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Items 1 to 100 of about 16697
1. Benioudakis ES, Lykiardopoulos V, Georgiou V, Archontaki MD, Tsourounaki A, Botonaki G, Batzou A, Symiakos T, Seliniotaki T, Armagos A, Pentari A, Moiradorakis K, Darakis E, Melissari-Tzanakaki M: Suicide Attempts and Their Interrelation With the Economic Crisis in Chania, Greece: A Time-Series Analysis of the Period 2008-2015. Prim Care Companion CNS Disord; 2017 Jan 19;19(1)
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  • There was a statistically significant relationship between suicide attempts and unemployment rates (adjusted RR: 1.08; 95% CI, 1.07-1.09).
  • The need for more detailed investigation is essential to provide insight into this global problem.

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  • (PMID = 28107615.001).
  • [ISSN] 2155-7780
  • [Journal-full-title] The primary care companion for CNS disorders
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prim Care Companion CNS Disord
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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2. Zhang W, Sun F, Tan C, Liu S: Low-Rank Linear Dynamical Systems for Motor Imagery EEG. Comput Intell Neurosci; 2016;2016:2637603
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  • The common spatial pattern (CSP) and other spatiospectral feature extraction methods have become the most effective and successful approaches to solve the problem of motor imagery electroencephalography (MI-EEG) pattern recognition from multichannel neural activity in recent years.
  • Extensive experiments are carried out on public dataset from "BCI Competition III Dataset IVa" and "BCI Competition IV Database 2a."

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  • (PMID = 28096809.001).
  • [ISSN] 1687-5273
  • [Journal-full-title] Computational intelligence and neuroscience
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Comput Intell Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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3. Xiao X, Gasparrini A, Huang J, Liao Q, Liu F, Yin F, Yu H, Li X: The exposure-response relationship between temperature and childhood hand, foot and mouth disease: A multicity study from mainland China. Environ Int; 2017 Mar;100:102-109
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  • BACKGROUND: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a rising public health issue in the Asia-Pacific region.
  • RESULTS: We found that the overall pooled temperature-HFMD relationship was shown as an approximately inverted V shape curve, peaking at the 91th percentile of temperature with a risk ratio of 1.30 (95% CI: 1.23-1.37) compared to its 50th percentile.
  • The temperature-HFMD relationship varies depending on geographic and climatic conditions.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28069250.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-6750
  • [Journal-full-title] Environment international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Childhood infectious disease / Modification effect / Multisite study / Nonlinear association / Temperature-disease relationship
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4. Cavalcanti AL, Ramos IA, Cardoso AM, Fernandes LH, Aragão AS, Santos FG, Aguiar YP, Carvalho DF, Medeiros CC, De S C Soares R, Castro RD: Association between Periodontal Condition and Nutritional Status of Brazilian Adolescents: A Population-based Study. Iran J Public Health; 2016 Dec;45(12):1586-1594
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  • BACKGROUND: Obesity is a serious problem of public health and affects all socio-economic groups, irrespective of age, sex or ethnicity.
  • There was association between presence of periodontal changes with obesity (<i>P</i><0.05; CI 95%: 0.99 [0.98 - 0.99]).

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  • (PMID = 28053924.001).
  • [ISSN] 2251-6085
  • [Journal-full-title] Iranian journal of public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Iran. J. Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Iran
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adolescents / Inflammation / Obesity / Periodontal disease / Risk factors
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5. Shimkhada R, Solon O, Tamondong-Lachica D, Peabody JW: Misdiagnosis of obstetrical cases and the clinical and cost consequences to patients: a cross-sectional study of urban providers in the Philippines. Glob Health Action; 2016;9:32672
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  • BACKGROUND: Misdiagnosis may be a significant and under-recognized quality of care problem.
  • Linking provider decision-making to patients, we found those who misdiagnosed the simulated cases were more likely to have patients with a complication (OR 2.96; 95% CI 1.39-3.77) compared with those who did not misdiagnose.

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  • (PMID = 27987297.001).
  • [ISSN] 1654-9880
  • [Journal-full-title] Global health action
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Glob Health Action
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Philippines / health costs / health outcomes / misdiagnosis / obstetrics / practice variability / quality of care
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6. Putman NF, Lumpkin R, Sacco AE, Mansfield KL: Passive drift or active swimming in marine organisms? Proc Biol Sci; 2016 Dec 14;283(1844)
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  • However, the experimental design implicitly assumed that transport predictions were insensitive to (i) start location, (ii) tracking duration, (iii) depth, and (iv) physical processes not depicted in the model.
  • We present a more robust method to derive the environmental contributions to individual movements, but caution that resolving the ocean velocities experienced by individual organisms remains a problem for assessing the role of behaviour in organismal movements and population distributions.

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  • [Copyright] © 2016 The Authors.
  • (PMID = 27974518.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2954
  • [Journal-full-title] Proceedings. Biological sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Proc. Biol. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; ocean circulation model / ocean currents / passive drift / satellite telemetry / sea turtle / swimming
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7. Bodnar GC, Martins HM, De Oliveira CF, Morey AT, Tavares ER, Cardoso JD, Perugini MR, Lioni LM, Yamada-Ogatta SF, Kobayashi RK, Nakazato G: Comparison of HRM analysis and three REP-PCR genomic fingerprint methods for rapid typing of MRSA at a Brazilian hospital. J Infect Dev Ctries; 2016 Dec 30;10(12):1306-1317
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  • INTRODUCTION: Infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria are increasingly common and represent a serious problem for public health.
  • Only two isolates harbored SCCmec type IV, which is common in community-acquired MRSA strains.

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - MRSA.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Staphylococcal Infections.
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  • (PMID = 28036310.001).
  • [ISSN] 1972-2680
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of infection in developing countries
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Infect Dev Ctries
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Bacterial
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8. Kiosses DN, Gross JJ, Banerjee S, Duberstein PR, Putrino D, Alexopoulos GS: Negative Emotions and Suicidal Ideation during Psychosocial Treatments in Older Adults with Major Depression and Cognitive Impairment. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry; 2017 Jan 19;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of negative emotions with suicidal ideation during 12 weeks of Problem Adaptation Therapy (PATH) versus Supportive Therapy of Cognitively Impaired Older Adults (ST-CI), hypothesizing that improved negative emotions are associated with reduced suicidal ideation, PATH improves negative emotions more than ST-CI, and improved negative emotions, rather than other depression symptoms, predict reduction in suicidal ideation.
  • PATH focuses on improving emotion regulation, whereas ST-CI focuses on nonspecific therapeutic factors, such as understanding and empathy.
  • PATH participants had significantly greater improvement in MADRS emotions than ST-CI participants (treatment group by time: F<sub>[1,63.2]</sub> = 7.02, p = 0.0102).

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28223082.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-7214
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Geriatr Psychiatry
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Emotions / cognitive impairment / depression / emotional states / psychosocial treatment / suicidal ideation / suicide
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9. Vance DD, Vosseller JT: Double Plating of Distal Fibula Fractures. Foot Ankle Spec; 2017 Feb 01;:1938640017692416
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  • CONCLUSIONS: Double plating of distal fibula fractures is a viable technique for problem fractures that potentially provides a readily accessible, low-cost alternative to other means of enhancing fixation.
  • LEVELS OF EVIDENCE: Level IV.

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  • (PMID = 28173717.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-7636
  • [Journal-full-title] Foot & ankle specialist
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Foot Ankle Spec
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; ankle injuries / comorbid conditions / diabetes / diagnostic and therapeutic techniques / external and internal fixation / fractures / heel / rearfoot / sports podiatry / sprains and strains
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10. Nakamura T, Suzuki M, Ueda M, Hirayama M, Katsuno M: Lower body mass index is associated with orthostatic hypotension in Parkinson's disease. J Neurol Sci; 2017 Jan 15;372:14-18
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lower body mass index is associated with orthostatic hypotension in Parkinson's disease.
  • INTRODUCTION: Lower body mass index (BMI) is associated with orthostatic hypotension (OH) in the general population, especially in the elderly; however, no studies have addressed this issue in Parkinson's disease (PD).
  • In the elderly group, a significant correlation between BMI and orthostatic SBP change was found (men, r=0.47, p=0.006; women, r=0.43, p=0.005), and a BMI below mean-0.5 standard deviation increased OH odds (men: BMI<20.5; odds ratio, 6.79; 95% CI, 1.06-43.36; women: BMI<18.5; odds ratio, 5.11; 95% CI, 1.05-24.96).

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28017201.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-5883
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the neurological sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurol. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Autonomic dysfunction / Body mass index / Orthostatic hypotension / Parkinson's disease / Sympathetic nervous system
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11. Sahker E, Yeung CW, Garrison YL, Park S, Arndt S: Asian American and Pacific Islander substance use treatment admission trends. Drug Alcohol Depend; 2017 Feb 01;171:1-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: AAPI demonstrated a greater increase in admissions than non-AAPI from 2000 to 2012 (p<0.0001; OR=1.02, 95% CI=1.019-1.022).
  • Large percent increases were demonstrated in multiple demographic and treatment characteristic, most notably in prescription opioids as a problem substance, age of first use for the oldest and youngest groups, and homelessness.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 27988403.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0046
  • [Journal-full-title] Drug and alcohol dependence
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Drug Alcohol Depend
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Culturally competent treatment / Health disparity / Model minority / Prescription opioids
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12. Sharma D, Singh VP, Agarwal N, Malhotra MK: Obturator Nerve Block in Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumor: A Comparative Study by two Techniques. Anesth Essays Res; 2017 Jan-Mar;11(1):101-104
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • CONTEXT: Sparing of obturator nerve is a common problem encountered during transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) under spinal anesthesia.
  • SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty adult male patients from the American Society of Anesthesiologists Class I-IV planned to undergo TURBT under spinal anesthesia were divided into two groups of twenty each.

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  • (PMID = 28298765.001).
  • [ISSN] 0259-1162
  • [Journal-full-title] Anesthesia, essays and researches
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anesth Essays Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Obturator nerve block / transurethral resection of bladder tumor / transvesical nerve block
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13. Kobayashi Y, Tsukune M, Miyashita T, Fujie MG: Simple empirical model for identifying rheological properties of soft biological tissues. Phys Rev E; 2017 Feb;95(2-1):022418
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Understanding the rheological properties of soft biological tissue is a key issue for mechanical systems used in the health care field.
  • (iii) power law dependence between time and strain relationships in the time domain; and (iv) linear dependence in the low strain range and exponential law dependence in the high strain range between stress-strain relationships.

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  • (PMID = 28297883.001).
  • [ISSN] 2470-0053
  • [Journal-full-title] Physical review. E
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Phys Rev E
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Thomas JP, Neumann K, Dazert S, Voelter C: Cochlear Implantation in Children With Congenital Single-Sided Deafness. Otol Neurotol; 2017 Apr;38(4):496-503
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Cochlear implant (CI) provision provides children with congenital SSD with significant audiological and subjective benefits which can be seen even in children implanted after the age of 3;6.
  • The problem of limited use and nonuser, however, should not be ignored and has to be considered for further studies.

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  • (PMID = 28288475.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-4505
  • [Journal-full-title] Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otol. Neurotol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Prag C, Prag M, Fredlund H: Proton pump inhibitors as a risk factor for norovirus infection. Epidemiol Infect; 2017 Mar 22;:1-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Norovirus causes viral gastroenteritis, which is a major problem in health care.
  • Odds ratio (OR) with confidence intervals (CIs) and P-values were calculated using McNemar's test.
  • There was a significantly increased risk of norovirus infection in patients treated with PPIs compared with patients without PPI treatment (OR 1·73, 95% CI 1·07-2·81; P = 0·02).

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  • (PMID = 28325163.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-4409
  • [Journal-full-title] Epidemiology and infection
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Epidemiol. Infect.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Norovirus infection / proton pump inhibitors / risk factor
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16. Romero-Sandoval N, Ortiz-Rico C, Sánchez-Pérez HJ, Valdivieso D, Sandoval C, Pástor J, Martín M: Soil transmitted helminthiasis in indigenous groups. A community cross sectional study in the Amazonian southern border region of Ecuador. BMJ Open; 2017 Mar 14;7(3):e013626
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: At the individual level, the prevalence of geohelminth infection reached 46.9% (95% CI 39.5% to 54.2%), with no differences in terms of gender, age, temporary migration movements or previous chemoprophylaxis.
  • Our study suggests that it is necessary to conduct studies focusing on communities, and not simply on captive groups, such as schoolchildren, with the object of proposing more suitable and effective strategies to control this problem.

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  • [Copyright] Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.
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  • (PMID = 28292765.001).
  • [ISSN] 2044-6055
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ open
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Open
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Ecuador / chemoprophylaxis / helminths / indigenous population
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17. Blasig H, Bender C, Hassel JC, Eigentler TK, Sachse MM, Hiernickel J, Koop A, Satzger I, Gutzmer R: Reinduction of PD1-inhibitor therapy: first experience in eight patients with metastatic melanoma. Melanoma Res; 2017 Mar 02;
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  • The sequencing of these therapies is an important issue.
  • The patients (two female and seven male with a median age of 70 years, all melanoma stage IV, M1c) underwent a first treatment period with PD1i for a median of 5.5 months.
  • Further investigations are needed to verify the value of PD1i re-exposure and to identify subgroups of patients who can benefit.

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  • (PMID = 28257394.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5636
  • [Journal-full-title] Melanoma research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Melanoma Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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18. Rahimi MT, Daryani A, Sarvi S, Shokri A, Ahmadpour E, Teshnizi SH, Mizani A, Sharif M: Cats and &lt;i&gt;Toxoplasma gondii&lt;/i&gt;: A systematic review and meta-analysis in Iran. Onderstepoort J Vet Res; 2015 Apr 30;82(1):e1-e10
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  • This protozoan causes a significant public health problem in humans and imposes considerable economic losses and damages to husbandry industries.
  • The pooled proportion of toxoplasmosis using the random-effect model amongst cats was estimated at 33.6% (95% confidence interval [CI] 22.05-46.41).

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  • (PMID = 28235264.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-0635
  • [Journal-full-title] The Onderstepoort journal of veterinary research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] South Africa
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19. Singer S, Jordan S, Locati LD, Pinto M, Tomaszewska IM, Araujo C, Hammerlid E, Vidhubala E, Husson O, Kiyota N, Brannan C, Salem D, Gamper E, Arraras JI, Ioannidis G, Andry G, Inhestern J, Gregoire V, Licitra L: The EORTC module for quality of life in patients with thyroid cancer: phase III. Endocr Relat Cancer; 2017 Feb 21;
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  • Items were kept in the questionnaire if they fulfilled pre-defined criteria: relevant to the patients, easy to understand, not confusing, few missing values, neither floor nor ceiling effects, and high variance.
  • Shoulder dysfunction was mentioned by 5 patients as missing and an item covering this issue was added.
  • We conclude that the EORTC quality of life module for thyroid cancer (EORTC QLQ-THY34) is ready for the final validation phase IV.

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  • (PMID = 28223365.001).
  • [ISSN] 1479-6821
  • [Journal-full-title] Endocrine-related cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endocr. Relat. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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20. Shimkhada R, Solon O, Tamondong-Lachica D, Peabody JW: Misdiagnosis of obstetrical cases and the clinical and cost consequences to patients: a cross-sectional study of urban providers in the Philippines. Glob Health Action; 2016 Jan;9(1):32672
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  • : Background Misdiagnosis may be a significant and under-recognized quality of care problem.
  • Linking provider decision-making to patients, we found those who misdiagnosed the simulated cases were more likely to have patients with a complication (OR 2.96; 95% CI 1.39-3.77) compared with those who did not misdiagnose.

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  • (PMID = 28156913.001).
  • [ISSN] 1654-9880
  • [Journal-full-title] Global health action
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Glob Health Action
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Philippines / health costs / health outcomes / misdiagnosis / obstetrics / practice variability / quality of care
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21. Tuleta I, Skowasch D, Biener L, Pizarro C, Schueler R, Nickenig G, Schahab N, Schaefer C, Pingel S: Impaired Vascular Function in Sarcoidosis Patients. Adv Exp Med Biol; 2017 Jan 29;
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  • We addressed the issue by examining preatherosclerotic vascular alternations using an ultrasound-based speckle-tracking method in 72 sarcoidosis patients and 15 matched controls.
  • Vascular strains were more impaired in patients with cortisone therapy, pulmonary sarcoidosis in stages III-IV, and in pulmonary sarcoidosis accompanied by extrapulmonary involvement.

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  • (PMID = 28132132.001).
  • [ISSN] 0065-2598
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in experimental medicine and biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv. Exp. Med. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Arterial Elastic Properties / Atherosclerosis / Granulomatous Disease / Inflammation / Sarcoidosis Vasculopathy / Vascular Ultrasound
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22. Van Scoy-Mosher MB: Litigation against oncologists: Lessons to be learned. J Clin Oncol; 2004 Jul 15;22(14_suppl):8172
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  • : 8172 Background: Though still infrequent, litigation against oncologists nonetheless is a significant problem.
  • Category IV relates to cases wherein it is claimed the diagnosis of metastatic cancer was delayed.

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  • (PMID = 28015400.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Xue DJ, Liu SC, Dai CM, Chen S, He C, Zhao L, Hu JS, Wan LJ: GeSe Thin-Film Solar Cells Fabricated by Self-Regulated Rapid Thermal Sublimation. J Am Chem Soc; 2017 Jan 18;139(2):958-965
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  • Here we overcome this issue by introducing a simple and fast (4.8 μm min<sup>-1</sup>) rapid thermal sublimation (RTS) process designed according to the sublimation feature of the layered structured GeSe.
  • This preliminary efficiency and high stability, combined with the self-regulated RTS process (also extended to the fabrication of other binary IV-VI chalcogenide films, i.e., GeS), demonstrates the great potential of GeSe for thin-film photovoltaic applications.

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  • (PMID = 27997209.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-5126
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Chemical Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Chem. Soc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. Seiler S, Pirpamer L, Gesierich B, Hofer E, Duering M, Pinter D, Jouvent E, Fazekas F, Mangin JF, Chabriat H, Ropele S, Schmidt R: Lower Magnetization Transfer Ratio in the Forceps Minor Is Associated with Poorer Gait Velocity in Older Adults. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol; 2017 Mar;38(3):500-506
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  • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Gait disturbances in the elderly are disabling and a major public health issue but are poorly understood.
  • In this multimodal MR imaging study, we used 2 voxel-based analysis methods to assess the voxelwise relationship of magnetization transfer ratio and white matter hyperintensity location with gait velocity in older adults.
  • To assess a possible relationship between white matter hyperintensity location and gait velocity, we applied voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping.
  • RESULTS: We found a significant association between the magnetization transfer ratio within the forceps minor and gait velocity (β = 0.134; 95% CI, 0.011-0.258; <i>P</i> = .033), independent of demographics, general physical performance, vascular risk factors, and brain volume.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 by American Journal of Neuroradiology.
  • (PMID = 27979793.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-959X
  • [Journal-full-title] AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJNR Am J Neuroradiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Lee HJ, Ju YJ, Park EC: Positive correlation between regional emergency medical resources and mortality in severely injured patients: results from the Korean National Hospital Discharge In-depth Survey. CJEM; 2016 Dec 15;:1-9
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  • OBJECTIVES: In South Korea, injury is a public health problem due to its high incidence and high mortality.
  • Patients in regions with a higher number of emergency departments (odds ratio [OR]=0.94, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.91-0.98), a higher number of ambulances (OR=0.99, 95% CI: 0.98-0.99), and a higher number of registered nurses per emergency department (OR=0.88, 95% CI: 0.83-0.94) had a lower risk of mortality during hospitalization.

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  • (PMID = 27974079.001).
  • [ISSN] 1481-8035
  • [Journal-full-title] CJEM
  • [ISO-abbreviation] CJEM
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; emergency medical care system / mortality / regional emergency medical resources / trauma
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26. Zhu Y, Liu S, Zhang X, Chen W, Zhang Y: Incidence and risks for surgical site infection after adult tibial plateau fractures treated by ORIF: a prospective multicentre study. Int Wound J; 2017 Mar 16;
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  • This study was designed as a prospective and multicentre one to address this issue.
  • However, in multivariate analysis, only open fracture (OR, 3·31; 95%, 1·06-1·84) and current smoking status (OR, 5·68; 95% CI, 1·56-20·66) remained significant.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 Medicalhelplines.com Inc and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
  • (PMID = 28303656.001).
  • [ISSN] 1742-481X
  • [Journal-full-title] International wound journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Wound J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Multicentre / Prospective / Risk factors / SSI / Tibial plateau fracture
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27. Stephenson JF, Young KA, Fox J, Jokela J, Cable J, Perkins SE: Host heterogeneity affects both parasite transmission to and fitness on subsequent hosts. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci; 2017 May 05;372(1719)
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  • Donor heterogeneity likely affects these three parameters, and may arise from variation between donors in traits including: (i) infection load, (ii) resistance, (iii) stage of infection, and (iv) previous experience of transmission.
  • These results suggest that a more holistic consideration of within-host processes will improve our understanding of between-host transmission and hence disease dynamics.This article is part of the themed issue 'Opening the black box: re-examining the ecology and evolution of parasite transmission'.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 The Author(s).
  • (PMID = 28289260.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2970
  • [Journal-full-title] Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Gyrodactylus / Poecilia reticulata / host quality / infectious disease / parasite fitness / within-host and between-host dynamics
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28. Correa J, Magliano J, Agorio C, Bazzano C: Super U Technique for Ingrown Nails. Actas Dermosifiliogr; 2017 Mar 08;
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  • INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Ingrown nails are a common problem, seen mostly in young adults.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We believe the super U technique is very useful in stage II ingrown nail and in disease that has recurred after previous surgery, and is the treatment of choice in stage III or IV disease in which excessive hypertrophic tissue is found.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 AEDV. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28284420.001).
  • [ISSN] 1578-2190
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas dermo-sifiliograficas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Dermosifiliogr
  • [Language] eng; spa
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cirugía de uñas / Exéresis en U / Great toe / Hallux / Ingrown nail / Nail surgery / Onicocriptosis / Onychocryptosis / Super U / Súper U / U-shape Exeresis / Uña encarnada
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29. Kozyrev DA, Thiarawat P, Jahromi BR, Intarakhao P, Choque-Velasquez J, Hijazy F, Teo MK, Hernesniemi J: "Dirty coagulation" technique as an alternative to microclips for control of bleeding from deep feeders during brain arteriovenous malformation surgery. Acta Neurochir (Wien); 2017 Mar 11;
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  • This technical note describes a technique used by the senior author in AVM surgery for last 20 years in dealing with the issue highlighted.
  • RESULTS: Thirty-five cases of AVM surgeries (14 SM grade III, 15 SM grade IV and 6 SM grade V) in this 5-year period were analysed.

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  • (PMID = 28283870.001).
  • [ISSN] 0942-0940
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta neurochirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Neurochir (Wien)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Austria
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Arteriovenous malformation / Bipolar coagulation / Microneurosurgery / Neurosurgical trick
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30. Amer MG, Mazen NF, Mohamed AM: Caffeine intake decreases oxidative stress and inflammatory biomarkers in experimental liver diseases induced by thioacetamide: Biochemical and histological study. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol; 2017 Mar;30(1):13-24
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  • Liver disease remains a significant global health problem.
  • TAA induced liver toxicity with elevated liver enzymes and histological alterations, fatty changes, apoptosis, and fibrosis evidenced by increased immunohistochemical reaction to matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and collagen type IV in hepatocytes.

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  • (PMID = 28281876.001).
  • [ISSN] 2058-7384
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; MMP-9 / TNF-α / caffeine / fibrosis / liver
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31. Vancampfort D, Koyanagi A, Hallgren M, Probst M, Stubbs B: The relationship between chronic physical conditions, multimorbidity and anxiety in the general population: A global perspective across 42 countries. Gen Hosp Psychiatry; 2017 Mar - Apr;45:1-6
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  • Anxiety in the past 30days and nine chronic physical conditions (angina, arthritis, asthma, chronic back pain, diabetes, edentulism, hearing problem, tuberculosis, and visual impairment) were assessed.
  • Compared to those with no physical health conditions, one condition was associated with an almost twofold increased odds of anxiety symptoms (OR=1.94; 95%CI=1.76-2.13), while this figure rose to 5.49 (3.73-8.09) in those with ≥5 conditions.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28274332.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-7714
  • [Journal-full-title] General hospital psychiatry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gen Hosp Psychiatry
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Angina / Anxiety / Arthritis / Asthma / Back pain / Multimorbidity
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32. Kanazawa H, Imoto K, Okada M, Yamawaki H: Canstatin inhibits hypoxia-induced apoptosis through activation of integrin/focal adhesion kinase/Akt signaling pathway in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts. PLoS One; 2017;12(2):e0173051
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  • A hypoxic stress which causes apoptosis of cardiomyocytes is the main problem in the ischemic heart disease.
  • Canstatin, a non-collagenous fragment of type IV collagen α2 chain, is an endogenous anti-angiogenic factor.

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  • (PMID = 28235037.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. Mutagoma M, Balisanga H, Sebuhoro D, Mbituyumuremyi A, Remera E, Malamba SS, Riedel DJ, Nsanzimana S: Hepatitis C virus and HIV co-infection among pregnant women in Rwanda. BMC Infect Dis; 2017 Feb 22;17(1):167
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  • [Title] Hepatitis C virus and HIV co-infection among pregnant women in Rwanda.
  • BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a pandemic causing disease; more than 185 million people are infected worldwide.
  • Women in urban residence were more likely to be associated with HCV-infection (OR = 1.3; 95%CI [1.0-1.6]) compared to those living in rural setting.
  • CONCLUSION: HCV is a public health problem in pregnant women in Rwanda.

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  • (PMID = 28228126.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2334
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; HIV / HIV-HCV co-infection / Hepatitis C virus / Pregnant women
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34. Chen YC, Weng SC, Liu JS, Chuang HL, Hsu CC, Tarng DC: Severe Decline of Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate Associates with Progressive Cognitive Deterioration in the Elderly: A Community-Based Cohort Study. Sci Rep; 2017 Feb 17;7:42690
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  • During a median follow-up of 5.4 years, the participants with severe decline in eGFR (>20% per year) had an increased risk of cognitive deterioration (HR, 1.33; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.08-1.72) and the composite outcome (HR, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.03-1.35) when compared with those who had stable eGFR.
  • Early detection of severe eGFR decline is a critical issue and needs clinical attentions.

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  • (PMID = 28209982.001).
  • [ISSN] 2045-2322
  • [Journal-full-title] Scientific reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sci Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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35. Steimer A, Müller M, Schindler K: Predictive modeling of EEG time series for evaluating surgery targets in epilepsy patients. Hum Brain Mapp; 2017 Feb 16;
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  • Conversely, for 4 out of 5 Engel class III/IV patients who still suffer from postsurgical seizures, performance of the actually resected collection is not significantly better than performances displayed by random or empty collections.
  • As the number of possible collections ranges into billions and more, this is a substantial contribution to a problem that today is still solved by visual EEG inspection.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 28205340.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0193
  • [Journal-full-title] Human brain mapping
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum Brain Mapp
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Bayesian inference / Chow-Liu tree / Hidden Markov Model / distributional clustering / epilepsy / graphical models / predictive modeling / quantitative EEG / rate distortion theory / resective surgery
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36. Sugimoto H, Orita F, Kume Y, Baba H, Sato Y, Hoshino N, Nishioka Y: [Evaluation of Bevacizumab in Combination with Weekly Paclitaxel for Locally Advanced Breast Cancer]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2016 Nov;43(12):1424-1426
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  • The clinical stage was Stage III B in 1 case and Stage IV in 7 cases.
  • As QOL improved after treatment and the safety did not have any problem, Bv in combination with weekly PTX therapy is one of the effective treatments for locally advanced breast cancer.

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  • (PMID = 28133011.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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37. Li YY, Chen WW, Wei L, Xie YX, Wang LF, Fu JL, Wang FS: A survey of knowledge about hepatitis B among new military recruits in China. Mil Med Res; 2017;4:2
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  • BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B is a disease that affects the liver and is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV).
  • Hepatitis B is a serious public health problem in China.
  • Multivariate logistic regression showed that age (<i>OR</i> = 3.040, 95%CI 1.724-5.359, <i>P</i> < 0.001) and gender (<i>OR</i> = 1.791, 95%CI 1.325-2.421, <i>P</i> < 0.001) were significantly associated with appropriate behavioural practices towards prevention of HBV.

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  • (PMID = 28116112.001).
  • [ISSN] 2054-9369
  • [Journal-full-title] Military Medical Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mil Med Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; China / Hepatitis B virus / Infection / Knowledge / New recruits
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38. Drake TL, Lubell Y: Malaria and Economic Evaluation Methods: Challenges and Opportunities. Appl Health Econ Health Policy; 2017 Jan 19;
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  • Consensus and guidance on how to determine and interpret cost-effectiveness thresholds in the context of internationally financed elimination campaigns is greatly needed. (iv) Malaria interventions are often complimentary and evaluations may need to construct intervention bundles to represent relevant policy positions as sets of mutually exclusive alternatives. (v) Geographic targeting is a key aspect of malaria policy making that is only beginning to be addressed in economic evaluations.
  • An approach to budget-based geographic resource allocation is described in an accompanying paper in this issue and addresses some of these methodological challenges.

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  • (PMID = 28105555.001).
  • [ISSN] 1179-1896
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied health economics and health policy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl Health Econ Health Policy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] New Zealand
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39. Musiello T, Dixon G, O'Connor M, Cook D, Miller L, Petterson A, Saunders C, Joske D, Johnson C: A pilot study of routine screening for distress by a nurse and psychologist in an outpatient haematological oncology clinic. Appl Nurs Res; 2017 Feb;33:15-18
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  • METHODS: Participants completed the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Distress Thermometer and Problem List and had a follow-up screening discussion with a health professional.
  • Patients were less likely to have significant distress at the end of treatment than at the beginning (OR=0.15, 95% CI: 0.03; 0.72,).

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28096010.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8201
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied nursing research : ANR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl Nurs Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Distress / Distress thermometer / Haematological cancer / Nursing / Supportive care
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40. Stubbs B, Vancampfort D, Rosenbaum S, Firth J, Cosco T, Veronese N, Salum GA, Schuch FB: An examination of the anxiolytic effects of exercise for people with anxiety and stress-related disorders: A meta-analysis. Psychiatry Res; 2017 Mar;249:102-108
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  • To address this issue, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis investigating the benefits of exercise compared to usual treatment or control conditions in people with an anxiety and/or stress-related disorders.
  • Exercise significantly decreased anxiety symptoms more than control conditions, with a moderate effect size (Standardized Mean Difference=-0.582, 95%CI -1.0 to -0.76, p=0.02).

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28088704.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-7123
  • [Journal-full-title] Psychiatry research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Psychiatry Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Anxiety / Exercise / Physical activity / Stress
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41. Jaacks LM, Kavle J, Perry A, Nyaku A: Programming maternal and child overweight and obesity in the context of undernutrition: current evidence and key considerations for low- and middle-income countries. Public Health Nutr; 2017 Jan 09;:1-11
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  • Trends reveal that overweight and obesity are a growing problem among women and children in LMIC; as in Ghana, Kenya, Niger, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, where the prevalence among urban women is approaching 50 %.
  • (iii) education systems (integration of nutrition into school curricula with provision of high-quality foods through school feeding programmes); and (iv) health systems (counselling and social and behaviour change communication to improve maternal diet, appropriate gestational weight gain, and optimal infant and young child feeding practices).

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  • (PMID = 28065195.001).
  • [ISSN] 1475-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Public health nutrition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Public Health Nutr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Developing countries / Dual burden / Overweight / Programme implementation
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42. Norton P, Costa V, Teixeira J, Azevedo A, Roma-Torres A, Amaro J, Cunha L: Prevalence and Determinants of Bullying Among Health Care Workers in Portugal. Workplace Health Saf; 2017 Jan 01;:2165079916666545
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  • These behaviors are a serious, growing problem, which affects a significant proportion of health care professionals.
  • The prevalence of bullying in this hospital was 8% (95% confidence interval [CI] = [6.2, 10.2]).

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  • (PMID = 28061740.001).
  • [ISSN] 2165-0969
  • [Journal-full-title] Workplace health & safety
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Workplace Health Saf
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; bullying / health care personnel / occupational health / workplace
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43. Li W, Lin X, Wang R, Wang F, Xie S, Tse LA: Hormone therapy and lung cancer mortality in women: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Steroids; 2017 Feb;118:47-54
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  • We sought to elucidate this issue with a meta-analysis.
  • The pooled HR of HT in relation to lung cancer mortality was 0.97 (95% CI 0.83-1.12, I<sup>2</sup>=59.2%, p=0.006) in all studies disregarding study design, and it was 0.80 (95% CI: 0.69-0.92, I<sup>2</sup>=21.4%, p=0.278) in prospective cohort studies.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 27964943.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-5867
  • [Journal-full-title] Steroids
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Steroids
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Estrogen / Hormone therapy / Lung cancer / Mortality / Progestogen / Prognosis
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44. Ekhtiari S, Horner NS, de Sa D, Simunovic N, Hirschmann MT, Ogilvie R, Berardelli RL, Whelan DB, Ayeni OR: Arthrofibrosis after ACL reconstruction is best treated in a step-wise approach with early recognition and intervention: a systematic review. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc; 2017 Mar 04;
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  • Data regarding patient demographics, indications, index surgery, management strategy, and outcomes were collected.
  • RESULTS: Twenty-five studies of primarily level IV evidence (88%) were included.
  • The issue of arthrofibrosis following ACL reconstruction is clinically relevant as it represents a common complication of a commonly performed operation that nonetheless remains poorly defined and without clear treatment guidelines.
  • LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Systematic Review of Level III and IV Studies, Level IV.

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  • (PMID = 28260199.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-7347
  • [Journal-full-title] Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; ACL reconstruction / Arthrofibrosis / Extension deficit / Joint stiffness / Rehabilitation
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45. Sun P, Cheng X, Deng S, Hu Q, Sun Y, Zheng Q: Mesh fixation with glue versus suture for chronic pain and recurrence in Lichtenstein inguinal hernioplasty. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2017 Feb 07;2:CD010814
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases with no language restrictions: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; issue 4, 2016) in the Cochrane Library (searched 11 May 2016), MEDLINE Ovid (1986 to 11 May 2016), Embase Ovid (1986 to 11 May 2016), Science Citation Index (Web of Science) (1986 to 11 May 2016), CBM (Chinese Biomedical Database), CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), VIP (a full-text database in China), Wanfang databases.
  • Dichotomous outcomes were expressed as odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).
  • The overall postoperative chronic pain in the glue group was reduced by 37% (OR 0.63, 95% CI 0.44 to 0.91; 10 studies, 1418 participants, low-quality evidence) compared with the suture group.
  • Subgroup analysis of included studies using lightweight mesh showed the reduction of chronic pain was less profound and insignificant (OR 0.77, 95% CI 0.50 to 1.17).
  • Subgroup analysis of included studies using heavyweight mesh resulted in a significant benefit from the fixation with glue (OR 0.38, 95% CI 0.17 to 0.82).Hernia recurrence was similar between the two groups (OR 1.44, 95% CI 0.63 to 3.28; 12 studies, 1932 participants, low-quality evidence).
  • Fixation with glue was superior to suture regarding duration of the operation (MD -3.13, 95% CI -4.48 to -1.78; 9 studies, 1790 participants, low-quality evidence); haematoma (OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.31 to 0.86; 10 studies, 1384 participants, moderate-quality evidence); and recovery time to daily activities (MD -1.26, 95% CI -1.89 to -0.63; 3 studies, 403 participants, low-quality evidence).We also investigated adverse events.
  • For superficial wound infection pooled analyses showed OR 1.23, 95% CI 0.37 to 4.11; 7 studies, 763 participants (low-quality evidence); for mesh/deep infection OR 0.67, 95% CI 0.16 to 2.83; 8 studies, 1393 participants (low-quality evidence).
  • Furthermore, we investigated seroma (a postoperative swelling caused by fluid) (OR 0.83, 95% CI 0.51 to 1.33); and persisting numbness (OR 0.81, 95% CI 0.57 to 1.14).Finally, six trials involving 1009 participants reported postoperative length of stay, resulting in non-significant difference between the two groups (MD -0.12, 95% CI: -0.35 to 0.10)Due to the lack of data, it was impossible to draw any distinction between synthetic glue and biological glue.Eight out of 12 trials showed high risk of bias in at least one of the investigated domains.

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  • (PMID = 28170080.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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46. Beyen TK, Dadi AF, Dachew BA, Muluneh NY, Bisetegn TA: More than eight in every nineteen inmates were living with depression at prisons of Northwest Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia, a cross sectional study design. BMC Psychiatry; 2017 Jan 19;17(1):31
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  • The reliability of the tool was checked by Cronbach's Alpha (yielding value of 0.841).
  • RESULTS: Of the total prisoners participated (649), 284 (43.8%; 95% CI: 39.90, 47.67%) had symptoms of depression.
  • Thus, providing training to scale up satisfaction of prisoners, on how to cope up with environment just before imprisonment and release, and treating prisoners will improve the problem.

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  • (PMID = 28103840.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-244X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC psychiatry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Psychiatry
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Depression / Depression in custody / Inmates’ depression / Internees’ depression
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47. Wiysonge CS, Bradley HA, Volmink J, Mayosi BM, Opie LH: Beta-blockers for hypertension. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2017 01 20;1:CD002003
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • SEARCH METHODS: The Cochrane Hypertension Information Specialist searched the following databases for randomized controlled trials up to June 2016: the Cochrane Hypertension Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (2016, Issue 6), MEDLINE (from 1946), Embase (from 1974), and ClinicalTrials.gov.
  • We expressed study results as risk ratios (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) and conducted fixed-effect or random-effects meta-analyses, as appropriate.
  • We found no outcome trials involving the newer vasodilating beta-blockers (e.g. nebivolol).There was no difference in all-cause mortality between beta-blockers and placebo (RR 0.99, 95% CI 0.88 to 1.11), diuretics or RAS inhibitors, but it was higher for beta-blockers compared to CCBs (RR 1.07, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.14).
  • The evidence on mortality was of moderate-certainty for all comparisons.Total CVD was lower for beta-blockers compared to placebo (RR 0.88, 95% CI 0.79 to 0.97; low-certainty evidence), a reflection of the decrease in stroke (RR 0.80, 95% CI 0.66 to 0.96; low-certainty evidence) since there was no difference in coronary heart disease (CHD: RR 0.93, 95% CI 0.81 to 1.07; moderate-certainty evidence).
  • The effect of beta-blockers on CVD was worse than that of CCBs (RR 1.18, 95% CI 1.08 to 1.29; moderate-certainty evidence), but was not different from that of diuretics (moderate-certainty) or RAS inhibitors (low-certainty).
  • In addition, there was an increase in stroke in beta-blockers compared to CCBs (RR 1.24, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.40; moderate-certainty evidence) and RAS inhibitors (RR 1.30, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.53; moderate-certainty evidence).
  • In the single trial involving participants aged 65 years and older, atenolol was associated with an increased CHD incidence compared to diuretics (RR 1.63, 95% CI 1.15 to 2.32).
  • Participants taking beta-blockers were more likely to discontinue treatment due to adverse events than participants taking RAS inhibitors (RR 1.41, 95% CI 1.29 to 1.54; moderate-certainty evidence), but there was little or no difference with placebo, diuretics or CCBs (low-certainty evidence).

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  • [UpdateOf] Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Nov 14;11:CD002003 [23152211.001]
  • (PMID = 28107561.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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48. Moon K, Rao SC, Schulzke SM, Patole SK, Simmer K: Longchain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2016 12 20;12:CD000375
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • SEARCH METHODS: Trials were identified by searching the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 2) in the Cochrane Library (searched 28 February 2016), MEDLINE Ovid (1966 to 28 February 2016), Embase Ovid (1980 to 28 February 2016), CINAHL EBSCO (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature; 1980 to 28 February 2016), MEDLINE In Process & Other Non-indexed Citations (1966 to 28 February 2016) and by checking reference lists of articles and conference proceedings.
  • Meta-analysis of four studies evaluating Bayley Scales of Infant Development at 12 months (N = 364) showed no significant effect of supplementation (Mental Development Index (MDI): MD 0.96, 95% CI -1.42 to 3.34; P = 0.43; I² = 71% - Psychomotor DeveIopment Index (PDI): MD 0.23, 95% CI -2.77 to 3.22; P = 0.88; I² = 81%).
  • Furthermore, three studies at 18 months (N = 494) also revealed no significant effect of LCPUFA on neurodevelopment (MDI: MD 2.40, 95% CI -0.33 to 5.12; P = 0.08; I² = 0% - PDI: MD 0.74, 95% CI -1.90 to 3.37; P = 0.58; I² = 54%).
  • Meta-analysis of five studies (N = 297) showed increased weight and length at two months post-term in supplemented infants (Weight: MD 0.21, 95% CI 0.08 to 0.33; P = 0.0010; I² = 69% - Length: MD 0.47, 95% CI 0.00 to 0.94; P = 0.05; I² = 0%).
  • Meta-analysis of four studies at a corrected age of 12 months (N = 271) showed no significant effect of supplementation on growth outcomes (Weight: MD -0.10, 95% CI -0.31 to 0.12; P = 0.34; I² = 65% - Length: MD 0.25; 95% CI -0.33 to 0.84; P = 0.40; I² = 71% - Head circumference: MD -0.15, 95% CI -0.53 to 0.23; P = 0.45; I² = 0%).
  • No significant effect of LCPUFA on weight, length or head circumference was observed on meta-analysis of two studies (n = 396 infants) at 18 months (Weight: MD -0.14, 95% CI -0.39 to 0.10; P = 0.26; I² = 66% - Length: MD -0.28, 95% CI -0.91 to 0.35; P = 0.38; I² = 90% - Head circumference: MD -0.18, 95% CI -0.53 to 0.18; P = 0.32; I² = 0%).

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  • [UpdateOf] Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Feb 16;(2):CD000375 [21328248.001]
  • (PMID = 27995607.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; 25167-62-8 / Docosahexaenoic Acids; 27YG812J1I / Arachidonic Acid
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49. Lemyre B, Davis PG, De Paoli AG, Kirpalani H: Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) for preterm neonates after extubation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2017 Feb 01;2:CD003212
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • SEARCH METHODS: We used the standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2015, Issue 9), MEDLINE via PubMed (1966 to 28 September 2015), Embase (1980 to 28 September 2015) and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL; 1982 to 28 September 2015).
  • When all studies were included, meta-analysis demonstrated a statistically and clinically significant reduction in the risk of meeting extubation failure criteria (typical RR 0.70, 95% CI 0.60 to 0.80; typical RD -0.13, 95% CI -0.17 to -0.08; NNTB 8, 95% CI 6 to 13; 10 trials, 1431 infants) and needing re-intubation (typical RR 0.76, 95% CI 0.65 to 0.88; typical RD -0.10, 95% CI -0.15 to -0.05; NNTB 10, 95% CI 7 to 20; 10 trials, 1431 infants).
  • When comparing interventions, investigators found no significant reduction in rates of chronic lung disease (typical RR 0.94, 95% CI 0.80 to 1.10; typical RD -0.02, 95% CI -0.08 to 0.03) or death, and no difference in the incidence of necrotising enterocolitis.
  • Air leaks were reduced in infants randomised to NIPPV (typical RR 0.48, 95% CI 0.28 to 0.82; typical RD -0.03, 95% CI -0.05 to -0.01; NNTB 33, 95% CI 20 to 100).

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  • (PMID = 28146296.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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50. Shah VS, Ohlsson A, Halliday HL, Dunn M: Early administration of inhaled corticosteroids for preventing chronic lung disease in very low birth weight preterm neonates. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2017 01 04;1:CD001969
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • SEARCH METHODS: Randomised and quasi-randomised trials were identified by searching the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2015, Issue 12) in the Cochrane Library (searched 5 January 2016), MEDLINE (1966 to 5 January 2016), Embase (1980 to 5 January 2016), CINAHL (1982 to 5 January 2016), reference lists of published trials and abstracts published in Pediatric Research or electronically on the Pediatric Academic Societies web-site (1990 to May 2016).
  • Meta-analyses were performed using relative risk (RR) and risk difference (RD), along with their 95% confidence intervals (CI).
  • There was no significant difference in the incidence of CLD at 36 weeks' PMA in the inhaled steroid versus the placebo group (5 trials, 429 neonates) among all randomised (typical RR 0.97, 95% CI 0.62 to 1.52; typical RD -0.00, 95% CI -0.07 to 0.06).
  • There was a significant reduction in the incidence of CLD at 36 weeks' PMA among survivors (6 trials, 1088 neonates) (typical RR 0.76, 95% CI 0.63 to 0.93; typical RD -0.07, 95% CI -0.13 to -0.02; NNTB 14, 95% CI 8 to 50).
  • There was a significant reduction in the combined outcome of death or CLD at 36 weeks' PMA among all randomised neonates (6 trials, 1285 neonates) (typical RR 0.86, 95% CI 0.75 to 0.99; typical RD -0.06, 95% CI -0.11 to -0.00) (P = 0.04); NNTB 17, 95% CI 9 to infinity).
  • Even though there is statistical significance, the clinical relevance is of question as the upper CI limit for the outcome of death or CLD at 36 weeks' PMA is infinity.

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  • [UpdateOf] Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 May 16;(5):CD001969 [22592680.001]
  • (PMID = 28052185.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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51. Vloothuis JD, Mulder M, Veerbeek JM, Konijnenbelt M, Visser-Meily JM, Ket JC, Kwakkel G, van Wegen EE: Caregiver-mediated exercises for improving outcomes after stroke. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2016 Dec 21;12:CD011058
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register (October 2015), CENTRAL (the Cochrane Library, 2015, Issue 10), MEDLINE (1946 to October 2015), Embase (1980 to December 2015), CINAHL (1982 to December 2015), SPORTDiscus (1985 to December 2015), three additional databases (two in October 2015, one in December 2015), and six additional trial registers (October 2015).
  • For trials in the latter category, it was difficult to separate the effects of CME from the effects of the other intervention.We found no significant effect of CME on basic ADL when pooling all trial data post intervention (4 studies; standardised mean difference (SMD) 0.21, 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.02 to 0.44; P = 0.07; moderate-quality evidence) or at follow-up (2 studies; mean difference (MD) 2.69, 95% CI -8.18 to 13.55; P = 0.63; low-quality evidence).
  • In addition, we found no significant effects of CME on extended ADL at post intervention (two studies; SMD 0.07, 95% CI -0.21 to 0.35; P = 0.64; low-quality evidence) or at follow-up (2 studies; SMD 0.11, 95% CI -0.17 to 0.39; P = 0.45; low-quality evidence).Caregiver burden did not increase at the end of the intervention (2 studies; SMD -0.04, 95% CI -0.45 to 0.37; P = 0.86; moderate-quality evidence) or at follow-up (1 study; MD 0.60, 95% CI -0.71 to 1.91; P = 0.37; very low-quality evidence).At the end of intervention, CME significantly improved the secondary outcomes of standing balance (3 studies; SMD 0.53, 95% CI 0.19 to 0.87; P = 0.002; low-quality evidence) and quality of life (1 study; physical functioning: MD 12.40, 95% CI 1.67 to 23.13; P = 0.02; mobility: MD 18.20, 95% CI 7.54 to 28.86; P = 0.0008; general recovery: MD 15.10, 95% CI 8.44 to 21.76; P < 0.00001; very low-quality evidence).
  • At follow-up, we found a significant effect in favour of CME for Six-Minute Walking Test distance (1 study; MD 109.50 m, 95% CI 17.12 to 201.88; P = 0.02; very low-quality evidence).
  • We also found a significant effect in favour of the control group at the end of intervention, regarding performance time on the Wolf Motor Function test (2 studies; MD -1.72, 95% CI -2.23 to -1.21; P < 0.00001; low-quality evidence).
  • PATIENT: motor impairment, upper limb function, mood, fatigue, length of stay and adverse events; caregiver: mood and quality of life).In contrast to the primary analysis, sensitivity analysis of CME-core showed a significant effect of CME on basic ADL post intervention (2 studies; MD 9.45, 95% CI 2.11 to 16.78; P = 0.01; moderate-quality evidence).The methodological quality of the included trials and variability in interventions (e.g. content, timing, and duration), affected the validity and generalisability of these observed results.

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  • (PMID = 28002636.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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52. Gregorio GV, Gonzales ML, Dans LF, Martinez EG: Polymer-based oral rehydration solution for treating acute watery diarrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2016 12 13;12:CD006519
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following sources up to 5 September 2016: the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group (CIDG) Specialized Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (the Cochrane Library 2016, Issue 9), MEDLINE (1966 to 5 September 2016), EMBASE (1974 to 5 September 2016), LILACS (1982 to 5 September 2016), and mRCT (2007 to 5 September 2016).
  • Polymer-based ORS may decrease mean stool output in the first 24 hours by 24 mL/kg (mean difference (MD) -24.60 mL/kg, 95% CI -40.69 to -8.51; one trial, 99 participants, low quality evidence).
  • The average duration of diarrhoea may be reduced by eight hours (MD -8.24 hours, 95% CI -13.17 to -3.30; I² statistic = 86%, five trials, 364 participants, low quality evidence) with polymer ORS but results are heterogeneous.
  • Limited trials showed no observed difference in the risk of unscheduled use of intravenous fluid (RR 0.66, 95% CI 0.43 to 1.02; I² statistic = 30%; four trials, 376 participants, very low quality evidence), vomiting (very low quality evidence), and hyponatraemia (very low quality evidence).
  • On average, polymer ORS may reduce the total stool output in the first 24 hours by around 65 mL/kg (MD -65.47 mL/kg, 95% CI -83.92 to -47.03; 16 trials, 1483 participants, low quality evidence), and may reduce the duration of diarrhoea by around eight hours (MD -8.57 hours; SD -13.17 to -4.03; 16 trials, 1137 participants, low quality evidence) with substantial heterogeneity.
  • The proportion of participants that required intravenous hydration was low in most trials with fewer in the polymer ORS group (RR 0.75, 95% CI 0.57 to 0.98; 19 trials, 1877 participant, low quality evidence) .
  • Subgroup analysis by type of pathogen suggested an effect on unscheduled intravenous fluid in those infected with mixed pathogens (RR 0.63, 95% CI 0.41 to 0.96; 11 trials, 928 participants, low quality evidence), but not in participants positive for Vibrio cholerae (RR 0.94, 95% CI 0.66 to 1.34; 7 trials, 535 participants, low quality evidence).
  • No difference was observed in the number of patients who developed vomiting (RR 0.91, 95% CI 0.72 to 1.14; 10 trials, 584 participants, very low quality evidence), hyponatraemia (RR 1.82, 95% CI 0.52 to 6.44; 4 trials, 385 participants, very low quality evidence), hypokalaemia (RR 1.29, 95% CI 0.74 to 2.25; 2 trials, 260 participants, low quality evidence), or persistent diarrhoea (RR 1.28, 95% CI 0.68 to 2.41; 2 trials, 885 participants, very low quality evidence).

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  • [UpdateOf] Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Apr 15;(2):CD006519 [19370638.001]
  • (PMID = 27959472.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Polymers; 0 / Rehydration Solutions
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53. Gillen PA, Sinclair M, Kernohan WG, Begley CM, Luyben AG: Interventions for prevention of bullying in the workplace. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2017 Jan 30;1:CD009778
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • SEARCH METHODS: We searched: the Cochrane Work Group Trials Register (August 2014); Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; The Cochrane Library 2016, issue 1); PUBMED (1946 to January 2016); EMBASE (1980 to January 2016); PsycINFO (1967 to January 2016); Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL Plus; 1937 to January 2016); International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS; 1951 to January 2016); Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts (ASSIA; 1987 to January 2016); ABI Global (earliest record to January 2016); Business Source Premier (BSP; earliest record to January 2016); OpenGrey (previously known as OpenSIGLE-System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe; 1980 to December 2014); and reference lists of articles.
  • Organisational/employer level interventionsTwo studies with 2969 participants found that the Civility, Respect, and Engagement in the Workforce (CREW) intervention produced a small increase in civility that translates to a 5% increase from baseline to follow-up, measured at 6 to 12 months (mean difference (MD) 0.17; 95% CI 0.07 to 0.28).One of the two studies reported that the CREW intervention produced a small decrease in supervisor incivility victimisation (MD -0.17; 95% CI -0.33 to -0.01) but not in co-worker incivility victimisation (MD -0.08; 95% CI -0.22 to 0.08) or in self-reported incivility perpetration (MD -0.05 95% CI -0.15 to 0.05).
  • The study did find a decrease in the number of days absent during the previous month (MD -0.63; 95% CI -0.92 to -0.34) at 6-month follow-up.
  • Participants in the intervention arm scored significantly lower on bullying measured as incivility perpetration (MD -3.52; 95% CI -6.24 to -0.80).
  • There was no difference in bullying measured as incivility victimisation (MD -3.30 95% CI -6.89 to 0.29).One controlled before-after study with 60 employees who had learning disabilities compared a cognitive-behavioural intervention with no intervention.
  • There was no significant difference in bullying victimisation after the intervention (risk ratio (RR) 0.55; 95% CI 0.24 to 1.25), or at the three-month follow-up (RR 0.49; 95% CI 0.21 to 1.15), nor was there a significant difference in bullying perpetration following the intervention (RR 0.64; 95% CI 0.27 to 1.54), or at the three-month follow-up (RR 0.69; 95% CI 0.26 to 1.81).

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  • (PMID = 28134445.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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54. Shepherd AR, Shepherd E, Brook NR: Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin with interferon-alpha versus intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin for treating non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2017 Mar 08;3:CD012112
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (Issue 8, 2016), MEDLINE (OvidSP) (1946 to 2016), Embase (OvidSP) (1974 to 2016), ClinicalTrials.gov, the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (WHO ICTRP) as well as reference lists of retrieved articles and handsearched abstract proceedings of relevant conferences for the past three years.
  • Intravesical BCG plus IFN-α versus intravesical BCG alone (four RCTs): We observed no clear difference between BCG plus IFN-α and BCG alone for recurrence (average risk ratio (RR) 0.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.44 to 1.32; 4 RCTs; 925 participants; very low-quality evidence) or progression (average RR 0.26, 95% CI 0.04 to 1.87; 2 RCTs; 219 participants; low-quality evidence).
  • Regarding secondary outcomes, we observed no clear difference for disease-specific mortality (RR 0.38, 95% CI 0.05 to 3.05; 1 RCT; 99 participants; very low-quality evidence).
  • Intravesical BCG alternating with IFN-α versus intravesical BCG alone (one RCT): We observed shorter time-to-recurrence for participants in the BCG alternating with IFN-α group compared with the BCG alone group (hazard ratio (HR) 2.86, 95% CI 1.98 to 4.13; 1 RCT; 205 participants; low-quality evidence), but no clear differences in time-to-progression (HR 2.39, 95% CI 0.92 to 6.21; 1 RCT; 205 participants; low-quality evidence) and discontinuation of therapy due to adverse events (RR 2.97, 95% CI 0.31 to 28.09; 1 RCT; 205 participants; low-quality evidence).
  • Regarding secondary outcomes, there were no clear differences between the BCG alternating with IFN-α and BCG alone groups for disease-specific mortality (HR 2.74, 95% CI 0.73 to 10.28; 1 RCT; 205 participants; low-quality evidence), time-to-death (overall survival) (HR 1.00, 95% CI 0.68 to 1.47; 1 RCT; 205 participants; low-quality evidence), or systemic or local adverse events (RR 1.65, 95% CI 0.41 to 6.73; 1 RCT; 205 participants; low-quality evidence).

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  • (PMID = 28268259.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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55. Lundh A, Lexchin J, Mintzes B, Schroll JB, Bero L: Industry sponsorship and research outcome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2017 Feb 16;2:MR000033
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • SEARCH METHODS: In this update we searched MEDLINE (2010 to February 2015), Embase (2010 to February 2015), the Cochrane Methodology Register (2015, Issue 2) and Web of Science (June 2015).
  • Industry sponsored studies more often had favorable efficacy results, RR: 1.27 (95% CI: 1.17 to 1.37) (25 papers) (moderate quality evidence), similar harms results RR: 1.37 (95% CI: 0.64 to 2.93) (four papers) (very low quality evidence) and more often favorable conclusions RR: 1.34 (95% CI: 1.19 to 1.51) (29 papers) (low quality evidence) compared with non-industry sponsored studies.
  • However, industry sponsored studies more often had low risk of bias from blinding, RR: 1.25 (95% CI: 1.05 to 1.50) (13 papers), compared with non-industry sponsored studies.
  • In industry sponsored studies, there was less agreement between the results and the conclusions than in non-industry sponsored studies, RR: 0.83 (95% CI: 0.70 to 0.98) (six papers).

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  • (PMID = 28207928.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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56. Wardle AJ, Connolly GM, Seager MJ, Tulloh RM: Corticosteroids for the treatment of Kawasaki disease in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2017 Jan 27;1:CD011188
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • SEARCH METHODS: The Cochrane Vascular Information Specialist searched Cochrane Vascular's Specialised Register (25 November 2016) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 10) in the Cochrane Library (searched 25 November 2016).
  • On pooled analysis, corticosteroids reduced the subsequent occurrence of coronary artery abnormalities (odds ratio (OR) 0.29, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.18 to 0.46; 907 participants; 7 studies; I² = 55%) without resultant serious adverse events (no events, 737 participants) and mortality (no events, 915 participants).
  • In addition, corticosteroids reduced the duration of fever (mean difference (MD) -1.65 days, 95% CI -3.31 to 0.00; 210 participants; 2 studies; I² = 88%), time for laboratory parameters (erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP)) to normalise (MD -2.80 days, 95% CI -4.38 to -1.22; 178 participants; 1 study) and length of hospital stay (MD -1.41 days, 95% CI -2.36 to -0.46; 39 participants; 1 study).

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  • (PMID = 28129459.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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57. Urquhart C, Currell R, Harlow F, Callow L: Home uterine monitoring for detecting preterm labour. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2017 Feb 15;2:CD006172
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (30 June 2016), CENTRAL (Cochrane Library 2016, Issue 5), MEDLINE (1966 to 28 June 2016), Embase (1974 to 28 June 2016), CINAHL (1982 to 28 June 2016), and scanned reference lists of retrieved studies.
  • Women using home uterine monitoring were less likely to experience preterm birth at less than 34 weeks (risk ratio (RR) 0.78, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.62 to 0.99; three studies, 1596 women; fixed-effect analysis) (GRADE high).
  • This difference was not evident when we carried out a sensitivity analysis, restricting the analysis to studies at low risk of bias based on study quality (RR 0.75, 95% CI 0.57 to 1.00; one study, 1292 women).
  • There was no difference in the rate of perinatal mortality (RR 1.22, 95% CI 0.86 to 1.72; two studies, 2589 babies) (GRADE low).There was no difference in the number of preterm births at less than 37 weeks (average RR 0.85, CI 0.72 to 1.01; eight studies, 4834 women; random-effects, Tau<sup>2</sup> = 0.03, I<sup>2</sup> = 68%) (GRADE very low).
  • Infants born to women using home uterine monitoring were less likely to be admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (average RR 0.77, 95% CI 0.62 to 0.96; five studies, 2367 babies; random-effects, Tau<sup>2</sup> = 0.02, I<sup>2</sup> = 32%) (GRADE moderate).
  • This difference was not maintained when we restricted the analysis to studies at low risk of bias (RR 0.86, 95% CI 0.74 to 1.01; one study, 1292 babies).
  • Women using home uterine monitoring made more unscheduled antenatal visits (mean difference (MD) 0.48, 95% CI 0.31 to 0.64; two studies, 1994 women) (GRADE moderate).
  • Women using home uterine monitoring were also more likely to have prophylactic tocolytic drug therapy (average RR 1.21, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.45; seven studies, 4316 women; random-effects, Tau<sup>2</sup> = 0.03, I<sup>2</sup> = 62%), but this difference was no longer evident when we restricted the analysis to studies at low risk of bias (average RR 1.22, 95% CI 0.90 to 1.65; three studies, 3749 women; random-effects, Tau<sup>2</sup> = 0.05, I<sup>2</sup> = 76%) (GRADE low).
  • The number of antenatal hospital admissions did not differ between home groups (RR 0.91, 95% CI 0.74 to 1.11; three studies, 1494 women (GRADE low)).

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  • (PMID = 28205207.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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58. Karmali KN, Persell SD, Perel P, Lloyd-Jones DM, Berendsen MA, Huffman MD: Risk scoring for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2017 Mar 14;3:CD006887
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in the Cochrane Library (2016, Issue 2), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to March week 1 2016), Embase (embase.com) (1974 to 15 March 2016), and Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Science (CPCI-S) (1990 to 15 March 2016).
  • Low-quality evidence evidence suggests that providing CVD risk scores may have little or no effect on CVD events compared with usual care (5.4% versus 5.3%; RR 1.01, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.95 to 1.08; I² = 25%; 3 trials, N = 99,070).
  • Providing CVD risk scores reduced total cholesterol (MD -0.10 mmol/L, 95% CI -0.20 to 0.00; I² = 94%; 12 trials, N = 20,437, low-quality evidence), systolic blood pressure (MD -2.77 mmHg, 95% CI -4.16 to -1.38; I² = 93%; 16 trials, N = 32,954, low-quality evidence), and multivariable CVD risk (SMD -0.21, 95% CI -0.39 to -0.02; I² = 94%; 9 trials, N = 9549, low-quality evidence).
  • Providing CVD risk scores may reduce adverse events compared with usual care, but results were imprecise (1.9% versus 2.7%; RR 0.72, 95% CI 0.49 to 1.04; I² = 0%; 4 trials, N = 4630, low-quality evidence).
  • Compared with usual care, providing CVD risk scores may increase new or intensified lipid-lowering medications (15.7% versus 10.7%; RR 1.47, 95% CI 1.15 to 1.87; I² = 40%; 11 trials, N = 14,175, low-quality evidence) and increase new or increased antihypertensive medications (17.2% versus 11.4%; RR 1.51, 95% CI 1.08 to 2.11; I² = 53%; 8 trials, N = 13,255, low-quality evidence).

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  • (PMID = 28290160.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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59. Newlove-Delgado TV, Martin AE, Abbott RA, Bethel A, Thompson-Coon J, Whear R, Logan S: Dietary interventions for recurrent abdominal pain in childhood. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2017 Mar 23;3:CD010972
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP), including children with irritable bowel syndrome, is a common problem affecting between 4% and 25% of school-aged children.
  • The studies fell into four categories: trials of probiotic-based interventions (13 studies), trials of fibre-based interventions (four studies), trials of low FODMAP (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols) diets (one study), and trials of fructose-restricted diets (one study).We found that children treated with probiotics reported a greater reduction in pain frequency at zero to three months postintervention than those given placebo (standardised mean difference (SMD) -0.55, 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.98 to -0.12; 6 trials; 523 children).
  • There was also a decrease in pain intensity in the intervention group at the same time point (SMD -0.50, 95% CI -0.85 to -0.15; 7 studies; 575 children).
  • However, we judged the evidence for these outcomes to be of low quality using GRADE due to an unclear risk of bias from incomplete outcome data and significant heterogeneity.We found that children treated with probiotics were more likely to experience improvement in pain at zero to three months postintervention than those given placebo (odds ratio (OR) 1.63, 95% CI 1.07 to 2.47; 7 studies; 722 children).
  • We judged the evidence for this outcome to be of moderate quality due to significant heterogeneity.Children with a symptom profile defined as irritable bowel syndrome treated with probiotics were more likely to experience improvement in pain at zero to three months postintervention than those given placebo (OR 3.01, 95% CI 1.77 to 5.13; 4 studies; 344 children).
  • Children treated with probiotics were more likely to experience improvement in pain at three to six months postintervention compared to those receiving placebo (OR 1.94, 95% CI 1.10 to 3.43; 2 studies; 224 children).
  • We judged the evidence for these two outcomes to be of moderate quality due to small numbers of participants included in the studies.We found that children treated with fibre-based interventions were not more likely to experience an improvement in pain at zero to three months postintervention than children given placebo (OR 1.83, 95% CI 0.92 to 3.65; 2 studies; 136 children).
  • There was also no reduction in pain intensity compared to placebo at the same time point (SMD -1.24, 95% CI -3.41 to 0.94; 2 studies; 135 children).

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  • (PMID = 28334433.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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60. Johnston C, Campbell-Yeo M, Disher T, Benoit B, Fernandes A, Streiner D, Inglis D, Zee R: Skin-to-skin care for procedural pain in neonates. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2017 Feb 16;2:CD008435
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • SEARCH METHODS: For this update, we used the standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review group to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 1); MEDLINE via PubMed (1966 to 25 February 2016); Embase (1980 to 25 February 2016); and CINAHL (1982 to 25 February 2016).
  • A mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) using a fixed-effect model was reported for continuous outcome measures.
  • Although 15 studies measured heart rate during painful procedures, data from only five studies (n = 161) could be combined for a mean difference (MD) of -10.78 beats per minute (95% CI -13.63 to -7.93) favouring SSC.
  • Meta-analysis of four studies (n = 120) showed no difference in heart rate following the painful procedure (MD 0.08, 95% CI -4.39 to 4.55).
  • Duration of crying meta-analysis was performed on four studies (n = 133): two (n = 33) investigated response to heel lance (MD = -34.16, 95% CI -42.86 to -25.45), and two (n = 100) following IM injection (MD = -8.83, 95% CI -14.63 to -3.02), favouring SSC.
  • Five studies, one consisting of two substudies (n = 267), used the Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) as a primary outcome, which favoured SCC at 30 seconds (MD -3.21, 95% CI -3.94 to -2.47), at 60 seconds (3 studies; n = 156) (MD -1.64, 95% CI -2.86 to -0.43), and at 90 seconds (n = 156) (MD -1.28, 95% CI -2.53 to -0.04); but at 120 seconds there was no difference (n = 156) (MD 0.07, 95% CI -1.11 to 1.25).

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  • (PMID = 28205208.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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61. Ng G, da Silva O, Ohlsson A: Bronchodilators for the prevention and treatment of chronic lung disease in preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2016 12 14;12:CD003214
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • SEARCH METHODS: On 2016 March 7, we used the standard strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 2), MEDLINE (from 1966), Embase (from 1980) and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL; from 1982).
  • We reported risk ratio (RR), risk difference (RD) and number needed to treat for an additional beneficial outcome (NNTB) with 95% confidence interval (CI) for dichotomous outcomes and mean difference (MD) for continuous data.
  • Prophylaxis with salbutamol led to no statistically significant differences in mortality (RR 1.08, 95% CI 0.50 to 2.31; RD 0.01, 95% CI -0.09 to 0.11) nor in CLD (RR 1.03, 95% CI 0.78 to 1.37; RD 0.02, 95% CI -0.13 to 0.17).
  • Prophylaxis with aminophylline led to a significant reduction in CLD at 28 days of life (RR 0.18, 95% CI 0.04 to 0.74; RD -0.35, 95% CI -0.56 to -0.13; NNTB 3, 95% CI 2 to 8) and no significant difference in mortality (RR 3.0, 95% CI 0.33 to 26.99; RD 0.08, 95% CI -0.07 to 0.22), along with a significantly shorter dependency on supplementary oxygen in the aminophylline group compared with the no treatment group (MD -17.75 days, 95% CI -27.56 to -7.94).

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  • [UpdateOf] Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Jun 13;(6):CD003214 [22696334.001]
  • (PMID = 27960245.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Bronchodilator Agents; 27Y3KJK423 / Aminophylline; KGZ1SLC28Z / Beclomethasone; QF8SVZ843E / Albuterol
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62. Nevitt SJ, Marson AG, Weston J, Tudur Smith C: Carbamazepine versus phenytoin monotherapy for epilepsy: an individual participant data review. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2017 Feb 27;2:CD001911
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane Review published in Issue 2, 2002 and its subsequent updates in 2010 and 2015.Epilepsy is a common neurological condition in which recurrent, unprovoked seizures are caused by abnormal electrical discharges from the brain.
  • We used Cox proportional hazards regression models to obtain study-specific estimates of hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and the generic inverse variance method to obtain the overall pooled HR and 95% CI.
  • The methodological quality of the four studies providing IPD was generally good and we rated it at low risk of bias overall in the analyses.The main overall results (pooled HR adjusted for seizure type) were time to withdrawal of allocated treatment: 1.04 (95% CI 0.78 to 1.39; three trials, 546 participants); time to 12-month remission: 1.01 (95% CI 0.78 to 1.31; three trials, 551 participants); time to six-month remission: 1.11 (95% CI 0.89 to 1.37; three trials, 551 participants); and time to first seizure: 0.85 (95% CI 0.70 to 1.04; four trials, 582 participants).
  • There is some evidence of an advantage for phenytoin for individuals with generalised onset seizures for our primary outcome (time to withdrawal of allocated treatment): pooled HR 0.42 (95% CI 0.18 to 0.96; two trials, 118 participants); and a statistical interaction between treatment effect and epilepsy type (partial versus generalised) for this outcome (P = 0.02).
  • Despite concerns over side effects leading to the withdrawal of phenytoin as a first-line treatment in the USA and Europe, we found no evidence that phenytoin is more likely to be associated with serious side effects than carbamazepine; 26 individuals withdrew from 290 randomised (9%) to carbamazepine due to adverse effects, compared to 12 out of 299 (4%) randomised to phenytoin from four studies conducted in the USA and Europe (risk ratio (RR) 1.42, 95% CI 1.13 to 1.80, P = 0.014).

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  • (PMID = 28240353.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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63. San Sebastián M, Mosquera PA, Ng N, Gustafsson PE: Health care on equal terms? Assessing horizontal equity in health care use in Northern Sweden. Eur J Public Health; 2017 Mar 18;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • To explore this issue, this study aimed (i) to assess if the principles of horizontal equity (equal access for equal need regardless of socio-economic factors) are met in Northern Sweden 2006-14; and (ii) to explore the contribution of different factors to the inequalities in access along the same period.
  • The horizontal inequity index was calculated based on variables representing (i) the individual socioeconomic status, (ii) the health care needs, (iii) non-need factors as well as (iv) health care utilization: general practitioner (GP), specialist doctors, hospitalization.
  • Decomposition analysis of the concentration index for need-standardized health care utilization was applied.

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  • (PMID = 28340208.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-360X
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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64. Zhang Z, Fan W, Yang G, Xu Z, Wang J, Cheng Q, Yu M: Risk of tuberculosis in patients treated with TNF-α antagonists: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ Open; 2017 Mar 22;7(3):e012567
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVES: An increased risk of tuberculosis (TB) has been reported in patients treated with TNF-α antagonists, an issue that has been highlighted in a WHO black box warning.
  • Of 7912 patients allocated to TNF-α antagonists, 45 (0.57%) developed TB, while only 3 cases occurred in 3967 patients allocated to control groups, resulting in an OR of 1.94 (95% CI 1.10 to 3.44, p=0.02).

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  • [Copyright] Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.
  • (PMID = 28336735.001).
  • [ISSN] 2044-6055
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ open
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Open
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; RCTs / TNF-α antagonists / meta-analysis
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65. Zhou K, Deng X, Yao X, Tian Y, Cao W, Zhu Y, Ustin SL, Cheng T: Assessing the Spectral Properties of Sunlit and Shaded Components in Rice Canopies with Near-Ground Imaging Spectroscopy Data. Sensors (Basel); 2017 Mar 13;17(3)
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • To address this issue, we used a near-ground imaging spectroscopy system with high spatial and spectral resolutions to examine the spectral properties of rice leaves and panicles in sunlit and shaded portions of canopies and evaluate the effect of shadows on the relationships between spectral indices of leaves and foliar chlorophyll content.
  • Among the examined vegetation indices (VIs), significant differences were found in the photochemical reflectance index (PRI) between leaves and panicles and further differences in the transformed chlorophyll absorption reflectance index (TCARI) between sunlit and shaded components.
  • After an image-level separation of canopy components with these two indices, statistical analyses revealed much higher correlations between canopy chlorophyll content and both PRI and TCARI of shaded leaves than for those of sunlit leaves.
  • In contrast, the red edge chlorophyll index (CI<sub>Red-edge</sub>) exhibited the strongest correlations with canopy chlorophyll content among all vegetation indices examined regardless of shadows on leaves.

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  • (PMID = 28335375.001).
  • [ISSN] 1424-8220
  • [Journal-full-title] Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sensors (Basel)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; chlorophyll content / hyperspectral / red edge / rice leaf / rice panicle / shadow / spectral index
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66. Willeboordse F, Schellevis FG, Chau SH, Hugtenburg JG, Elders PJ: The effectiveness of optimised clinical medication reviews for geriatric patients: Opti-Med a cluster randomised controlled trial. Fam Pract; 2017 Feb 23;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Background. : Inappropriate drug use is a frequent problem in older patients and associated with adverse clinical outcomes and an important determinant of geriatric problems.
  • After 6 months the percentage of solved Drug Related Problems (DRPs) was significantly higher in the intervention group compared to the control group [B 22.6 (95%CI 14.1-31.1), P < 0.001].

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  • (PMID = 28334979.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2229
  • [Journal-full-title] Family practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fam Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Aged / drug utilization review / inappropriate prescribing / primary health care / quality of life. / randomized clinical trial
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67. Utidjian LH, Fiks AG, Localio AR, Song L, Ramos MJ, Keren R, Bell LM, Grundmeier RW: Pediatric asthma hospitalizations among urban minority children and the continuity of primary care. J Asthma; 2017 Feb 25;:1-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Patients aged 2-18 years receiving health care from 1 of 5 urban practices between Jan 1, 2004 and Dec 31, 2008 with asthma documented on their problem list were included.
  • (5) timely influenza vaccination;.
  • Children with documented asthma who experienced a lack of primary health care (no more than one outpatient visit at their primary care location in the 2 years preceding hospitalization) were at higher risk of hospitalization compared to those children with a greater number of visits (incidence rate ratio 1.39; 95% CI 1.09-1.78).

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  • (PMID = 28332939.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-4303
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Asthma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Management/control / pediatrics / prevention
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68. Álvarez-Vázquez MÁ, Prego R, Caetano M, De Uña-Álvarez E, Doval M, Calvo S, Vale C: Contributions of trace elements to the sea by small uncontaminated rivers: Effects of a water reservoir and a wastewater treatment plant. Chemosphere; 2017 Mar 15;178:173-186
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Trace element contributions from small rivers to estuaries is an issue barely addressed in the literature.
  • (iv) the discharge of sewage to the Condomiñas River is increasing the inputs to the ria of some trace elements in the particulate phase (i.e.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28324839.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1298
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemosphere
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemosphere
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Dam / Load / Metal / Ria / River / Spain / Wastewater
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69. Tsartsianidou V, Triantafillidou D, Karaiskou N, Tarantili P, Triantafillidis G, Georgakis E, Triantafyllidis A: Caprine and ovine Greek dairy products: The official German method generates false-positive results due to κ-casein gene polymorphism. J Dairy Sci; 2017 Mar 16;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Therefore, 87 indigenous dairy goats were sequenced at exon IV of κ-casein gene.
  • However, this is not an issue restricted to Greece, as such genotypes have been detected in various non-Greek goat breeds.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28318592.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-3198
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of dairy science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Dairy Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; goat / isoelectric focusing / species identification / κ-casein polymorphism
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70. Teweldemedhin M, Saravanan M, Gebreyesus A, Gebreegziabiher D: Ocular bacterial infections at Quiha Ophthalmic Hospital, Northern Ethiopia: an evaluation according to the risk factors and the antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial isolates. BMC Infect Dis; 2017 Mar 14;17(1):207
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: External and intraocular infections can lead to visual impairments, which is a major public health problem.
  • Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 21 and 0.05 with a corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) was considered statistically significant.

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  • (PMID = 28292273.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2334
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Antimicrobial susceptibility / Bacterial occurrence / Multidrug resistance / Ocular infection / Risk factor
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71. Green MS, Hayek S, Tarabeia J, Yehia M, HaGani N: A national survey of ethnic differences in knowledge and understanding of supplementary health insurance. Isr J Health Policy Res; 2017;6:12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Knowledge and understanding of what health insurance covers is an important public health issue.
  • The adjusted health insurance knowledge score was significantly higher among Jews than Arabs (Prevalence ratio = 1.10; 95% CI = 1.06-1.13), indicating that differences remain even after controlling for socio-demographic characteristics and SHI ownership.

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  • (PMID = 28286643.001).
  • [ISSN] 2045-4015
  • [Journal-full-title] Israel journal of health policy research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Isr J Health Policy Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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72. Jennings DL, Baker WL: Pre-cardiac transplant amiodarone use is not associated with postoperative mortality: An updated meta-analysis. Int J Cardiol; 2017 Feb 14;
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  • We sought to clarify this issue by performing a meta-analysis of the available literature surrounding this topic.
  • Outcomes were pooled using a Hartung-Knapp random-effects model producing odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI).
  • Statistical heterogeneity was evaluated using the Cochrane Q statistic p-value and I<sup>2</sup> value.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28238350.001).
  • [ISSN] 1874-1754
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cardiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cardiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Amiodarone / Cardiovascular drugs / Heart transplantation / Meta-analysis / Surgery
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73. Kazemi E, Jamialahmadi K, Avan A, Mirhafez SR, Mohiti J, Pirhoushiaran M, Hosseini N, Mohammadi A, Ferns GA, Pasdar A, Ghayour-Mobarhan M: Association of tumor necrosis factor-α -308 G/A gene polymorphism with coronary artery diseases: An evidence-based study. J Clin Lab Anal; 2017 Feb 23;
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  • BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death worldwide and remains a major health problem, providing the rationale for identification of molecular markers for detection of individuals at high risk of developing CAD.
  • We observed that CAD patients with ≥50% stenosis and with AA genotype were associated with higher risk of CAD with OR of 3.56 (95%CI: 1.02-12.41; P=.046) using multivariate analysis.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 28233393.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-2825
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical laboratory analysis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Lab. Anal.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; coronary artery disease / genotype / tumor necrosis factor-α
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74. Adibi P, Keshteli AH, Daghaghzadeh H, Roohafza H, Pournaghshband N, Afshar H: Association of anxiety, depression, and psychological distress in people with and without functional dyspepsia. Adv Biomed Res; 2016;5:195
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  • Hospital anxiety and depression scale and 12-item General Health Questionnaire-12 was used to assess the psychological issue.
  • Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that psychological problems, whether in the form of psychological distress odds ratio (OR): 2 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.3-3) and OR: 1.3 (95% CI: 1.1-1.7) in males and females, respectively, anxiety OR: 2.4 (95% CI: 1.5-3.9) and OR: 2.3 (95% CI: 1.7-3.2) in males and females, respectively) or depression OR: 2.2 (95% CI: 1.5-3.3) and OR: 1.7 (95% CI: 1.3-2.3) in males and females, respectively) were significantly linked to FD in both genders.

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  • (PMID = 28217633.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Advanced biomedical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Biomed Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Anxiety / depression psychological distress / functional dyspepsia
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75. Abdel-Razeq H, Mansour A, Saadeh SS, Abu-Nasser M, Makoseh M, Salam M, Abufara A, Ismael Y, Ibrahim A, Khirfan G, Ibrahim M: The Application of Current Proposed Venous Thromboembolism Risk Assessment Model for Ambulatory Patients With Cancer. Clin Appl Thromb Hemost; 2017 Jan 01;:1076029617692880
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a commonly encountered problem in patients with cancer.
  • Most (76.6%) patients had stage IV disease, only 9.0% had stage I or II disease.

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  • (PMID = 28183196.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-2723
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and applied thrombosis/hemostasis : official journal of the International Academy of Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Appl. Thromb. Hemost.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; cancer / deep venous thrombosis / thrombosis prophylaxis / venous thromboembolism
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76. Saeki H, Tsutsumi S, Tajiri H, Yukaya T, Tsutsumi R, Nishimura S, Nakaji Y, Kudou K, Akiyama S, Kasagi Y, Nakanishi R, Nakashima Y, Sugiyama M, Ohgaki K, Sonoda H, Oki E, Maehara Y: Prognostic Significance of Postoperative Complications After Curative Resection for Patients With Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Ann Surg; 2017 Mar;265(3):527-533
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  • BACKGROUND: The relation between postoperative complications and long-term survival after curative surgery for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is controversial; thus, this issue should be resolved with a large-scale, well-designed study.
  • RESULTS: The 5-year survival rates of patients with pStage 0, I, and II disease with postoperative complications (n = 116) were significantly poorer than those of patients without postoperative complications (n = 288) (overall 69.6% vs 46.9%, P < 0.0001; disease-specific; 76.7% vs 58.9%, P < 0.0022), whereas no differences were found in patients with pStage III and IV disease (n = 176).

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  • (PMID = 28169928.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1140
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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77. Hamel LM, Chou WS, Thai CL, Debono DJ, Chapman R, Albrecht TL, Penner L: Oncologists' discussions of treatment goals and prognosis during clinic visits with African Americans with advanced cancer. J Clin Oncol; 2015 Oct 10;33(29_suppl):34
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  • This problem is greater for minorities, who experience poorer quality clinical communication and end-of-life care relative to white patients.
  • The present study included video recordings/transcripts of clinic visits with patients with Stage III (n=20) or IV (n=6) cancer and their oncologists (n=9).

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  • (PMID = 28148161.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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78. Aloe F, Piccininno ME, Daniele A, Misino A, Ricci D, Damiani B, Cormio C, Logroscino A, Galetta D: An interdisciplinary early simultaneous palliative approach in advanced lung cancer (a-LC): Preliminary data in outpatient setting experience. J Clin Oncol; 2015 Oct 10;33(29_suppl):138
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  • : 138 Background: To integrate Simultaneous Palliative Care with standard cancer care is a growing-interest concept; hence, a global patient-centered care rather than disease-directed intervention is a major issue in advanced Lung Cancer (a-LC).
  • METHODS: From October 2014 to May 2015, 35 patients with stage IV disease, receiving first-line therapy, were accrued.

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  • (PMID = 28148065.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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79. Uccella I, Petrelli A, Vescio MF, De Carolis S, Fazioli C, Pezzotti P, Rezza G: HIV rapid testing in the framework of an STI prevention project on a cohort of vulnerable Italians and immigrants. AIDS Care; 2017 Jan 20;:1-7
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  • INTRODUCTION: Uptake of HIV tests is a challenging issue in vulnerable populations including immigrants, normally using standard diagnostic tools.
  • RESULTS: Out of the total sample, 99.2% (n = 825) accepted the "rapid test" and 10 new HIV diagnoses were found (1.22%; 95% CI 0.58%-2.22%).

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  • (PMID = 28107787.001).
  • [ISSN] 1360-0451
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; HIV / counselling / immigrants / prevention / questionnaire / rapid test / socioeconomic
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80. Lisman J: Glutamatergic synapses are structurally and biochemically complex because of multiple plasticity processes: long-term potentiation, long-term depression, short-term potentiation and scaling. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci; 2017 Mar 05;372(1715)
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  • Here, I comment on recent developments regarding these processes. (i) Short-term potentiation (STP), a Hebbian process that requires small amounts of synaptic input, appears to make strong contributions to some forms of working memory. (ii) The rules for long-term potentiation (LTP) induction in CA3 have been clarified: induction does not depend obligatorily on backpropagating sodium spikes but, rather, on dendritic branch-specific N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) spikes. (iii) Late LTP, a process that requires a dopamine signal (and is therefore neoHebbian), is mediated by trans-synaptic growth of the synapse, a growth that occurs about an hour after LTP induction. (iv) LTD processes are complex and include both homosynaptic and heterosynaptic forms. (v) Synaptic scaling produced by changes in activity levels are not primarily cell-autonomous, but rather depend on network activity. (vi) The evidence for distance-dependent scaling along the primary dendrite is firm, and a plausible structural-based mechanism is suggested.Ideas about the mechanisms of synaptic function need to take into consideration newly emerging data about synaptic structure.
  • These modules function as quasi-independent loci of AMPA-mediated transmission and may be independently modifiable, suggesting a new understanding of quantal transmission.This article is part of the themed issue 'Integrating Hebbian and homeostatic plasticity. '

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 The Author(s).
  • (PMID = 28093558.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2970
  • [Journal-full-title] Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; CaMKII / long-term depression / long-term potentiation / metaplasticity / postsynaptic density / synaptic scaling
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81. Kanyi J, Karwa R, Pastakia SD, Manji I, Manyara S, Saina C: Venous Thromboembolism Requiring Extended Anticoagulation Among HIV-Infected Patients in a Rural, Resource-Constrained Setting in Western Kenya. Ann Pharmacother; 2016 Dec 01;:1060028016686106
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  • Patients with a history of opportunistic infections required an extended duration of anticoagulation in the adjusted analysis: odds ratio = 3.42; 95% CI = 1.04-11.32; P = 0.04.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that there may be a need for increased duration of anticoagulation in HIV-infected patients, with a need to address the issue of long-term management.

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  • (PMID = 28056524.001).
  • [ISSN] 1542-6270
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of pharmacotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Pharmacother
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; HIV / Sub-Saharan Africa / extended anticoagulation / venous thromboembolism / warfarin
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82. Soroush A, Farshchian N, Komasi S, Izadi N, Amirifard N, Shahmohammadi A: The Role of Oral Contraceptive Pills on Increased Risk of Breast Cancer in Iranian Populations: A Meta-analysis. J Cancer Prev; 2016 Dec;21(4):294-301
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  • The association between the use of oral contraceptive pills and breast cancer is controversial and a main issue in public health.
  • RESULTS: Overall estimate of OR for the effect of oral contraceptive pills on breast cancer is 1.521 (CI = 1.25-1.85), which shows that the intervention group had more chance (52%) compared to the control group (<i>P</i> = 0.001).

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  • (PMID = 28053965.001).
  • [ISSN] 2288-3649
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cancer prevention
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cancer Prev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Breast neoplasms / Iran / Meta-analysis / Oral contraceptive
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83. Cappellano AM, Bouffet E, Silva F, Paiva P, Alves MT, Cavalheiro S, Silva NS: Vinorelbine in progressive unresectable low-grade glioma in children. J Clin Oncol; 2011 May 20;29(15_suppl):9524
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  • However, short and long term toxicity remains a major issue in this chronic disease.
  • Toxicity was mild and manageable in most cases: Grade I/II gastrointestinal toxicity was observed in 9 patients, grade I/II neurotoxicity in 2 patients and grade IV hematologic toxicity in 3 patients.

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  • (PMID = 28019788.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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84. Neelam R, Gupta D, Brikshavana D, Levin RD, Granick J, Grutsch J, Wodek T, Lis CG: Quality of life assessment as a prognostic tool in breast cancer. J Clin Oncol; 2004 Jul 15;22(14_suppl):6122
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • To examine this issue, we investigated the association between baseline QoL and survival in breast cancer.
  • METHODS: A case series of 105 patients with stages I-IV breast cancer treated at Cancer Treatment Centers of America® at Midwestern Regional Medical Center between March 2001 and October 2003 were included in this study.
  • QoL was evaluated using the EORTC QLQ-C30 (EORTC) and the Ferrans and Powers Quality of Life Index (QLI).

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  • (PMID = 28014788.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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85. Burillo A, Marín M, Cercenado E, Ruiz-Carrascoso G, Pérez-Granda MJ, Oteo J, Bouza E: Evaluation of the Xpert Carba-R (Cepheid) Assay Using Contrived Bronchial Specimens from Patients with Suspicion of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia for the Detection of Prevalent Carbapenemases. PLoS One; 2016;11(12):e0168473
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  • We used a ROC curve and provided areas under the curve (AUC) with their 95% confidence intervals (CI).
  • A point of maximum sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) was derived and validity indices were calculated.
  • Still, an important issue to consider is that the number of gene copies may vary according to many factors in vivo.
  • If confirmed in further studies, the strong correlation observed between Ct values and the results of semiquantitative cultures suggests this test could serve to differentiate between infection and colonization in routine clinical practice.

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  • (PMID = 27992521.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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86. Anghel RM, Gales LN, Trifanescu OG: Outcome of urinary bladder cancer after combined therapies. J Med Life; 2016 Jan-Mar;9(1):95-100
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  • <b>Rationale:</b>Urinary bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men and the eighth in women, being an important public health issue.
  • <b>Results:</b>The distribution of the stage disease was: 50 patients (32.2%) stage II, 47 (30.3%) stage III, 58 (37.4%) stage IV.

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  • (PMID = 27974922.001).
  • [ISSN] 1844-3117
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medicine and life
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Life
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; bladder cancer (major topic) / chemotherapy (major topic) / incidence (major topic) / radiotherapy (major topic) / surgery (major topic)
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87. Chivese T, Mahmoud W, Magodoro I, Kengne AP, Norris SA, Levitt NS: Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in women of childbearing age in Africa during 2000-2016: protocol of a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open; 2016 Dec 13;6(12):e012255
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  • Apart from mapping the extent of the problem, understanding the prevalence of T2DM in African women of childbearing age can help to galvanise targeted interventions for reducing the burden of T2DM.
  • (1) identification of data sources and documenting estimates and (2) application of the random-effects meta-analysis model to aggregate prevalence estimates and account for between-study variability in calculating the overall pooled estimates and 95% CI for diabetes prevalence.

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  • [Copyright] Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.
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  • (PMID = 27965249.001).
  • [ISSN] 2044-6055
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ open
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Open
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; DIABETES & ENDOCRINOLOGY / EPIDEMIOLOGY
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88. Chiu WA, Wright FA, Rusyn I: A tiered, Bayesian approach to estimating of population variability for regulatory decision-making. ALTEX; 2016 Dec 13;
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  • : Characterizing human variability in susceptibility to chemical toxicity is a critical issue in regulatory decision-making, but is usually addressed by a default 10-fold safety/uncertainty factor.
  • The resulting "prior" for the toxicodynamic variability factor (the ratio between the median and 1% most sensitive individual) has median (90% CI) of 2.5 (1.4-9.6).
  • We then performed computational experiments using a hierarchical Bayesian population model with lognormal population variability with samples sizes of n=5 to 100 to determine the value-added in terms of precision and accuracy with increasing sample size.

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  • (PMID = 27960008.001).
  • [ISSN] 1868-596X
  • [Journal-full-title] ALTEX
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ALTEX
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / P42 ES005948; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R01 MH090936
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; variability / Bayesian / In vitro / uncertainty
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89. Dunleavy K, Munro A, Roy K, Hutchinson S, Palmateer N, Knox T, Goldberg D, Taylor A: Association between harm reduction intervention uptake and skin and soft tissue infections among people who inject drugs. Drug Alcohol Depend; 2017 Mar 06;174:91-97
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  • BACKGROUND: Bacterial skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are a health issue for people who inject drugs (PWID).
  • FINDINGS: In multivariate logistic regression, those with high combined IE-OST uptake (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 0.614, 95% CI 0.458-0.823, p=0.001) and medium combined IE-OST uptake (AOR 0.725, 95% CI 0.546-0.962, p=0.026) had lower odds of having had an SSTI compared to those with low combined IE-OST uptake.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28319754.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0046
  • [Journal-full-title] Drug and alcohol dependence
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Drug Alcohol Depend
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Bacterial infection / Harm reduction / Injecting equipment / Opiate substitution treatment / People who inject drugs / Skin and soft tissue infection
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90. Silva DR, Werneck AO, Collings PJ, Fernandes RA, Barbosa DS, Ronque ER, Sardinha LB, Cyrino ES: Family history of cardiovascular disease and parental lifestyle behaviors are associated with offspring cardiovascular disease risk markers in childhood. Am J Hum Biol; 2017 Mar 11;
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  • To provide increased understanding of the etiology of this public health issue, we investigated associations between family characteristics with cardiovascular disease risk markers in adolescents from a developing nation.
  • RESULTS: Independent of adolescent lifestyle behaviors, associations (OR<sub>adj</sub> [95% CI]) were found between:.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 28295804.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-6300
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Hum. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; adolescents / cardiovascular disease / child / family history / motor activity
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91. Bloomfield MG, Page MJ, McLachlan AG, Studd RC, Blackmore TK: Routine ertapenem prophylaxis for transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy does not select for carbapenem-resistant organisms: a prospective cohort study. J Urol; 2017 Mar 10;
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  • PURPOSE: Post-transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy sepsis is an increasing problem in this era of rising antibiotic resistance.
  • Three cases (0.9%, 95%-CI 0.2-2.8%) of probable post-biopsy sepsis were identified during the study period.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28288838.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-3792
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; antibiotic prophylaxis / bacterial / biopsy / drug resistance / infection / prostate
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92. Shalaby SM, El-Shal AS, Ahmed FE, Shaban SF, Wahdan RA, Kandel WA, Senger MS: Combined Wharton's Jelly derived mesenchymal stem cells and nerve guidance conduit: A potential promising therapy for peripheral nerve injuries. Int J Biochem Cell Biol; 2017 Mar 05;
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  • BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve injuries represent a clinical problem with insufficient or unsatisfactory treatment options.
  • METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: Group I: normal control group; Group II: sciatic nerve injury (SNI) with a 10mm long sciatic nerve gap; Group III: SNI with using a nerve conduit (NC) for nerve gap bridging; and Group IV: SNI with using a NC associated with Wharton's jelly derived mesenchymal stem cells (WJ-MSCs).
  • The results showed that the combination therapy NC+WJ-MSCs caused much better beneficial effects than NC alone evidenced by increasing sciatic nerve index and pin-prick score.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
  • (PMID = 28274689.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-5875
  • [Journal-full-title] The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Angiogenic factors / Mesenchymal stem cells / Nerve conduit / Nerve regeneration / Neurotrophic factors / Peripheral nerve / WJ-MSCs
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93. Traversa FL, Di Ventra M: Polynomial-time solution of prime factorization and NP-complete problems with digital memcomputing machines. Chaos; 2017 Feb;27(2):023107
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  • (iv) the equilibrium convergence rate scales at most polynomially with input size.
  • As examples, we show how to solve the prime factorization and the search version of the NP-complete subset-sum problem.

  • NCI CPTAC Assay Portal. NCI CPTAC Assay Portal .
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  • (PMID = 28249395.001).
  • [ISSN] 1089-7682
  • [Journal-full-title] Chaos (Woodbury, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chaos
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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94. Niki Y, Sassa T, Nagai K, Harato K, Kobayashi S, Yamashita T: Mechanically aligned total knee arthroplasty carries a risk of bony gap changes and flexion-extension axis displacement. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc; 2017 Feb 21;
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  • This study assessed the bony gap changes and FEA displacement caused by this problem in osteoarthritis patients.
  • Level of evidence IV.

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  • (PMID = 28224199.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-7347
  • [Journal-full-title] Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Bony gap change / Flexion–extension axis / Mechanical alignment / Total knee arthroplasty
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95. de Souza Batista VE, Verri FR, Almeida DA, Santiago Junior JF, Lemos CA, Pellizzer EP: Evaluation of the effect of an offset implant configuration in the posterior maxilla with external hexagon implant platform: A 3-dimensional finite element analysis. J Prosthet Dent; 2017 Feb 17;
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  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Slight displacement of the central implant in 3-unit implant-supported prostheses has been reported to improve biomechanical behavior.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three 3D models were used to simulate a posterior maxilla bone block (type IV): straight-line implants supporting single crowns (model M1), straight-line implants supporting 3-unit splinted fixed dental prosthesis (model M2), and an offset implant configuration supporting 3-unit splinted fixed dental prosthesis (model M3).
  • The type of implant platform simulated was an external hexagon. von Mises stress on the abutment screws was measured, and the maximum principal stress and microstrain values were used to perform cortical bone tissue analysis.
  • With regard to microstrain distribution, model M3 had the smallest values, and M1 and M2 had similar values.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28222876.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6841
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of prosthetic dentistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Prosthet Dent
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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96. Major P, Wysocki M, Pędziwiatr M, Małczak P, Pisarska M, Migaczewski M, Winiarski M, Budzyński A: Can the Obesity Surgery Mortality Risk Score predict postoperative complications other than mortality? Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne; 2016;11(4):247-252
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  • INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) are bariatric procedures with acceptable risk of postoperative morbidities and mortalities, but identification of high-risk patients is an ongoing issue.
  • Similar morbidity was related to both procedures (OR = 1.14, 95% CI: 0.53-2.44, p = 0.744).
  • There were no significant differences in median OS-MRS value between the group without and the group with perioperative complications.

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  • (PMID = 28194244.001).
  • [ISSN] 1895-4588
  • [Journal-full-title] Wideochirurgia i inne techniki maloinwazyjne = Videosurgery and other miniinvasive techniques
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Obesity Surgery Mortality Risk Score / bariatric surgery / complications
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97. Brahma B, Putri RI, Karsono R, Andinata B, Gautama W, Sari L, Haryono SJ: The predictive value of methylene blue dye as a single technique in breast cancer sentinel node biopsy: a study from Dharmais Cancer Hospital. World J Surg Oncol; 2017 Feb 07;15(1):41
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  • [Title] The predictive value of methylene blue dye as a single technique in breast cancer sentinel node biopsy: a study from Dharmais Cancer Hospital.
  • We studied the application of 1% methylene blue dye (MBD) alone for SNB to overcome the problem.
  • The histopathology results of sentinel nodes (SNs) were compared with axillary lymph nodes (ALNs) for diagnostic value assessments.
  • The negative predictive value (NPV) of SNs to predict axillary metastasis was 90% (95% CI, 81-99%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The application of 1% MBD as a single technique in breast cancer SNB has favorable identification rates and predictive values.

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  • (PMID = 28173818.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Axillary lymph node / Breast cancer / Methylene blue dye / Sentinel node
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98. Perrot S, Launay A, Desjeux D, Cedraschi C: Pain patients' letters: The visit before the visit - A qualitative analysis of letters from patients referred to a tertiary pain center. Eur J Pain; 2017 Feb 07;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • II) impact of the pain problem;.
  • III) patient history; and IV) expectations.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 European Pain Federation - EFIC®.
  • (PMID = 28169480.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2149
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of pain (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Pain
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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99. Kurniati A, Chen CM, Efendi F, Ogawa R: A deskilling and challenging journey: the lived experience of Indonesian nurse returnees. Int Nurs Rev; 2017 Feb 06;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • While this decision raised concerns with regard to the degradation of nursing skills, little is known about this issue from the perspective of nurse returnees and how the experience affects their life.
  • (iii) walking through a difficult journey; and (iv) overcoming barriers.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 International Council of Nurses.
  • (PMID = 28168716.001).
  • [ISSN] 1466-7657
  • [Journal-full-title] International nursing review
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Nurs Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Caregiver / Deskilling / Indonesian Nurse / Japan / Phenomenology / Return Migration
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100. Ghanem H, ElKhaiat YI, Motawi AT, AbdelRahman IF: Infrapubic Liposuction for Penile Length Augmentation in Patients with Infrapubic Adiposities. Aesthetic Plast Surg; 2017 Feb 02;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: There was a statistically significant increase between the pre- and postoperative flaccid and stretched penile lengths in our patients with a p value <0.001 in both.
  • CONCLUSION: An acquired adult buried penis is a correctable problem.
  • LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article.

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  • (PMID = 28155063.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-5241
  • [Journal-full-title] Aesthetic plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aesthetic Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Liposuction / Penile lengthening / Small-sized penis / Suprapubic fat
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