenol. J Hazard Mater; 2007 Jul 31;146(3):610-6
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  • [Title] Characteristics of titania supported copper oxide catalysts for wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • Temperature programmed reduction (TPR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), electron spin resonance (ESR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) experiments were performed to investigate the chemical state of the copper species.
  • The chemical state of copper in the CuO(x)/TiO(2) catalysts varied with copper loading (1-25wt.
  • % for the wet air oxidation of phenol over the CuO(x)/TiO(2) catalysts in this work.
  • [MeSH-major] Copper / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry. Titanium / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Oxidation-Reduction. Porosity. Surface Properties. Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods. Water Purification / methods

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  • (PMID = 17513049.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3894
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 15FIX9V2JP / titanium dioxide; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 789U1901C5 / Copper; D1JT611TNE / Titanium; T8BEA5064F / cuprous oxide
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13. Zhang ZQ, Zhang H, Deng Q: Preconcentration with membrane cell and adsorptive polarographic determination of phenols in air. Talanta; 2000 Dec 4;53(3):517-23
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  • [Title] Preconcentration with membrane cell and adsorptive polarographic determination of phenols in air.
  • The present paper describes a procedure that phenols in air were preconcentrated in a membrane cell and their content was determined by adsorptive polarography.
  • First, the phenols in air samples were preconcentrated in a membrane cell using 2.0 M NaOH solution, then in a pH 1.3 buffer solution p-bromophenylamine forms a diazoate with NaNO(2), and into the mixture the collected phenols were added to form azo-compound in a pH 13 buffer solution.
  • The azo-compound can be adsorbed at the mercury electrode and yields a sensitive oscillopolarographic wave.
  • Over the range 2.0x10(-8)-2.0x10(-5) M, the peak currents are linearly proportional to the concentration of phenols.

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  • (PMID = 18968138.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-3573
  • [Journal-full-title] Talanta
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Talanta
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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14. Li GM, Zhao JF, Wang H, Zhao XH, Zhou YY: [Kinetics of catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol in trickle bed reactor]. Huan Jing Ke Xue; 2004 May;25(3):53-6
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  • [Title] [Kinetics of catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol in trickle bed reactor].
  • By using a trickle bed reactor which was designed by the authors, the catalytic wet air oxidation reaction of phenol on CuO/gamma-Al2O3 catalyst was studied.
  • The results showed that in mild operation conditions (at temperature of 180 degrees C, pressure of 3 MPa, liquid feed rate of 1.668 L x h(-1) and oxygen feed rate of 160 L x h(-1)), the removal of phenol can be over 90%.
  • The curve of phenol conversion is similar to "S" like autocatalytic reaction, and is accordance with chain reaction of free radical.
  • The kinetic model of pseudo homogenous reactor fits the catalytic wet air oxidation reaction of phenol.
  • The effects of initial concentration of phenol, liquid feed rate and temperature for reaction also were investigated.
  • [MeSH-major] Phenol / chemistry. Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods. Water Purification / methods

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  • (PMID = 15327253.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-3301
  • [Journal-full-title] Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Huan Jing Ke Xue
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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15. Koen E, Ivanov G: [Polarographic method of determining phenol in the air]. Probl Khig; 1976;2:71-80
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  • [Title] [Polarographic method of determining phenol in the air].
  • A specific, highly sensitive and exact polarographic method of phenol determination in the air is developed.
  • The conditions of sample taking are outlined, and the effect of polarographic solution pH on the height of step and semi-wave potential is verified.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants. Air Pollutants, Occupational. Phenols / analysis. Polarography / methods

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  • (PMID = 26050.001).
  • [ISSN] 0323-9179
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemi na khigienata
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Khig
  • [Language] bul
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] BULGARIA
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Nitrophenols; 0 / Phenols
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16. Lin SS, Chang DJ, Wang CH, Chen CC: Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by CeO2 catalyst--effect of reaction conditions. Water Res; 2003 Feb;37(4):793-800
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  • [Title] Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by CeO2 catalyst--effect of reaction conditions.
  • The effect of catalyst loading, oxygen pressure, reaction temperature and phenol concentration on phenol conversion and total organic carbon (TOC) conversion, using CeO(2) as the catalyst, was investigated.
  • There appeared a maximum rate of phenol conversion and TOC conversion as the catalyst loading increased.
  • With phenol concentrations in the range of 400-2500 mg/L and oxygen pressure of 0.5 or 1.0 MPa, the optimal catalyst loading was 1.0 g/L, while it was 2.0 g/L at an oxygen pressure of 1.5 MPa.
  • With a phenol concentration of 5000 mg/L, the optimal loading was 2.0 g/L for all oxygen pressures tested.
  • Catalyst loading influences the reaction via the free-radical chain reaction involved in the catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • Regarding oxygen pressures, at a phenol concentration of 400mg/L, the influence of the tested pressures (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 MPa) on the 3h conversion of phenol was negligible, while the effect was significant for higher concentrations of phenol.
  • The effect of oxygen pressure on TOC conversion was more profound, especially at a higher phenol concentration.
  • At a pressure of 0.5 MPa, except for concentration of 400mg/L, the CO(2) selectivity barely exceed 80% at best, and was less than 25% with a phenol concentration of 5000 mg/L.
  • As was expected, increase of reaction temperature shortened the time taken to reach 50% phenol conversion.
  • [MeSH-major] Air. Cesium / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CARBON .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CESIUM, ELEMENTAL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. OXYGEN .
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  • (PMID = 12531261.001).
  • [ISSN] 0043-1354
  • [Journal-full-title] Water research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Water Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 1KSV9V4Y4I / Cesium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 7440-44-0 / Carbon; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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17. Cammidge AN, Goddard VH, Schubert CP, Gopee H, Hughes DL, Gonzalez-Lucas D: Unexpected phenol production from arylboronic acids under palladium-free conditions; organocatalyzed air oxidation. Org Lett; 2011 Nov 18;13(22):6034-7
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  • [Title] Unexpected phenol production from arylboronic acids under palladium-free conditions; organocatalyzed air oxidation.
  • An intriguing class of quinones that efficiently catalyze the air oxidation (overall hydroxylation) of arylboronic acids to the corresponding phenol is reported.
  • Autocatalysis in the parent system is particularly efficient and leads to rapid, quantitative synthesis of quinones such as 4 from boronic acid 1 at room temperature using air as stoichiometric oxidant.

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  • (PMID = 22029277.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-7052
  • [Journal-full-title] Organic letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Org. Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Robles C, Greff S, Pasqualini V, Garzino S, Bousquet-Mélou A, Fernandez C, Korboulewsky N, Bonin G: Phenols and flavonoids in Aleppo pine needles as bioindicators of air pollution. J Environ Qual; 2003 Nov-Dec;32(6):2265-71
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  • [Title] Phenols and flavonoids in Aleppo pine needles as bioindicators of air pollution.
  • The aim of the present study is to assess whether certain ecophysiological responses (contents of total phenols, total proanthocyanidins, and total and simple flavonols), in the needles of Aleppo pines (Pinus halepensis Mill.) may be valid bioindicators for the assessment of the air quality.
  • The results show a decrease in total phenol concentrations with levels of nitrogen oxide pollutions (significant negative correlations between the total phenol concentrations and concentrations of NO, NO2, and other NOx).
  • This work confirms the strong interest of using the phenolic compounds of Pinus halepensis as biological indicators of air quality.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / metabolism. Flavonoids / metabolism. Phenols / metabolism. Pinus / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 14674550.001).
  • [ISSN] 0047-2425
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental quality
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Environ. Qual.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Flavonoids; 0 / Phenols
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19. Wang JB, Zhu WP, Wang W, Yang SX: [Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol with Ru/ZrO2-CeO2 catalyst]. Huan Jing Ke Xue; 2007 Jul;28(7):1460-5
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  • [Title] [Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol with Ru/ZrO2-CeO2 catalyst].
  • Wet air oxidation of phenol with Ru/ZrO2-CeO2 was systematically investigated and results showed that Ru/ZrO2-CeO2 could significantly increase the removal of COD and phenol.
  • At the reaction temperature of 170 degrees C and pressure of 3MPa, about 99% COD and 100% phenol was removed respectively after 120 min.
  • By analyzing intermediates, a simplified scheme of phenol oxidation was brought out.
  • [MeSH-major] Cerium / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry. Ruthenium / chemistry. Zirconium / chemistry

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. DICERIUM TRIOXIDE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. ZIRCONIUM, ELEMENTAL .
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  • (PMID = 17891952.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-3301
  • [Journal-full-title] Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Huan Jing Ke Xue
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 30K4522N6T / Cerium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 619G5K328Y / ceric oxide; 7UI0TKC3U5 / Ruthenium; C6V6S92N3C / Zirconium; S38N85C5G0 / zirconium oxide
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20. Mao L, Chen H, Liu G, Peng Z, Chen W, Kang L, Liao S: [Flow injection analysis method for hygienic examination of volatile phenol compounds in the air of residential area]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu; 2011 Nov;40(6):773-5
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  • [Title] [Flow injection analysis method for hygienic examination of volatile phenol compounds in the air of residential area].
  • OBJECTIVE: To establish a flow injection analysis for hygienic examination of volatile phenol compounds in the air of residential area.
  • METHOD: Volatile phenol compounds in the air was sampled by a fritted glass bubbler with 10 ml 0.1 mol/L sodium hydroxide inside and analyzed by a flow injection analyzer.
  • CONCLUSION: This method meets the requirements for the analysis of volatile phenol compounds in the air of residential area.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Flow Injection Analysis / methods. Phenol / analysis. Volatile Organic Compounds / analysis

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
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  • (PMID = 22279677.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-8020
  • [Journal-full-title] Wei sheng yan jiu = Journal of hygiene research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Wei Sheng Yan Jiu
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Volatile Organic Compounds; 0M0B7474RA / Ampyrone; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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21. Yang S, Cui Y, Sun Y, Yang H: Graphene oxide as an effective catalyst for wet air oxidation of phenol. J Hazard Mater; 2014 Sep 15;280:55-62
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  • [Title] Graphene oxide as an effective catalyst for wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • The graphene oxide (GO) and chemically reduced graphene oxides, used as catalysts in absence of any metals, were investigated in the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol in a batch reactor.
  • The carbon materials exhibited good phenol and total organic compounds (TOC) removals in the CWAO of phenol.
  • The GO had the highest catalytic activity, total phenol removal was achieved after 40 min, and ca.
  • [MeSH-major] Graphite / chemistry. Oxides / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry. Water Purification / methods

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. GRAPHITE .
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 25127389.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-3336
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oxides; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 7782-42-5 / Graphite
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Carbon materials / Catalytic wet air oxidation / Graphene oxide / Phenol
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22. Sturaro A, Rella R, Parvoli G, Ferrara D: Long-term phenol, cresols and BTEX monitoring in urban air. Environ Monit Assess; 2010 May;164(1-4):93-100
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  • [Title] Long-term phenol, cresols and BTEX monitoring in urban air.
  • This paper reports the results of a long-term monitoring of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes (BTEX), phenol and cresols in the air of Padua during a wide period of the year 2007 using two radial passive samplers (Radiello system) equipped with BTEX- and phenol-specific cartridges.
  • Benzene, together with toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes showed their maximum concentrations during the winter season, but the secondary pollutant phenol was higher than benzene for a large period of the year when the meteorological conditions blocked the pollutants in the lower layers of the atmosphere and solar radiation increased the benzene photo-oxidation process.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Cresols / analysis. Environmental Monitoring / methods. Phenol / analysis. Xylenes / analysis

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CRESOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM CRESYLATE .
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  • (PMID = 19343513.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-2959
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental monitoring and assessment
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Monit Assess
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Cresols; 0 / Xylenes; 1319-77-3 / cresol; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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23. Lin SS, Chen CL, Chang DJ, Chen CC: Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by various CeO2 catalysts. Water Res; 2002 Jul;36(12):3009-14
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  • [Title] Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by various CeO2 catalysts.
  • Investigations of various CeO2 catalysts using XRD, 02-TPD, H2-TPR and catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol showed that CeO2 calcined under higher thermal impact (designated as type A) displayed excellent catalytic ability for the redox reaction of organics.
  • Results of the investigations mentioned above showed that type A CeO2 has a less stable structure, more structure oxygen exchangeable and more oxidizing ability for the consumption of H2 and conversion of phenol.
  • At phenol concentrations between 400 and 2,500 mg/L, oxygen pressure in the range of 0.5-1.0 MPa, and temperatures above 160 degrees C phenol conversion stood at > or = 90% after 4 h.
  • [MeSH-major] Cesium / chemistry. Oxygen Compounds / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Oxidation-Reduction. Oxygen / chemistry. Sensitivity and Specificity. Temperature. Time Factors

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CESIUM, ELEMENTAL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. OXYGEN .
  • The Lens. Cited by Patents in .
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  • (PMID = 12171398.001).
  • [ISSN] 0043-1354
  • [Journal-full-title] Water research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Water Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oxygen Compounds; 1KSV9V4Y4I / Cesium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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24. Xu A, Sun C: Catalytic behaviour and copper leaching of Cu0.10Zn0.90Al1.90Fe0.10O4 spinel for catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol. Environ Technol; 2012 Jun;33(10-12):1339-44
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  • [Title] Catalytic behaviour and copper leaching of Cu0.10Zn0.90Al1.90Fe0.10O4 spinel for catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • A Cu0.10Zn0.90Al1.90Fe0.10O4 spinel catalyst prepared by the sol-gel method was tested for catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol.
  • The catalyst showed high activity for phenol degradation.
  • During successive test at 170 degrees C, 100% phenol conversion and 95% chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal were observed.
  • From the analysis of temperature programmed reduction (TPR), diffuse reflectance UV-Vis spectra (DR UV-Vis) and activity assay at basic solution pH, it can be suggested that the highly dispersed copper ions on the catalyst surface were almost completely dissolved into the reaction solution, whereas the tetra-coordinated copper ions were not only stable against leaching but also active towards phenol degradation.
  • [MeSH-major] Aluminum Oxide / chemistry. Copper / chemistry. Environmental Pollutants / isolation & purification. Magnesium Oxide / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Catalysis. Oxidation-Reduction. Water Pollution, Chemical / prevention & control

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. MAGNESIUM OXIDE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. Aluminum oxide .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. COPPER, ELEMENTAL .
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  • (PMID = 22856307.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-3330
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Environmental Pollutants; 0 / spinell; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 3A3U0GI71G / Magnesium Oxide; 789U1901C5 / Copper; LMI26O6933 / Aluminum Oxide
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25. Peikert M, Chen X, Chi L, Brezesinski G, Janich S, Würthwein EU, Schäfer HJ: Phase behavior and molecular packing of octadecyl phenols and their methyl ethers at the air/water interface. Langmuir; 2014 May 27;30(20):5780-9
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  • [Title] Phase behavior and molecular packing of octadecyl phenols and their methyl ethers at the air/water interface.
  • To study these forces, we chose monolayers at the air/water interface to limit the possible arrangements of the interacting molecules.
  • The phase behavior and molecular packing of the phenols 1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-octadecane (5a), 1-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-octadecane (6), and 1-(2,3,4-trihydroxyphenyl)-octadecane (3) and their methyl ethers in monolayers at the air/water interface have been examined by π/A isotherms, Brewster angle microscopy (BAM), grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD) measurements, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations.
  • The phenols are synthesized by Friedel-Crafts acylation of methoxybenzenes, hydrogenation of the resulting aryl ketones, and cleavage of the aryl methyl ethers.
  • In the π/A isotherms and in BAM, the phenols show patches of the solid condensed phase at large molecular areas and the monolayers collapse at high pressures.
  • The enhanced monolayer stability of phenol 5a can be explained by hydrogen bonds of the hydroxyl group with water and van der Waals forces between the alkyl chains and aryl-aryl interactions.


26. Wan JF, Feng YJ, Cai WM, Yang SX, Sun XJ: Kinetics study on catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by several metal oxide catalysts. J Environ Sci (China); 2004;16(4):556-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Kinetics study on catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol by several metal oxide catalysts.
  • A first-order kinetics model was established to study the catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol at different temperature when these catalysts were used.
  • This is consistent with the result of catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol and the COD removal can be arrived at 98.2% at temperature 210 degrees C, oxygen partial pressure 3 MPa and reaction time 30 min.
  • [MeSH-major] Disinfectants / chemistry. Models, Theoretical. Phenol / chemistry. Water Purification / methods

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
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  • (PMID = 15495955.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-0742
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental sciences (China)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Environ Sci (China)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Disinfectants; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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27. Chang DJ, Lin SS, Chen CL, Wang SP, Ho WL: Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol using CeO2 as the catalyst. Kinetic study and mechanism development. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng; 2002 Aug;37(7):1241-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol using CeO2 as the catalyst. Kinetic study and mechanism development.
  • Using a CeO2 catalyst prepared from CeCl3.7H2O under high thermal impact, the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol was effectively implemented.
  • With initial phenol concentrations of between (400 and 2500) mg/L, and at a temperature of 160 degrees C, the rate of phenol conversion increased with increased catalyst loading (0.2g/L-1.0g/L) and oxygen pressure (0.5 MPa-1.5 MPa).
  • Even at an initial concentration of 2500 mg/L, conversion of phenol was as high as 95% after 3 h reaction.
  • The effect of phenol concentration, catalyst loading, and oxygen pressure on the initial rate of phenol conversion was evaluated in a kinetic study.
  • The initial rate equation derived from kinetic study is: Ro=k1 x [Ph]1.3-1.4 x W0.5-0.6 x PO2(0.9-1.1), where k1 is a rate constant, and [Ph], W and PO2 refer to phenol concentration, catalyst loading and oxygen pressure, respectively.
  • A free-radical involved reaction mechanism was proposed and an initial rate expression based on this mechanism was derived: Ro = k2 x [Ph]1.5 x W0.5, where k2 is also a rate constant.
  • [MeSH-major] Cerium / chemistry. Disinfectants / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. DICERIUM TRIOXIDE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
  • NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .
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  • (PMID = 15328689.001).
  • [ISSN] 1093-4529
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Disinfectants; 30K4522N6T / Cerium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 619G5K328Y / ceric oxide
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28. Moskovkin AS, Sotnikov EE, Gaziev GA: [Chromatographic mass-spectrometric determination of the air content of styrene, phenol, and naphthalene]. Gig Sanit; 2008 May-Jun;(3):81-4
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  • [Title] [Chromatographic mass-spectrometric determination of the air content of styrene, phenol, and naphthalene].
  • A selective chromatographic mass-spectrometric procedure was developed to determine of air styrene, phenol, and naphthalene in the concentration range of 0.001-0.05 mg/m3, Analysis used preconcentration of the compounds on a solid sorbent, followed by thermal desorption into the capillary column of a chromatograph.
  • Qualitative and quantitative measurements of concentrations were carried out by the characteristics chosen for each compound.
  • The maximum relative measurement error in 1-2-liter air sampling was +/- 23% at a 0.95 significant confidence.
  • [MeSH-major] Air / analysis. Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry / methods. Naphthalenes / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry. Styrene / chemistry. Workplace

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. STYRENE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. NAPHTHALENE .
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  • (PMID = 18590156.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9900
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena i sanitariia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Sanit
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Naphthalenes; 0 / Phenols; 2166IN72UN / naphthalene; 44LJ2U959V / Styrene
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29. Yang L, Hu E, Mu Y, Ji Y: [Determination of trace phenol compounds using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry coupled with Tenax adsorption tube for enrichment of air samples]. Se Pu; 2007 Jan;25(1):48-52
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  • [Title] [Determination of trace phenol compounds using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry coupled with Tenax adsorption tube for enrichment of air samples].
  • A novel determination method for trace of seven phenol compounds in air samples has been established.
  • The quantitative ions, m/z 94 for phenol, m/z 108 for cresol, m/z 122 for xylenol and m/z 136 for internal standard, were selected.
  • The average recoveries of phenol compounds (spiked at the levels of 0.25, 1.00, 5.00 microg) ranged from 92.4% to 102% and the relative standard deviations were less than 4.8%.
  • When the air sample volume was 10 L, the detection limits were less than 0.001 mg/m3.
  • The method is simple, fast, sensitive and accurate for the determination of phenol compounds in air samples.

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  • (PMID = 17432575.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-8713
  • [Journal-full-title] Se pu = Chinese journal of chromatography / Zhongguo hua xue hui
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Se Pu
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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30. Yang S, Wang X, Yang H, Sun Y, Liu Y: Influence of the different oxidation treatment on the performance of multi-walled carbon nanotubes in the catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol. J Hazard Mater; 2012 Sep 30;233-234:18-24
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Influence of the different oxidation treatment on the performance of multi-walled carbon nanotubes in the catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) functionalized by different oxidants (HNO(3)/H(2)SO(4), H(2)O(2), O(3) and air) have been used as catalysts for the wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • All the functionalized MWCNTs exhibit good activity in the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol.
  • [MeSH-major] Nanotubes, Carbon / chemistry. Oxidants / chemistry. Ozone / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Hydrogen Peroxide / chemistry. Microscopy, Electron, Scanning. Microscopy, Electron, Transmission. Nitric Acid / chemistry. Oxidation-Reduction. Sulfuric Acids / chemistry. Surface Properties. Water Purification / methods

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22819477.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-3336
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Nanotubes, Carbon; 0 / Oxidants; 0 / Sulfuric Acids; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 411VRN1TV4 / Nitric Acid; 66H7ZZK23N / Ozone; BBX060AN9V / Hydrogen Peroxide; O40UQP6WCF / sulfuric acid
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31. Ascenzi D, Franceschi P, Guella G, Tosi P: Phenol production in benzene/air plasmas at atmospheric pressure. Role of radical and ionic routes. J Phys Chem A; 2006 Jun 29;110(25):7841-7
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  • [Title] Phenol production in benzene/air plasmas at atmospheric pressure. Role of radical and ionic routes.
  • Benzene can be efficiently converted into phenol when it is treated by either corona or dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasmas operating at atmospheric pressure in air or mixtures of N(2) and O(2).
  • Phenol produced by corona discharge in an atmospheric pressure chemical ionization source (APCI) has been detected as the corresponding radical cation C(6)H(5)OH(+*) at m/z 94 by an ion trap mass spectrometer.
  • On the other hand, phenol has been observed also as neutral product by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis (GC-MS) after treatment in a DBD plasma.
  • The results of our approach show that ionic mechanisms do not play a significant role in phenol production, which can be better explained by radical reactions resulting in oxygen addition to the benzene ring followed by 1,2 H transfer.
  • [MeSH-major] Benzene / chemistry. Phenols / chemical synthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Atmospheric Pressure. Free Radicals / chemistry. Ions / chemistry. Nitrogen / chemistry. Oxygen / chemistry. Quantum Theory

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  • (PMID = 16789771.001).
  • [ISSN] 1089-5639
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of physical chemistry. A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Phys Chem A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Free Radicals; 0 / Ions; 0 / Phenols; J64922108F / Benzene; N762921K75 / Nitrogen; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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32. Yang S, Zhu W, Wang J, Chen Z: Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol over CeO2-TiO2 catalyst in the batch reactor and the packed-bed reactor. J Hazard Mater; 2008 May 30;153(3):1248-53
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol over CeO2-TiO2 catalyst in the batch reactor and the packed-bed reactor.
  • CeO2-TiO2 catalysts are prepared by coprecipitation method, and the activity and stability in the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol are investigated in a batch reactor and packed-bed reactor.
  • CeO2-TiO2 mixed oxides show the higher activity than pure CeO2 and TiO2, and CeO2-TiO2 1/1 catalyst displays the highest activity in the CWAO of phenol.
  • In a batch reactor, COD and TOC removals are about 100% and 77% after 120 min in the CWAO of phenol over CeO2-TiO2 1/1 catalyst at reaction temperature of 150 degrees C, the total pressure of 3 MPa, phenol concentration of 1000 mg/L, and catalyst dosage of 4 g/L.
  • In a packed-bed reactor using CeO2-TiO2 1/1 particle catalyst, over 91% COD and 80% TOC removals are obtained at the reaction temperature of 140 degrees C, the air total pressure of 3.5 MPa, the phenol concentration of 1000 mg/L for 100 h continue reaction.
  • CeO2-TiO2 1/1 catalyst exhibits the excellent activity and stability in the CWAO of phenol.
  • [MeSH-major] Cerium / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry. Titanium / chemistry. Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry. Water Purification / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Oxidation-Reduction

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  • (PMID = 17980483.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3894
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 15FIX9V2JP / titanium dioxide; 30K4522N6T / Cerium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 619G5K328Y / ceric oxide; D1JT611TNE / Titanium
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33. Lefèvre S, Boutin O, Ferrasse JH, Malleret L, Faucherand R, Viand A: Thermodynamic and kinetic study of phenol degradation by a non-catalytic wet air oxidation process. Chemosphere; 2011 Aug;84(9):1208-15
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Thermodynamic and kinetic study of phenol degradation by a non-catalytic wet air oxidation process.
  • This work is dedicated to an accurate evaluation of thermodynamic and kinetics aspects of phenol degradation using wet air oxidation process.
  • Phenol is a well known polluting molecule and therefore it is important having data of its behaviour during this process.
  • Concerning the thermodynamic phase equilibria, experimental and modelling results are obtained for different binary systems (water/nitrogen, water/air) and ternary system (water/nitrogen/phenol).
  • The second part is dedicated to kinetics evaluation of the degradation of phenol.
  • Different compounds have been detected using GC coupled with a MS.
  • A kinetic scheme is deduced, taking into account the evolution of phenol, hydroquinones, catechol, resorcinol and acetic acid.
  • A simplified kinetic scheme, which can be easily implemented in a process simulation, is also determined for the direct degradation of phenol into H(2)O and CO(2).
  • The Arrhenius law data obtained for the phenol disappearance are the following: k=1.8×10(6)±3.9×10(5)M(-1)s(-1) (pre-exponential factor) and E(a)=77±8 kJ mol(-1) (activation energy).
  • [MeSH-major] Air. Environmental Pollutants / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Catalysis. Kinetics. Models, Chemical. Oxidation-Reduction. Thermodynamics

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21700312.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1298
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Environmental Pollutants; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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34. Zhao S, Sun C, Wang L, Xu X, Wang X: Degradation of phenol accumulated in a micellar molybdovanadophosphate nanoreactor by air at ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure. Dalton Trans; 2010 Jun 7;39(21):5087-90
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  • [Title] Degradation of phenol accumulated in a micellar molybdovanadophosphate nanoreactor by air at ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure.
  • A novel route to facilitate the degradation of phenol is reported.
  • The micellar POM catalyst could promote phenol molecules' degradation into a simple inorganic compound such as CO2 using only air as an oxidant under room conditions.
  • The results of the recycling experiment suggests that the micellar POMs may be used as a potential catalyst for the degradation of phenol in wastewater.
  • [MeSH-major] Nanostructures / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry. Temperature. Tungsten Compounds / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Atmospheric Pressure. Micelles. Particle Size. Surface Properties

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  • (PMID = 20428586.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-9234
  • [Journal-full-title] Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dalton Trans
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Micelles; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Tungsten Compounds; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 0 / polyoxometalate I
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35. Werner D, Krotzky A, Berggold R, Thierfelder H, Preiss M: Enhancement of specific nitrogenase activity in Azospirillum brasilense and Klebsiella pneumoniae, inhibition in Rhizobium japonicum under air by phenol. Arch Microbiol; 1982 Jul;132(1):51-6
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  • [Title] Enhancement of specific nitrogenase activity in Azospirillum brasilense and Klebsiella pneumoniae, inhibition in Rhizobium japonicum under air by phenol.
  • Specific nitrogenase activity in Azospirillum brasilense ATCC 29145 in surface cultures under air is enhanced from about 50 nmol C2H4 X mg protein -1 X h-1 to 400 nmol C2H4 by the addition of 1 mM phenol.
  • 0.5 and 2 mM phenol added increase the rate 5-fold and 4-fold.
  • This enhancement effect is observed only between 2 and 3 days after inoculation, with only a small reduction of the growth of the cells by the phenol added.
  • In surface cultures under 1% O2, nitrogenase activity is slightly reduced by the addition of 1-0.01 mM phenol.
  • Utilization of succinate is enhanced during the period of maximum enhancement of nitrogenase activity by 60% by addition of 1 mM phenol.
  • The cells did not produce 14CO2 from [U-14C] phenol, neither in surface cultures nor in liquid cultures and less than 0.1% of the phenol was incorporated into the cells.
  • A smaller but significant enhancement of nitrogenase activity by about 100% in surface cultures under air was found with Klebsiella pneumoniae K 11 after addition of 1 mM phenol.
  • However, in Rhizobium japonicum 61-A-101 all phenol concentrations above 0.01 mM reduced nitrogenase activity.
  • With 1 mM phenol added activity was reduced to less than 10% with no effect on the growth in the same cultivation system.
  • With this Rhizobium japonicum strain significant quantities of phenol (25 mumol in 24 h by 2 X 10(12) cells) were metabolized to 14CO2, with phenol as sole carbon source.
  • With Azospirillum brasilense in liquid culture under 1% and 2% O2 in the gas phase, no enhancement of nitrogenase activity by phenol was noticed.
  • [MeSH-major] Bacteria / enzymology. Klebsiella pneumoniae / enzymology. Nitrogenase / analysis. Phenols / pharmacology. Rhizobium / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Phenol

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  • (PMID = 6812526.001).
  • [ISSN] 0302-8933
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] GERMANY, WEST
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; EC 1.18.6.1 / Nitrogenase
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36. Oomens AC, Schuurhuis FG: A method for the collection and determination of phenol and bisphenol A in air. Int Arch Occup Environ Health; 1983;52(1):43-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A method for the collection and determination of phenol and bisphenol A in air.
  • An analytical method has been developed for the determination of phenol and bisphenol A in air.
  • Air samples are concentrated on commercial silica by the well established tube-pump method.
  • The method has been validated for a concentration range of 0.5-50 mg m-3 (based on a 10-l air sample) for both compounds.
  • Linearity of response, adsorption/desorption efficiency, influence of humidity on sample collection and influence of temperature and time on storage of collected samples were studied.
  • [MeSH-major] Air / analysis. Air Pollutants / analysis. Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis. Phenols / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Benzhydryl Compounds. Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid

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  • (PMID = 6874091.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-0131
  • [Journal-full-title] International archives of occupational and environmental health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Arch Occup Environ Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] GERMANY, WEST
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Benzhydryl Compounds; 0 / Phenols; MLT3645I99 / bisphenol A
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37. Manita MD: [Determining the vapors of single atom phenols (phenol and ortho-, meta- and para-cresols) in the air by the ultraviolet spectrophotometric method]. Gig Sanit; 1966 Aug;31(8):60-3
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  • [Title] [Determining the vapors of single atom phenols (phenol and ortho-, meta- and para-cresols) in the air by the ultraviolet spectrophotometric method].
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution. Cresols / analysis. Phenols / analysis

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Air Pollution.
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  • (PMID = 5993815.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9900
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena i sanitariia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Sanit
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cresols; 0 / Phenols
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38. Jabłoński J, Dmieljaniuk N, Moniuszko-Jakoniuk J: [Selected problems with phenol toxicity]. Pol Tyg Lek; 1989 Nov 13-27;44(46-48):947-9
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  • [Title] [Selected problems with phenol toxicity].
  • Some data on the toxicity of phenol are surveyed.
  • These are 0.3-19 mg/m3 in the air and working places in different countries.
  • Acceptable phenol concentration in the air is 10 mg/m3 in Poland.
  • Toxic effects of phenol were reported in case of occupational exposition to 5 mg/m3 of air.
  • Data concerning urine levels of phenol in children living in the buildings of increased phenol levels in the air and health impact of this are discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / adverse effects. Phenols / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 2487765.001).
  • [ISSN] 0032-3756
  • [Journal-full-title] Polski tygodnik lekarski (Warsaw, Poland : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol Tyg Lek
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Phenols
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39. Chang L, Chen IP, Lin SS: An assessment of the suitable operating conditions for the CeO2/gamma-Al2O3 catalyzed wet air oxidation of phenol. Chemosphere; 2005 Jan;58(4):485-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An assessment of the suitable operating conditions for the CeO2/gamma-Al2O3 catalyzed wet air oxidation of phenol.
  • It has been shown that the CeO2/gamma-Al2O3 catalyst is a feasible alternative to CeO2 for the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol because it remains an effective catalyst and yet is cheaper to prepare.
  • Furthermore, at 180 degrees C, with a phenol concentration of 1000 mg l(-1), and an O2 partial pressure of 1.0M Pa or 1.5M Pa, the optimal catalyst loading was 3.0 gl (-1).
  • The efficacy of CWAO of phenol improved with O2 partial pressure, although the effects of O2 pressure were more significant between 0.5 MPa and 1.5 MPa than between 1.5 MPa and 2.0 MPa.
  • After 2 h of reaction, approximately 100% phenol conversion and 80% total organic carbon (TOC) removal was recorded at 180 degrees C, 1000 mg l(-1) of phenol and 3.0 g l(-1) of catalyst.
  • The efficacy of CWAO of phenol decreased as initial phenol concentration was raised (from 400 to 2500 mg l(-1)), with the exception of phenol conversion after about 2 h, for which 400 mg l(-1) produced the lowest phenol conversion figure.
  • Higher phenol concentrations require both catalyst loading and O2 partial pressure to be increased to maintain high performance.
  • For example, for 2000 mg l(-1) and 2500 mg l(-1) phenol, nearly 100% phenol conversion and 90% TOC removal after 4 h of reaction at 180 degrees C required 4.0 g l(-1) of catalyst and 2.0 MPa.
  • [MeSH-major] Aluminum Oxide / chemistry. Cerium / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Oxidation-Reduction. Oxygen / metabolism. Time Factors. Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods. Water Purification / methods

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  • (PMID = 15620740.001).
  • [ISSN] 0045-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 30K4522N6T / Cerium; 619G5K328Y / ceric oxide; LMI26O6933 / Aluminum Oxide; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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40. Faungnawakij K, Sano N, Charinpanitkul T, Tanthapanichakoon W: Modeling of experimental treatment of acetaldehyde-laden air and phenol-containing water using corona discharge technique. Environ Sci Technol; 2006 Mar 1;40(5):1622-8
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  • [Title] Modeling of experimental treatment of acetaldehyde-laden air and phenol-containing water using corona discharge technique.
  • Acetaldehyde-laden air and phenol-contaminated water were experimentally treated using corona discharge reactions and gas absorption in a single water-film column.
  • Direct contact of the radicals and ions with water was known to produce aqueous OH radical, which contributes to the decomposition of organic contaminants: phenol, absorbed acetaldehyde, and intermediate byproducts in the water.
  • The influence of initial phenol concentration ranging from 15 to 50 mg L(-1) and that of influent acetaldehyde ranging from 0 to 200 ppm were experimentally investigated and used to build the math model.
  • The maximum energetic efficiency of TOC, phenol, and acetaldehyde were obtained at 25.6 x 10(-9) mol carbon J(-1), 25.0 x 10(-9) mol phenol J(-1), and 2.0 x 10(-9) mol acetaldehyde J(-1), respectively.
  • The predictions for the decomposition of acetaldehyde, phenol, and their intermediates were found to be in good agreement with the experimental results.
  • [MeSH-major] Acetaldehyde / chemistry. Air. Phenol / chemistry. Water / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 16568779.001).
  • [ISSN] 0013-936X
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental science & technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 059QF0KO0R / Water; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; GO1N1ZPR3B / Acetaldehyde
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41. Es-haghi A, Baghernejad M, Bagheri H: In situ solid-phase microextraction and post on-fiber derivatization combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for determination of phenol in occupational air. Anal Chim Acta; 2012 Sep 12;742:17-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] In situ solid-phase microextraction and post on-fiber derivatization combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for determination of phenol in occupational air.
  • A method based on solid-phase microextraction (SPME) followed by on-fiber derivatization and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection (GC-MS) for determination of phenol in air was developed.
  • Three different types of SPME fibers, polar and non-polar poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) were synthesized using sol-gel technology and their feasibility to the sampling of phenol were investigated.
  • Different derivatization reagents for post on-fiber derivatization of phenol were studied.
  • The optimized method was applied to the sampling of phenol from some biologics production areas.
  • [MeSH-major] Air / analysis. Air Pollutants / analysis. Dimethylpolysiloxanes / chemistry. Phenol / analysis. Polyethylene Glycols / chemistry

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22884202.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4324
  • [Journal-full-title] Analytica chimica acta
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anal. Chim. Acta
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Dimethylpolysiloxanes; 30IQX730WE / Polyethylene Glycols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 63148-62-9 / baysilon
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42. Kidwai M, Jain A, Sharma A, Chander Kuhad R: Ecofriendly approach for detection of phenols in water using laccase from different fungi. Water Sci Technol; 2012;66(2):385-93
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  • [Title] Ecofriendly approach for detection of phenols in water using laccase from different fungi.
  • Laccase-initiated oxidative coupling reactions of phenol and its derivatives with 4-aminoantipyrene using air as an oxidant has been investigated.
  • The oxidation reaction of phenols and 4-aminoantipyrene is getting a lot of attention due to environmental concerns.
  • Oxidation of simple phenol and 4-aminoantipyrene as a benchmark reaction enabled us to rank the relative oxidation ability of various laccases.
  • The present method can also be used to determine p-substituted phenols and chlorophenols.
  • [MeSH-major] Fungi / enzymology. Laccase / metabolism. Phenols / analysis. Water / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 22699344.001).
  • [ISSN] 0273-1223
  • [Journal-full-title] Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Water Sci. Technol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 059QF0KO0R / Water; EC 1.10.3.2 / Laccase
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43. Paradowski M, Jakubowski M, Podoski A: [Toxicokinetics of benzene in humans. Excretion of phenol with urine and benzene with expired air after single and 4-day inhalation exposure]. Med Pr; 1984;35(2):85-96
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  • [Title] [Toxicokinetics of benzene in humans. Excretion of phenol with urine and benzene with expired air after single and 4-day inhalation exposure].
  • Two phases of the excretion of unchanged benzene in the expired air (t 1/2 approximately 2 h and approximately 20 h) and phenol in the urine (t 1/2 approximately 3 h and approximately 12 h) were observed.
  • Concentrations of benzene in the expired air and the rate of excretion of phenol in urine were higher after 4-days exposure than after single exposure, which results from benzene toxicokinetics.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / toxicity. Benzene / metabolism. Lung / metabolism. Phenols / urine

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  • (PMID = 6472100.001).
  • [ISSN] 0465-5893
  • [Journal-full-title] Medycyna pracy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Pr
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Phenols; J64922108F / Benzene
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44. Parvas M, Haghighi M, Allahyari S: Degradation of phenol via wet-air oxidation over CuO/CeO2-ZrO2 nanocatalyst synthesized employing ultrasound energy: physicochemical characterization and catalytic performance. Environ Technol; 2014 May-Jun;35(9-12):1140-9
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  • [Title] Degradation of phenol via wet-air oxidation over CuO/CeO2-ZrO2 nanocatalyst synthesized employing ultrasound energy: physicochemical characterization and catalytic performance.
  • Catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol was carried out under atmospheric pressure of oxygen at 160 degrees C in a stirred batch reactor over copper catalysts supported by CeO2-ZrO2.
  • Blank CWAO experiments illustrated low conversion of phenol using bare CeO2-ZrO2 support.
  • Although some agglomeration of particles was found at high loadings of copper but owning to the fact that almost all ZrO2 particles incorporated into the CeO2 lattice at high contents of Cu, catalyst activity not only did not decrease but also the phenol conversion reached to the higher values.
  • The optimal catalyst loading for phenol degradation was found to be 9 g/l.
  • Complete conversion of phenol was achieved using CuO/CeO2-ZrO2 in 9 g/l catalyst loading with initial phenol concentration of 1000 ppm after 3 h of reaction.
  • [MeSH-major] Microscopy, Electron, Scanning. Oxides / chemical synthesis. Phenol / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 24701909.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-3330
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CuO-CeO2-ZrO2; 0 / Oxides; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 30K4522N6T / Cerium; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 789U1901C5 / Copper; C6V6S92N3C / Zirconium
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45. Li W, Song F, You J: Oxidant-Controlled Catalytic Transformations of Phenols with Unexpected Cleavage of Aromatic Rings. Chemistry; 2015 Sep 28;21(40):13913-8
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  • [Title] Oxidant-Controlled Catalytic Transformations of Phenols with Unexpected Cleavage of Aromatic Rings.
  • Oxidative transformations of phenols have attracted significant attention of chemists due to their importance in biological process and organic synthesis.
  • In contrast to the relatively well-developed oxygenation and coupling reactions of phenols, the highly efficient and selective oxidative ring cleavage of phenols is under-represented.
  • This work describes a novel CuCl-catalyzed tandem homocoupling/skeletal rearrangement of phenols that realizes the cleavage of the phenol ring by using air or Ag2CO3 as the oxidant.
  • Interestingly, simply changing the oxidant to K2S2O8 results in the oxidative coupling/cyclization of phenols to give dibenzofurans.
  • These results set an important precedent of oxidant-controlled catalytic transformations of phenols.

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  • [Copyright] © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
  • (PMID = 26286529.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-3765
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemistry
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; CC cleavage / benzofuran / copper / homogeneous catalysis / phenol
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46. Pistonesi MF, Di Nezio MS, Centurión ME, Lista AG, Fragoso WD, Pontes MJ, Araújo MC, Band BS: Simultaneous determination of hydroquinone, resorcinol, phenol, m-cresol and p-cresol in untreated air samples using spectrofluorimetry and a custom multiple linear regression-successive projection algorithm. Talanta; 2010 Dec 15;83(2):320-3
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  • [Title] Simultaneous determination of hydroquinone, resorcinol, phenol, m-cresol and p-cresol in untreated air samples using spectrofluorimetry and a custom multiple linear regression-successive projection algorithm.
  • In this study, a novel, simple, and efficient spectrofluorimetric method to determine directly and simultaneously five phenolic compounds (hydroquinone, resorcinol, phenol, m-cresol and p-cresol) in air samples is presented.
  • The concentrations of the calibration matrix ranged from 0.02 to 0.2 mg L(-1) for hydroquinone, from 0.05 to 0.6 mg L(-1) for resorcinol, and from 0.05 to 0.4 mg L(-1) for phenol, m-cresol and p-cresol; incidentally, such ranges are in accordance with the Argentinean environmental legislation.
  • To verify the accuracy of the proposed method a recovery study on real air samples of smoking environment was carried out with satisfactory results (94-104%).
  • The advantage of the proposed method is that it requires only spectrofluorimetric measurements of samples and chemometric modeling for simultaneous determination of five phenols.
  • With it, air is simply sampled and no pre-treatment sample is needed (i.e., separation steps and derivatization reagents are avoided) that means a great saving of time.
  • [MeSH-major] Cresols / analysis. Hydroquinones / analysis. Phenol / analysis. Resorcinols / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Air Pollutants. Calibration. Humans. Least-Squares Analysis. Regression Analysis. Smoke / analysis. Smoking. Spectrometry, Fluorescence / methods

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21111140.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-3573
  • [Journal-full-title] Talanta
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Talanta
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Cresols; 0 / Hydroquinones; 0 / Resorcinols; 0 / Smoke; 123-31-9 / hydroquinone; 1MXY2UM8NV / 4-cresol; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; YUL4LO94HK / resorcinol
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47. Prieto MB, Hidalgo A, Rodríguez-Fernández C, Serra JL, Llama MJ: Biodegradation of phenol in synthetic and industrial wastewater by Rhodococcus erythropolis UPV-1 immobilized in an air-stirred reactor with clarifier. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol; 2002 May;58(6):853-9
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  • [Title] Biodegradation of phenol in synthetic and industrial wastewater by Rhodococcus erythropolis UPV-1 immobilized in an air-stirred reactor with clarifier.
  • Phenol biodegradation by suspended and immobilized cells of Rhodococcus erythropolis UPV-1 was studied in discontinuous and continuous mode under optimum culture conditions.
  • Phenol-acclimated cells were adsorbed on diatomaceous earth, where they grew actively forming a biofilm of short filaments.
  • Immobilization protected cells against phenol and resulted in a remarkable enhancement of their respiratory activity and a shorter lag phase preceding active phenol degradation.
  • Under optimum operation conditions in a laboratory-scale air-stirred reactor, the immobilized cells were able to completely degrade phenol in synthetic wastewater at a volumetric productivity of 11.5 kg phenol m(-3) day(-1).
  • Phenol biodegradation was also tested in two different industrial wastewaters (WW1 and WW2) obtained from local resin manufacturing companies, which contained both phenols and formaldehyde.
  • In this case, after wastewater conditioning (i.e., dilution, pH, nitrogen and phosphorous sources and micronutrient amendments) the immobilized cells were able to completely remove the formaldehyde present in both waters.
  • Moreover, they biodegraded phenols completely at a rate of 0.5 kg phenol m(-3) day(-1) in the case of WW1 and partially (but at concentrations lower than 50 mg l(-1)) at 0.1 and 1.0 kg phenol m(-3) day(-1) in the cases of WW2 and WW1, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Phenol / metabolism. Rhodococcus / metabolism. Water Pollutants, Chemical / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 12021809.001).
  • [ISSN] 0175-7598
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied microbiology and biotechnology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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48. Tonami H, Uyama H, Kobayashi S, Fujita T, Taguchi Y, Osada K: Chemoselective oxidative polymerization of m-ethynylphenol by peroxidase catalyst to a new reactive polyphenol. Biomacromolecules; 2000;1(2):150-1
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  • Enzymatic oxidative polymerization of m-ethynylphenol possessing two reactive groups, phenol and acetylene moieties, was carried out in aqueous methanol under air.
  • [MeSH-major] Horseradish Peroxidase / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 11710092.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-7797
  • [Journal-full-title] Biomacromolecules
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biomacromolecules
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 0 / Polymers; 0 / m-ethynylphenol; EC 1.11.1.- / Horseradish Peroxidase
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49. Bieniek G: Urinary excretion of phenols as an indicator of occupational exposure in the coke-plant industry. Int Arch Occup Environ Health; 1997;70(5):334-40
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  • [Title] Urinary excretion of phenols as an indicator of occupational exposure in the coke-plant industry.
  • The mixed exposure to phenolic derivatives of exposed workers during their work shift was monitored by personal air sampling of the breathing-zone air and by measurements of phenol, o-cresol, and xylenol isomer concentrations in shift-end urine.
  • Concentrations of phenolic compounds were determined in the breathing-zone air during the work shift, whereas concentrations of phenol, cresol, and xylenol isomers were measured in urine collected after the work shift.
  • Concentrations of phenols in air and urine were determined by gas chromatography with flame-ionization detection.
  • RESULTS: The time-weighted average concentrations of phenol, cresol, and xylenol isomers detected in breathing-zone air showed that the exposure level of the workers was relatively low.
  • The geometric mean values were as follows: 0.26 mg/m3 for phenol, 0.09 mg/m3 for o-cresol, 0.13 mg/m3 for p- and m-cresol, and 0.02-0.04 mg/m3 for xylenols at the tar-distillation process.
  • Corresponding urinary concentrations were 10.39, 0.53, and 0.25-0.88 mg/g creatinine for phenol, o-cresol, and xylenol isomers, respectively.
  • The correlation coefficients between the o-cresol and 2,4-, 2,5-, 3,4-, and 3,5-xylenol concentrations measured in urine and in the breathing-zone air were statistically significant, varying in the range of 0.54-0.74 for xylenol isomers and being 0.69 for o-cresol.
  • CONCLUSION: We have found that the presence of o-cresol and xylenol isomers in urine can be used as a biomarker for phenol exposure.
  • Analysis performed on workers at the tar-distillation process showed that they were exposed to relatively low concentrations of phenolic compounds.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution / analysis. Coke / adverse effects. Occupational Exposure. Phenols / urine

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  • (PMID = 9352337.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-0131
  • [Journal-full-title] International archives of occupational and environmental health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Arch Occup Environ Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] GERMANY
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Coke; 0 / Cresols; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Xylenes; ONA760G0WA / 3,5-xylenol; W9GW1KZG6N / creosol
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50. Mahata N, Silva AR, Pereira MF, Freire C, de Castro B, Figueiredo JL: Anchoring of a [Mn(salen)Cl] complex onto mesoporous carbon xerogels. J Colloid Interface Sci; 2007 Jul 1;311(1):152-8
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  • The materials were subsequently oxidized with air, in order to introduce functional groups on the surface, in particular phenols, anhydrides and carbonyls.

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  • (PMID = 17376469.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9797
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of colloid and interface science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Colloid Interface Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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51. Avramescu A, Andreescu S, Noguer T, Bala C, Andreescu D, Marty JL: Biosensors designed for environmental and food quality control based on screen-printed graphite electrodes with different configurations. Anal Bioanal Chem; 2002 Sep;374(1):25-32
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  • The mono-enzyme sensors have been optimized as disposable or reusable devices for detection of a variety of substrates important in the food industry ( D-lactic acid, L-lactic acid, acetaldehyde) or in environmental pollution control (phenols and dithiocarbamate, carbamate and organophosphorus pesticides).
  • Tests on real samples have been performed with the biosensors; D-lactic acid and acetaldehyde have been detected in wine and phenols in air.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acetaldehyde / analysis. Acetylcholinesterase / metabolism. Air / analysis. Aldehyde Dehydrogenase / metabolism. Animals. Electrochemistry. Electrodes. Environmental Pollution. Enzymes, Immobilized / metabolism. L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / metabolism. Lactic Acid / analysis. Monophenol Monooxygenase / metabolism. Phenols / analysis. Rabbits. Wine / analysis

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  • (PMID = 12207236.001).
  • [ISSN] 1618-2642
  • [Journal-full-title] Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anal Bioanal Chem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Enzymes, Immobilized; 0 / Phenols; 33X04XA5AT / Lactic Acid; 7782-42-5 / Graphite; EC 1.1.1.27 / L-Lactate Dehydrogenase; EC 1.14.18.1 / Monophenol Monooxygenase; EC 1.2.1.3 / Aldehyde Dehydrogenase; EC 3.1.1.7 / Acetylcholinesterase; GO1N1ZPR3B / Acetaldehyde
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52. Czerczak S, Dobecki M, Krajewski J: [Gas chromatographic method for the determination of P-chlorphenol in the air]. Med Pr; 1977;28(5):393-6
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  • [Title] [Gas chromatographic method for the determination of P-chlorphenol in the air].
  • The gas chromatographic method for determination of p-chlorophenol in the air in presence of phenol has been elaborated.
  • A good separation of investigated compounds was achieved using 10% FFAP on Chromosorb W as a stationary phase.
  • Air was sampled to water solution of sodium carbonate.
  • The method enables determination of 0.25 mg/m3 of p-chlorophenol, and 2.5 mg/m3 of phenol at the air sample volume 10 dm3.
  • [MeSH-major] Air / analysis. Chlorophenols / analysis

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  • (PMID = 607086.001).
  • [ISSN] 0465-5893
  • [Journal-full-title] Medycyna pracy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Pr
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] POLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chlorophenols
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53. Wolf GL, Sidebotham GW, Lazard JL, Charchaflieh JG: Laser ignition of surgical drape materials in air, 50% oxygen, and 95% oxygen. Anesthesiology; 2004 May;100(5):1167-71
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  • [Title] Laser ignition of surgical drape materials in air, 50% oxygen, and 95% oxygen.
  • BACKGROUND: Operating room fires fueled by surgical drapes and ignited by high-energy surgical tools in air and oxygen-enriched atmospheres continue to occur.
  • METHODS: The authors examined the time to ignition of huck towels and three commonly used surgical drape materials in air, 50% oxygen, and 95% oxygen using a carbon dioxide surgical laser as an ignition source.
  • In addition, a phenol-polymer fabric was tested.
  • RESULTS: In air, polypropylene and phenol polymer do not ignite.
  • For phenol polymer, the laser did not penetrate the material.
  • Huck towels, cotton-polyester, and non-woven cellulose-polyester ignited in air with decreasing times to ignition.

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  • (PMID = 15114214.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-3022
  • [Journal-full-title] Anesthesiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anesthesiology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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54. Venu Vinod A, Venkat Reddy G: Mass transfer correlation for phenol biodegradation in a fluidized bed bioreactor. J Hazard Mater; 2006 Aug 25;136(3):727-34
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  • [Title] Mass transfer correlation for phenol biodegradation in a fluidized bed bioreactor.
  • Experiments have been carried out in a draft tube fluidized bed bioreactor to study biodegradation of synthetic wastewater containing phenol.
  • Studies have been carried out at different feed concentrations of phenol, air flow rates and feed flow rates.
  • The mass transfer coefficient for phenol transfer from bulk phase to the surface of the biofilm on the solid particle has been estimated from observed experimental data using the conservation equations.
  • It was found to increase with increase in feed concentration, air flow rate and feed flow rate.
  • [MeSH-major] Biodegradation, Environmental. Phenols / chemistry. Waste Disposal, Fluid

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  • (PMID = 16510240.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3894
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hazardous materials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hazard. Mater.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Culture Media; 0 / Phenols
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55. Talsky G: Higher-order derivative spectrophotometry in environmental analytical chemistry. Int J Environ Anal Chem; 1983;14(2):81-91
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  • In the following, examples are given for the estimation of pollutants in water, air and soils which demonstrate the advantages of the HODS.
  • In detail, we discuss the simultaneous estimation of aniline and phenol in waste water, the quantitative determination of PCP in polluted drinking water, phenol in turbid samples, the identification of aromatic amides and phenols in air after absorption in solvents and, last but not least, the study of Ni2+ adsorbed on bentonite powder.
  • [MeSH-minor] Air Pollutants / analysis. Soil Pollutants / analysis. Spectrophotometry. Water / analysis. Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis

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  • (PMID = 6874202.001).
  • [ISSN] 0306-7319
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of environmental analytical chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Environ Anal Chem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] ENGLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Environmental Pollutants; 0 / Soil Pollutants; 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 059QF0KO0R / Water
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56. Zaĭtseva NV, Dolgikh OV, Dianova DG: [Peculiarities of immune disorders in workers of activated carbon production]. Med Tr Prom Ekol; 2011;(2):21-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • One of priority approaches in occupational medicine and health risk evaluation is study of immune system features in individuals exposed to occupational chemical hazards.
  • Marked disorders of cellular regulation in machinery operators of activated carbon and coagulants production are seen with observed normal content of phenol in the air of workplace.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / toxicity. Charcoal. Chemical Industry. Multiple Chemical Sensitivity / immunology. Occupational Diseases / immunology. Phenols / toxicity

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  • (PMID = 21506374.001).
  • [ISSN] 1026-9428
  • [Journal-full-title] Meditsina truda i promyshlennaia ekologiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Tr Prom Ekol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Phenols; 16291-96-6 / Charcoal
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57. Wang J, Fu W, He X, Yang S, Zhu W: Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol with functionalized carbon materials as catalysts: reaction mechanism and pathway. J Environ Sci (China); 2014 Aug 1;26(8):1741-9
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  • [Title] Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol with functionalized carbon materials as catalysts: reaction mechanism and pathway.
  • The development of highly active carbon material catalysts in catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) has attracted a great deal of attention.
  • In this study different carbon material catalysts (multi-walled carbon nanotubes, carbon fibers and graphite) were developed to enhance the CWAO of phenol in aqueous solution.
  • The functionalized carbon materials exhibited excellent catalytic activity in the CWAO of phenol.
  • After 60 min reaction, the removal of phenol was nearly 100% over the functionalized multi-walled carbon, while it was only 14% over the purified multi-walled carbon under the same reaction conditions.
  • Based on the analysis of the intermediates produced in the CWAO reactions, a new reaction pathway for the CWAO of phenol was proposed in this study.
  • [MeSH-major] Air / analysis. Carbon / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry. Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CARBON .
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
  • (PMID = 25108731.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-0742
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental sciences (China)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Environ Sci (China)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Water Pollutants, Chemical; 059QF0KO0R / Water; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 7440-44-0 / Carbon
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Carbon materials / Catalytic wet air oxidation / Phenol / Radical / Reaction pathway
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58. Li X, Yang SX, Zhu WP, Wang JB, Wang L: [Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol and aniline over multi-walled carbon nanotubes]. Huan Jing Ke Xue; 2008 Sep;29(9):2522-8
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  • [Title] [Catalytic wet air oxidation of phenol and aniline over multi-walled carbon nanotubes].
  • Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) without any metal ions were used as the catalyst, and investigated in the CWAO of phenol and aniline in a batch reactor.
  • Under the reaction temperature of 160 degrees C, the total pressure of 2.5 MPa, the initial concentration of 1000 mg/L and loading the catalyst of 1.6 g/L, 100% phenol and 86% COD were removed after 120 min reaction in CWAO of phenol.
  • The surface functional groups played the important role for the high activity of the MWNTs in CWAO of organic compounds.
  • [MeSH-major] Aniline Compounds / chemistry. Carbon / chemistry. Nanotubes / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry. Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
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  • (PMID = 19068637.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-3301
  • [Journal-full-title] Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Huan Jing Ke Xue
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aniline Compounds; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 7440-44-0 / Carbon; SIR7XX2F1K / aniline
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59. Artuna E, Hupka J: H2O2/UV/air oxidation of organic contaminants in the gas-sparged cyclone reactor. Cent Eur J Public Health; 2000 Jul;8 Suppl:88-9
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  • [Title] H2O2/UV/air oxidation of organic contaminants in the gas-sparged cyclone reactor.
  • In this investigation 80 ppm aqueous solution of phenol was treated for 40 minutes.
  • 13% of phenol was eliminated in the UV/air system and 73% in the UV/H2 O2/air system at 80 l/min air flowrate.
  • Air sparging did not result in phenol removal with the gas phase.
  • [MeSH-major] Air. Hydrogen Peroxide / chemistry. Organic Chemicals / chemistry. Ultraviolet Rays

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  • (PMID = 10943487.001).
  • [ISSN] 1210-7778
  • [Journal-full-title] Central European journal of public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cent. Eur. J. Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] CZECH REPUBLIC
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Organic Chemicals; BBX060AN9V / Hydrogen Peroxide
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60. Kim SK, Kim KH, Ihm SK: The characteristics of wet air oxidation of phenol over CuOx/Al2O3 catalysts: effect of copper loading. Chemosphere; 2007 Jun;68(2):287-92
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  • [Title] The characteristics of wet air oxidation of phenol over CuOx/Al2O3 catalysts: effect of copper loading.
  • In this work, however, the effect of copper loading on the activity and the selectivity was investigated for the wet oxidation of phenol over CuO(x)/Al(2)O(3) catalysts.
  • The optimum copper loading was about 7wt% for the wet oxidation of phenol over CuO(x)/Al(2)O(3) catalysts in this work.
  • The chemical states of copper in the CuO(x)/Al(2)O(3) catalysts were confirmed as varying with copper loading: isolated Cu(2+) ions for 1wt%; highly dispersed Cu(2+) cluster for 5wt% and 7wt%, and bulk CuO for 10-25wt%.
  • [MeSH-major] Air. Aluminum Oxide / chemistry. Copper / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. COPPER(II) OXIDE .
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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. COPPER, ELEMENTAL .
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  • (PMID = 17292442.001).
  • [ISSN] 0045-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 789U1901C5 / Copper; LMI26O6933 / Aluminum Oxide; V1XJQ704R4 / cupric oxide
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61. Pośniak M, Kozieł E, Jezewska A: Occupational exposure to harmful chemical substances while processing phenol-formaldehyde resins. Int J Occup Saf Ergon; 2001;7(3):263-76
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Occupational exposure to harmful chemical substances while processing phenol-formaldehyde resins.
  • Air pollutants emitted while processing phenol-formaldehyde resins have been investigated.
  • Gas chromatography-mass-selective detection was used to separate and identify chemical compounds.
  • Besides, phenol, acetaldehyde, acrylaldehyde, 2-furaldehyde, xylene, ethylbenzene, toluene, tetrachlorethene, ethyl acetate, butyl acetate were found during the production of frictional materials; and 2-furaldehyde, phenol, naphthalene, 2-furanmethanol, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) during the production of abrasive materials.
  • Assessment of occupational exposure indicated that chemical compounds emitted during the investigated processes might be dangerous for human health, mainly because of suspected carcinogenic compounds: formaldehyde and PAHs.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis. Formaldehyde / analysis. Occupational Exposure / adverse effects. Phenols / analysis. Resins, Plant / analysis

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  • (PMID = 11543697.001).
  • [ISSN] 1080-3548
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics : JOSE
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Occup Saf Ergon
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Resins, Plant; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde
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62. Ding G, Han H, Jiang T, Wu T, Han B: Heterogeneous copper-catalyzed hydroxylation of aryl iodides under air conditions. Chem Commun (Camb); 2014 Aug 21;50(65):9072-5
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  • [Title] Heterogeneous copper-catalyzed hydroxylation of aryl iodides under air conditions.
  • In this work, the ligand-free heterogeneous copper Cu-g-C3N4 was synthesized and used for the hydroxylation of aryl iodides to synthesize phenols using cheap bases.
  • The catalyst was conveniently prepared, air-tolerant, reusable and scalable, and is very efficient for a wide range of substrates.
  • The synthesis of substituted phenols can be carried out under air conditions and has great potential for practical applications.
  • [MeSH-major] Copper / chemistry. Iodobenzenes / chemistry. Phenols / chemical synthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Catalysis. Hydroxylation. Ligands

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  • (PMID = 24947007.001).
  • [ISSN] 1364-548X
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemical communications (Cambridge, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodobenzenes; 0 / Ligands; 0 / Phenols; 789U1901C5 / Copper
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63. Tsendrovskaia VA, Shevchenko AM: [Experience in determining phenol in air]. Gig Sanit; 1982 Feb;(2):75-6
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  • [Title] [Experience in determining phenol in air].
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Phenols / analysis

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  • (PMID = 7075989.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9900
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena i sanitariia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Sanit
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Phenols
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64. Liu F, Wang JD: [Using genetic algorithm for quantitative analysis of overlapped spectra in FTIR]. Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi; 2001 Oct;21(5):607-10
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  • The multicomponent in the mixture, which contains ten air toxic organic components, such as benzene, phenixin, chlorobenzene, nitrobenzene, phenol, toluene, methanol, o-cresol, m-cresol and p-cresol, is simultaneously determined.
  • [MeSH-major] Algorithms. Benzene / analysis. Phenol / analysis. Toluene / analysis

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. TOLUENE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
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  • (PMID = 12945308.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-0593
  • [Journal-full-title] Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cresols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 3FPU23BG52 / Toluene; J64922108F / Benzene
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65. Claycamp HG: Phenol sensitization of DNA to subsequent oxidative damage in 8-hydroxyguanine assays. Carcinogenesis; 1992 Jul;13(7):1289-92
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  • [Title] Phenol sensitization of DNA to subsequent oxidative damage in 8-hydroxyguanine assays.
  • Although investigators often report artificially high levels of 8-OHGua in DNA samples that have been exposed to phenol solutions and/or air during processing, few quantitative results are available.
  • We show that routine phenol-based DNA purification procedures can increase 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels 20-fold in samples that are exposed to air after the phenol is removed from the solutions.
  • Surprisingly, air exposure alone accounts for a significant portion of this increase (4-fold) when compared to dG or DNA samples that have been solubilized in buffers purged with nitrogen.
  • Most importantly, phenol treatments of DNA are shown to sensitize DNA to 8-OHdG formation by subsequent exposures to air.
  • The sensitization of DNA occurs even though extensive dialysis is used between phenol treatment and enzymatic DNA digestion.
  • Alternate procedures, including chloroform:isoamyl-alcohol extractions, also yield air-sensitive DNA samples.
  • Other artifacts of organic extraction prior to air exposure include alterations in DNA base ratios after nuclease digestions.
  • Overall, these results strongly suggest that studies of 8-OHdG in carcinogenesis should avoid dry conditions, such as lyophilization followed by exposure to air, and that all four of the bases should be monitored before 8-OHdG concentrations are normalized by undamaged deoxynucleoside concentrations.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA / drug effects. DNA Damage. Guanine / analogs & derivatives. Phenols / pharmacology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers. Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid. Methods. Phenol

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
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  • (PMID = 1638701.001).
  • [ISSN] 0143-3334
  • [Journal-full-title] Carcinogenesis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Carcinogenesis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA43324
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Phenols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 5614-64-2 / 8-hydroxyguanine; 5Z93L87A1R / Guanine; 9007-49-2 / DNA
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66. SMITH RG, MACEWEN JD, BARROW RE: The occurrence of phenols in air and combustion products. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J; 1959 Apr;20(2):149-52
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  • [Title] The occurrence of phenols in air and combustion products.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution. Phenols / analysis

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  • (PMID = 13649575.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-8894
  • [Journal-full-title] American Industrial Hygiene Association journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Ind Hyg Assoc J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Not Available
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols
  • [Other-IDs] CLML/ 5936:23490:18:410
  • [Keywords] NLM ; AIR POLLUTION (major topic) / PHENOLS/determination (major topic)
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67. SMITH RG, MACEWEN JD, BARROW RE: Sampling and analysis of phenols in air. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J; 1959 Apr;20(2):142-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sampling and analysis of phenols in air.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution. Phenols / analysis. Specimen Handling

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  • (PMID = 13649574.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-8894
  • [Journal-full-title] American Industrial Hygiene Association journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Ind Hyg Assoc J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Not Available
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols
  • [Other-IDs] CLML/ 5936:23489:18:410
  • [Keywords] NLM ; AIR POLLUTION (major topic) / PHENOLS/determination (major topic)
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68. Dushutin KK, Maniashin IuA: [On the determination of phenols in the air]. Gig Tr Prof Zabol; 1965 Mar;9(3):60-1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [On the determination of phenols in the air].
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution. Phenols / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 5870285.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9919
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevaniia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Tr Prof Zabol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols
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69. Sinclair GC, Gray CN, Sherwood RJ: Structure and validation of a pharmacokinetic model for benzene. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J; 1999 Mar-Apr;60(2):249-58
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  • The validation shows reasonable agreement between the model outputs and human biological data for phenol in urine, benzene in alveolar air, and benzene in mixed exhaled air.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational. Benzene. Models, Chemical. Occupational Exposure / analysis. Skin Absorption

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  • (PMID = 10222576.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-8894
  • [Journal-full-title] American Industrial Hygiene Association journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Ind Hyg Assoc J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; J64922108F / Benzene
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70. Pistonesi MF, Di Nezio MS, Centurión ME, Palomeque ME, Lista AG, Fernández Band BS: Determination of phenol, resorcinol and hydroquinone in air samples by synchronous fluorescence using partial least-squares (PLS). Talanta; 2006 Jul 15;69(5):1265-8
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  • [Title] Determination of phenol, resorcinol and hydroquinone in air samples by synchronous fluorescence using partial least-squares (PLS).
  • The determination of phenolic compounds is of great importance owing to their high toxicity.
  • Some of them are present in tobacco smoke and it is important for their monitoring in air of closed room.
  • A simple, rapid and sensitive method was developed for simultaneous determination of hydroquinone, resorcinol and phenol in this kind of samples.
  • The concentrations for experimental calibration matrix were varied between 0.02 and 0.2 mg L(-1) for hydroquinone, between 0.05 and 0.6 mg L(-1) for resorcinol and between 0.05 and 0.4 mg L(-1) for phenol in accordance with the national legislation.

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  • (PMID = 18970713.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-3573
  • [Journal-full-title] Talanta
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Talanta
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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71. He Z, Zhang B, Cai W, Zhou B: The formation, role and removal of NO3-N during corona discharge in air for phenol removal. Environ Technol; 2005 Mar;26(3):285-92
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  • [Title] The formation, role and removal of NO3-N during corona discharge in air for phenol removal.
  • In this study, the results show that the nitrogen dissociated during corona discharge in the gas phase formed nitric acid in solution, which resulted in a drop in solution pH.
  • The phenol removal could be described in accordance with a first-order reaction in a basic buffer solution, but not in initial neutral and basic non-buffered solutions.
  • This indicates that basic conditions facilitate phenol removal, whilst the formation of nitric acid in solution resulted in decrease in the phenol removal rate.
  • This study also shows that most of the oxidants used for phenol removal came mainly from the dissociation of water molecules at the surface of the liquid phase and/or the gas phase very close to the liquid surface in discharging conditions, not from the gas dissociation in the bulk gas phase, and therefore, it is more effective to keep the solution basic than to change the component of gas in the reactor when removing phenol from water using corona discharge.
  • [MeSH-major] Nitric Acid / isolation & purification. Phenol / isolation & purification. Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
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  • (PMID = 15881025.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-3330
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oxidants; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 411VRN1TV4 / Nitric Acid
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72. Putilina ON, Tsygal'nitskaia ZF: [A photometric method for determining formaldehyde in the air using phenol-formaldehyde resins]. Gig Tr Prof Zabol; 1989;(10):47-9
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  • [Title] [A photometric method for determining formaldehyde in the air using phenol-formaldehyde resins].
  • The procedure was highly sensitive (0.1 microgram in the analyzed volume) and selective in the presence of phenol, furyl alcohol, methanol and furfurol.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational. Formaldehyde / analysis. Phenols. Photometry / methods. Polymers. Resins, Synthetic

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  • (PMID = 2591814.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9919
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevaniia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Tr Prof Zabol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Indicators and Reagents; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Polymers; 0 / Resins, Synthetic; 0 / Solutions; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde; 9003-35-4 / phenol-formaldehyde resin
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73. Moussavi G, Mohseni M: The treatment of waste air containing phenol vapors in biotrickling filter. Chemosphere; 2008 Aug;72(11):1649-54
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The treatment of waste air containing phenol vapors in biotrickling filter.
  • This research aimed at investigating the biodegradation of phenol contaminated-air streams in biotrickling filter.
  • Upon rapid start up operation, inlet phenol concentrations of up to 1000 ppmv did not significantly affect the performance of the biotrickling filter at EBCT of 60 s, so that removal efficiency was well greater than 99%.
  • In addition, the EBCT as low as 30 s did not have detrimental effects on the efficiency of the bioreactor and phenol removal was greater than 99%.
  • The maximum elimination capacity obtained in the biotrickling filter was 642 g(phenol) m(-3) h(-1), where the removal efficiency was only 57%.
  • Results from the transient loading experiments revealed that the biotrickling filter could effectively handle the variations of the inlet loads without the phenol removal capacity being significantly affected.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / isolation & purification. Phenol / isolation & purification

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
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  • (PMID = 18625512.001).
  • [ISSN] 0045-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
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74. Khalepo AI, Ulanova IP, D'iachkov PN, Ibatullina RB: [Use of quantitative chemical characteristics of phenol ethers in the prognostication of toxicity and MPEL in the air of work areas]. Gig Tr Prof Zabol; 1990;(3):10-5
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  • [Title] [Use of quantitative chemical characteristics of phenol ethers in the prognostication of toxicity and MPEL in the air of work areas].
  • The contributors use the molecular orbital technique to present, with due account of the metabolism specificity, a quantitative description of the phenol ether inhalation toxicity and their reactivity calculated against the energy of the ether and OH- complex formation.
  • Linear dependencies were identified between the acute and chronic action threshold, MAC and the quantum chemical values of the energy of formation.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / toxicity. Phenols / toxicity

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  • (PMID = 2351280.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9919
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevaniia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Tr Prof Zabol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Ethers; 0 / Phenols
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75. Hoshika Y: Characterization of trace amounts of odorants (sulfur compounds, oxygenates, hydrocarbons, phenols and lower fatty acids) in air in an ICU room. Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi; 1993 Aug;48(3):733-45
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  • [Title] Characterization of trace amounts of odorants (sulfur compounds, oxygenates, hydrocarbons, phenols and lower fatty acids) in air in an ICU room.
  • Characterization of trace amounts of odorants in air in an ICU room (ca.257m2) was carried out by gas chromatography and atmospheric pressure ionization-mass spectrometry (API-MS).
  • The compounds may, therefore, be responsible for perception of such odors as mixed odors, body odor, and faint or recognizable alcoholic odor, disinfectant odor, and sour, pungent, and goat odors.
  • [MeSH-minor] Chromatography, Gas. Fatty Acids / analysis. Hydrocarbons / analysis. Mass Spectrometry. Phenols / analysis. Sensory Thresholds. Sulfur / analysis

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. Sulfur, Elemental .
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  • (PMID = 8377257.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5082
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] JAPAN
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fatty Acids; 0 / Hydrocarbons; 0 / Phenols; 70FD1KFU70 / Sulfur
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76. Su B, Deng M, Wang Q: Bioinspired construction of a spirocyclohexadienone moiety via sodium nitrite catalyzed aerobic intramolecular oxidative phenol coupling. Org Lett; 2013 Apr 5;15(7):1606-9
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  • [Title] Bioinspired construction of a spirocyclohexadienone moiety via sodium nitrite catalyzed aerobic intramolecular oxidative phenol coupling.
  • An efficient and green intramolecular oxidative phenol coupling for the direct construction of spirocyclohexadienones has been developed, which uses environment-friendly sodium nitrite as the catalyst and oxygen in the air as the terminal oxidant.
  • Hydroxy-containing substituted phenanthrenes and dibenzoazepines could be easily obtained from the dienone-phenol rearrangement.
  • [MeSH-major] Aporphines / chemical synthesis. Cyclohexenes / chemical synthesis. Phenols / chemistry. Sodium Nitrite / chemistry. Spiro Compounds / chemical synthesis

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM NITRITE .
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  • (PMID = 23477655.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-7052
  • [Journal-full-title] Organic letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Org. Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aporphines; 0 / Cyclohexenes; 0 / Oxidants; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Spiro Compounds; 0 / cyclohexadienone; M0KG633D4F / Sodium Nitrite
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77. Zhang C, Ji J, Sun P: Palladium-catalyzed alkenylation via sp2 C-H bond activation using phenolic hydroxyl as the directing group. J Org Chem; 2014 Apr 4;79(7):3200-5
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  • This note describes the efficient and highly regioselective synthesis of 2-(2'-alkenylphenyl)phenol derivatives via palladium-catalyzed 2'-alkenylation of 2-arylphenols directed by the phenolic hydroxyl group using benzoquinone as the oxidant in an atmosphere of air.
  • [MeSH-major] Alkenes / chemistry. Benzoquinones / chemistry. Palladium / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PALLADIUM, ELEMENTAL .
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  • (PMID = 24620903.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-6904
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of organic chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Org. Chem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Alkenes; 0 / Benzoquinones; 0 / Phenols; 5TWQ1V240M / Palladium
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78. Wei Y, Rao B, Cong X, Zeng X: Highly Selective Hydrogenation of Aromatic Ketones and Phenols Enabled by Cyclic (Amino)(alkyl)carbene Rhodium Complexes. J Am Chem Soc; 2015 Jul 29;137(29):9250-3
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  • [Title] Highly Selective Hydrogenation of Aromatic Ketones and Phenols Enabled by Cyclic (Amino)(alkyl)carbene Rhodium Complexes.
  • Air-stable Rh complexes ligated by strongly σ-donating cyclic (amino)(alkyl)carbenes (CAACs) show unique catalytic activity for the selective hydrogenation of aromatic ketones and phenols by reducing the aryl groups.
  • This method is characterized by its good compatibility with unsaturated ketones, esters, carboxylic acids, amides, and amino acids and is scalable without detriment to its efficiency.
  • [MeSH-major] Ketones / chemistry. Methane / analogs & derivatives. Organometallic Compounds / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry. Rhodium / chemistry

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. METHANE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. RHODIUM .
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  • (PMID = 26172049.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-5126
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Chemical Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Chem. Soc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ketones; 0 / Ligands; 0 / Organometallic Compounds; 0 / Phenols; 2465-56-7 / carbene; DMK383DSAC / Rhodium; OP0UW79H66 / Methane
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79. Nicolai S, Erard S, González DF, Waser J: Pd-catalyzed intramolecular oxyalkynylation of alkenes with hypervalent iodine. Org Lett; 2010 Jan 15;12(2):384-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Both phenol and aromatic or aliphatic acid derivatives could be used under operator-friendly conditions (room temperature, technical solvents, under air).
  • [MeSH-major] Alkenes / chemistry. Alkynes / chemical synthesis. Organometallic Compounds / chemistry. Palladium / chemistry

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PALLADIUM, ELEMENTAL .
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  • (PMID = 20000487.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-7052
  • [Journal-full-title] Organic letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Org. Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Alkenes; 0 / Alkynes; 0 / Organometallic Compounds; 5TWQ1V240M / Palladium
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80. Wu LQ, Chen T, Wallace KK, Vazquez-Duhalt R, Payne GF: Enzymatic coupling of phenol vapors onto chitosan. Biotechnol Bioeng; 2001 Dec;76(4):325-32
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  • [Title] Enzymatic coupling of phenol vapors onto chitosan.
  • Phenols are important industrial chemicals, and because they can be volatile, also appear as air pollutants.
  • We examined the potential of tyrosinase to react with the volatile phenol p-cresol.
  • Three lines of evidence support the conclusion that volatile phenols react with tyrosinase and are coupled (i.e., chemisorbed) onto chitosan films.
  • First, phenol-trapping studies indicated that p-cresol can be removed from vapors if the vapors are contacted with tyrosinase-coated chitosan films.
  • Additional studies demonstrate the potential of tyrosinase-coated chitosan films/membranes for the detection and removal of phenol vapors.
  • [MeSH-major] Chitin / chemistry. Disinfectants / chemistry. Phenol / chemistry

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CHITIN UNSPECIFIED .
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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  • (PMID = 11745160.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-3592
  • [Journal-full-title] Biotechnology and bioengineering
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biotechnol. Bioeng.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biocompatible Materials; 0 / Cresols; 0 / Disinfectants; 1398-61-4 / Chitin; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; 9012-76-4 / Chitosan; EC 1.14.18.1 / Monophenol Monooxygenase
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81. KHRUSTALEVA VA: [Determination of phenol in atmospheric air by means of 4-aminoantipyrine]. Gig Sanit; 1962 Oct;27:42-5
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  • [Title] [Determination of phenol in atmospheric air by means of 4-aminoantipyrine].
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution. Ampyrone. Antipyrine. Phenol. Phenols

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Air Pollution.
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
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  • (PMID = 14032431.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9900
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena i sanitariia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Sanit
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Not Available
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 0M0B7474RA / Ampyrone; 339NCG44TV / Phenol; T3CHA1B51H / Antipyrine
  • [Keywords] NLM ; AIR POLLUTION (major topic) / ANTIPYRINE (major topic) / PHENOLS (major topic)
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82. Gronsberg ESh, Russkikh AA: [Determination of p-chlorophenol and phenol in air]. Gig Tr Prof Zabol; 1978 Sep;(9):57-8
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  • [Title] [Determination of p-chlorophenol and phenol in air].
  • [MeSH-major] Air / analysis. Chlorophenols / analysis. Phenols / analysis

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  • (PMID = 689464.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9919
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevaniia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Tr Prof Zabol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chlorophenols; 0 / Phenols
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83. BRAVERMAN MM, HOCHHEISER S, JACOBS MB: Colorimetric ultramicro determination of phenol in air. Am Ind Hyg Assoc Q; 1957 Jun;18(2):132-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Colorimetric ultramicro determination of phenol in air.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution / analysis. Colorimetry. Phenol. Phenols / analysis

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Air Pollution.
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PHENOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. SODIUM PHENOLATE .
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  • (PMID = 13435218.001).
  • [ISSN] 0096-820X
  • [Journal-full-title] American Industrial Hygiene Association quarterly
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Ind Hyg Assoc Q
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Not Available
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 339NCG44TV / Phenol
  • [Other-IDs] CLML/ 5732:33469
  • [Keywords] NLM ; AIR POLLUTION/determination (major topic) / PHENOLS/determination (major topic)
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84. Niu J, Zhou H, Li Z, Xu J, Hu S: An efficient Ullmann-type C-O bond formation catalyzed by an air-stable copper(I)-bipyridyl complex. J Org Chem; 2008 Oct 3;73(19):7814-7
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  • [Title] An efficient Ullmann-type C-O bond formation catalyzed by an air-stable copper(I)-bipyridyl complex.
  • An efficient O-arylation of phenols and aliphatic alcohols with aryl halides was developed that uses an air-stable copper(I) complex as the catalyst.
  • [MeSH-major] 2,2'-Dipyridyl / chemistry. Copper / chemistry. Ethers / chemical synthesis. Organometallic Compounds / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Alcohols / chemistry. Catalysis. Hydrocarbons, Halogenated / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. 2,2'-BIPYRIDINE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. COPPER, ELEMENTAL .
  • The Lens. Cited by Patents in .
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  • [ErratumIn] J Org Chem. 2009 Jan 16;74(2):950
  • (PMID = 18771324.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-6904
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of organic chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Org. Chem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Alcohols; 0 / Ethers; 0 / Hydrocarbons, Halogenated; 0 / Organometallic Compounds; 0 / Phenols; 551W113ZEP / 2,2'-Dipyridyl; 789U1901C5 / Copper
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85. Andersson K, Hallgren C, Levin JO, Nilsson CA: Chemosorption sampling and analysis of formaldehyde in air. Influence on recovery during the simultaneous sampling of formaldehyde, phenol, furfural and furfuryl alcohol. Scand J Work Environ Health; 1981 Dec;7(4):282-9
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  • [Title] Chemosorption sampling and analysis of formaldehyde in air. Influence on recovery during the simultaneous sampling of formaldehyde, phenol, furfural and furfuryl alcohol.
  • A method based on trapping formaldehyde on a 2,4-dinitrodinitrophenylhydrazine-coated porous polymer (Amberlite XAD-2) was evaluated for air sampling in occupational environments.
  • The influence of some organic compounds which often occur together with formaldehyde-furfural, phenol and furfuryl alcohol--was studied.
  • The results show that the method allows the sampling of formaldehyde in the range 0.01--1.0 mg/m3 of air, based on a 3-1 (15 min) sample and a coating of 1%.
  • Furfural, phenol, and furfuryl alcohol do not interfere and may be conveniently sampled at the same time.
  • Formaldehyde and furfural hydrazones were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography, phenol and furfuryl alcohol by gas chromatography.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution / analysis. Formaldehyde / analysis. Furaldehyde / analysis. Furans / analysis. Phenols / analysis

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Air Pollution.
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. FORMALDEHYDE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. FURFURYL ALCOHOL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. FURFURAL .
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  • (PMID = 7347913.001).
  • [ISSN] 0355-3140
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand J Work Environ Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] FINLAND
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Furans; 0 / Phenols; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde; D582054MUH / furfuryl alcohol; DJ1HGI319P / Furaldehyde
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86. Lee JH, Park JJ, Choi GC, Byun IG, Park TJ, Lee TH: Application of ultrasound and air stripping for the removal of aromatic hydrocarbons from spent sulfidic caustic for use in autotrophic denitrification as an electron donor. Water Sci Technol; 2013;67(7):1497-502
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  • [Title] Application of ultrasound and air stripping for the removal of aromatic hydrocarbons from spent sulfidic caustic for use in autotrophic denitrification as an electron donor.
  • However, SSC has to be refined because it also contains some aromatic hydrocarbons, typically benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene (BTEX) and phenol that are recalcitrant organic compounds.
  • In this study, laboratory-scale ultrasound irradiation and air stripping treatment were applied in order to remove these aromatic hydrocarbons.
  • In the ultrasound system, both BTEX and phenol were exponentially removed by ultrasound irradiation during 60 min of reaction time to give the greatest removal efficiency of about 80%.
  • Whereas, about 95% removal efficiency of BTEX was achieved, but not any significant phenol removal, within 30 min in the air stripping system, indicating that air stripping was a more efficient method than ultrasound irradiation.
  • However, since air stripping did not remove any significant phenol, an additional process for degrading phenol was required.
  • Accordingly, we applied a combined ultrasound and air stripping process.
  • In these experiments, the removal efficiencies of BTEX and phenol were improved compared to the application of ultrasound and air stripping alone.
  • Thus, the combined ultrasound and air stripping treatment is appropriate for refining SSC.
  • [MeSH-major] Benzene Derivatives / isolation & purification. Sulfur Compounds / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Air. Autotrophic Processes. Denitrification. Industrial Waste. Sound. Temperature

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  • (PMID = 23552237.001).
  • [ISSN] 0273-1223
  • [Journal-full-title] Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Water Sci. Technol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Benzene Derivatives; 0 / Industrial Waste; 0 / Sulfur Compounds
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87. He Z, Jamison TF: Continuous-flow synthesis of functionalized phenols by aerobic oxidation of Grignard reagents. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl; 2014 Mar 24;53(13):3353-7
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  • [Title] Continuous-flow synthesis of functionalized phenols by aerobic oxidation of Grignard reagents.
  • Phenols are important compounds in chemical industry.
  • An economical and green approach to phenol preparation by the direct oxidation of aryl Grignard reagents using compressed air in continuous gas-liquid segmented flow systems is described.
  • By integrating a benzyne-mediated in-line generation of arylmagnesium intermediates with the aerobic oxidation, a facile three-step, one-flow process, capable of preparing 2-functionalized phenols in a modular fashion, is established.
  • [MeSH-major] Phenols / chemistry

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  • [Copyright] © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
  • (PMID = 24554581.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-3773
  • [Journal-full-title] Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Indicators and Reagents; 0 / Phenols
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Grignard reagent / chemoselectivity / flow chemistry / oxidation / phenol
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88. Zilli M, Fabiano B, Ferraiolo A, Converti A: Macro-kinetic investigation on phenol uptake from air by biofiltration: Influence of superficial gas flow rate and inlet pollutant concentration. Biotechnol Bioeng; 1996 Feb 20;49(4):391-8
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  • [Title] Macro-kinetic investigation on phenol uptake from air by biofiltration: Influence of superficial gas flow rate and inlet pollutant concentration.
  • The macro-kinetic behavior of phenol removal from a synthetic exhaust gas was investigated theoretically as well as experimentally by means of two identical continuously operating laboratory-scale biological filter bed columns.
  • To determine the influence of the superficial gas flow rate on biofilter performance and to evaluate the phenol concentration profiles along the column, two series of continuous tests were carried out varying either the inlet phenol concentration, up to 1650 mg .
  • The elimination capacity of the biofilter is proved by a maximum volumetric phenol removal rate of 0.73 kg .
  • Furthermore, the deodorization capacity of the biofilter was investigated, at inlet phenol concentrations up to 280 mg .
  • The deodorization of the gas was achieved at a maximum inlet phenol concentration of about 255 mg .

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  • (PMID = 18623593.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-3592
  • [Journal-full-title] Biotechnology and bioengineering
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biotechnol. Bioeng.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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89. Taranenko NA, Dorogova VB: [The gas chromatographic determination of sulfur- and oxygen-containing organic compounds released into the air of cellulose sulfate works]. Gig Tr Prof Zabol; 1992;(7):34-5
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  • [Title] [The gas chromatographic determination of sulfur- and oxygen-containing organic compounds released into the air of cellulose sulfate works].
  • The article presents data on the design of sensitive, selective, useful in group analysis method to detect dimethylsulphide, dimethyldisulphide, acetic, propionic, butyric and valeric acids, methyl alcohol and phenol by means of gas chromatography in the air of cellulose sulphate production working zone.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis. Cellulose / analogs & derivatives. Chromatography, Gas / methods

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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. Dimethyl sulfide .
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  • (PMID = 1296914.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9919
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevaniia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Tr Prof Zabol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] RUSSIA
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Disulfides; 0 / Sulfides; 3P8D642K5E / dimethyl disulfide; 9004-34-6 / Cellulose; 9032-43-3 / cellulose sulfate; QS3J7O7L3U / dimethyl sulfide
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90. Roane J, Daugulis O: Copper-catalyzed etherification of arene C-H bonds. Org Lett; 2013 Nov 15;15(22):5842-5
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  • A method for direct, auxiliary-assisted alkoxylation and phenoxylation of β-sp(2) C-H bonds of benzoic acid derivatives and γ-sp(2) C-H bonds of amine derivatives is reported.
  • The reaction employs (CuOH)2CO3 catalyst, air as an oxidant, phenol or alcohol coupling partner, DMF, pyridine, or DMPU solvent, and K2CO3, tetramethylguanidine, or K3PO4 base at 70-130 °C.
  • [MeSH-major] Alcohols / chemistry. Benzoic Acid / chemistry. Copper / chemistry. Methylguanidine / chemistry. Phenols / chemistry

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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. COPPER, ELEMENTAL .
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  • (PMID = 24180517.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-7052
  • [Journal-full-title] Organic letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Org. Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / R01 GM077635; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / R01GM077635
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Alcohols; 0 / Phenols; 5L0H5Q9VAG / Methylguanidine; 789U1901C5 / Copper; 8SKN0B0MIM / Benzoic Acid
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS537547; NLM/ PMC3880618
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91. Blinova EA, Miannik EI: [Toxicity of shale phenols and methods for determining them in the air]. Gig Tr Prof Zabol; 1979;(1):24-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Toxicity of shale phenols and methods for determining them in the air].
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants. Air Pollutants, Occupational. Phenols / toxicity
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Environmental Exposure. Female. Flame Ionization / methods. Maximum Allowable Concentration. Mice. Pregnancy. Rats. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 761820.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9919
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevaniia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Tr Prof Zabol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Phenols
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92. Orlovskaia AM, Ol'khovskaia ZK, Nul'man FS, Sheĭn EM: [Determination of formaldehyde in the air in the presence of phenols]. Gig Sanit; 1971 May;36(5):90-1
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  • [Title] [Determination of formaldehyde in the air in the presence of phenols].
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution / analysis. Formaldehyde / analysis. Phenols / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Chemical Industry. Occupational Medicine

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Air Pollution.
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. FORMALDEHYDE .
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  • (PMID = 5097039.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9900
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena i sanitariia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Sanit
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] USSR
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenols; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde
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93. Kuwata K, Tanaka S: Liquid chromatographic determination of traces of phenols in air. J Chromatogr; 1988 Jun 17;442:407-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Liquid chromatographic determination of traces of phenols in air.
  • [MeSH-major] Air / analysis. Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis. Phenols / analysis

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  • (PMID = 3417830.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of chromatography
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Chromatogr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] NETHERLANDS
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Indicators and Reagents; 0 / Phenols
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94. Tomkins BA, Darrall KG, Zai ES, Phillips GF: Sampling and analysis of phenols in sidestream smoke and indoor air. IARC Sci Publ; 1987;(81):175-81
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sampling and analysis of phenols in sidestream smoke and indoor air.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / analysis. Phenols / analysis. Tobacco Smoke Pollution / analysis

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  • (PMID = 3323050.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-5038
  • [Journal-full-title] IARC scientific publications
  • [ISO-abbreviation] IARC Sci. Publ.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] FRANCE
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Tobacco Smoke Pollution
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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95. Ermolaeva TN, Lavrent'eva TL: [Determination of volatile phenols in the workplace air by piezo quartz micro-weighing]. Gig Sanit; 2000 Nov-Dec;(6):69-71
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  • [Title] [Determination of volatile phenols in the workplace air by piezo quartz micro-weighing].
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis. Phenols / analysis

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  • (PMID = 11327039.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-9900
  • [Journal-full-title] Gigiena i sanitariia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gig Sanit
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0 / Indicators and Reagents; 0 / Phenols; 14808-60-7 / Quartz
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96. Iakovskaia ME: [Occupational hygiene in the plywood industry]. Med Tr Prom Ekol; 1993;(11-12):20-2
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  • In plywood production the synthetic glue materials based on carbamide-formaldehyde and phenol-formaldehyde resins change the ambient air and increase the toxicity of products.
  • [MeSH-major] Adhesives / adverse effects. Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis. Construction Materials. Noise / adverse effects. Occupational Diseases / epidemiology. Occupational Exposure. Occupational Health. Wood

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  • (PMID = 7921833.001).
  • [ISSN] 1026-9428
  • [Journal-full-title] Meditsina truda i promyshlennaia ekologiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Tr Prom Ekol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] RUSSIA
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adhesives; 0 / Air Pollutants, Occupational
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97. Ashfield LJ, Cowley AR, Dilworth JR, Donnelly PS: Functionalized thiosemicarbazone clusters of copper(I) and silver(I). Inorg Chem; 2004 Jul 12;43(14):4121-3
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  • Reaction of [Cu(MeCN)(4)](+) with thiosemicarbazones bearing groups such as phenol, pyridine, or ferrocene gives tetranuclear or hexanuclear clusters with functional substituents; analogous air stable fluorescent clusters can also be prepared with Ag(I).

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  • (PMID = 15236522.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-1669
  • [Journal-full-title] Inorganic chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Inorg Chem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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98. Katiukhin VN, Grigoruk SD, Liuks NV, Karpin VA: [Climatic and ecological risk factors of myocardial infarction in the Far North]. Kardiologiia; 2004;44(2):61-4
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  • Technogenic ecological factors such as levels of formaldehyde, phenol, nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide in atmospheric air were also related to frequency of hospitalizations due to myocardial infarction.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / adverse effects. Climate. Electromagnetic Fields / adverse effects. Myocardial Infarction / etiology

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  • (PMID = 15029139.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-9040
  • [Journal-full-title] Kardiologiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kardiologiia
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants
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99. Karpin VA: [Medico-ecological monitoring of cardiovascular diseases in the urbanized north]. Kardiologiia; 2003;43(1):51-4
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  • Five year medico-ecological monitoring established direct relation between dynamics of average monthly hospital admissions of patients with IHD and hypertension, level of atmospheric pressure and concentration of phenol in the air.

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  • (PMID = 12891287.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-9040
  • [Journal-full-title] Kardiologiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kardiologiia
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia
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100. Ibraeva LK, Uzbekov VA, Sembaev ZhKh, Rusiaev MV, Dikhanova ZA: [Hygienic evaluation of ambient air pollution in Ust'-Kamenogorsk]. Med Tr Prom Ekol; 2011;(6):13-6
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  • [Title] [Hygienic evaluation of ambient air pollution in Ust'-Kamenogorsk].
  • The article deals with hygienic evaluation of Ust-Kamenogorsk ambient air pollution with nitrogen dioxide, carbon dioxide, phenol and suspended solids.
  • Ambient air samples were taken in 36 points over 3 days at 6 am, noon, 6 and 9 pm (local time) during warm season (August) and cold season (December).
  • According to the results obtained, the authors divided Ust-Kamenogorsk territory into 2 areas, based on IAP4 (index of air pollution): conditionally dirty area--over 7; conditionally clean area--under 7.
  • Findings are high pollution with suspended solids, nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide and phenol over all territory of the city.
  • But "conditionally dirty" area demonstrated the highest level of ambient air pollution.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollutants / chemistry. Hygiene. Nitrogen Dioxide / analysis. Sulfur Dioxide / analysis

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  • (PMID = 21846044.001).
  • [ISSN] 1026-9428
  • [Journal-full-title] Meditsina truda i promyshlennaia ekologiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Tr Prom Ekol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Air Pollutants; 0UZA3422Q4 / Sulfur Dioxide; S7G510RUBH / Nitrogen Dioxide
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